Xi Jinping tells the story: Eat the heart of the heart and peace of mind

For some time, some people in the society have published some remarks that negate and doubt the private economy. For example, some people have proposed the so-called “private economic departure theory”, saying that the private economy has completed its mission and has to withdraw from the historical stage; some people have proposed the so-called “new public-private partnership theory” to misinterpret the current mixed ownership reform into a new round. Public-private partnerships; some people say that strengthening party building and trade union work is to control private enterprises, and so on. These statements are completely wrong and do not conform to the party’s major policies.

Here, I want to stress once again that the status and role of the non-public economy in China’s economic and social development has not changed! We have not wavered in the policy of encouraging, supporting and guiding the development of the non-public economy. Our policy of creating a good environment and providing more opportunities for the development of the non-public economy has not changed! China’s basic economic system has been written into the Constitution and the Party Constitution. This will not change and it cannot be changed. Any words and deeds that negate, doubt, or shake China’s basic economic system are not in line with the party’s and the state’s principles and policies. Don’t listen, don’t believe! All private enterprises and private entrepreneurs can completely eat the heart and peace of mind to seek development!

In short, the basic economic system is a system that we must adhere to for a long time. The private economy is an intrinsic element of China’s economic system. Private enterprises and private entrepreneurs are our own people. The private economy is an important achievement in the development of the socialist market economy, an important force for promoting the development of the socialist market economy, an important subject for promoting structural reforms on the supply side, promoting high-quality development, and building a modern economic system. It is also the long-term governance of our party. Uniting and leading the people of the whole country to realize the “two hundred years” struggle goal and the important power of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation of the Chinese dream. In the new journey of building a well-off society in an all-round way and building a socialist modernized country in an all-round way, China’s private economy can only grow and not be weakened. It must not only “go away from the market” but also move toward a broader stage.

——Excerpt from Xi Jinping’s speech at the private enterprise symposium (November 1, 2018)
 
            

Xi Jinping: Literature and art can’t be slaves in the market, don’t be covered with copper smell

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Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping has attached great importance to the construction of socialist culture, firmly grasped the leadership, management and discourse power of ideological work, and vigorously cultivated and practiced socialism. The core values will improve the ideological and moral level of the whole nation, promote the overall prosperity of the cultural undertakings and the rapid development of the cultural industry, and provide ideological guarantee, spiritual strength and moral nourishment for the realization of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation. Comrade Xi Jinping’s series of important expositions on socialist cultural construction, high-profile, rich in content and profound in thinking, consolidate the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology, consolidate the common ideological basis for the united struggle of the entire party and the people of the whole country, and accelerate the building of society. Strengthening the country’s cultural soft power, strengthening cultural self-confidence, promoting the balanced development and mutual promotion of material and spiritual civilization, winning the great victory in the stage of building a well-off society in an all-round way, realizing the goal of “two hundred years” and realizing China The Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the nation has a very important guiding significance.

In order to help the broad masses of cadres and people learn, understand and master Comrade Xi Jinping’s important expositions on socialist cultural construction, the CPC Central Party History and Literature Research Institute edited Xi Jinping’s Excerpts on Socialist Cultural Construction. The content of this book is from more than 70 important documents such as speeches, reports, speeches, instructions, instructions and congratulations from Comrade Xi Jinping from November 15th, 2012 to July 26, 2017. It is divided into eight topics, a total of three hundred and sixty-one paragraphs. Many of these discussions were published for the first time. The sixth chapter of the book focuses on “adhering to the people-centered creative orientation”. Some of the highlights are as follows:

Excellent literary and artistic works reflect the cultural creativity and level of a country and a nation. To attract, guide, and enlighten people must have good works, and to promote Chinese culture to go out must also have good works. Therefore, we must regard the creation and production of outstanding works as the central link of literary and artistic work, and strive to create and produce more excellent works that spread contemporary Chinese values, reflect the spirit of Chinese culture, reflect the aesthetic pursuit of Chinese people, and ideological, artistic, and ornamental organic unity. Forming the trend of “Long Wen Bai Ding, pen power can be alone”. Excellent works are not limited to one, not in one state, not in one, and there must be both spring and white snow, as well as the lower Libba people, both in the sky and in the sky. As long as there is positive energy and contagiousness, it can warm the soul, enlighten the mind, spread it, keep it, and love it for the people. This is an excellent work.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary Work” (October 15, 2014), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (middle), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 123

Since the reform and opening up, China’s literary and artistic creation has ushered in a new spring, producing a large number of outstanding works. At the same time, it cannot be denied that in terms of literary and artistic creation, there are also phenomena of lack of quality, lack of “highland” and “peak”. There are problems of plagiarism and imitation, and there are problems of mechanized production and fast food consumption. In some works, some ridicule, subtly classic, subvert history, demonize the people and heroes; some are indiscriminate, good and evil do not distinguish, ugly is beautiful, over-representing the dark side of society; It is a kitsch and a low-level taste. It regards the work as a “cash tree” for the pursuit of interests, as a “ecstasy” for sensory stimulation; some arbitrarily written, shoddy, and forced to add some cultural “garbage”; some pursue luxury Over-packaging, show off and broaden, the form is greater than the content; others are keen on the so-called “art for art”, only write one’s own joys and sorrows, cups of water, away from the public, out of reality. All these have warned us that literature and art cannot be lost in the tide of the market economy, and there can be no deviation in the question of why people, otherwise literature and art will have no vitality.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literature and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 124

“According to the above, only to be in the middle; take the law in the middle, so it is under.” There is tolerance, no desire is just, indifferent to Mingzhi, quiet and far away. Great writers and artists have a gradual, gradual, and gradual process. Literary and art workers must have a high morale, and they must have the pursuit of “seeking the end of the world”. They can withstand the coldness of “the winds of the west winds with the trees last night” and the loneliness of “the tall buildings”, even if the “clothes are getting wider” “I don’t regret it at all”, even if it is “people”, I am willing to do so. In the end, I will reach the “people in the crowd to find him thousands of Baidu”, “when I look back, the man is at the dawn of the light.”

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 125

“Poetry and the world will follow the world, and no day will not become new.” Innovation is the life of literature and art. Some of the problems that arise in literary and artistic creation are closely related to the lack of innovation ability. Liu Wei said in many places in Wen Xin Diao Long that writer poets should innovate with their artistic personality in order to innovate with the times. Li Yu, a calligrapher of the Tang Dynasty, said: “Let’s learn from me, it seems that I am dead.” Song Dynasty poet Huang Tingjian said: “As people follow the rules, they become self-contained and become realistic.” Literary creation is a combination of ideas and means, content and The deep innovation of form integration is the integration of various artistic elements and technical elements, and it is the connection between mind and creativity. It is necessary to carry out the spirit of innovation throughout the whole process of literary creation and production, and enhance the original ability of literature and art.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 125

To prosper literary and artistic creation and promote literary and artistic innovation, there must be a large number of literary and artistic artists who are both literary and artistic. It is necessary to put the construction of the literary and art team in a more prominent and important position, and strive to create a group of influential literary and art leaders in various fields and build a large team of literary talents. Literature and art are value-oriented, spiritually guided, and aesthetically inspired. The artist’s own level of thinking, business level, and morality are fundamental. Literary and art workers should consciously adhere to artistic ideals, constantly improve their education, cultivation, and cultivation, strengthen their ideological accumulation, knowledge reserve, cultural accomplishment, and artistic training, and strive to achieve “cage in the shape and set off everything in the pen.” In addition to having a good professional quality, there must be a noble personality, and a sense of social responsibility with “iron shoulders and morality.” Under the conditions of developing a socialist market economy, we must also handle the relationship between the righteousness and the interests, seriously consider the social effects of the works, stress the taste, emphasize the virtues, preserve the righteousness for the history, promote the virtues for the world, and keep the name for ourselves. The people’s love and welcome are won by the noble works of ethics, good social image, and excellent works of both beauty and beauty.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (middle), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 126

The people are both the creators of history and the witnesses of history. They are both the “players” of history and the “players” of history. To reflect the voice of the people, literature and art must adhere to the fundamental direction of serving the people and serving socialism. This is a basic requirement put forward by the party on the literary and artistic front, and it is also the key to determining the future and destiny of China’s literary and art career. Only by firmly establishing the Marxist view of literature and art, and truly taking the people as the center, literature and art can exert the maximum positive energy. Taking the people as the center is to take the spiritual and cultural needs of the people as the starting point and the foothold of the literary and artistic work. The people are the main body of literary performance, the people are the connoisseurs and judges of the literary aesthetics, and the service of the people is the literary art. The vocation of the worker.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (middle), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 127

The people are the source of literary and artistic creation. Once they leave the people, literature and art will become rootless duckweed, disease-free scorpion, and soulless shell. Lenin said: “Art belongs to the people. It must have its deepest foundation at the bottom of the broad masses of the working people. It must be understood and loved by these people. It must combine the feelings, thoughts and will of these people and raise them. It must evoke artists among the masses and enable them to develop. “There is a mineral deposit of literary and artistic materials in the people’s life. People’s life is the inexhaustible source of creation for all literary and artistic.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literature and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (centre), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, pp. 128-129

A good work should be a work that can withstand people’s evaluation, expert evaluation, and market inspection. It should be the first place in social benefits, and it should also be a work in which social and economic benefits are unified. Under the conditions of developing a socialist market economy, many cultural products must realize value through the market. Of course, economic benefits cannot be completely ignored. However, compared with social benefits, economic benefits are second. When two benefits and two values are contradictory, economic benefits must be subject to social benefits, and market values must be subject to social values. Literature and art cannot be a slave to the market, and should not be stained with copper. Excellent literary and artistic works are best to achieve both ideological and artistic success and to be welcomed in the market. It is necessary to adhere to the aesthetic ideals of literature and art, maintain the independent value of literature and art, and reasonably set quantitative indicators such as circulation, ratings, click-through rate, and box office income that reflect market acceptance. These indicators cannot be ignored or denied, and these indicators cannot be absolute. , the market is holding the nose.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 132

Literary creation must not only have the foundation of contemporary life, but also the blood of cultural traditions. “The elders who seek for wood will be fixed to their roots; those who want to flow far will have their fountains.” The excellent traditional Chinese culture is the spiritual lifeline of the Chinese nation, an important source of socialist core values, and a solid foundation for us to gain a foothold in the world cultural turmoil.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literature and Art” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 135

Guided by Marxist literary theory, inherit the outstanding legacy of ancient Chinese literary criticism theory, criticize and draw on modern Western literary theory, polish the “smart weapon” of criticism, put the direction of literary criticism, use historical, people’s, art Appreciating and appreciating the works of aesthetics, daring to seek truth from facts in the quality and level of art, dare to show attitudes towards various unfavorable literary and artistic works, phenomena, and thoughts, dare to show their stance on the issue of big and bad, advocating truth, reasoning, and creating Develop a good atmosphere for literary criticism.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary Work” (October 15, 2014), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (middle), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 139

The cultural movement is in line with the national movement, and the context is connected with the national pulse. Realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a great undertaking that has shaken the past and the present. It requires a great spirit of perseverance and a great work that is inspiring. Mr. Lu Xun said in 1925: “Literature is the light of the national spirit, and it is also the light to guide the future of the national spirit.”

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, booklet, page 5

The majority of literary and art workers must adhere to the people-centered creative orientation, persist in serving the people, serve the socialism, adhere to the blossoms of flowers, contend for one hundred schools, persist in creative transformation, innovative development, and ignite the torch of national spirits, and blow the horn of the times. The ideal of art is integrated into the cause of the party and the people. It has the righteousness in the chest, the people in the heart, the shoulders and the responsibility, the pen and the world, and the introduction of more outstanding works that reflect the voice of the times, show the people’s struggle, invigorate the national spirit, and cultivate noble sentiments. Show our people a brighter future and a brighter future for our nation.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, booklet, page 5

An era has an literary art of an era, and an era has the spirit of an era. The classic literary and artistic works of any era are the portrayal of the social life and spirit of that era, and they all bear the imprint and characteristics of that era. The literary and art of any era can only make a sound of vibrancy and sorrow if it is closely maintained and shared with the country and the nation. Reflecting the times is the mission of literary and art workers. The majority of literary and art workers must grasp the pulse of the times, undertake the mission of the times, listen to the voice of the times, and be brave enough to answer questions of the times.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 7

In ancient and modern China and foreign countries, literature and art all follow such a law: it is time to change, take advantage of the trend, change at any time, and resonate with the times. At every major historical juncture of human development, literature and art can be the first in the world, the first in the society, and the first in wisdom. It has become the forerunner of the times and social changes. Leaving the fiery social practice, standing outside the main theme of the grand era, muttering to himself, can only be eliminated by the times.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 7-8

Chinese culture is both historical and contemporary, both national and world. Only under the roots of this land, born in the land of Changs, can the art and literature catch the atmosphere, increase the qi, infuse the anger, and gain a foothold in the world cultural agitation. The so-called “falling people think about their trees, drink their own people with their source.” We must persist in not forgetting the original, absorbing the outside, facing the future, transforming in inheritance, transcending in learning, creating more excellent Chinese culture, reflecting the aesthetic pursuit of Chinese people, spreading contemporary Chinese values, and conforming to the trend of world progress. The works make our literature and art stand out in the world with distinctive Chinese characteristics, Chinese style and Chinese style.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 10

The people are the creators of history and the sculptors of the times. The artistic life of all outstanding literary and art workers originates from the people, and all outstanding literary and artistic creations are for the people. The vast number of literary and art workers must adhere to the strong realism and romanticism, observe the people’s life, destiny, and emotions, express the people’s wishes, moods, and voices, and aspire to create a masterpiece that has been passed down among the people for a long time.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 10

“The literary changes are in the world, and the revival is the time series.” Revealing the destiny of mankind and the future of the nation is the pursuit of literary and art workers. A great work must be the most profoundly grasped work of the individual, the nation, and the destiny of the country. In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, our party has led the people to carry out the struggle and promoted all-round transformation in our society. This is unprecedented in the history of the development of the Chinese nation and is unique in the history of human development. In the face of this epic change, we have the responsibility to write a new epic of the Chinese nation. The epic is created by the people. No matter how great the creation and how high the pursuit is, we must start from the most real life, discover the greatness from the ordinary, and discover the sublimity from the simplicity, thus profoundly refining life, vividly expressing life and panoramic display. life.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 13

“The pen of the literati, persuading the good to punish evil.” Literature and art should reflect life, but literature and art can not mechanically reflect life. Mao Dun said: “The literary and artistic works are not only a mirror – reflecting life, but an axe – creating life.” In life, it is impossible to have only high spirits without depression, only happiness without misfortune, and only comedy without tragedy. There is always a gap between life and ideals, and there are always places like this in real life. The majority of literary and art workers must judge the material of life, promote positive energy, use the power of literature and art to warm people, inspire and enlighten people, and guide people to enhance their ideological understanding, cultural accomplishment, aesthetic standards, and moral standards, and inspire people to be positive and positive. Optimistic attitude and enterprising spirit.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, pp. 13-14

The purpose of literary creation is to guide people to find the source of thought, the source of strength, and the source of happiness. Clear springs are always worth more than silt, and light is always worthy of praise than darkness. The vast number of literary and art workers must improve their ability to read life, be good at discovering beauty in the secluded place, seeing the light in the shadows, not watching the marginal watchers, swearing in the society, pessimists without disease, and not indulging in Lu Xun. Criticized “can not help but chew the little joys and sorrows around, and see this little joy and joy for the world.” It is necessary to use the works with bones, morality, and temperature to inspire people not to be discouraged in the dark, to bow in the face of difficulties, to brighten life with the light of reason, the light of justice, and the light of kindness. The negative corruption and ugly phenomenon that the people hate deeply should insist on using the light to dispel the darkness, defeating the false and ugly with the truth, goodness and beauty, and let people see the good, see the hope, and see the dream ahead.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, pp. 14-15

Literature and art is the project of casting souls. It bears the responsibility of educating people and educating people. It should be inspired by unique ideas, and the art of quietness and inspiration will enlighten people’s hearts and convey the values of goodness and goodness. The vast number of literary and art workers should be the pursuers and communicators of the true, the good and the beautiful, integrate the lofty values and beautiful emotions into their own works, and guide people to gather to the noble morality, not to let cheap laughter, bottomless entertainment, no exercise. Garbage drowns our lives.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 17

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Xi Jinping: Law is a law, morality is self-discipline, need to use both

“Learning on the road” large network database Click to enter

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping has attached great importance to the construction of socialist culture, firmly grasped the leadership, management and discourse power of ideological work, and vigorously cultivated and practiced socialism. The core values will improve the ideological and moral level of the whole nation, promote the overall prosperity of the cultural undertakings and the rapid development of the cultural industry, and provide ideological guarantee, spiritual strength and moral nourishment for the realization of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation. Comrade Xi Jinping’s series of important expositions on socialist cultural construction, high-profile, rich in content and profound in thinking, consolidate the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology, consolidate the common ideological basis for the united struggle of the entire party and the people of the whole country, and accelerate the building of society. Strengthening the country’s cultural soft power, strengthening cultural self-confidence, promoting the balanced development and mutual promotion of material and spiritual civilization, winning the great victory in the stage of building a well-off society in an all-round way, realizing the goal of “two hundred years” and realizing China The Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the nation has a very important guiding significance.

In order to help the broad masses of cadres and people learn, understand and master Comrade Xi Jinping’s important expositions on socialist cultural construction, the CPC Central Party History and Literature Research Institute edited Xi Jinping’s Excerpts on Socialist Cultural Construction. The content of this book is from more than 70 important documents such as speeches, reports, speeches, instructions, instructions and congratulations from Comrade Xi Jinping from November 15th, 2012 to July 26, 2017. It is divided into eight topics, a total of three hundred and sixty-one paragraphs. Many of these discussions were published for the first time. The fifth part of the book focuses on “improving the ideological and moral level of the whole nation”. Some of the wonderful expositions are as follows:

The country has no virtues and no virtues. We must strengthen the ideological and moral construction of the whole society, inspire people to form good moral will, moral emotions, cultivate correct moral judgments and moral responsibilities, improve moral practice ability, especially consciously practice ability, guide people to yearn for and pursue morality and honor. An ethical life that forms an upward force and a good force. As long as the Chinese nation and the next generation pursue a beautiful and lofty moral realm, our nation will always be full of hope.

——Speech at the inspection tour in Shandong (November 24-28, 2013), People’s Daily, November 29, 2013

I want to emphasize the issue of moral construction. Liang Qichao said: “The country’s opinion is more important than people, and it does not regard the size of its territory, the population of the people, and the character of its people.” If we violate the social morality in our country, things that touch the moral bottom line continue to Occurs, some people have not complied with public order when they have gone abroad, leaving a bad impression on others, and how to improve the soft power of national culture? Therefore, to improve the soft power of the country’s culture, a very important task is to start from the ideological and moral, from the social atmosphere, from everyone.

– “Speech at the Twelfth Collective Learning of the Political Bureau of the 18th Central Committee” (December 30, 2013)

The law regulates people’s behavior and can punish illegal behaviors compulsory, but it cannot replace the problem of solving people’s ideology and morality. China has always had the idea of complementing German and criminal laws and using Confucianism and Law. The law is the law of the other, the morality is self-discipline, and the two need to be used together. If everyone can consciously carry out moral restraint, the illegal things will be greatly reduced, and compliance with the law will have a deeper foundation.

– “Strict law enforcement, fair justice” (January 7, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (I), Central Literature Publishing House, 2014, p. 722

The country has no virtues and no virtues. Whether a nation or a person can grasp oneself depends largely on moral values. If our people can’t persist in the moral values formed and developed on the land of our country, without distinguishing and blindly becoming the answer to the moral values of the West, then we must really ask whether our country and nation will lose their spiritual independence. Sexual problem. If there is no spiritual independence, then the independence of politics, ideology, culture, and system will be paid.

– “Speech at the Provincial and Ministerial Leading Cadres to Study and Implement the Seminar on the Comprehensive Reform of the Spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee” (February 17, 2014)

We must justify and carry forward the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation. The culture and ethics passed down to the ancestors should adopt an eclectic attitude on the basis of roughing and refining, and insisting on the methods of using the past for the present and innovating, treating them in a differentiated way, and inheriting them with sublation.

– “Speech at the Provincial and Ministerial Leading Cadres to Study and Implement the Seminar on the Comprehensive Reform of the Spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee” (February 17, 2014)

Don’t forget to open up the future, and be good at inheriting to be better innovating. I went to Shandong for investigation and research last year and went to Qufu. I said that the values and ethics that have been passed down from history and culture, especially the ancestors, must be adhered to in the past, innovating, and treated in a differentiated way. . That is to say, we should not talk about one-sidedness and honesty, and we should not talk about the thick and modern, but one-sidedly, in a scientific attitude, inherit and carry forward the fine traditional Chinese culture, and strive to use all the spirits created by the Chinese nation. Wealth comes to culture people and educate people.

– “Speech at the 13th Collective Study of the 18th Central Political Bureau” (February 24, 2014)

“Morality is the body, so it is not confusing.” Chinese excellent traditional culture contains rich ideological and moral resources. For example, in sticking to the moral bottom line, we emphasize “doing what you don’t want, don’t do it to others”, “being good with others”, “using yourself”, “pushing yourself and people”, “gentlemen worrying about not being poor”, and sticking to “conscience” , to achieve “pitch innocent”. For example, in establishing moral ideals, it emphasizes that “the road of the avenue is also the world, the world is the public”, people must “stop at the best”, have a sense of social responsibility, pursue lofty ideals and perfect personality, and advocate “good for the world” and “lizi “Cangsheng”, “Slimming Qijia rule the country to the world”, “seeing the sages and sorrows, seeing the sages and introspecting themselves”, as a gentleman, a sage. We must make good use of these valuable resources in the excellent traditional Chinese culture, enhance people’s sense of value judgment and moral responsibility, and constantly improve people’s moral standards and enhance people’s moral realm.

– “Speech at the 13th Collective Study of the 18th Central Political Bureau” (February 24, 2014)

We must earnestly absorb the ideological essence and moral essence of China’s excellent traditional culture, vigorously carry forward the national spirit with patriotism as the core and the spirit of the times with reform and innovation as the core, and thoroughly explore and elucidate the outstanding traditional culture of China, paying attention to the love, the people and the people. Integrity, advocating justice, Shanghehe, and seeking the era value of Datong have made Chinese excellent traditional culture an important source of socialist core values.

– “Speech at the 13th Collective Study of the 18th Central Political Bureau” (February 24, 2014)

We must cultivate morality, strengthen moral cultivation, and pay attention to moral practice. “German, Ben also.” Mr. Cai Yuanpei said: “If there is no morality, although the body is developed with intelligence, it is appropriate to help it be evil.” Morality is fundamental to the individual and to the society. The first thing to do when people do things is to respect the body. This is why our employer standards are both morality and ethics, and morality is the first priority. Because morality is the primary and the direction, one can only use its virtues, such as Mingdaide, ethics, and ethics. To cultivate morality, it is necessary to stand tall and stand on the ground. It is necessary to be determined to serve the motherland and serve the people. This is a great virtue. At the same time, we must start from doing small things and managing the small festivals. “See the good, move, and change,” and do a good job of repairing public morality, private morality, learning labor, learning to be diligent, learning to be grateful, learning to help others, and learning to be modest. Learn to be tolerant, learn to be introspective, and learn to be self-disciplined.

– “Youth should consciously practice the core values of socialism” (May 4, 2014), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (middle), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, page 7

In the long-term practice, the Chinese nation has cultivated and formed a unique ideological concept and ethical norm. It has the same ideas of Chongren’s love, emphasis on the people, honesty, dialectic, Shanghehe, and seeking the same mind, self-improvement, dedication, and righteousness. Traditional virtues such as helping the poor, helping others, being brave, and filial piety. Many ideological concepts and ethics in Chinese excellent traditional culture have their undying value, both past and present.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 136

It is necessary to persist in the use of the ancient and modern, to take the fine, to falsify the truth, to inherit and carry forward the excellent culture of the Chinese nation, to promote the construction of the socialist core value system, to promote social morality, professional ethics, family virtues, personal moral education, to promote the traditional virtues of China, and to promote the new era of the times.

– “Report on the Work of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee at the First Plenary Session of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee” (October 20, 2014)

The law is written morality, morality is the inner law, and law and morality have the role of regulating social behavior and maintaining social order. Governing the country and governing the society must grasp the rule of law and grasp the rule of virtue with one hand. It not only attaches importance to the normative role of the law, but also attaches importance to the role of moral education. It realizes that law and morality complement each other, and the rule of law and the rule of virtue complement each other.

– “Accelerating the Construction of a Socialist Country Ruled by Law” (October 23, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 185

We must continue to deepen the building of socialist ideology and morality, carry forward the traditional virtues of China, carry forward the new era of the times, use the core values of socialism to gather together, better build the Chinese spirit, Chinese values, and Chinese power, and provide a steady stream of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Spiritual motivation and moral nourishment.

——Instructions on National Moral Model Recognition Activities (October 2015), People’s Daily, October 14, 2015

It is necessary to strengthen moral education and guide party members, especially leading cadres, Ming Dade, Yan Gongde, and ethics, and be good at charity, integrity, and nurturing. We must vigorously advocate the core values of socialism, carry forward the values of loyalty, honesty, arduous struggle, honesty and integrity, and guide party members, especially leading cadres, to clearly resist and oppose relations, thick black science, officialdom, and “hidden rules.” The political culture continues to cultivate a good political ecology of the soil.

– “Speech at the 33rd Collective Study of the 18th Central Political Bureau” (June 28, 2016)

The majority of families must repeat the teachings, teach themselves, teach knowledge, develop morality, practice and deceive, help children to buckle the first button of life, and take the first step in life. We must cultivate and practice the core values of socialism in the family, and guide family members, especially the next generation, to love the party, love the motherland, love the people, and love the Chinese nation. We must actively spread the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation, and convey the concept of respecting the elderly, loving the mother, equality between men and women, husband and wife, diligence and family, and unity in the neighborhood, advocating the concepts of loyalty, responsibility, affection, learning, and public welfare, and promoting people’s happiness for the family. In the process of sending warmth and contributing to society, others will raise the spiritual realm and cultivate the culture of civilization.

– “Speech when meeting with the representatives of the first national civilized family” (December 12, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 5

For the ethics passed down by the ancestors, we must adopt an eclectic attitude on the basis of roughing and refining. Our ancestors have a large number of famous sayings that persuade people to go up to good, such as “the road to the avenue, the world is the public”, “seeing is not as good as it is, seeing is not good as a soup”, “seeing good ideas, seeing no “Ingenuity and self-existence are also”, “I am not righteous and rich and expensive, I am like a cloud”, “I will believe in words, I must do things”, “I am not alone, there must be neighbors”, “people do not believe, I don’t know.” Also, “Do not be good or small, do not do it with evil,” and so on. These useful ideas must be inherited and carried forward in light of the conditions of the times, in order to adhere to the values of the Chinese and maintain the spirit of being a person. It is necessary to be good at using the philosophical thoughts, humanistic spirits, and moral concepts condensed in the fine traditional Chinese culture to understand right and wrong, to distinguish between good and evil, to be honest and shameful, and to be consciously a model of political integrity and self-cultivation.

– “Speech at the Seventh Plenary Session of the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection” (January 6, 2017)

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Xi Jinping talks about the construction of spiritual civilization: standing at the forefront of the times and leading the trend

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Xi Jinping tells the story: the new era is the era of the struggler

I said in this year’s New Year message that happiness is a struggle. Today, I would also like to say that struggle itself is a kind of happiness. Only a struggling life can be called a happy life. Struggle is hard, hardship and hardship, and jade is good. If there is no hardship, it is not a real struggle. We must be brave in purifying the soul, honing our will and firming our convictions in the arduous struggle. Struggle is a long-term struggle. The predecessors plant trees and the descendants enjoy the cold. The great cause requires several generations, dozens of generations, and dozens of generations to continue to struggle. Struggle is a tortuous one. “In order to have more sacrifices and dare to teach the sun and the moon to change to a new day,” there will be sacrifices to struggle. We must always carry forward the spirit of fearlessness and selfless dedication. Struggles are the most spiritually affluent people, and the ones who know the most happiness and enjoy the most happiness. As Marx said: “History recognizes those who work for the common goal and thus become noble. It is a great person; experience praises those who bring happiness to most people is the happiest person.”

The new era is the era of the struggler. We must persist in the people’s longing for a better life as our goal. We will continue to work tirelessly for the people, work hard with the people, and implement the spirit of struggle to carry out the great struggle, build great projects, advance great undertakings, and realize the great dream. Form a vivid situation of competing struggle and united struggle.

“Fanglin’s new leaves remind Chen Ye, the flow of water before the waves let the post wave.” In the 40 years of reform and opening up, we have taken a new road and a good road with the courage to dare to do the courage and self-innovation, and realized from ” The great leap from catching up with the times to leading the times. Today, we must not forget our original heart, remember our mission, continue to open up the road, meet the pioneering spirit of water bridges, open a new bureau in a great social revolution, and succumb to the great self-revolution, continue to write on our vast land. A new chapter in the history of the great struggle of more than 1.3 billion Chinese people!

– Excerpt from Xi Jinping’s speech at the 2018 Spring Festival group meeting (February 14, 2018)
 
            

The 19th anniversary of the return of Macao, revisiting the important statement of the general secretary on the development of Macao

Editor’s Note: On December 20, 2018, Macao returned to the motherland for the 19th anniversary. Since the 18th National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping has always been concerned about the development of Macao. He has repeatedly expressed the importance the central government attaches to Macao’s prosperity and stability and its recognition of Macao’s development. People’s Daily Online News of the Communist Party of China specially extracted relevant articles and shared them with netizens.

I believe that the Macao compatriots will seize the opportunity and take advantage of the situation, expand the development space, foster new development momentum in the overall situation of national development, and greet the 20th anniversary of the return of Macao to the motherland next year with new development results.

— On December 17, 2018, I met with the Chief Executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region, Chui Sai On.

The ancients said: “There is a confidant who is a confidant, and a confidant; a person who has a heart-to-heart relationship, that is, it is intimate.” It is particularly worthy of recognition that the vast number of Hong Kong and Macao compatriots have invested in the mainland, not only because they have seen business opportunities, but also because they want to see the mainland. Get rid of poverty and the country is getting richer and stronger.

— Speech on November 12, 2018, during a meeting with Hong Kong and Macao to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the country’s reform and opening up

In the process of reform and opening up in the new era, Hong Kong and Macao still have special status and unique advantages, and they can still play an irreplaceable role. I hope that Hong Kong and Macao compatriots will continue to join the country in reform and opening up with the spirit of sincere patriotism and daring to be the first. In time, we will take advantage of the situation and achieve better development of Hong Kong and Macao in the overall situation of national development and jointly write the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The chapter of the times.

— Speech on November 12, 2018, during a meeting with Hong Kong and Macao to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the country’s reform and opening up

For Hong Kong and Macao, “one country, two systems” is the biggest advantage. The country’s reform and opening up is the biggest stage. The implementation of the national strategy of “One Belt and One Road” and the construction of Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and Dawan District is a new major opportunity. We must fully understand and accurately grasp the positioning of Hong Kong and Macao in the reform and opening up of the new era, support Hong Kong and Macao to seize opportunities, foster new advantages, play a new role, achieve new development, and make new contributions.

— Speech on November 12, 2018, during a meeting with Hong Kong and Macao to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the country’s reform and opening up

In the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, I have determined that “consisting on ‘one country, two systems’ and promoting the reunification of the motherland” is an important part of the basic strategy of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and embodies the important position of Hong Kong and Macao’s work in the overall work of the party and the country. It reflects the central government’s high regard for Hong Kong and Macao’s work. The central government will unswervingly implement the “one country, two systems” policy, support the Macao Special Administrative Region Government and the Chief Executive in their administration and active actions in accordance with the law, and support Macao’s integration into the overall development of the country.

——On December 15, 2017, I met with the Chief Executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region, Chui Sai On.

The Macao Special Administrative Region has done a lot of active and effective work in implementing the “one country, two systems” policy, stabilizing governance and safeguarding national security. The central government is fully affirmed. At present, the overall situation in Macao is good, and all work has made new progress. I hope that you will actively promote moderate and diversified economic development, maintain overall social stability, and consolidate the good situation of Macao with pragmatic and prudent governance.

——On June 30, 2017, I met with the Chief Executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region, Chui Sai On.

The central government attaches great importance to the prosperity and stability of Macao. When I went to Macau to attend the celebration of the 15th anniversary of the return to the motherland last year, I announced that the central government decided to start work on the scope of customary waters management in the Macao Special Administrative Region. Now, after a year of hard work, this work has been successfully completed. It not only clarifies the scope of customary waters management in Macao, but also defines the land boundary of Macao. This will definitely have a positive impact on promoting Macao’s economic and social development. At the same time, the country’s “13th Five-Year Plan” and the implementation of the “Belt and Road” strategy will also play the role of Macao.

——On December 23, 2015, I met with the Chief Executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region, Chui Sai On.

When I went to Macau a few days ago, I personally felt the development and changes of Macao and witnessed the tremendous achievements in the practice of “One Country, Two Systems”.

— On December 26, 2014, I met with the Chief Executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region, Chui Sai On.

We are pleased to see that Macao’s exchanges and cooperation with the mainland of China have become increasingly close, and continue to make unique contributions to the reform, opening up, and modernization of the motherland, and share the opportunities and achievements brought about by the development of the motherland. The mutual recognition and centripetal force of the Macao compatriots on the country has been continuously strengthened. The national feelings of blood rich in water have continued to sublimate, and patriotism and love for Australia have become the mainstream values of the society.

——On December 20, 2014, at the 15th Anniversary of Macao’s Return to the Motherland and the Inauguration Ceremony of the Fourth Government of Macao Special Administrative Region

The achievements of Macao’s return to the motherland in the past 15 years are worthy of the pride and pride of the Macao compatriots and the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country. Exploring the accumulated experience is worth cherishing and remembering by the Macao compatriots and the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country.

——On December 20, 2014, at the 15th Anniversary of Macao’s Return to the Motherland and the Inauguration Ceremony of the Fourth Government of Macao Special Administrative Region

Practice has proved that as long as we adhere to the principle of comprehensively and accurately understanding and implementing the “one country, two systems” principle, strictly follow the basic law, and persist in concentrating on economic development, improving people’s livelihood, and adhering to the broad unity under the banner of patriotism and love, the “one country, two systems” practice can Going steady, solid, and far away in the right direction will make Macau a better tomorrow.

——On December 20, 2014, at the 15th Anniversary of Macao’s Return to the Motherland and the Inauguration Ceremony of the Fourth Government of Macao Special Administrative Region

“The sky is full of lotus leaves, and the lotus flowers are different.” With the joint efforts of the Central Government, the Macao Special Administrative Region Government and people from all walks of life, with the strong support of the people of all ethnic groups across the country, the practice of “one country, two systems” in Macao will surely Write a new and wonderful chapter, the beautiful lotus flower of this motherland of Macao will bloom more beautiful and more charming colors!

——On December 20, 2014, at the 15th Anniversary of Macao’s Return to the Motherland and the Inauguration Ceremony of the Fourth Government of Macao Special Administrative Region

These progresses and achievements have fully proved that the great concept of “one country, two systems” has a strong vitality. The Macao compatriots who have mastered their own destiny can fully unite and strengthen themselves under the guidance of “one country, two systems”, “Macao people governing Macao” and a high degree of autonomy. Home.

——December at the welcome dinner of the Macau Special Administrative Region Government on December 19, 2014

The more you face the results, the more you have to work hard. As the saying goes, the big sing on the table – not at all. The practice of Macao’s return to the motherland’s 15th anniversary proves that as long as the road is right, the policy is good, the body is spiritual, and the people are in harmony, the table can also sing big drama. We must strengthen our confidence and strength in the progress and achievements of Macao’s development, and we must be aware of the new changes in the environment inside and outside of Macao, and be good at planning, teamwork and taking advantage of the situation.

——December at the welcome dinner of the Macau Special Administrative Region Government on December 19, 2014

For a long time, representatives from all walks of life in Macao have played an active role in realizing the smooth return of Macao, building and developing Macao, supporting the country’s reform, opening up, and modernization, and supporting the disaster relief and poverty alleviation in the Mainland. Your actions and contributions reflect the patriotic feelings of patriotism and love for Australia. They reflect the spirit of ownership of the “one country, two systems” principle and reflect the positive and positive energy of the Macao society. I fully affirm and highly praise this.

——On December 19, 2014, I met with the speeches delivered by representatives from all walks of life in Macao.

Macao’s development and progress cannot be separated from social solidarity and harmony. I hope that in order to promote the great unity of the Macao residents under the banner of patriotism and love for Australia, we will contribute to enriching and developing the “One Country, Two Systems” practice in Macao and realizing the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. More responsibility.

——On December 19, 2014, I met with the speeches delivered by representatives from all walks of life in Macao.

The 15th anniversary of Macao’s return to the motherland is not only a happy event in Macau, but also a major event in the country. When I came to Macau this time, I wanted to celebrate this historic festival with the Macao compatriots and convey the blessings of the Central Government and the people of all nationalities to the Macao compatriots. I also want to visit the people of Macao to experience the new development and new weather of Macao over the past few years. I will review the construction of the Macao Special Administrative Region in the past 15 years and plan for long-term development.

I hope and believe that Macao will surely become more stable and better on the correct path of “one country, two systems” and the guidance of the Basic Law.

– Speech on December 19, 2014, when arriving in Macau

The fate of Hong Kong, Macao and the mainland of China is always closely linked. To realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, Hong Kong, Macao and the mainland of China need to adhere to complementary advantages and common development. It is necessary for Hong Kong and Macao compatriots and the mainland people to persist in watching and helping each other.

——On March 18, 2013, I met with Liang Zhenying’s speech at Chui Shi’an

Compatriots of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region should focus on the overall interests of the country, Hong Kong and Macao, and jointly safeguard and promote the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao. The vast number of Taiwan compatriots and mainland compatriots must join hands to support, maintain and promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, enhance the well-being of compatriots on both sides of the strait, and jointly create a new future for the Chinese nation.

— Speech at the first meeting of the 12th National People’s Congress on March 17, 2013

The Central Committee will, as always, implement the “one country, two systems”, “Macao people governing Macao”, a high degree of autonomy and the Macao Basic Law. As always, support the Chief Executive and the Special Administrative Region Government in their administration of the law, as always, support the Macao Special Administrative Region in developing the economy, improving people’s livelihood, promoting democracy, and promoting harmony. . We are full of confidence in the future of the country and our nation, and we firmly believe that Macao’s undertakings will certainly develop even better.

— On December 20, 2012, I met with the Chief Executive of the Macao Special Administrative Region, Chui Sai On.
 
            

“Number Reading” Xi Jinping’s Speech at the Celebration of the 40th Anniversary of Reform and Opening-up

Editor’s Note: On the morning of December 18th, the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening up was held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the meeting. Want to know what are the key points of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s speech at the conference? The New Age Learning Studio answers you with 12 numbers.

1 kind of “great spirit”

The great spirit of reform and opening up created by reform and opening up has greatly enriched the national spiritual connotation and has become the most distinctive spiritual identity of the contemporary Chinese people!

2 “key tricks”

The practice of 40 years has fully proved that reform and opening up is an important magic weapon for the party and the people to catch up with the times. It is the only way to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is the key to determining the destiny of contemporary China. It is also the decision to realize “two hundred The key to achieving the goal of the year and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

3 major “milestones”

The establishment of the Communist Party of China, the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the promotion of reform and opening up, and the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the three major historical events that have taken place in China since the May 4th Movement and are the three major milestones in the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in modern times.

3 “great leap”

In the 40 years of spring and autumn, the reform and opening up has greatly changed the face of China, the face of the Chinese nation, the face of the Chinese people, and the face of the Chinese Communist Party. The Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich and getting stronger! Socialism with Chinese characteristics has ushered in a great leap from creation, development to perfection! The Chinese people have ushered in a great leap from inadequate food and clothing to well-off prosperity!

3 “full proof”

The practice of 40 years has fully proved that since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party, our party has united and led the roads, theories, systems and cultures with Chinese characteristics opened up by the people of all nationalities in China. The basic theory and basics of the party have been formed. The route and basic strategy are completely correct.

The 40 years of practice have fully proved that China’s development has provided a successful experience for the developing countries to modernize, demonstrated a bright future, is a powerful force for promoting world peace and development, and is a major contribution of the Chinese nation to the progress of human civilization.

The practice of 40 years has fully proved that reform and opening up is an important magic weapon for the party and the people to catch up with the times. It is the only way to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is the key to determining the destiny of contemporary China. It is also the decision to realize “two hundred The key to achieving the goal of the year and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

3 “first” 3 “second”

The largest country in manufacturing

The largest country in trade in goods

Foreign exchange reserves rank first in the world for many years in a row

the world’s second-largest economy

The second largest country in commodity consumption

Foreign capital flows into the second largest country

4 “based on”

Our party’s historic decision to implement reform and opening up is based on a profound grasp of the future of the party and the country. It is based on a profound summary of the socialist revolution and construction practices. It is based on a profound insight into the trend of the times and is based on the masses of the people. Deep understanding of expectations and needs.

4 “great”

Reform and opening up is a great awakening of our party. It is this great awakening that gave birth to the great creation of our party from theory to practice. Reform and opening up is a great revolution in the history of the development of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. It is this great revolution that has promoted the great leap of socialism with Chinese characteristics!

Quote 7 “Ancient words”

“The power of the line is to know more and more, and the depth of knowledge is more and more.”

“While the old state of Zhou, its life is new”

“There is no rule in the world, and the country will not be ancient.”

“The world is the same”

“Concord Wanbang”

“Tian Xingjian, the gentleman is self-improving” “The terrain is Kun, the gentleman carries the virtues”

“Things, born in consideration, in business, lost in pride.”

40 years of experience in reform and opening up, 9 “must insist”

We must uphold the party’s leadership over all work and constantly strengthen and improve party leadership.

We must adhere to the people as the center and constantly realize the people’s yearning for a better life.

We must adhere to the guiding position of Marxism and constantly advance theoretical innovation on the basis of practice.

We must adhere to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and constantly uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics.

We must persist in improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and constantly exerting and strengthening our institutional advantages.

We must adhere to the development of the top priority and continuously enhance China’s overall national strength.

We must persist in expanding openness and constantly promote the building of a community of human destiny.

We must persist in the strict administration of the party and constantly improve the party’s creativity, cohesiveness, and combat effectiveness.

We must adhere to the dialectical materialism and historical materialism world outlook and methodology, and correctly handle the relationship between reform, development, and stability.

9 major “revelations”

The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

To seek happiness for the Chinese people and to revive the Chinese nation is the initial heart and mission of the Chinese Communists and the initial heart and mission of reform and opening up.

Innovation is the life of reform and opening up. There is no end to the development of practice, and there is no end to emancipating the mind.

The direction determines the future and the road determines the fate. If we want to hold our destiny in our own hands, we must be determined to be unchanging and unchanging.

The system is a fundamental, overall, stable, and long-term issue that affects the development of the cause of the party and the state.

Emancipating and developing social productive forces and enhancing the comprehensive national strength of the socialist countries are the essential requirements and fundamental tasks of socialism.

Openness brings progress, and closure is bound to fall behind. China’s development cannot be separated from the world, and the prosperity of the world also needs China.

Ironing must be hard on its own. The key to running China’s affairs is the party. The key is to uphold the party’s ability to manage the party and to strictly manage the party.

China is a big country and we must not make subversive mistakes on fundamental issues.

10 “always adhere to” in 40 years

Always persist in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, seeking truth and being pragmatic, adhering to the guiding position of Marxism, and unswervingly adhering to the basic principles of scientific socialism.

Always adhere to economic construction as the center

Always Adhere to the Road of Socialist Political Development with Chinese Characteristics

Always insist on developing advanced socialist culture

Always insist on safeguarding and improving people’s livelihood in development

Always protect the environment and save resources

Always uphold the party’s absolute leadership over the military

Always Adhere to the Peaceful Reunification of the Motherland

Always adhere to an independent foreign policy of peace

Always insist on strengthening and improving party leadership
 
            

Xi Jinping’s speech at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up

(December 18, 2018)

Comrades, friends:

On December 18, 1978, in the history of the Chinese nation, in the history of the Chinese Communist Party, in the history of the People’s Republic of China, it will be an important day in the annals of history. On this day, our party convened the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee to realize the great turning point of the party’s history since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and opened the great journey of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

Today, we are here to hold a grand gathering, reviewing the glorious course of the 40 years of reform and opening up, summing up the great achievements and valuable experience of reform and opening up, and mobilizing the entire party and the people of all nationalities to continue to push reform and opening up in the new era. The one-hundred-year struggle for the goal of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is unremitting struggle.

Comrades, friends!

The Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party was held at a major historical juncture of where the party and the country faced. At that time, the world economy developed rapidly, and science and technology progressed with each passing day. The decade of the “Cultural Revolution” caused the country’s economy to be on the verge of collapse. People’s food and clothing were a problem, and the country’s construction industry was waiting. The inside and outside of the party strongly demanded that the mistakes of the “Cultural Revolution” be corrected, so that the party and the state would rise again from the crisis. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: “If we do not implement reforms now, our modernization cause and socialist cause will be ruined.”

Under the leadership of Comrade Deng Xiaoping and the support of the older generation of revolutionaries, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party broke through the serious shackles of the long-term “Left” mistakes, criticized the “two things” wrong policy, and fully affirmed that it must be fully and accurately mastered. The scientific system of Mao Zedong Thought highly appraised the discussion on the issue of the standard of truth, decisively ended “taking class struggle as the key link” and re-establishing the ideological line, political line, and organization line of Marxism. Since then, China’s reform and opening up has opened the curtain.

Our party’s historic decision to implement reform and opening up is based on a profound grasp of the future of the party and the country. It is based on a profound summary of the socialist revolution and construction practices. It is based on a profound insight into the trend of the times and is based on the masses of the people. Deep understanding of expectations and needs. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: “Poverty is not socialism.” “We must catch up with the times. This is the purpose of reform.”

Historical development has its laws, but people are not completely passive in it. As long as we grasp the historical development trend, seize the opportunity of historical change, work hard, and forge ahead, human society can make better progress.

Reform and opening up is a great awakening of our party. It is this great awakening that gave birth to the great creation of our party from theory to practice. Reform and opening up is a great revolution in the history of the development of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. It is this great revolution that has promoted the great leap of socialism with Chinese characteristics!

Comrades, friends!

The establishment of the Communist Party of China, the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the promotion of reform and opening up, and the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the three major historical events that have taken place in China since the May 4th Movement and are the three major milestones in the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in modern times.

The Communist Party of China, with Comrade Mao Zedong as the main representative, combined the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete practice of the Chinese revolution, founded Mao Zedong Thought, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, and after a long period of bloody struggle, completed the new-democratic revolution. The People’s Republic of China was established, the basic system of socialism was established, and the most profound and greatest social changes in Chinese history were successfully realized, laying a fundamental political premise and institutional foundation for all development and progress in contemporary China. In the process of exploration, although experienced severe twists and turns, the original theoretical achievements and great achievements made by the party in the socialist revolution and construction provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation, and material for creating socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new historical period. basis.

After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, profoundly summed up the positive and negative experiences of China’s socialist construction, and learned from the historical experience of world socialism. Deng Xiaoping Theory, made a historic decision to transfer the party and state work centers to economic construction, implement reform and opening up, profoundly reveal the essence of socialism, establish the basic line of the primary stage of socialism, and clearly propose to take their own path and build a society with Chinese characteristics. Science has scientifically answered a series of basic problems in building socialism with Chinese characteristics. It has formulated a development strategy of three steps in the middle of the 21st century and basically realized socialist modernization, and successfully created socialism with Chinese characteristics.

After the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the main representative, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, adhered to the party’s basic theories and basic lines, and deepened what is socialism and how to build society. What kind of party is built and how to build the party’s understanding, accumulates valuable experience in governing the party and the country, and has formed the important thinking of the “three represents.” In the face of the complicated situation at home and abroad and the severe test of the serious social twists and turns in the world, the socialism with Chinese characteristics was defended, the reform goals and basic framework of the socialist market economic system were established, and the basic economic system of the primary stage of socialism was established. The distribution system has created a new situation of comprehensive reform and opening up, promoted the new great project of party building, and successfully pushed socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century.

After the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Hu Jintao as the main representative, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, and adhered to the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thinking of the ‘Three Represents,’ and profoundly understood according to the new development requirements. And answering major issues such as what kind of development and how to develop under the new situation, forming a scientific development concept, grasping the period of important strategic opportunities, and promoting practical innovation, theoretical innovation, and institutional innovation in the process of building a well-off society in an all-round way, emphasizing persistence People-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, forming a general layout of socialism with Chinese characteristics, focusing on safeguarding and improving people’s livelihood, promoting social fairness and justice, promoting the building of a harmonious world, and promoting the building of the party’s ability to govern and the construction of advanced nature, succeeding at a new historical starting point Upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee has united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities in the country to comprehensively examine the new situation at home and abroad. By summing up practice and looking into the future, we have profoundly answered what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics persisted and developed in the new era. Adhere to and develop the important era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, form a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the overall planning of the “five in one” overall layout, coordinate and promote the “four comprehensive” strategic layout, and adhere to the steady progress of the work The keynote is to propose a series of new ideas, new ideas and new strategies for the work of the party and the country, to promote historic changes in the cause of the party and the state, and to achieve historic achievements. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. With great political courage and wisdom, we propose that the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reform is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and strive to enhance the systemic, holistic and synergistic reforms, and focus on major issues. Institutional innovation, efforts to improve the people’s sense of acquisition, happiness, security, launched more than 1,600 reform programs, smashed a lot of hard bones, smashed a lot of rapids and shoals, reforms showed full power, more breakthroughs, hoofs Stable and deep advancement.

Hardships and hardships, Yu Yu Yucheng. For 40 years, we have emancipated our minds, sought truth from facts, boldly tried and bravely changed, and made a new world. From the implementation of household contracting, the emergence of township and village enterprises, the abolition of agricultural tax and animal husbandry taxes and specialties tax to the rural contracted land, “three powers”, win the fight against poverty, implement the rural revitalization strategy, from the establishment of Shenzhen and other special economic zones, along the coast along the river The cities along the inland and inland areas are open to the World Trade Organization, jointly building the “Belt and Road”, setting up a free trade pilot zone, planning a free trade port with Chinese characteristics, and successfully hosting the first China International Import Expo, from “bringing in” to “going” Going out, from doing a good job in the state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises, developing the individual and private economy, deepening the reform of state-owned state-owned enterprises, and developing a mixed-ownership economy, from the single public ownership to the public ownership as the main body, the multi-ownership economy develops together and adheres to the “two unwavering”. From the traditional planned economic system to the unprecedented socialist market economic system to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation and the better play of the role of the government, from the economic system reform to the comprehensive deepening of economic, political, cultural, social, Ecological civilization system and party building system reform, And state institutional reform, administrative management system reform, legal system reform, judicial system reform, foreign affairs system reform, social governance system reform, ecological environment supervision system reform, national security system reform, national defense and army reform, party leadership and party A series of major reforms, such as the reform of the construction system and the reform of the discipline inspection and supervision system, have been carried out in a solid manner. The implementation of various measures to facilitate the people, benefit the people, and benefit the people has made the reform and opening up become the most remarkable feature and the most magnificent weather in contemporary China.

Comrades, friends!

In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, from the beginning of the new era to the new century, from the new starting point to the new era, 40 years of hard work, 40 years of thorns, 40 years of hard work, our party led the people to paint a magnificent, imposing The magnificent historical scrolls compose a song of praise and enthusiasm.

——For 40 years, we have always insisted on emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, seeking truth and being pragmatic, persisting in the guiding position of Marxism, unswervingly adhering to the basic principles of scientific socialism, bravely promoting theoretical innovation, practical innovation, institutional innovation, Cultural innovation and innovation in all aspects have consistently endowed socialism with Chinese characteristics with distinct practical characteristics, theoretical characteristics, national characteristics, and characteristics of the times, forming a socialist road, theory, system, and culture with Chinese characteristics, and demonstrating science with irrefutable facts. The vitality of socialism, the great banner of socialism has always been flying high on the land of China!

——In the past 40 years, we have always adhered to economic construction as the center and continuously liberated and developed social productive forces. China’s GDP has grown from 367.9 billion yuan to 82.7 trillion yuan in 2017, with an average annual growth rate of 9.5%, much higher than In the same period, the world economy grew at an average annual rate of 2.9%. China’s GDP as a share of world GDP has risen from 1.8% at the beginning of reform and opening up to 15.2%, and its contribution to world economic growth has exceeded 30% over the years. The total import and export volume of China’s goods has increased from 20.6 billion US dollars to more than 4 trillion US dollars. The cumulative use of foreign direct investment has exceeded 2 trillion US dollars, and the total foreign investment has reached 1.9 trillion US dollars. The output of China’s major agricultural products has leapt to the forefront of the world, and the world’s most complete modern industrial system has been established, and technological innovations and major projects have been reported frequently. China’s infrastructure construction achievements are remarkable, information is smooth, highways are networked, railways are densely covered, high dams stand, West-East Gas Pipeline, South-to-North Water Transfer, high-speed rail speeding, huge-wheel voyage, aircraft flying, and Tianzhu change. At present, China is the world’s second largest economy, the largest manufacturing country, the largest country in terms of trade in goods, the second largest country in commodity consumption, and the second largest country in foreign capital. China’s foreign exchange reserves rank first in the world for many years, and the Chinese people are rich. The journey to get up and strengthen has taken a decisive step!

——For 40 years, we have always adhered to the path of socialist political development with Chinese characteristics, continuously deepened political system reform, developed socialist democratic politics, improved party and state leadership systems, and comprehensively promoted the rule of law in a comprehensive manner. The socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics has become increasingly sound. The system guarantee and the rule of law guarantee for the people to be the masters of the country are more powerful, the human rights cause is comprehensively developed, the patriotic united front is more consolidated, and the people enjoy and exercise democratic rights in accordance with the law, the content is more abundant, the channels are more convenient, the forms are more diverse, and they control their own destiny. The Chinese people have shown unprecedented enthusiasm, initiative and creativity, and have demonstrated their powerful strength in the reform, opening up and socialist modernization drive!

——For 40 years, we have always adhered to the development of advanced socialist culture, strengthened the building of socialist spiritual civilization, cultivated and practiced the core values of socialism, passed on and promoted the excellent traditional Chinese culture, adhered to scientific theory, and pointed to the correct public opinion. Gathering strength, shaping the soul with advanced culture, inspiring morale with excellent works, patriotism, collectivism, and socialist spirit are widely promoted, the model of the times and the model of heroes are constantly emerging, the culture and art are prosperous, the network of letters is developing rapidly, and the ideal of the whole nation is ideal. Faith and cultural self-confidence continue to increase, and the national cultural soft power and Chinese cultural influence have increased significantly. The great spirit of reform and opening up created by reform and opening up has greatly enriched the national spiritual connotation and has become the most distinctive spiritual identity of the contemporary Chinese people!

——For 40 years, we have always insisted on safeguarding and improving people’s livelihood in development, and comprehensively promoting young children’s education, learning to teach, earning income, getting medical care, being old, living, living, and weak. Help, continuously improve people’s lives and enhance people’s well-being. The per capita disposable income of the national residents increased from 171 yuan to 26,000 yuan, and the middle-income group continued to expand. The poverty-stricken population in China has decreased by 740 million people, and the incidence of poverty has dropped by 94.4 percentage points, which has written a glorious chapter in the history of human anti-poverty. The education industry has developed in an all-round way, and the nine-year compulsory education consolidation rate reached 93.8%. China has built the world’s largest social security system including pension, medical care, subsistence allowances and housing. The basic pension insurance covers more than 900 million people and medical insurance covers more than 1.3 billion people. The urbanization rate of permanent residents reached 58.52%, an increase of 40.6 percentage points. The life expectancy of residents increased from 67.8 years in 1981 to 76.7 years in 2017. China’s overall social situation has remained stable for a long time and has become one of the most secure countries in the world. Tickets for food stamps, cloth tickets, meat tickets, fish tickets, oil tickets, tofu tickets, non-staple food, industrial vouchers, etc., which have been inseparable from the lives of the people, have entered the history museum, hungry, lack of food, wear less, and live hard. The problems that have plagued our people for thousands of years are gone forever!

——For 40 years, we have always insisted on protecting the environment and conserving resources, persisting in the promotion of ecological civilization construction, accelerating the formation of an ecological civilization system, gradually improving the system of main functional areas, making significant progress in energy conservation and emission reduction, and major ecological protection and restoration projects are progressing smoothly. The ecological environment governance has been significantly strengthened, and it has actively participated in and guided the international cooperation on climate change. The Chinese people’s homes born in Sri Lanka and grew up are more beautiful and pleasant!

——For 40 years, we have always upheld the party’s absolute leadership over the military, continuously promoted the modernization of national defense and the military, promoted the revolutionary reshaping of the people’s army, made historic breakthroughs in weapons and equipment, and fundamentally changed the way of administering military affairs. The level of chemistry has been significantly improved. The ability of the people’s army to safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests has been significantly enhanced. It has become a powerful force to defend the people’s happy life and defend the motherland and the world’s peace!

—— For 40 years, we have consistently promoted the great cause of peaceful reunification of the motherland, implemented the basic principle of “one country, two systems”, successively resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macao, and washed away the humiliation of the Chinese nation for centuries. We adhere to the one-China principle and the “92 Consensus”, strengthen cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, resolutely oppose and contain the “Taiwan independence” separatist forces, and firmly grasp the leading power and initiative of cross-strait relations. The sense of national identity and cultural identity of all Chinese people at home and abroad has been greatly enhanced, and the will to build a Chinese dream together is stronger!

—— For 40 years, we have always adhered to an independent foreign policy of peace, always taking the road of peaceful development, pursuing an open strategy of mutual benefit and win-win, firmly upholding the basic norms of international relations, and safeguarding international fairness and justice. We have realized a historical transition from closed to semi-closed to full-scale openness, actively participated in the process of economic globalization, and made due contributions to promoting the common development of mankind. We actively promote the construction of an open world economy, build a community of human destiny, promote the transformation of the global governance system, clearly oppose hegemonism and power politics, and continuously contribute to China’s wisdom, China’s programs, and China’s power for world peace and development. China is increasingly approaching the center of the world stage and has become a recognized builder of world peace, a contributor to global development, and a defender of the international order!

——For 40 years, we have always insisted on strengthening and improving the party’s leadership, actively responding to various risks tested by the party under the conditions of long-term governance and reform and opening up, continuing to promote the new great project of party building, and maintaining the party’s advanced nature and purity. Sex, keep the party’s flesh-and-blood ties with the people. We actively explore the laws governing the ruling of the Communist Party, the law of socialist construction, the law of the development of human society, and constantly open up a new realm of Marxism in China. We uphold the party’s need to manage the party, strictly manage the party, purify the party’s political ecology, persist in the discipline, and vigorously rectify formalism, bureaucracy, hedonism, and extravagance, and severely punish corruption with zero tolerance. Get an overwhelming victory. Our party is firmly in the forefront of the times in revolutionary forging, and it is always the backbone of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation!

In the 40 years of spring and autumn, the reform and opening up has greatly changed the face of China, the face of the Chinese nation, the face of the Chinese people, and the face of the Chinese Communist Party. The Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich and getting stronger! Socialism with Chinese characteristics has ushered in a great leap from creation, development to perfection! The Chinese people have ushered in a great leap from inadequate food and clothing to well-off prosperity! The Chinese nation is standing in the East of the world with a new attitude!

The achievements in the past 40 years have not fallen from the sky, nor have they been donated by others. Instead, the people of all nationalities and the whole nation have worked hard, wisdom and courage! We have spent decades working through the industrialization process that the developed countries have gone through for hundreds of years. In the hands of the Chinese people, it is impossible to become possible. We are extremely proud and proud of the Chinese people who have created the miracle of humanity!

Here, on behalf of the Party Central Committee, I have contributed wisdom and strength to the broad masses of workers, peasants, intellectuals, cadres, PLA officers and soldiers, officers and men of the armed police, and police officers to the democratic parties on all fronts for reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. And pay tribute to non-party people, people’s organizations, and patriots from all walks of life! I sincerely extend my sincere greetings to the compatriots of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region, the Taiwan compatriots and the overseas Chinese who have made active efforts for the reform, opening up and modernization of the motherland! I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to all foreign friends and people from all over the world who care about and support China’s reform, opening up, and modernization!

Comrades, friends!

The practice of 40 years has fully proved that since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party, our party has united and led the roads, theories, systems and cultures with Chinese characteristics opened up by the people of all nationalities in China. The basic theory and basics of the party have been formed. The route and basic strategy are completely correct.

The 40 years of practice have fully proved that China’s development has provided a successful experience for the developing countries to modernize, demonstrated a bright future, is a powerful force for promoting world peace and development, and is a major contribution of the Chinese nation to the progress of human civilization.

The practice of 40 years has fully proved that reform and opening up is an important magic weapon for the party and the people to catch up with the times. It is the only way to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is the key to determining the destiny of contemporary China. It is also the decision to realize “two hundred The key to achieving the goal of the year and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Only by conforming to the historical trend, actively adapting, and actively seeking change, can we walk with the times. “The power of the line is to become more and more advanced, and the depth of knowledge is more and more.” The valuable experience accumulated in the 40 years of reform and opening up is a precious spiritual wealth of the party and the people. It is extremely important for the new era to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The guiding significance must be cherished, persisted for a long time, and continuously enriched and developed in practice.

First, we must uphold the party’s leadership over all work and constantly strengthen and improve party leadership. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The party, government, and the people’s studies, the East, the West, the Middle East, the Middle East, the party is leading everything. It is precisely because we have always adhered to the party’s centralized and unified leadership that we can achieve a great historical turning point, open a new era of reform and opening up, and a new journey of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Only in order to successfully cope with a series of major risk challenges and overcome countless difficulties and obstacles can we effectively respond to the situation. Pingfeng wave, war flood, anti-SARS, anti-earthquake, and crisis can not take the road of closed and rigid old roads or the evil road of changing flags, but firmly adhere to the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics. To uphold the leadership of the party, we must constantly improve the party’s leadership and make the party’s leadership more adaptable to the requirements of practice, the times, and the people. On the issue of upholding the party’s leadership, the major principle that determines the future and destiny of the party and the country, the entire party must maintain a high degree of ideological consciousness, political consciousness, and conscious action, and it cannot be shaken.

On the way forward, we must strengthen the “four senses” and strengthen the “four self-confidences”, resolutely safeguard the party’s central authority and centralize unified leadership, and implement and reflect the party’s leadership to reform, development, stability, internal affairs, foreign affairs, national defense, and the rule of the country. The military and other fields. Every step of reform and opening up is not easy. In the future, we will face such risk challenges and even encounter unimaginable storms. Our party must take the overall situation, coordinate all parties, adhere to scientific governance, democratic governance, and rule by law, improve the party’s leadership style and ruling style, improve the party’s ability to govern and leadership, and constantly improve the party’s direction, the overall situation, the policy, The ability to promote reform and the determination to ensure that the ship of reform and opening up will follow the correct course.

Second, we must adhere to the people as the center and constantly realize the people’s yearning for a better life. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: seeking happiness for the Chinese people and seeking rejuvenation for the Chinese nation is the initial heart and mission of the Chinese Communists and the initial heart and mission of reform and opening up. It is the fundamental purpose of the party that our party comes from the people, roots the people, benefits the people, and serves the people wholeheartedly. We must take the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people as the fundamental starting point and foothold of all our work, and insist on the support of the people, the disapproval, and the disapproval. Happy and unhappy as the basis for formulating policies, complying with the people’s heart, respecting public opinion, paying attention to the people’s sentiments, and striving for people’s livelihood. It not only leads the people forward by proposing and implementing correct theories and guidelines, but also gains momentum from the people’s practical creation and development requirements. Let the people share the fruits of reform and opening up and inspire the people to more consciously participate in the cause of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

On the way forward, we must always regard the people’s longing for a better life as our goal, practice the party’s fundamental purpose, implement the party’s mass line, respect the people’s dominant position, and respect the will expressed by the people in their practical activities. The experience created, the rights it has, and the role it plays have fully stimulated the creative power that lies in the people. We must improve the democratic system, broaden the channels of democracy, enrich the forms of democracy, improve the protection of the rule of law, and ensure that the people enjoy the democratic rights that are widely, fully, truly, concretely and effectively used in accordance with the law. We must focus on solving the urgent needs of the people and let the people share economic, political, cultural, social, ecological and other development achievements. There are more, more direct and more realistic feelings of acquisition, happiness and security. Promote the all-round development of people and the common prosperity of all people.

Third, we must adhere to the guiding position of Marxism and constantly advance theoretical innovation on the basis of practice. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: innovation is the life of reform and opening up. There is no end to the development of practice, and there is no end to emancipating the mind. Engels said: “The ultimate cause of all social changes and political changes should not be found in people’s minds, in people’s increasingly acquainted understanding of eternal truth and justice, but in the change of production methods and exchange methods. To find”. We adhere to the theory and practice, answer the questions of the times and the people’s questions in a timely manner, clear up the fog of thoughts that plague and constrain the development of practice, continuously promote the popularization of Marxism in China, and constantly open up a new realm of Marxism.

On the way forward, we must adhere to the guiding principles of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the “Three Represents”, the scientific development concept, and the socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and adhere to the organic unity of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts. Developing the Marxism in the 21st century and contemporary Chinese Marxism is the historical responsibility of the contemporary Chinese Communist Party. We must strengthen the awareness of the problem, the consciousness of the times, and the sense of strategy. We should grasp the essence and internal connection of the development of things with a profound historical perspective and a broad international perspective, closely follow the creative practices of hundreds of millions of people, learn from the absorption of all outstanding human civilization achievements, and continually answer The new major issues raised by the times and practices have enabled contemporary Chinese Marxism to radiate a more brilliant truth.

Fourth, we must adhere to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and constantly uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the direction determines the future, and the road determines the fate. If we want to hold our destiny in our own hands, we must be determined to be unchanging and unchanging. In the 40 years of reform and opening up, the theme of all our party’s theory and practice is to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. In China, a big country with more than 5,000 years of civilization and more than 1.3 billion people, it is a textbook that can be regarded as a golden rule, and there is no teacher who can swear by the Chinese people. Mr. Lu Xun said: “What is the road? It is the place that has been trampled out from the place where there is no road, and it has been opened up from the place where only the thorns are found.” The road of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the road to the prosperity of contemporary China and catching up with the times and leading the development of the times. Don’t waver down.

On the way forward, we must adhere to the guidance of the socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, strengthen the “four self-confidences”, and firmly grasp the direction of reform and opening up. What to change and how to change must be based on whether it is in line with the overall goal of perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We must resolutely change the reforms that cannot be changed. The change will not change. We must uphold the party’s basic line, unite the two basic points of adhering to the four basic principles and adhere to the reform and opening up with economic construction as the center, and adhere to the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. We will continue to do so for a long time.

Fifth, we must persist in improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and constantly exerting and strengthening our institutional advantages. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the system is a fundamental, overall, stable and long-term issue concerning the development of the cause of the party and the state. We have tweaked the key to perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, providing a powerful guarantee for liberating and developing social productive forces, emancipating and enhancing social vitality, and maintaining the vitality of the party and the country. In order to maintain the stability of the overall situation of the society and ensure the people’s livelihood and security, National security provides a strong guarantee, letting all the energies of labor, knowledge, technology, management, capital and other elements compete to let go, so that all sources of social wealth are constantly flowing and constantly establishing a dynamic institutional mechanism.

On the way forward, we must unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy, unswervingly encourage, support, and guide the development of the non-public sector of the economy, give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, give better play to the role of the government, and stimulate various market players. vitality. We must uphold the party’s leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and the rule of law, and uphold and improve the people’s congress system, the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of grassroots self-government. Governing the country, consolidating and developing the most extensive patriotic united front, developing socialist deliberative democracy, and using the system to ensure that the people are the masters of the country. We must strengthen the institutional construction of the cultural field, raise the banner, gather the hearts of the people, educate new people, promote the culture, display the image, actively cultivate and practice the core values of socialism, promote the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture, and inherit the revolutionary culture and development. Advanced culture, strive to create a Chinese culture that shines in the light and shines in the world. We must strengthen the building of social governance systems, continuously promote social fairness and justice, and maintain social stability and order. We must strengthen the construction of an ecological civilization system and implement the most stringent ecological environmental protection system. We must resolutely remove all institutional and institutional obstacles and interests that hinder development, and accelerate the formation of a system that is well-systemized, scientifically standardized, and effective, and promotes a more mature and stereotyped socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

Sixth, we must adhere to the development of the top priority and continuously enhance China’s overall national strength. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has enlightened us: liberating and developing social productive forces and enhancing the comprehensive national strength of the socialist countries are the essential requirements and fundamental tasks of socialism. Only by firmly holding the center of economic construction, unswervingly insisting that development is the last word, development should be the strategic thinking of scientific development and high-quality development, and promoting sustained and healthy economic and social development, can comprehensively enhance China’s economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and national defense. Strength and comprehensive national strength can lay a solid material foundation for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

On the way forward, we must focus on solving the major social contradictions between the people’s growing needs for a better life and the development of unbalanced development, and resolutely implement the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, and promote the overall development. The overall layout of the “Five in One”, coordinated and promoted the “four comprehensive” strategic layout, promoted high-quality development, promoted the simultaneous development of new industrialization, informationization, urbanization, and agricultural modernization, accelerated the construction of a modern economic system, and strived to achieve higher quality and Efficient, fairer and more sustainable development. We must adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line, actively transform the development mode, optimize the economic structure, transform the growth momentum, actively expand domestic demand, implement the regional coordinated development strategy, implement the rural revitalization strategy, resolutely lay the groundwork to prevent and resolve major risks, and accurately eliminate poverty. The battle for pollution prevention and control. We must adhere to the concept that innovation is the first driving force, talent is the first resource, implement innovation-driven development strategy, improve the national innovation system, accelerate the independent innovation of key core technologies, and create a new engine for economic and social development. We must strengthen the construction of ecological civilization, firmly establish the green water and green hills is the concept of Jinshan Yinshan, form a green development mode and lifestyle, and build our great motherland to be more beautiful, let the people live in the blue, green and water. In the beautiful environment of the Qing.

Seventh, we must persist in expanding openness and constantly promote the building of a community of human destiny. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: openness brings progress, and closure is bound to fall behind. China’s development cannot be separated from the world, and the prosperity of the world also needs China. We will coordinate the two major domestic and international situations, adhere to the basic national policy of opening to the outside world, implement a proactive open policy, and form a comprehensive new pattern of all-round, multi-level and wide-ranging areas, creating a good international environment for our country and opening up a broad space for development. .

On the way forward, we must uphold the banner of peace, development, cooperation and win-win, abide by the foreign policy objectives of safeguarding world peace and promoting common development, and promote the building of new international relations of mutual respect, fairness, justice, cooperation and win-win. We must respect the right of people of all countries to choose their own development path, safeguard international fairness and justice, advocate the democratization of international relations, oppose imposing their will on others, oppose interference in other countries’ internal affairs, and oppose strong bullying. We must play the role of a responsible big country, support the development of the vast number of developing countries, actively participate in the reform and construction of the global governance system, and work together to build a world of lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness, tolerance, and clean beauty. We must support an open, transparent, inclusive and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and promote economic globalization toward a more open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced and win-win direction. We must focus on building the “Belt and Road” and work together with all parties to build a new platform for international cooperation and add new impetus to the common development of the world. China will never develop itself at the expense of the interests of other countries, and will never give up its legitimate rights and interests. China pursues a defensive national defense policy, and China’s development does not pose a threat to any country. No matter how far China develops, it will never seek hegemony.

Eighth, we must persist in the strict administration of the party and continuously improve the party’s creativity, cohesiveness, and combat effectiveness. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: Ironing must be hard. The key to running China’s affairs is the party. The key is to uphold the party’s ability to manage the party and to strictly manage the party. Only by leading the great social revolution of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization, our party will unswervingly push forward the party’s great self-revolution, dare to remove all viruses that erode the healthy body of the party, and enable the party to continuously purify itself, improve itself, and innovate itself. Self-improvement, and constantly enhance the party’s political leadership, ideological leadership, mass organization, and social appeal, can ensure that the party always maintains flesh-and-blood ties with the people.

On the way forward, we must follow the general requirements of the party building in the new era and take political construction as the guiding principle, constantly push forward the new great project of party building, continuously strengthen the unity and unity of the entire party, create vitality, and constantly strengthen the ruling ability of the whole party. The construction is stronger and more powerful. We must persist in examining ourselves with the requirements of the development of the times, alert ourselves with a strong sense of urgency, strengthen and improve ourselves with the spirit of reform and innovation, exercise improvement in coping with risk challenges, purify and purify in solving outstanding contradictions and problems existing in the party, and continuously improve Governing the party and managing the party. We must adhere to the combination of both ability and political integrity, morality first, meritocracy, and strive to cultivate a high-quality cadre team and a large talent team. We must deepen the tackling of both the symptoms and the roots with the perseverance and perseverance of anti-corruption on the road, resolutely eliminate all corrupt elements, ensure the cadres are clean, the government is clean, and politically clear, and create a political ecology of Haishuheqing for continuing to promote reform and opening up.

Ninth, we must adhere to the dialectical materialism and historical materialism world outlook and methodology, and correctly handle the relationship between reform, development, and stability. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: China is a big country and we must never make subversive mistakes on fundamental issues. We adhere to the combination of strengthening the party’s leadership and respecting the people’s initiative, adhering to the combination of “touching the stones and crossing the river” and the top-level design, adhering to the unity of problem orientation and goal orientation, adhering to the pilot advancement and comprehensive promotion, and encouraging bold trials. I am bold, and persist in seeking truth from facts and doing good deeds to ensure that the reform and opening up will be stable and far-reaching.

On the way forward, we must strengthen strategic thinking, dialectical thinking, innovative thinking, rule of law thinking, bottom line thinking, strengthen macro thinking and top-level design, adhere to problem-oriented, focus on the prominent contradictions and problems facing China’s development, conduct in-depth investigation and study, and encourage grassroots boldness. Explore, adhere to the convergence of reform decision-making and legislative decision-making, and continuously improve the scientific nature of reform decisions. We must take out the tenacity of scratching the iron and stepping on the stone, and do a good job of nailing the nails to ensure that all major reform measures are implemented. We must dare to be the first in the world, dare to dare to try, but also to be active and steady, steadily and steadily, to stabilize and unify the reform and development, to maintain the same direction, the road is not biased, and the strength is not diminished, and to push the reform and opening up in the new era to be more stable. Go further.

Comrades, friends!

It is the strategic task of China’s socialist modernization drive to adhere to the unity of rich countries and strong military forces, and to build a national defense and a strong army that is commensurate with China’s international status and compatible with national security and development interests. We must comprehensively implement the party’s strong military ideology in the new era, uphold the party’s absolute leadership over the military, grasp the general trend of the world’s new military revolution, adhere to the road of strengthening the military with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively deepen national defense and military reform, and promote political building and reform. Strengthening the military, developing the army through science and technology, and managing the army according to law, building a people’s army that listens to the party’s command, can win the battle and has a good work style, and strives to build a world-class army. To safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests, and to maintain world peace and stability, To provide a strong backing for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

The great concept of “one country, two systems” has a strong vitality. We must comprehensively and accurately implement the policy of “one country, two systems”, “Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong”, “Macao people governing Macao” and a high degree of autonomy. We will strictly follow the Constitution and the Basic Law, improve the systems and mechanisms related to the implementation of the Basic Law, and maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao. We will support and promote the better integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the overall situation of national development, and let the compatriots of Hong Kong and Macao share the historical responsibility of national rejuvenation with the people of the motherland and share the great glory of the prosperity and prosperity of the motherland.

Realizing the complete reunification of the motherland is the common aspiration of all Chinese people and the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. We must adhere to the one-China principle and the “92 Consensus”, consolidate and develop the foundation for the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, deepen cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, and benefit the compatriots on both sides of the strait. We have firm political determination and strong ability to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the sacred territory of the motherland cannot be split.

Comrades, friends!

The Chinese people have a great dream spirit, and the Chinese nation is full of revolution and openness. Thousands of years ago, the ancestors of the Chinese nation upheld the great practice of creating Chinese civilization by upholding the spirit of “weth is old, and its life is new.” Since ancient times, there have been countless reforms in the land of China, and the heroic declarations such as “not to rule the world, to make the country unlawful” have been left. Since ancient times, the Chinese nation has carried out the social exchanges and cultural exchanges of the same region with confidence and generosity with the broad mind of “Great World” and “Concord Wanbang”. It has written the long song of the vast road of Wanlibo Wanlibo. It has also created the prosperity of the Tang Dynasty in Chang’an. It is this transformation and open spirit of “Tian Xingjian, gentlemen with self-improvement”, “Geo-sports, gentlemen with virtue”, which makes Chinese civilization the only splendid civilization in human history that has not been interrupted for more than 5,000 years. With thousands of years of history, change and openness are generally the historical norm of China. The Chinese nation continues to move toward the future with its attitude of reform and opening up. It has far-reaching historical roots and profound cultural roots.

If we are such a big country, we should have ambitions. Comrade Mao Zedong said: “To win the national victory, this is only the first step in the long march. If this step is also worthy of pride, it is relatively small, and more proud to be behind. Seeing China after a few decades The victory of the people’s democratic revolution will make people feel that it is just a short prelude to a long drama. The drama must start from the prelude, but the prelude is not the climax.” “We are not only good at destroying an old world, we also Will be good at building a new world.”

At the beginning of reform and opening up, although our country is large, with a large population and a weak foundation, we are faced with difficulties and challenges. However, we are full of confidence in the future and have designed a grand blueprint for achieving socialist modernization with more than 70 years and three steps. No extraordinary courage and firm self-confidence can’t make such far-reaching ideas and decisions.

For 40 years, we have determined that Castle Peak will not relax, and the wind and rain will move forward toward this great goal. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward higher goals for the development of China, and formed a strategic arrangement from building a well-off society in an all-round way to basically realizing modernization to building a socialist modernization and strengthening country. It has issued a Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The strongest sound.

The ancients said: “Those who are born, care, become loyal, and lose pride.” Great dreams are not waiting for, screaming, but spelling out and doing it. What we are in now is a time when the ship is more turbulent and the road to the mountain is steeper. It is a time when it is getting harder and harder, getting more and more dangerous, and not getting in and going back. Reform and opening up have gone through thousands of mountains and rivers, but they still need to wading through mountains and rivers. The mission ahead of the entire party and the people of all nationalities is even more glorious, the task is more arduous, the challenges are more severe, and the work is even greater. In this era of thousands of sails and hundreds of battles, we must not be half-pointed, complacent, self-sufficient, and must not hesitate to succumb to the great struggles, great works, great undertakings, great dreams. Courage the tide and fight hard.

Faith, faith, and faith are of the utmost importance. As small as one person, one group, as large as a political party, a nation, or a country, as long as there is faith, conviction, and confidence, it will become more and more frustrated and more eager to fight. Otherwise, it will not be defeated or defeated. collapse. Regardless of past, present and future, the belief in Marxism, the faith in socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the confidence in realizing the great Chinese rejuvenation of the Chinese nation are all powerful spirits that guide and support the Chinese people to stand up, get rich, and strengthen. power.

Comrades, friends!

Forty years of shocking waves, the 90,000 miles of wind Peng is lifting. The reason why the rivers can rush out of the cliffs is because of the accumulation of thousands of miles of rushing and dying. In the long history of modern times, the Chinese people have experienced too many hardships, paid too many sacrifices, and carried out too much hard work. Now, the powerful energy accumulated by the Chinese people and the Chinese nation in the historical process has fully erupted, providing an unstoppable strength for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a relay run. We must run one after the other, and every generation must ran a good result for the next generation.

The entire party and the people of all nationalities should be more closely united around the Party Central Committee, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, remember the original heart, bear in mind the mission, carry out reform and opening up to the end, and constantly realize the people’s yearning for a better life and create in the new era. The new miracle of the Chinese nation! Create new and bigger miracles that make the world look good!

(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 18th)

People’s Daily (December 19, 2018, 02 edition)
 
            

Xi Jinping’s important speech

On December 18th, the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening up was held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping delivered an important speech at the conference, which triggered a warm response. The overseas edition of the People’s Daily has compiled the golden sentences to readers.

★ Three major milestones in achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in modern times

The establishment of the Communist Party of China, the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the promotion of reform and opening up, and the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the three major historical events that have taken place in China since the May 4th Movement and are the three major milestones in the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in modern times.

★ The problems that have plagued our people for thousands of years are gone forever.

China’s overall social situation has remained stable for a long time and has become one of the most secure countries in the world. Tickets for food stamps, cloth tickets, meat tickets, fish tickets, oil tickets, tofu tickets, non-staple food, industrial vouchers, etc., which have been inseparable from the lives of the people, have entered the history museum, hungry, lack of food, wear less, and live hard. The problems that have plagued our people for thousands of years are gone forever!

★ In the hands of the Chinese people, it is impossible to become possible

The achievements in the past 40 years have not fallen from the sky, nor have they been donated by others. Instead, the people of all nationalities and the whole nation have worked hard, wisdom and courage! We have spent decades working through the industrialization process that the developed countries have gone through for hundreds of years. In the hands of the Chinese people, it is impossible to become possible. We are extremely proud and proud of the Chinese people who have created the miracle of humanity!

★ There is no teacher who can swear to the Chinese people.

In the 40 years of reform and opening up, the theme of all our party’s theory and practice is to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. In China, a big country with more than 5,000 years of civilization and more than 1.3 billion people, it is a textbook that can be regarded as a golden rule, and there is no teacher who can swear by the Chinese people.

★We have resolutely changed the reforms that can be changed, and we should not change them.

What to change and how to change must be based on whether it is in line with the overall goal of perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We must resolutely change the reforms that cannot be changed. The change will not change.

★The sacred territory of the motherland cannot be split one inch.

Realizing the complete reunification of the motherland is the common aspiration of all Chinese people and the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. We must adhere to the one-China principle and the “92 Consensus”, consolidate and develop the foundation for the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, deepen cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, and benefit the compatriots on both sides of the strait. We have firm political determination and strong ability to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the sacred territory of the motherland cannot be split.

★What we are in now is a ship that is more urgent in the middle of the wandering, and when people are halfway up the mountain road, it is steeper.

The ancients said: “Those who are born, care, become loyal, and lose pride.” Great dreams are not waiting for, screaming, but spelling out and doing it. What we are in now is a time when the ship is more turbulent and the road to the mountain is steeper. It is a time when it is getting harder and harder, getting more and more dangerous, and not getting in and going back. Reform and opening up have gone through thousands of mountains and rivers, but they still need to wading through mountains and rivers. The mission ahead of the entire party and the people of all nationalities is even more glorious, the task is more arduous, the challenges are more severe, and the work is even greater.

★As long as you have faith, belief, and confidence, you will become more and more frustrated and more eager to fight.

Faith, faith, and faith are of the utmost importance. As small as one person, one group, as large as a political party, a nation, or a country, as long as there is faith, conviction, and confidence, it will become more and more frustrated and more eager to fight. Otherwise, it will not be defeated or defeated. collapse.

★ The powerful energy accumulated by the Chinese people and the Chinese nation in the historical process has fully erupted.

In the long history of modern times, the Chinese people have experienced too many hardships, paid too many sacrifices, and carried out too much hard work. Now, the powerful energy accumulated by the Chinese people and the Chinese nation in the historical process has fully erupted, providing an unstoppable strength for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

★ Building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a relay run

Building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a relay run. We must run one after the other, and every generation must ran a good result for the next generation.

(Reporter Ye Zi finishing)
 
            

10 Golden Sentences, Xi Jinping, Celebration of the 40th Anniversary of the Reform and Opening-up

Editor’s Note: At 10 o’clock on the morning of December 18, the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening up was held in the Great Hall of the People. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech.

“Reform and opening up is a great awakening of our party.” “Reform and opening up is an important magic weapon for the party and the people to catch up with the times.” “Reform and opening up has gone through thousands of mountains and waters, but still need to wading through mountains and rivers.” Xi Jinping said in his speech Frequent, the new era learning studio and you learn to understand. >>More contentView learning sentence column

1. Reform and opening up is a great awakening of our party

Reform and opening up is a great awakening of our party. It is this great awakening that gave birth to the great creation of our party from theory to practice. Reform and opening up is a great revolution in the history of the development of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. It is this great revolution that has promoted the great leap of socialism with Chinese characteristics!

2. The great spirit of reform and opening up created by reform and opening up has become the most distinctive spiritual identity of the contemporary Chinese people.

For 40 years, we have always adhered to the development of advanced socialist culture, strengthened the building of socialist spiritual civilization, cultivated and practiced the core values of socialism, passed on and promoted the fine traditional Chinese culture, adhered to the guiding direction of scientific theory, and concentrated on correct public opinion. To shape the soul with advanced culture, to inspire morale with excellent works, to promote patriotism, collectivism, and socialist spirit. The model of the times and the model of heroes have emerged constantly, the culture and art have become increasingly prosperous, the network of letters has developed rapidly, and the ideals and beliefs of the whole nation have been Cultural self-confidence has been continuously enhanced, and the cultural soft power of the country and the influence of Chinese culture have increased significantly. The great spirit of reform and opening up created by reform and opening up has greatly enriched the national spiritual connotation and has become the most distinctive spiritual identity of the contemporary Chinese people!

3. The achievements in 40 years have not fallen from the sky, nor have they been gifted by others.

The achievements in the past 40 years have not fallen from the sky, nor have they been donated by others. Instead, the people of all nationalities and the whole nation have worked hard, wisdom and courage! We have spent decades working through the industrialization process that the developed countries have gone through for hundreds of years. In the hands of the Chinese people, it is impossible to become possible. We are extremely proud and proud of the Chinese people who have created the miracle of humanity!

4. Reform and opening up is an important magic weapon for the party and the people to catch up with the times.

The practice of 40 years has fully proved that reform and opening up is an important magic weapon for the party and the people to catch up with the times. It is the only way to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is the key to determining the destiny of contemporary China. It is also the decision to realize “two hundred The key to achieving the goal of the year and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

5. There are no textbooks that can be regarded as the golden rule, and there is no teacher who can swear by the Chinese people.

The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the direction determines the future, and the road determines the fate. If we want to hold our destiny in our own hands, we must be determined to be unchanging and unchanging. In the 40 years of reform and opening up, the theme of all our party’s theory and practice is to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. In China, a big country with more than 5,000 years of civilization and more than 1.3 billion people, it is a textbook that can be regarded as a golden rule, and there is no teacher who can swear by the Chinese people. Mr. Lu Xun said: “What is the road? It is the place that has been trampled out from the place where there is no road, and it has been opened up from the place where only the thorns are found.” The road of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the road to the prosperity of contemporary China and catching up with the times and leading the development of the times. Don’t waver down.

6. We have resolutely changed the reforms that can be changed. We should not change them.

On the way forward, we must adhere to the guidance of the socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, strengthen the “four self-confidences”, and firmly grasp the direction of reform and opening up. What to change and how to change must be based on whether it is in line with the overall goal of perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We must resolutely change the reforms that cannot be changed. The change will not change. We must uphold the party’s basic line, unite the two basic points of adhering to the four basic principles and adhere to the reform and opening up with economic construction as the center, and adhere to the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. We will continue to do so for a long time.

7. Reform and opening up have gone through thousands of mountains and waters, but still need to wading through the mountains

The ancients said: “Those who are born, care, become loyal, and lose pride.” Great dreams are not waiting for, screaming, but spelling out and doing it. What we are in now is a time when the ship is more turbulent and the road to the mountain is steeper. It is a time when it is getting harder and harder, getting more and more dangerous, and not getting in and going back. Reform and opening up have gone through thousands of mountains and rivers, but they still need to wading through mountains and rivers. The mission ahead of the entire party and the people of all nationalities is even more glorious, the task is more arduous, the challenges are more severe, and the work is even greater. In this era of thousands of sails and hundreds of battles, we must not be half-pointed, complacent, self-sufficient, and must not hesitate to succumb to the great struggles, great works, great undertakings, great dreams. Courage the tide and fight hard.

8, we must dare to be the first in the world, dare to dare to try, but also to be active and steady, hoof and steady

We must take out the tenacity of scratching the iron and stepping on the stone, and do a good job of nailing the nails to ensure that all major reform measures are implemented. We must dare to be the first in the world, dare to dare to try, but also to be active and steady, steadily and steadily, to stabilize and unify the reform and development, to maintain the same direction, the road is not biased, and the strength is not diminished, and to push the reform and opening up in the new era to be more stable. Go further.

9. Faith, faith, and confidence are vital at all times

Faith, faith, and faith are of the utmost importance. As small as one person, one group, as large as a political party, a nation, or a country, as long as there is faith, conviction, and confidence, it will become more and more frustrated and more eager to fight. Otherwise, it will not be defeated or defeated. collapse. Regardless of past, present and future, the belief in Marxism, the faith in socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the confidence in realizing the great Chinese rejuvenation of the Chinese nation are all powerful spirits that guide and support the Chinese people to stand up, get rich, and strengthen. power.

10. Building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a relay run. We must run one after the other, and every generation must ran a good result for the next generation.

Building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a relay run. We must run one after the other, and every generation must ran a good result for the next generation. The entire party and the people of all nationalities should be more closely united around the Party Central Committee, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, remember the original heart, bear in mind the mission, carry out reform and opening up to the end, and constantly realize the people’s yearning for a better life and create in the new era. The new miracle of the Chinese nation! Create new and bigger miracles that make the world look good!

Speech by Xi Jinping at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up
 
            

Xi Jinping: Speech at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up

Speech at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up

(December 18, 2018)

Xi Jinping

Comrades, friends:

On December 18, 1978, in the history of the Chinese nation, in the history of the Chinese Communist Party, in the history of the People’s Republic of China, it will be an important day in the annals of history. On this day, our party convened the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee to realize the great turning point of the party’s history since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and opened the great journey of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

Today, we are here to hold a grand gathering, reviewing the glorious course of the 40 years of reform and opening up, summing up the great achievements and valuable experience of reform and opening up, and mobilizing the entire party and the people of all nationalities to continue to push reform and opening up in the new era. The one-hundred-year struggle for the goal of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is unremitting struggle.

Comrades, friends!

The Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party was held at a major historical juncture of where the party and the country faced. At that time, the world economy developed rapidly, and science and technology progressed with each passing day. The decade of the “Cultural Revolution” caused the country’s economy to be on the verge of collapse. People’s food and clothing were a problem, and the country’s construction industry was waiting. The inside and outside of the party strongly demanded that the mistakes of the “Cultural Revolution” be corrected, so that the party and the state would rise again from the crisis. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: “If we do not implement reforms now, our modernization cause and socialist cause will be ruined.”

Under the leadership of Comrade Deng Xiaoping and the support of the older generation of revolutionaries, the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party broke through the serious shackles of the long-term “Left” mistakes, criticized the “two things” wrong policy, and fully affirmed that it must be fully and accurately mastered. The scientific system of Mao Zedong Thought highly appraised the discussion on the issue of the standard of truth, decisively ended “taking class struggle as the key link” and re-establishing the ideological line, political line, and organization line of Marxism. Since then, China’s reform and opening up has opened the curtain.

Our party’s historic decision to implement reform and opening up is based on a profound grasp of the future of the party and the country. It is based on a profound summary of the socialist revolution and construction practices. It is based on a profound insight into the trend of the times and is based on the masses of the people. Deep understanding of expectations and needs. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out: “Poverty is not socialism.” “We must catch up with the times. This is the purpose of reform.”

Historical development has its laws, but people are not completely passive in it. As long as we grasp the historical development trend, seize the opportunity of historical change, work hard, and forge ahead, human society can make better progress.

Reform and opening up is a great awakening of our party. It is this great awakening that gave birth to the great creation of our party from theory to practice. Reform and opening up is a great revolution in the history of the development of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. It is this great revolution that has promoted the great leap of socialism with Chinese characteristics!

Comrades, friends!

The establishment of the Communist Party of China, the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the promotion of reform and opening up, and the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics are the three major historical events that have taken place in China since the May 4th Movement and are the three major milestones in the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation in modern times.

The Communist Party of China, with Comrade Mao Zedong as the main representative, combined the basic principles of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete practice of the Chinese revolution, founded Mao Zedong Thought, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, and after a long period of bloody struggle, completed the new-democratic revolution. The People’s Republic of China was established, the basic system of socialism was established, and the most profound and greatest social changes in Chinese history were successfully realized, laying a fundamental political premise and institutional foundation for all development and progress in contemporary China. In the process of exploration, although experienced severe twists and turns, the original theoretical achievements and great achievements made by the party in the socialist revolution and construction provided valuable experience, theoretical preparation, and material for creating socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new historical period. basis.

After the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the main representative, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, profoundly summed up the positive and negative experiences of China’s socialist construction, and learned from the historical experience of world socialism. Deng Xiaoping Theory, made a historic decision to transfer the party and state work centers to economic construction, implement reform and opening up, profoundly reveal the essence of socialism, establish the basic line of the primary stage of socialism, and clearly propose to take their own path and build a society with Chinese characteristics. Science has scientifically answered a series of basic problems in building socialism with Chinese characteristics. It has formulated a development strategy of three steps in the middle of the 21st century and basically realized socialist modernization, and successfully created socialism with Chinese characteristics.

After the Fourth Plenary Session of the 13th CPC Central Committee, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the main representative, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, adhered to the party’s basic theories and basic lines, and deepened what is socialism and how to build society. What kind of party is built and how to build the party’s understanding, accumulates valuable experience in governing the party and the country, and has formed the important thinking of the “three represents.” In the face of the complicated situation at home and abroad and the severe test of the serious social twists and turns in the world, the socialism with Chinese characteristics was defended, the reform goals and basic framework of the socialist market economic system were established, and the basic economic system of the primary stage of socialism was established. The distribution system has created a new situation of comprehensive reform and opening up, promoted the new great project of party building, and successfully pushed socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century.

After the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese Communists, with Comrade Hu Jintao as the main representative, united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities, and adhered to the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thinking of the ‘Three Represents,’ and profoundly understood according to the new development requirements. And answering major issues such as what kind of development and how to develop under the new situation, forming a scientific development concept, grasping the period of important strategic opportunities, and promoting practical innovation, theoretical innovation, and institutional innovation in the process of building a well-off society in an all-round way, emphasizing persistence People-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development, forming a general layout of socialism with Chinese characteristics, focusing on safeguarding and improving people’s livelihood, promoting social fairness and justice, promoting the building of a harmonious world, and promoting the building of the party’s ability to govern and the construction of advanced nature, succeeding at a new historical starting point Upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee has united and led the entire party and the people of all nationalities in the country to comprehensively examine the new situation at home and abroad. By summing up practice and looking into the future, we have profoundly answered what kind of socialism with Chinese characteristics persisted and developed in the new era. Adhere to and develop the important era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, form a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the overall planning of the “five in one” overall layout, coordinate and promote the “four comprehensive” strategic layout, and adhere to the steady progress of the work The keynote is to propose a series of new ideas, new ideas and new strategies for the work of the party and the country, to promote historic changes in the cause of the party and the state, and to achieve historic achievements. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era. With great political courage and wisdom, we propose that the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reform is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, promote the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and strive to enhance the systemic, holistic and synergistic reforms, and focus on major issues. Institutional innovation, efforts to improve the people’s sense of acquisition, happiness, security, launched more than 1,600 reform programs, smashed a lot of hard bones, smashed a lot of rapids and shoals, reforms showed full power, more breakthroughs, hoofs Stable and deep advancement.

Hardships and hardships, Yu Yu Yucheng. For 40 years, we have emancipated our minds, sought truth from facts, boldly tried and bravely changed, and made a new world. From the implementation of household contracting, the emergence of township and village enterprises, the abolition of agricultural tax and animal husbandry taxes and specialties tax to the rural contracted land, “three powers”, win the fight against poverty, implement the rural revitalization strategy, from the establishment of Shenzhen and other special economic zones, along the coast along the river The cities along the inland and inland areas are open to the World Trade Organization, jointly building the “Belt and Road”, setting up a free trade pilot zone, planning a free trade port with Chinese characteristics, and successfully hosting the first China International Import Expo, from “bringing in” to “going” Going out, from doing a good job in the state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises, developing the individual and private economy, deepening the reform of state-owned state-owned enterprises, and developing a mixed-ownership economy, from the single public ownership to the public ownership as the main body, the multi-ownership economy develops together and adheres to the “two unwavering”. From the traditional planned economic system to the unprecedented socialist market economic system to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation and the better play of the role of the government, from the economic system reform to the comprehensive deepening of economic, political, cultural, social, Ecological civilization system and party building system reform, And state institutional reform, administrative management system reform, legal system reform, judicial system reform, foreign affairs system reform, social governance system reform, ecological environment supervision system reform, national security system reform, national defense and army reform, party leadership and party A series of major reforms, such as the reform of the construction system and the reform of the discipline inspection and supervision system, have been carried out in a solid manner. The implementation of various measures to facilitate the people, benefit the people, and benefit the people has made the reform and opening up become the most remarkable feature and the most magnificent weather in contemporary China.

Comrades, friends!

In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, from the beginning of the new era to the new century, from the new starting point to the new era, 40 years of hard work, 40 years of thorns, 40 years of hard work, our party led the people to paint a magnificent, imposing The magnificent historical scrolls compose a song of praise and enthusiasm.

——For 40 years, we have always insisted on emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, seeking truth and being pragmatic, persisting in the guiding position of Marxism, unswervingly adhering to the basic principles of scientific socialism, bravely promoting theoretical innovation, practical innovation, institutional innovation, Cultural innovation and innovation in all aspects have consistently endowed socialism with Chinese characteristics with distinct practical characteristics, theoretical characteristics, national characteristics, and characteristics of the times, forming a socialist road, theory, system, and culture with Chinese characteristics, and demonstrating science with irrefutable facts. The vitality of socialism, the great banner of socialism has always been flying high on the land of China!

——In the past 40 years, we have always adhered to economic construction as the center and continuously liberated and developed social productive forces. China’s GDP has grown from 367.9 billion yuan to 82.7 trillion yuan in 2017, with an average annual growth rate of 9.5%, much higher than In the same period, the world economy grew at an average annual rate of 2.9%. China’s GDP as a share of world GDP has risen from 1.8% at the beginning of reform and opening up to 15.2%, and its contribution to world economic growth has exceeded 30% over the years. The total import and export volume of China’s goods has increased from 20.6 billion US dollars to more than 4 trillion US dollars. The cumulative use of foreign direct investment has exceeded 2 trillion US dollars, and the total foreign investment has reached 1.9 trillion US dollars. The output of China’s major agricultural products has leapt to the forefront of the world, and the world’s most complete modern industrial system has been established, and technological innovations and major projects have been reported frequently. China’s infrastructure construction achievements are remarkable, information is smooth, highways are networked, railways are densely covered, high dams stand, West-East Gas Pipeline, South-to-North Water Transfer, high-speed rail speeding, huge-wheel voyage, aircraft flying, and Tianzhu change. At present, China is the world’s second largest economy, the largest manufacturing country, the largest country in terms of trade in goods, the second largest country in commodity consumption, and the second largest country in foreign capital. China’s foreign exchange reserves rank first in the world for many years, and the Chinese people are rich. The journey to get up and strengthen has taken a decisive step!

——For 40 years, we have always adhered to the path of socialist political development with Chinese characteristics, continuously deepened political system reform, developed socialist democratic politics, improved party and state leadership systems, and comprehensively promoted the rule of law in a comprehensive manner. The socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics has become increasingly sound. The system guarantee and the rule of law guarantee for the people to be the masters of the country are more powerful, the human rights cause is comprehensively developed, the patriotic united front is more consolidated, and the people enjoy and exercise democratic rights in accordance with the law, the content is more abundant, the channels are more convenient, the forms are more diverse, and they control their own destiny. The Chinese people have shown unprecedented enthusiasm, initiative and creativity, and have demonstrated their powerful strength in the reform, opening up and socialist modernization drive!

——For 40 years, we have always adhered to the development of advanced socialist culture, strengthened the building of socialist spiritual civilization, cultivated and practiced the core values of socialism, passed on and promoted the excellent traditional Chinese culture, adhered to scientific theory, and pointed to the correct public opinion. Gathering strength, shaping the soul with advanced culture, inspiring morale with excellent works, patriotism, collectivism, and socialist spirit are widely promoted, the model of the times and the model of heroes are constantly emerging, the culture and art are prosperous, the network of letters is developing rapidly, and the ideal of the whole nation is ideal. Faith and cultural self-confidence continue to increase, and the national cultural soft power and Chinese cultural influence have increased significantly. The great spirit of reform and opening up created by reform and opening up has greatly enriched the national spiritual connotation and has become the most distinctive spiritual identity of the contemporary Chinese people!

——For 40 years, we have always insisted on safeguarding and improving people’s livelihood in development, and comprehensively promoting young children’s education, learning to teach, earning income, getting medical care, being old, living, living, and weak. Help, continuously improve people’s lives and enhance people’s well-being. The per capita disposable income of the national residents increased from 171 yuan to 26,000 yuan, and the middle-income group continued to expand. The poverty-stricken population in China has decreased by 740 million people, and the incidence of poverty has dropped by 94.4 percentage points, which has written a glorious chapter in the history of human anti-poverty. The education industry has developed in an all-round way, and the nine-year compulsory education consolidation rate reached 93.8%. China has built the world’s largest social security system including pension, medical care, subsistence allowances and housing. The basic pension insurance covers more than 900 million people and medical insurance covers more than 1.3 billion people. The urbanization rate of permanent residents reached 58.52%, an increase of 40.6 percentage points. The life expectancy of residents increased from 67.8 years in 1981 to 76.7 years in 2017. China’s overall social situation has remained stable for a long time and has become one of the most secure countries in the world. Tickets for food stamps, cloth tickets, meat tickets, fish tickets, oil tickets, tofu tickets, non-staple food, industrial vouchers, etc., which have been inseparable from the lives of the people, have entered the history museum, hungry, lack of food, wear less, and live hard. The problems that have plagued our people for thousands of years are gone forever!

——For 40 years, we have always insisted on protecting the environment and conserving resources, persisting in the promotion of ecological civilization construction, accelerating the formation of an ecological civilization system, gradually improving the system of main functional areas, making significant progress in energy conservation and emission reduction, and major ecological protection and restoration projects are progressing smoothly. The ecological environment governance has been significantly strengthened, and it has actively participated in and guided the international cooperation on climate change. The Chinese people’s homes born in Sri Lanka and grew up are more beautiful and pleasant!

——For 40 years, we have always upheld the party’s absolute leadership over the military, continuously promoted the modernization of national defense and the military, promoted the revolutionary reshaping of the people’s army, made historic breakthroughs in weapons and equipment, and fundamentally changed the way of administering military affairs. The level of chemistry has been significantly improved. The ability of the people’s army to safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests has been significantly enhanced. It has become a powerful force to defend the people’s happy life and defend the motherland and the world’s peace!

—— For 40 years, we have consistently promoted the great cause of peaceful reunification of the motherland, implemented the basic principle of “one country, two systems”, successively resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macao, and washed away the humiliation of the Chinese nation for centuries. We adhere to the one-China principle and the “92 Consensus”, strengthen cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, resolutely oppose and contain the “Taiwan independence” separatist forces, and firmly grasp the leading power and initiative of cross-strait relations. The sense of national identity and cultural identity of all Chinese people at home and abroad has been greatly enhanced, and the will to build a Chinese dream together is stronger!

—— For 40 years, we have always adhered to an independent foreign policy of peace, always taking the road of peaceful development, pursuing an open strategy of mutual benefit and win-win, firmly upholding the basic norms of international relations, and safeguarding international fairness and justice. We have realized a historical transition from closed to semi-closed to full-scale openness, actively participated in the process of economic globalization, and made due contributions to promoting the common development of mankind. We actively promote the construction of an open world economy, build a community of human destiny, promote the transformation of the global governance system, clearly oppose hegemonism and power politics, and continuously contribute to China’s wisdom, China’s programs, and China’s power for world peace and development. China is increasingly approaching the center of the world stage and has become a recognized builder of world peace, a contributor to global development, and a defender of the international order!

——For 40 years, we have always insisted on strengthening and improving the party’s leadership, actively responding to various risks tested by the party under the conditions of long-term governance and reform and opening up, continuing to promote the new great project of party building, and maintaining the party’s advanced nature and purity. Sex, keep the party’s flesh-and-blood ties with the people. We actively explore the laws governing the ruling of the Communist Party, the law of socialist construction, the law of the development of human society, and constantly open up a new realm of Marxism in China. We uphold the party’s need to manage the party, strictly manage the party, purify the party’s political ecology, persist in the discipline, and vigorously rectify formalism, bureaucracy, hedonism, and extravagance, and severely punish corruption with zero tolerance. Get an overwhelming victory. Our party is firmly in the forefront of the times in revolutionary forging, and it is always the backbone of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation!

In the 40 years of spring and autumn, the reform and opening up has greatly changed the face of China, the face of the Chinese nation, the face of the Chinese people, and the face of the Chinese Communist Party. The Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich and getting stronger! Socialism with Chinese characteristics has ushered in a great leap from creation, development to perfection! The Chinese people have ushered in a great leap from inadequate food and clothing to well-off prosperity! The Chinese nation is standing in the East of the world with a new attitude!

The achievements in the past 40 years have not fallen from the sky, nor have they been donated by others. Instead, the people of all nationalities and the whole nation have worked hard, wisdom and courage! We have spent decades working through the industrialization process that the developed countries have gone through for hundreds of years. In the hands of the Chinese people, it is impossible to become possible. We are extremely proud and proud of the Chinese people who have created the miracle of humanity!

Here, on behalf of the Party Central Committee, I have contributed wisdom and strength to the broad masses of workers, peasants, intellectuals, cadres, PLA officers and soldiers, officers and men of the armed police, and police officers to the democratic parties on all fronts for reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. And pay tribute to non-party people, people’s organizations, and patriots from all walks of life! I sincerely extend my sincere greetings to the compatriots of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region, the Taiwan compatriots and the overseas Chinese who have made active efforts for the reform, opening up and modernization of the motherland! I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to all foreign friends and people from all over the world who care about and support China’s reform, opening up, and modernization!

Comrades, friends!

The practice of 40 years has fully proved that since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party, our party has united and led the roads, theories, systems and cultures with Chinese characteristics opened up by the people of all nationalities in China. The basic theory and basics of the party have been formed. The route and basic strategy are completely correct.

The 40 years of practice have fully proved that China’s development has provided a successful experience for the developing countries to modernize, demonstrated a bright future, is a powerful force for promoting world peace and development, and is a major contribution of the Chinese nation to the progress of human civilization.

The practice of 40 years has fully proved that reform and opening up is an important magic weapon for the party and the people to catch up with the times. It is the only way to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is the key to determining the destiny of contemporary China. It is also the decision to realize “two hundred The key to achieving the goal of the year and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Only by conforming to the historical trend, actively adapting, and actively seeking change, can we walk with the times. “The power of the line is to become more and more advanced, and the depth of knowledge is more and more.” The valuable experience accumulated in the 40 years of reform and opening up is a precious spiritual wealth of the party and the people. It is extremely important for the new era to adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The guiding significance must be cherished, persisted for a long time, and continuously enriched and developed in practice.

First, we must uphold the party’s leadership over all work and constantly strengthen and improve party leadership. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the leadership of the Communist Party of China is the most essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the greatest advantage of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. The party, government, and the people’s studies, the East, the West, the Middle East, the Middle East, the party is leading everything. It is precisely because we have always adhered to the party’s centralized and unified leadership that we can achieve a great historical turning point, open a new era of reform and opening up, and a new journey of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Only in order to successfully cope with a series of major risk challenges and overcome countless difficulties and obstacles can we effectively respond to the situation. Pingfeng wave, war flood, anti-SARS, anti-earthquake, and crisis can not take the road of closed and rigid old roads or the evil road of changing flags, but firmly adhere to the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics. To uphold the leadership of the party, we must constantly improve the party’s leadership and make the party’s leadership more adaptable to the requirements of practice, the times, and the people. On the issue of upholding the party’s leadership, the major principle that determines the future and destiny of the party and the country, the entire party must maintain a high degree of ideological consciousness, political consciousness, and conscious action, and it cannot be shaken.

On the way forward, we must strengthen the “four senses” and strengthen the “four self-confidences”, resolutely safeguard the party’s central authority and centralize unified leadership, and implement and reflect the party’s leadership to reform, development, stability, internal affairs, foreign affairs, national defense, and the rule of the country. The military and other fields. Every step of reform and opening up is not easy. In the future, we will face such risk challenges and even encounter unimaginable storms. Our party must take the overall situation, coordinate all parties, adhere to scientific governance, democratic governance, and rule by law, improve the party’s leadership style and ruling style, improve the party’s ability to govern and leadership, and constantly improve the party’s direction, the overall situation, the policy, The ability to promote reform and the determination to ensure that the ship of reform and opening up will follow the correct course.

Second, we must adhere to the people as the center and constantly realize the people’s yearning for a better life. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: seeking happiness for the Chinese people and seeking rejuvenation for the Chinese nation is the initial heart and mission of the Chinese Communists and the initial heart and mission of reform and opening up. It is the fundamental purpose of the party that our party comes from the people, roots the people, benefits the people, and serves the people wholeheartedly. We must take the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people as the fundamental starting point and foothold of all our work, and insist on the support of the people, the disapproval, and the disapproval. Happy and unhappy as the basis for formulating policies, complying with the people’s heart, respecting public opinion, paying attention to the people’s sentiments, and striving for people’s livelihood. It not only leads the people forward by proposing and implementing correct theories and guidelines, but also gains momentum from the people’s practical creation and development requirements. Let the people share the fruits of reform and opening up and inspire the people to more consciously participate in the cause of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

On the way forward, we must always regard the people’s longing for a better life as our goal, practice the party’s fundamental purpose, implement the party’s mass line, respect the people’s dominant position, and respect the will expressed by the people in their practical activities. The experience created, the rights it has, and the role it plays have fully stimulated the creative power that lies in the people. We must improve the democratic system, broaden the channels of democracy, enrich the forms of democracy, improve the protection of the rule of law, and ensure that the people enjoy the democratic rights that are widely, fully, truly, concretely and effectively used in accordance with the law. We must focus on solving the urgent needs of the people and let the people share economic, political, cultural, social, ecological and other development achievements. There are more, more direct and more realistic feelings of acquisition, happiness and security. Promote the all-round development of people and the common prosperity of all people.

Third, we must adhere to the guiding position of Marxism and constantly advance theoretical innovation on the basis of practice. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: innovation is the life of reform and opening up. There is no end to the development of practice, and there is no end to emancipating the mind. Engels said: “The ultimate cause of all social changes and political changes should not be found in people’s minds, in people’s increasingly acquainted understanding of eternal truth and justice, but in the change of production methods and exchange methods. To find”. We adhere to the theory and practice, answer the questions of the times and the people’s questions in a timely manner, clear up the fog of thoughts that plague and constrain the development of practice, continuously promote the popularization of Marxism in China, and constantly open up a new realm of Marxism.

On the way forward, we must adhere to the guiding principles of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the “Three Represents”, the scientific development concept, and the socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and adhere to the organic unity of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts. Developing the Marxism in the 21st century and contemporary Chinese Marxism is the historical responsibility of the contemporary Chinese Communist Party. We must strengthen the awareness of the problem, the consciousness of the times, and the sense of strategy. We should grasp the essence and internal connection of the development of things with a profound historical perspective and a broad international perspective, closely follow the creative practices of hundreds of millions of people, learn from the absorption of all outstanding human civilization achievements, and continually answer The new major issues raised by the times and practices have enabled contemporary Chinese Marxism to radiate a more brilliant truth.

Fourth, we must adhere to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics and constantly uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the direction determines the future, and the road determines the fate. If we want to hold our destiny in our own hands, we must be determined to be unchanging and unchanging. In the 40 years of reform and opening up, the theme of all our party’s theory and practice is to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. In China, a big country with more than 5,000 years of civilization and more than 1.3 billion people, it is a textbook that can be regarded as a golden rule, and there is no teacher who can swear by the Chinese people. Mr. Lu Xun said: “What is the road? It is the place that has been trampled out from the place where there is no road, and it has been opened up from the place where only the thorns are found.” The road of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the road to the prosperity of contemporary China and catching up with the times and leading the development of the times. Don’t waver down.

On the way forward, we must adhere to the guidance of the socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, strengthen the “four self-confidences”, and firmly grasp the direction of reform and opening up. What to change and how to change must be based on whether it is in line with the overall goal of perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity. We must resolutely change the reforms that cannot be changed. The change will not change. We must uphold the party’s basic line, unite the two basic points of adhering to the four basic principles and adhere to the reform and opening up with economic construction as the center, and adhere to the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. We will continue to do so for a long time.

Fifth, we must persist in improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and constantly exerting and strengthening our institutional advantages. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: the system is a fundamental, overall, stable and long-term issue concerning the development of the cause of the party and the state. We have tweaked the key to perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, providing a powerful guarantee for liberating and developing social productive forces, emancipating and enhancing social vitality, and maintaining the vitality of the party and the country. In order to maintain the stability of the overall situation of the society and ensure the people’s livelihood and security, National security provides a strong guarantee, letting all the energies of labor, knowledge, technology, management, capital and other elements compete to let go, so that all sources of social wealth are constantly flowing and constantly establishing a dynamic institutional mechanism.

On the way forward, we must unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy, unswervingly encourage, support, and guide the development of the non-public sector of the economy, give full play to the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, give better play to the role of the government, and stimulate various market players. vitality. We must uphold the party’s leadership, the people being the masters of the country, and the rule of law, and uphold and improve the people’s congress system, the multi-party cooperation and political consultation system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of grassroots self-government. Governing the country, consolidating and developing the most extensive patriotic united front, developing socialist deliberative democracy, and using the system to ensure that the people are the masters of the country. We must strengthen the institutional construction of the cultural field, raise the banner, gather the hearts of the people, educate new people, promote the culture, display the image, actively cultivate and practice the core values of socialism, promote the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese excellent traditional culture, and inherit the revolutionary culture and development. Advanced culture, strive to create a Chinese culture that shines in the light and shines in the world. We must strengthen the building of social governance systems, continuously promote social fairness and justice, and maintain social stability and order. We must strengthen the construction of an ecological civilization system and implement the most stringent ecological environmental protection system. We must resolutely remove all institutional and institutional obstacles and interests that hinder development, and accelerate the formation of a system that is well-systemized, scientifically standardized, and effective, and promotes a more mature and stereotyped socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

Sixth, we must adhere to the development of the top priority and continuously enhance China’s overall national strength. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has enlightened us: liberating and developing social productive forces and enhancing the comprehensive national strength of the socialist countries are the essential requirements and fundamental tasks of socialism. Only by firmly holding the center of economic construction, unswervingly insisting that development is the last word, development should be the strategic thinking of scientific development and high-quality development, and promoting sustained and healthy economic and social development, can comprehensively enhance China’s economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and national defense. Strength and comprehensive national strength can lay a solid material foundation for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

On the way forward, we must focus on solving the major social contradictions between the people’s growing needs for a better life and the development of unbalanced development, and resolutely implement the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, and promote the overall development. The overall layout of the “Five in One”, coordinated and promoted the “four comprehensive” strategic layout, promoted high-quality development, promoted the simultaneous development of new industrialization, informationization, urbanization, and agricultural modernization, accelerated the construction of a modern economic system, and strived to achieve higher quality and Efficient, fairer and more sustainable development. We must adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line, actively transform the development mode, optimize the economic structure, transform the growth momentum, actively expand domestic demand, implement the regional coordinated development strategy, implement the rural revitalization strategy, resolutely lay the groundwork to prevent and resolve major risks, and accurately eliminate poverty. The battle for pollution prevention and control. We must adhere to the concept that innovation is the first driving force, talent is the first resource, implement innovation-driven development strategy, improve the national innovation system, accelerate the independent innovation of key core technologies, and create a new engine for economic and social development. We must strengthen the construction of ecological civilization, firmly establish the green water and green hills is the concept of Jinshan Yinshan, form a green development mode and lifestyle, and build our great motherland to be more beautiful, let the people live in the blue, green and water. In the beautiful environment of the Qing.

Seventh, we must persist in expanding openness and constantly promote the building of a community of human destiny. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: openness brings progress, and closure is bound to fall behind. China’s development cannot be separated from the world, and the prosperity of the world also needs China. We will coordinate the two major domestic and international situations, adhere to the basic national policy of opening to the outside world, implement a proactive open policy, and form a comprehensive new pattern of all-round, multi-level and wide-ranging areas, creating a good international environment for our country and opening up a broad space for development. .

On the way forward, we must uphold the banner of peace, development, cooperation and win-win, abide by the foreign policy objectives of safeguarding world peace and promoting common development, and promote the building of new international relations of mutual respect, fairness, justice, cooperation and win-win. We must respect the right of people of all countries to choose their own development path, safeguard international fairness and justice, advocate the democratization of international relations, oppose imposing their will on others, oppose interference in other countries’ internal affairs, and oppose strong bullying. We must play the role of a responsible big country, support the development of the vast number of developing countries, actively participate in the reform and construction of the global governance system, and work together to build a world of lasting peace, universal security, common prosperity, openness, tolerance, and clean beauty. We must support an open, transparent, inclusive and non-discriminatory multilateral trading system, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and promote economic globalization toward a more open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced and win-win direction. We must focus on building the “Belt and Road” and work together with all parties to build a new platform for international cooperation and add new impetus to the common development of the world. China will never develop itself at the expense of the interests of other countries, and will never give up its legitimate rights and interests. China pursues a defensive national defense policy, and China’s development does not pose a threat to any country. No matter how far China develops, it will never seek hegemony.

Eighth, we must persist in the strict administration of the party and continuously improve the party’s creativity, cohesiveness, and combat effectiveness. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: Ironing must be hard. The key to running China’s affairs is the party. The key is to uphold the party’s ability to manage the party and to strictly manage the party. Only by leading the great social revolution of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization, our party will unswervingly push forward the party’s great self-revolution, dare to remove all viruses that erode the healthy body of the party, and enable the party to continuously purify itself, improve itself, and innovate itself. Self-improvement, and constantly enhance the party’s political leadership, ideological leadership, mass organization, and social appeal, can ensure that the party always maintains flesh-and-blood ties with the people.

On the way forward, we must follow the general requirements of the party building in the new era and take political construction as the guiding principle, constantly push forward the new great project of party building, continuously strengthen the unity and unity of the entire party, create vitality, and constantly strengthen the ruling ability of the whole party. The construction is stronger and more powerful. We must persist in examining ourselves with the requirements of the development of the times, alert ourselves with a strong sense of urgency, strengthen and improve ourselves with the spirit of reform and innovation, exercise improvement in coping with risk challenges, purify and purify in solving outstanding contradictions and problems existing in the party, and continuously improve Governing the party and managing the party. We must adhere to the combination of both ability and political integrity, morality first, meritocracy, and strive to cultivate a high-quality cadre team and a large talent team. We must deepen the tackling of both the symptoms and the roots with the perseverance and perseverance of anti-corruption on the road, resolutely eliminate all corrupt elements, ensure the cadres are clean, the government is clean, and politically clear, and create a political ecology of Haishuheqing for continuing to promote reform and opening up.

Ninth, we must adhere to the dialectical materialism and historical materialism world outlook and methodology, and correctly handle the relationship between reform, development, and stability. The practice of 40 years of reform and opening up has inspired us: China is a big country and we must never make subversive mistakes on fundamental issues. We adhere to the combination of strengthening the party’s leadership and respecting the people’s initiative, adhering to the combination of “touching the stones and crossing the river” and the top-level design, adhering to the unity of problem orientation and goal orientation, adhering to the pilot advancement and comprehensive promotion, and encouraging bold trials. I am bold, and persist in seeking truth from facts and doing good deeds to ensure that the reform and opening up will be stable and far-reaching.

On the way forward, we must strengthen strategic thinking, dialectical thinking, innovative thinking, rule of law thinking, bottom line thinking, strengthen macro thinking and top-level design, adhere to problem-oriented, focus on the prominent contradictions and problems facing China’s development, conduct in-depth investigation and study, and encourage grassroots boldness. Explore, adhere to the convergence of reform decision-making and legislative decision-making, and continuously improve the scientific nature of reform decisions. We must take out the tenacity of scratching the iron and stepping on the stone, and do a good job of nailing the nails to ensure that all major reform measures are implemented. We must dare to be the first in the world, dare to dare to try, but also to be active and steady, steadily and steadily, to stabilize and unify the reform and development, to maintain the same direction, the road is not biased, and the strength is not diminished, and to push the reform and opening up in the new era to be more stable. Go further.

Comrades, friends!

It is the strategic task of China’s socialist modernization drive to adhere to the unity of rich countries and strong military forces, and to build a national defense and a strong army that is commensurate with China’s international status and compatible with national security and development interests. We must comprehensively implement the party’s strong military ideology in the new era, uphold the party’s absolute leadership over the military, grasp the general trend of the world’s new military revolution, adhere to the road of strengthening the military with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively deepen national defense and military reform, and promote political building and reform. Strengthening the military, developing the army through science and technology, and managing the army according to law, building a people’s army that listens to the party’s command, can win the battle and has a good work style, and strives to build a world-class army. To safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests, and to maintain world peace and stability, To provide a strong backing for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

The great concept of “one country, two systems” has a strong vitality. We must comprehensively and accurately implement the policy of “one country, two systems”, “Hong Kong people ruling Hong Kong”, “Macao people governing Macao” and a high degree of autonomy. We will strictly follow the Constitution and the Basic Law, improve the systems and mechanisms related to the implementation of the Basic Law, and maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao. We will support and promote the better integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the overall situation of national development, and let the compatriots of Hong Kong and Macao share the historical responsibility of national rejuvenation with the people of the motherland and share the great glory of the prosperity and prosperity of the motherland.

Realizing the complete reunification of the motherland is the common aspiration of all Chinese people and the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. We must adhere to the one-China principle and the “92 Consensus”, consolidate and develop the foundation for the peaceful development of cross-strait relations, deepen cross-strait economic and cultural exchanges and cooperation, and benefit the compatriots on both sides of the strait. We have firm political determination and strong ability to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and the sacred territory of the motherland cannot be split.

Comrades, friends!

The Chinese people have a great dream spirit, and the Chinese nation is full of revolution and openness. Thousands of years ago, the ancestors of the Chinese nation upheld the great practice of creating Chinese civilization by upholding the spirit of “weth is old, and its life is new.” Since ancient times, there have been countless reforms in the land of China, and the heroic declarations such as “not to rule the world, to make the country unlawful” have been left. Since ancient times, the Chinese nation has carried out the social exchanges and cultural exchanges of the same region with confidence and generosity with the broad mind of “Great World” and “Concord Wanbang”. It has written the long song of the vast road of Wanlibo Wanlibo. It has also created the prosperity of the Tang Dynasty in Chang’an. It is this transformation and open spirit of “Tian Xingjian, gentlemen with self-improvement”, “Geo-sports, gentlemen with virtue”, which makes Chinese civilization the only splendid civilization in human history that has not been interrupted for more than 5,000 years. With thousands of years of history, change and openness are generally the historical norm of China. The Chinese nation continues to move toward the future with its attitude of reform and opening up. It has far-reaching historical roots and profound cultural roots.

If we are such a big country, we should have ambitions. Comrade Mao Zedong said: “To win the national victory, this is only the first step in the long march. If this step is also worthy of pride, it is relatively small, and more proud to be behind. Seeing China after a few decades The victory of the people’s democratic revolution will make people feel that it is just a short prelude to a long drama. The drama must start from the prelude, but the prelude is not the climax.” “We are not only good at destroying an old world, we also Will be good at building a new world.”

At the beginning of reform and opening up, although our country is large, with a large population and a weak foundation, we are faced with difficulties and challenges. However, we are full of confidence in the future and have designed a grand blueprint for achieving socialist modernization with more than 70 years and three steps. No extraordinary courage and firm self-confidence can’t make such far-reaching ideas and decisions.

For 40 years, we have determined that Castle Peak will not relax, and the wind and rain will move forward toward this great goal. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward higher goals for the development of China, and formed a strategic arrangement from building a well-off society in an all-round way to basically realizing modernization to building a socialist modernization and strengthening country. It has issued a Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The strongest sound.

The ancients said: “Those who are born, care, become loyal, and lose pride.” Great dreams are not waiting for, screaming, but spelling out and doing it. What we are in now is a time when the ship is more turbulent and the road to the mountain is steeper. It is a time when it is getting harder and harder, getting more and more dangerous, and not getting in and going back. Reform and opening up have gone through thousands of mountains and rivers, but they still need to wading through mountains and rivers. The mission ahead of the entire party and the people of all nationalities is even more glorious, the task is more arduous, the challenges are more severe, and the work is even greater. In this era of thousands of sails and hundreds of battles, we must not be half-pointed, complacent, self-sufficient, and must not hesitate to succumb to the great struggles, great works, great undertakings, great dreams. Courage the tide and fight hard.

Faith, faith, and faith are of the utmost importance. As small as one person, one group, as large as a political party, a nation, or a country, as long as there is faith, conviction, and confidence, it will become more and more frustrated and more eager to fight. Otherwise, it will not be defeated or defeated. collapse. Regardless of past, present and future, the belief in Marxism, the faith in socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the confidence in realizing the great Chinese rejuvenation of the Chinese nation are all powerful spirits that guide and support the Chinese people to stand up, get rich, and strengthen. power.

Comrades, friends!

Forty years of shocking waves, the 90,000 miles of wind Peng is lifting. The reason why the rivers can rush out of the cliffs is because of the accumulation of thousands of miles of rushing and dying. In the long history of modern times, the Chinese people have experienced too many hardships, paid too many sacrifices, and carried out too much hard work. Now, the powerful energy accumulated by the Chinese people and the Chinese nation in the historical process has fully erupted, providing an unstoppable strength for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Building a socialist modernization and strengthening the country and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a relay run. We must run one after the other, and every generation must ran a good result for the next generation.

The entire party and the people of all nationalities should be more closely united around the Party Central Committee, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, remember the original heart, bear in mind the mission, carry out reform and opening up to the end, and constantly realize the people’s yearning for a better life and create in the new era. The new miracle of the Chinese nation! Create new and bigger miracles that make the world look good!

(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 18th)