Xi Jinping: Literature and art can’t be slaves in the market, don’t be covered with copper smell

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Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping has attached great importance to the construction of socialist culture, firmly grasped the leadership, management and discourse power of ideological work, and vigorously cultivated and practiced socialism. The core values will improve the ideological and moral level of the whole nation, promote the overall prosperity of the cultural undertakings and the rapid development of the cultural industry, and provide ideological guarantee, spiritual strength and moral nourishment for the realization of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation. Comrade Xi Jinping’s series of important expositions on socialist cultural construction, high-profile, rich in content and profound in thinking, consolidate the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology, consolidate the common ideological basis for the united struggle of the entire party and the people of the whole country, and accelerate the building of society. Strengthening the country’s cultural soft power, strengthening cultural self-confidence, promoting the balanced development and mutual promotion of material and spiritual civilization, winning the great victory in the stage of building a well-off society in an all-round way, realizing the goal of “two hundred years” and realizing China The Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the nation has a very important guiding significance.

In order to help the broad masses of cadres and people learn, understand and master Comrade Xi Jinping’s important expositions on socialist cultural construction, the CPC Central Party History and Literature Research Institute edited Xi Jinping’s Excerpts on Socialist Cultural Construction. The content of this book is from more than 70 important documents such as speeches, reports, speeches, instructions, instructions and congratulations from Comrade Xi Jinping from November 15th, 2012 to July 26, 2017. It is divided into eight topics, a total of three hundred and sixty-one paragraphs. Many of these discussions were published for the first time. The sixth chapter of the book focuses on “adhering to the people-centered creative orientation”. Some of the highlights are as follows:

Excellent literary and artistic works reflect the cultural creativity and level of a country and a nation. To attract, guide, and enlighten people must have good works, and to promote Chinese culture to go out must also have good works. Therefore, we must regard the creation and production of outstanding works as the central link of literary and artistic work, and strive to create and produce more excellent works that spread contemporary Chinese values, reflect the spirit of Chinese culture, reflect the aesthetic pursuit of Chinese people, and ideological, artistic, and ornamental organic unity. Forming the trend of “Long Wen Bai Ding, pen power can be alone”. Excellent works are not limited to one, not in one state, not in one, and there must be both spring and white snow, as well as the lower Libba people, both in the sky and in the sky. As long as there is positive energy and contagiousness, it can warm the soul, enlighten the mind, spread it, keep it, and love it for the people. This is an excellent work.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary Work” (October 15, 2014), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (middle), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 123

Since the reform and opening up, China’s literary and artistic creation has ushered in a new spring, producing a large number of outstanding works. At the same time, it cannot be denied that in terms of literary and artistic creation, there are also phenomena of lack of quality, lack of “highland” and “peak”. There are problems of plagiarism and imitation, and there are problems of mechanized production and fast food consumption. In some works, some ridicule, subtly classic, subvert history, demonize the people and heroes; some are indiscriminate, good and evil do not distinguish, ugly is beautiful, over-representing the dark side of society; It is a kitsch and a low-level taste. It regards the work as a “cash tree” for the pursuit of interests, as a “ecstasy” for sensory stimulation; some arbitrarily written, shoddy, and forced to add some cultural “garbage”; some pursue luxury Over-packaging, show off and broaden, the form is greater than the content; others are keen on the so-called “art for art”, only write one’s own joys and sorrows, cups of water, away from the public, out of reality. All these have warned us that literature and art cannot be lost in the tide of the market economy, and there can be no deviation in the question of why people, otherwise literature and art will have no vitality.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literature and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 124

“According to the above, only to be in the middle; take the law in the middle, so it is under.” There is tolerance, no desire is just, indifferent to Mingzhi, quiet and far away. Great writers and artists have a gradual, gradual, and gradual process. Literary and art workers must have a high morale, and they must have the pursuit of “seeking the end of the world”. They can withstand the coldness of “the winds of the west winds with the trees last night” and the loneliness of “the tall buildings”, even if the “clothes are getting wider” “I don’t regret it at all”, even if it is “people”, I am willing to do so. In the end, I will reach the “people in the crowd to find him thousands of Baidu”, “when I look back, the man is at the dawn of the light.”

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 125

“Poetry and the world will follow the world, and no day will not become new.” Innovation is the life of literature and art. Some of the problems that arise in literary and artistic creation are closely related to the lack of innovation ability. Liu Wei said in many places in Wen Xin Diao Long that writer poets should innovate with their artistic personality in order to innovate with the times. Li Yu, a calligrapher of the Tang Dynasty, said: “Let’s learn from me, it seems that I am dead.” Song Dynasty poet Huang Tingjian said: “As people follow the rules, they become self-contained and become realistic.” Literary creation is a combination of ideas and means, content and The deep innovation of form integration is the integration of various artistic elements and technical elements, and it is the connection between mind and creativity. It is necessary to carry out the spirit of innovation throughout the whole process of literary creation and production, and enhance the original ability of literature and art.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 125

To prosper literary and artistic creation and promote literary and artistic innovation, there must be a large number of literary and artistic artists who are both literary and artistic. It is necessary to put the construction of the literary and art team in a more prominent and important position, and strive to create a group of influential literary and art leaders in various fields and build a large team of literary talents. Literature and art are value-oriented, spiritually guided, and aesthetically inspired. The artist’s own level of thinking, business level, and morality are fundamental. Literary and art workers should consciously adhere to artistic ideals, constantly improve their education, cultivation, and cultivation, strengthen their ideological accumulation, knowledge reserve, cultural accomplishment, and artistic training, and strive to achieve “cage in the shape and set off everything in the pen.” In addition to having a good professional quality, there must be a noble personality, and a sense of social responsibility with “iron shoulders and morality.” Under the conditions of developing a socialist market economy, we must also handle the relationship between the righteousness and the interests, seriously consider the social effects of the works, stress the taste, emphasize the virtues, preserve the righteousness for the history, promote the virtues for the world, and keep the name for ourselves. The people’s love and welcome are won by the noble works of ethics, good social image, and excellent works of both beauty and beauty.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (middle), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 126

The people are both the creators of history and the witnesses of history. They are both the “players” of history and the “players” of history. To reflect the voice of the people, literature and art must adhere to the fundamental direction of serving the people and serving socialism. This is a basic requirement put forward by the party on the literary and artistic front, and it is also the key to determining the future and destiny of China’s literary and art career. Only by firmly establishing the Marxist view of literature and art, and truly taking the people as the center, literature and art can exert the maximum positive energy. Taking the people as the center is to take the spiritual and cultural needs of the people as the starting point and the foothold of the literary and artistic work. The people are the main body of literary performance, the people are the connoisseurs and judges of the literary aesthetics, and the service of the people is the literary art. The vocation of the worker.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (middle), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 127

The people are the source of literary and artistic creation. Once they leave the people, literature and art will become rootless duckweed, disease-free scorpion, and soulless shell. Lenin said: “Art belongs to the people. It must have its deepest foundation at the bottom of the broad masses of the working people. It must be understood and loved by these people. It must combine the feelings, thoughts and will of these people and raise them. It must evoke artists among the masses and enable them to develop. “There is a mineral deposit of literary and artistic materials in the people’s life. People’s life is the inexhaustible source of creation for all literary and artistic.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literature and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (centre), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, pp. 128-129

A good work should be a work that can withstand people’s evaluation, expert evaluation, and market inspection. It should be the first place in social benefits, and it should also be a work in which social and economic benefits are unified. Under the conditions of developing a socialist market economy, many cultural products must realize value through the market. Of course, economic benefits cannot be completely ignored. However, compared with social benefits, economic benefits are second. When two benefits and two values are contradictory, economic benefits must be subject to social benefits, and market values must be subject to social values. Literature and art cannot be a slave to the market, and should not be stained with copper. Excellent literary and artistic works are best to achieve both ideological and artistic success and to be welcomed in the market. It is necessary to adhere to the aesthetic ideals of literature and art, maintain the independent value of literature and art, and reasonably set quantitative indicators such as circulation, ratings, click-through rate, and box office income that reflect market acceptance. These indicators cannot be ignored or denied, and these indicators cannot be absolute. , the market is holding the nose.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 132

Literary creation must not only have the foundation of contemporary life, but also the blood of cultural traditions. “The elders who seek for wood will be fixed to their roots; those who want to flow far will have their fountains.” The excellent traditional Chinese culture is the spiritual lifeline of the Chinese nation, an important source of socialist core values, and a solid foundation for us to gain a foothold in the world cultural turmoil.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literature and Art” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 135

Guided by Marxist literary theory, inherit the outstanding legacy of ancient Chinese literary criticism theory, criticize and draw on modern Western literary theory, polish the “smart weapon” of criticism, put the direction of literary criticism, use historical, people’s, art Appreciating and appreciating the works of aesthetics, daring to seek truth from facts in the quality and level of art, dare to show attitudes towards various unfavorable literary and artistic works, phenomena, and thoughts, dare to show their stance on the issue of big and bad, advocating truth, reasoning, and creating Develop a good atmosphere for literary criticism.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary Work” (October 15, 2014), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (middle), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 139

The cultural movement is in line with the national movement, and the context is connected with the national pulse. Realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a great undertaking that has shaken the past and the present. It requires a great spirit of perseverance and a great work that is inspiring. Mr. Lu Xun said in 1925: “Literature is the light of the national spirit, and it is also the light to guide the future of the national spirit.”

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, booklet, page 5

The majority of literary and art workers must adhere to the people-centered creative orientation, persist in serving the people, serve the socialism, adhere to the blossoms of flowers, contend for one hundred schools, persist in creative transformation, innovative development, and ignite the torch of national spirits, and blow the horn of the times. The ideal of art is integrated into the cause of the party and the people. It has the righteousness in the chest, the people in the heart, the shoulders and the responsibility, the pen and the world, and the introduction of more outstanding works that reflect the voice of the times, show the people’s struggle, invigorate the national spirit, and cultivate noble sentiments. Show our people a brighter future and a brighter future for our nation.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, booklet, page 5

An era has an literary art of an era, and an era has the spirit of an era. The classic literary and artistic works of any era are the portrayal of the social life and spirit of that era, and they all bear the imprint and characteristics of that era. The literary and art of any era can only make a sound of vibrancy and sorrow if it is closely maintained and shared with the country and the nation. Reflecting the times is the mission of literary and art workers. The majority of literary and art workers must grasp the pulse of the times, undertake the mission of the times, listen to the voice of the times, and be brave enough to answer questions of the times.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 7

In ancient and modern China and foreign countries, literature and art all follow such a law: it is time to change, take advantage of the trend, change at any time, and resonate with the times. At every major historical juncture of human development, literature and art can be the first in the world, the first in the society, and the first in wisdom. It has become the forerunner of the times and social changes. Leaving the fiery social practice, standing outside the main theme of the grand era, muttering to himself, can only be eliminated by the times.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 7-8

Chinese culture is both historical and contemporary, both national and world. Only under the roots of this land, born in the land of Changs, can the art and literature catch the atmosphere, increase the qi, infuse the anger, and gain a foothold in the world cultural agitation. The so-called “falling people think about their trees, drink their own people with their source.” We must persist in not forgetting the original, absorbing the outside, facing the future, transforming in inheritance, transcending in learning, creating more excellent Chinese culture, reflecting the aesthetic pursuit of Chinese people, spreading contemporary Chinese values, and conforming to the trend of world progress. The works make our literature and art stand out in the world with distinctive Chinese characteristics, Chinese style and Chinese style.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 10

The people are the creators of history and the sculptors of the times. The artistic life of all outstanding literary and art workers originates from the people, and all outstanding literary and artistic creations are for the people. The vast number of literary and art workers must adhere to the strong realism and romanticism, observe the people’s life, destiny, and emotions, express the people’s wishes, moods, and voices, and aspire to create a masterpiece that has been passed down among the people for a long time.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 10

“The literary changes are in the world, and the revival is the time series.” Revealing the destiny of mankind and the future of the nation is the pursuit of literary and art workers. A great work must be the most profoundly grasped work of the individual, the nation, and the destiny of the country. In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, our party has led the people to carry out the struggle and promoted all-round transformation in our society. This is unprecedented in the history of the development of the Chinese nation and is unique in the history of human development. In the face of this epic change, we have the responsibility to write a new epic of the Chinese nation. The epic is created by the people. No matter how great the creation and how high the pursuit is, we must start from the most real life, discover the greatness from the ordinary, and discover the sublimity from the simplicity, thus profoundly refining life, vividly expressing life and panoramic display. life.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 13

“The pen of the literati, persuading the good to punish evil.” Literature and art should reflect life, but literature and art can not mechanically reflect life. Mao Dun said: “The literary and artistic works are not only a mirror – reflecting life, but an axe – creating life.” In life, it is impossible to have only high spirits without depression, only happiness without misfortune, and only comedy without tragedy. There is always a gap between life and ideals, and there are always places like this in real life. The majority of literary and art workers must judge the material of life, promote positive energy, use the power of literature and art to warm people, inspire and enlighten people, and guide people to enhance their ideological understanding, cultural accomplishment, aesthetic standards, and moral standards, and inspire people to be positive and positive. Optimistic attitude and enterprising spirit.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, pp. 13-14

The purpose of literary creation is to guide people to find the source of thought, the source of strength, and the source of happiness. Clear springs are always worth more than silt, and light is always worthy of praise than darkness. The vast number of literary and art workers must improve their ability to read life, be good at discovering beauty in the secluded place, seeing the light in the shadows, not watching the marginal watchers, swearing in the society, pessimists without disease, and not indulging in Lu Xun. Criticized “can not help but chew the little joys and sorrows around, and see this little joy and joy for the world.” It is necessary to use the works with bones, morality, and temperature to inspire people not to be discouraged in the dark, to bow in the face of difficulties, to brighten life with the light of reason, the light of justice, and the light of kindness. The negative corruption and ugly phenomenon that the people hate deeply should insist on using the light to dispel the darkness, defeating the false and ugly with the truth, goodness and beauty, and let people see the good, see the hope, and see the dream ahead.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, pp. 14-15

Literature and art is the project of casting souls. It bears the responsibility of educating people and educating people. It should be inspired by unique ideas, and the art of quietness and inspiration will enlighten people’s hearts and convey the values of goodness and goodness. The vast number of literary and art workers should be the pursuers and communicators of the true, the good and the beautiful, integrate the lofty values and beautiful emotions into their own works, and guide people to gather to the noble morality, not to let cheap laughter, bottomless entertainment, no exercise. Garbage drowns our lives.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 17

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