Xi Jinping publishes a signed article in the Panamanian media

On November 30th, on the eve of a state visit to the Republic of Panama, President Xi Jinping published a signed article in the Panama Star newspaper entitled “Working Together to Create the Future.” The article is as follows:

Work together to create a better future

President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping

At the invitation of President Juan Carlos Barrera, I am about to pay a state visit to the Republic of Panama. This is my first visit to your country and the first time that the Chinese President visited Panama. I am full of expectations for this trip.

Like many Chinese, I have not been familiar with your country, but I am not unfamiliar. The Panama Canal is world-famous, and the summer coffee is famous, and tropical fruits such as bananas are world-famous. In recent years, under the leadership of President Barrera, Panama’s economy has developed rapidly, the market has prospered and the people have lived and worked in peace, and it has gradually become the “habitat paradise” of the Americas and the “golden hot spot” in the eyes of many investors. I am very happy about this and sincerely wish Panama a new and greater achievement on the road to national development.

The friendly exchanges between the Chinese and Pakistani peoples have continued for more than 160 years. More than 160 years ago, the first batch of Chinese arrived in Panama to help the Panamanian people to repair the railway and dig the canal. They finally stayed in this warm land, actively integrated into the local society, and worked hard with the Panamanian people for happiness. To this end, the Panamanian government has specially established the “Chinese Festival.” In the 1960s, the Chinese people firmly supported the Panamanian people’s just struggle to recover the sovereignty of the canal. To this end, 16 million people across China have held parades and gatherings, which has become an unforgettable memory of that generation of Chinese. All these fully demonstrate that the people of the two countries are connected by blood and heart.

In June last year, I and President Barrera jointly made major political decisions, and China and Pakistan formally established diplomatic relations. For the two countries, this is a great event for the present and the future. To the world, this is a banner that shows the trend of the times and the direction of the people. The international community listened to Panama’s declaration of justice in adhering to the one-China policy, and the two peoples unanimously supported the development of China-Pakistan relations.

In the past year and a half, China-Pakistan relations have started vigorously, and cooperation in various fields has sprung up and thrived, bringing tangible benefits to the two peoples. President Barrera made his first state visit to China, and we jointly planned a blueprint for China-Pakistan relations. China maintains Panama’s second largest trading partner, the largest supplier of the Cologne Free Trade Zone, and the second largest user of the Panama Canal. The two sides have jointly established the “One Belt and One Road” and signed a large number of agreements in the fields of economy, trade, finance, maritime affairs, civil aviation, tourism, culture and education. Chinese companies and financial institutions have actively participated in the cooperation with Panama, creating thousands of jobs for the local community. The Cologne Safe City project, aided by China, will effectively safeguard the safety of the citizens of Cologne. The upcoming Amador Convention and Exhibition Center project will become the new venue of the Panama International Fair. Panamanian beef, pineapple, seafood and other specialty agricultural products are fulfilling the quarantine permit procedures for trans-China, and it is believed that they will soon be able to put on the table of thousands of households in China.

According to the Pakistani proposal, China is actively studying the construction of the “City of Hope” education center project in western Panama, which will provide education services to more than 2,000 local students, greatly improving the local education environment and quality. The Caring Mobile Clinic project being implemented by China will provide free medical services to women in remote areas of Panama. The first Confucius Institute in Panama officially opened, and the first direct flight route between China and Central America was successfully opened. Panama became a destination country for Chinese citizens to travel abroad. By the end of this year, the Chinese side has trained nearly 6,000 officials and technicians in various fields for Pakistan, and nearly 1,000 Panamanian students are studying in China. The scholars, think tanks, and news media of the two countries have warmly exchanged ideas and made suggestions and efforts to promote the development of China-Pakistan relations. The “China fever” and the “Panama fever” have resonated in the same frequency in both countries, and the desire of the two peoples to enhance mutual exchanges and mutual understanding is in full swing.

Panama is a country that is interconnected and is actively promoting the “2030 National Logistics Strategy” and strives to build a world-class logistics center. This strategy coincides with my proposed “One Belt, One Road” initiative. CMB can be said to be a natural partner to build the “Belt and Road” initiative. During President Barrera’s visit to China last year, Panama became the first Latin American and Caribbean country to sign a Memorandum of Understanding on the “Belt and Road” cooperation with China. Next, we are willing to work with the Palestinian side to raise the sleeves and work harder, strengthen the development strategy of the two countries, and better benefit the two peoples.

First, we must be sincere partners of equality and mutual trust. The two sides must always view and promote the development of bilateral relations from a strategic and long-term perspective, understand and support each other’s core interests and major concerns, and build a political foundation for the long-term, healthy and stable development of bilateral relations.

Second, we have to be a development partner. China and Panama are both developing countries, have the same historical experience, and face common development tasks. The two sides should work together to promote the establishment of a new type of international relations of mutual respect, fairness, justice, cooperation and win-win, and promote the building of a community of human destiny. The two sides should strengthen coordination and cooperation in multilateral occasions such as the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, jointly safeguard the multilateral trading system, and promote the construction of an open world economy.

Third, we must be partners of mutual benefit and win-win. On the basis of respecting each other’s wishes, taking care of each other’s concerns, and integrating their respective advantages, the two sides should jointly build the “One Belt, One Road” to guide the cooperation between the two countries and continuously deepen cooperation in key areas such as China’s infrastructure construction, logistics, production capacity, e-commerce, and finance. We will strive to obtain an early harvest of pragmatic cooperation as soon as possible and promote the common development of the two countries. We welcome Pakistan to continue to participate in the China International Import Expo and expand Panama’s exports of quality products and services to China.

Fourth, we must be close friends with a heart. The two sides should take the people’s heart and mind as the purpose, and extensively carry out exchanges in various fields such as culture, education, health, tourism, and news, and promote the social and friendly development of the two countries. China and Pakistan have opened direct flights in the air and look forward to strengthening exchanges between the two peoples and enhancing mutual understanding and friendship. There are 280,000 Chinese in Panama. The two sides should play the role of this bloodline ties and make China-Pakistan friendship more deeply rooted in the hearts of the people.

The trend of the times is rolling forward, and the world is constantly changing. Although China and Pakistan are far apart and their national conditions are very different, they all have people who are struggling, creative, and dream-seeking. The development of China-Pakistan relations cannot be separated from the participation of the two peoples. Let us seize the opportunity together and strive for the day and night to make China-Pakistan relations reach the corner and overtake the car, and then make the two countries cooperate and make steady progress, and make new contributions to building a better future and a more prosperous world. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 30th)
 
            

President Xi Jinping’s G20 Summit Golden Sentence

The main meeting place of the G20 leader Hangzhou Summit – Hangzhou International Expo Center.
People’s vision

● The Thirteenth Summit of the G20 Leaders was held from November 30th to December 1st in the Argentine capital of Buenos Aires. This year marks the 10th anniversary of the launch of the G20 Leaders Summit. After 10 years of history, the G20 has made great achievements in coping with the international financial crisis and promoting the recovery of the world economy.

● China has always attached importance to and actively participated in the cooperation of the G20. It is remembered that in St. Petersburg, Brisbane, Antalya, Hangzhou, Hamburg, President Xi Jinping’s series of important speeches on improving global economic governance at the G20 meeting highlighted China’s wisdom and demonstrated a responsibility The mind and responsibility of the great powers left a strong Chinese mark on the stage of the G20.

Uphold the spirit of cooperation in the same boat

One’s effort is addition, and one team’s effort is multiplication. Let us work together to promote linkage growth, promote common prosperity, and constantly move toward the goal of building a community of human destiny!

——September 7, 2017, at the G20 Summit in Hamburg, the speech on the world economic situation

The spirit of partnership is the most valuable asset of the G20. Although our national conditions are different, the stages of development are different, and the actual challenges are different, the desire to promote economic growth is the same. The interests of the crisis are the same, and the common development is the same. As long as we adhere to the spirit of partnership in the same boat, we will be able to overcome the storms of the world economy and open up new voyages for future growth.

—— Opening speech at the summit of the G20 leaders in Hangzhou on September 4, 2016

In today’s economic globalization, there are no isolated islands. As the residents of the global village, we must establish a sense of community of human destiny. The spirit of partnership is the most valuable asset of the G20 and the choice of countries to jointly address global challenges.

We should seek common ground while reserving differences, gather differences, and jointly build a new type of international relationship of cooperation and win-win. No matter how big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, the country should treat each other equally, not only to develop itself, but also to help other countries develop well. Everyone is good, the world can be better.

– Keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the G20 Business Summit on September 3, 2016

“The solitary people are hard to come by, and the walkers are easy to move.” The history of world economic growth in recent years has repeatedly shown that in the era of economic globalization, no country can be independent, and coordination and cooperation is our inevitable choice. The members of the G20 are the largest, accounting for more than 80% of the global economy. They are also more responsible for world economic growth and should be able to make a difference.

— Speech on the world economic situation at the first phase of the Tenth Summit of the G20 Leaders on November 15, 2015

Lonely and fast, the public is far away. Faced with various risks and challenges facing the world economy, members of the G20 should establish a community of interests and community of destiny, persist in making friends and partners, actively coordinate macroeconomic policies, and strive to form cooperation that promotes mutual growth and complement each other. A win-win situation. Through such efforts, we must let the G20 go better and further, truly become the stabilizer of the world economy, the catalyst for global growth, the propeller of global economic governance, and better benefit the people of all countries.

— Speech at the first phase of the Ninth Summit of the G20 Leaders on November 15, 2014

The linkage of growth is a requirement for strong growth in the world economy. A strong growth in the world economy comes from the common growth of all countries. All countries must establish a sense of community of destiny and truly recognize the collateral effect of “one glory and one glory, one loss and one loss”, cooperation in competition, and win-win cooperation. In the pursuit of national interests, we will take into account the interests of other countries and take into account the development of other countries when seeking their own development.

— Speech on the world economic situation at the first phase of the G20 Summit of Leaders on September 5, 2013

Leading the development path of innovation growth and long-term governance

An important mission of the G20 is to deal with the contradiction between fairness and efficiency, capital and labor, technology and employment in line with the concept of inclusive growth as determined by the Hangzhou Summit. We must continue to combine economic and social policies to solve the challenges brought about by industrial upgrading, knowledge and skill mismatch, and make income distribution more fair and reasonable.

——September 7, 2017, at the G20 Summit in Hamburg, the speech on the world economic situation

The new mechanism and new initiatives advocated by China are not for the sake of another set-up, nor for the purpose of targeting them, but for the beneficial complement and improvement of existing international mechanisms. The goal is to achieve win-win cooperation and common development. China’s opening up to the outside world is not to sing a one-man show, but to welcome all parties to participate; not to seek the sphere of influence, but to support the common development of all countries; not to create their own back garden, but to build a hundred gardens shared by all countries.

– Keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the G20 Business Summit on September 3, 2016

Innovation is the key to fundamentally opening the lock of growth. A new round of technology and industrial revolution with the Internet as its core is poised for growth. New technologies such as artificial intelligence and virtual reality are changing with each passing day. The combination of virtual economy and real economy will bring revolutionary changes to people’s production methods and lifestyles. This change will not happen overnight, nor will it be smooth sailing. It will require concerted efforts by all countries to minimize the possible negative effects while fully amplifying and accelerating its positive effects.

– Keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the G20 Business Summit on September 3, 2016

We must both cure the symptoms in order to achieve steady growth at the moment, and we must cure the problem in order to gain long-term motivation; we must implement the previous achievements and converge on new consensus; we must take domestic measures, do our own business, and cooperate sincerely. Cope with challenges together.

— Speech on the world economic situation at the first phase of the Tenth Summit of the G20 Leaders on November 15, 2015

It is necessary to accelerate and effectively implement the International Monetary Fund reform program and strengthen the global financial safety net. The BRICS countries announced the establishment of development banks and contingency reserve arrangements, and the establishment of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank in more than 20 countries in Asia, which is a useful complement to the international financial system.

— Speech at the first phase of the Ninth Summit of the G20 Leaders on November 15, 2014

The situation determines the task, and the action determines the outcome. To this end, we must take a long-term perspective and strive to shape the world economy in which countries develop and innovate, grow their linkages, and integrate interests, and firmly safeguard and develop an open world economy.

— Speech on the world economic situation at the first phase of the G20 Summit of Leaders on September 5, 2013

Promote the development of economic globalization

We must adhere to the road of open development, mutual benefit and win-win, and jointly make a cake of the world economy. As the world’s major economy, we should also be able to play a leading role, support the multilateral trading system, act in accordance with common rules, and find a win-win solution through consultation to address common challenges.

——September 7, 2017, at the G20 Summit in Hamburg, the speech on the world economic situation

The history of world economic development proves that openness brings progress and closure leads to backwardness. Returning to the old road of being a neighbor, it is not only unable to get rid of its own crisis and recession, but also narrowing the common space of the world economy, leading to a “double lose” situation.

– Keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the G20 Business Summit on September 3, 2016

In the era of economic globalization, the development of all countries is closely linked, and they are all glory. No country can be independent, and coordination is an inevitable choice. We must achieve coordinated development in the resonance of the world economy.

– Keynote speech at the opening ceremony of the G20 Business Summit on September 3, 2016

Protectionist policies, such as drinking and quenching thirst, seem to ease the internal pressure of a country in the short term, but in the long run will cause irreparable harm to itself and the world economy. The G20 should resolutely avoid beggars, be advocates and promoters of an open world economy, abide by the promise of not adopting new protectionist measures, strengthen coordination and cooperation in investment policies, and take concrete actions to promote trade growth. We should take advantage of the radiation effects and driving effects of infrastructure interconnection to help developing countries and SMEs to participate in global value chains and promote the further opening, exchange and integration of the global economy.

—— Opening speech at the summit of the G20 leaders in Hangzhou on September 4, 2016

We compare the world economy to the human body, then trade and investment are blood. If the qi stagnation is bloody and difficult to flow, the world economy will not develop healthily.

Therefore, revitalizing trade and investment and turning the two engines of the world economy back at a high speed is another focus of the work of the G20.

— Speech on the world economic situation at the first phase of the Tenth Summit of the G20 Leaders on November 15, 2015

World trade has expanded and all countries have benefited. The world market has shrunk and it is not good for all countries. We must continue to be the standard-bearer of global free trade, maintain the multilateral trading system, build a mutually beneficial and win-win global value chain, and cultivate a global market. We must continue to oppose trade and investment protectionism and promote the Doha Round negotiations. It is necessary to promote various free trade agreements to be open, inclusive, transparent, non-discriminatory, and to avoid market segmentation and differentiation of the trading system.

— Speech at the first phase of the Ninth Summit of the G20 Leaders on November 15, 2014

Open the window to achieve air convection, fresh air can come in. Engaging in protectionism and abusing trade remedy measures can harm others.

—— On September 6, 2013, at the 8th Summit of the G20 Leaders, a speech on trade and other issues

People’s Daily (November 30, 2018, 05 edition)
 
            

Xi Jinping talks about the construction of spiritual civilization: standing at the forefront of the times and leading the trend

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Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping has attached great importance to the construction of socialist culture, firmly grasped the leadership, management and discourse power of ideological work, and vigorously cultivated and practiced socialism. The core values will improve the ideological and moral level of the whole nation, promote the overall prosperity of the cultural undertakings and the rapid development of the cultural industry, and provide ideological guarantee, spiritual strength and moral nourishment for the realization of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation. Comrade Xi Jinping’s series of important expositions on socialist cultural construction, high-profile, rich in content and profound in thinking, consolidate the guiding position of Marxism in the field of ideology, consolidate the common ideological basis for the united struggle of the entire party and the people of the whole country, and accelerate the building of society. Strengthening the country’s cultural soft power, strengthening cultural self-confidence, promoting the balanced development and mutual promotion of material and spiritual civilization, winning the great victory in the stage of building a well-off society in an all-round way, realizing the goal of “two hundred years” and realizing China The Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the nation has a very important guiding significance.

In order to help the broad masses of cadres and people learn, understand and master Comrade Xi Jinping’s important expositions on socialist cultural construction, the CPC Central Party History and Literature Research Institute edited Xi Jinping’s Excerpts on Socialist Cultural Construction. The content of this book is from more than 70 important documents such as speeches, reports, speeches, instructions, instructions and congratulations from Comrade Xi Jinping from November 15th, 2012 to July 26, 2017. It is divided into eight topics, a total of three hundred and sixty-one paragraphs. Many of these discussions were published for the first time. The first part of the book focuses on “firming cultural self-confidence and building a socialist culture and strengthening the country”. Some of the wonderful expositions are as follows:

Realizing Chinese Dream Must Carry Forward Chinese Spirit. This is the national spirit with patriotism as the core and the spirit of the times with reform and innovation as the core. This kind of spirit is the soul of rejuvenating the country and the soul of a powerful country. Patriotism has always been the spiritual force that unites the Chinese nation together. Reform and innovation have always been the spiritual force that spurs us to advance with the times in reform and opening up. The people of all nationalities in the country must carry forward the great national spirit and the spirit of the times, constantly strengthen the spiritual ties of unity and self-improvement, and constantly strive for the future.

– “Speech at the First Meeting of the 12th National People’s Congress” (March 17, 2013), “Selection of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress” (I), Central Literature Publishing House, 2014 edition, 235 pages

Realizing the Chinese dream is the result of the balanced development and mutual promotion of material and spiritual civilization. Without the inheritance and development of civilization, without the promotion and prosperity of culture, there will be no realization of the Chinese dream. The ancestors of the Chinese nation have longed for the material life of the people, and the world of Datong, which has fully awakened the moral realm. Chinese civilization has always incorporated human spiritual life into life and social ideals. Therefore, the realization of the Chinese dream is the development process of material civilization and spiritual civilization. With the continuous development of China’s economy and society, the Chinese civilization will surely renew its vitality in keeping with the development of the times.

– “Speech at UNESCO Headquarters” (March 27, 2014), People’s Daily, March 28, 2014

Civilization, especially ideology and culture, is the soul of a country and a nation. No matter which country or ethnic group, if you do not cherish your own ideological culture and lose the soul of thought and culture, this country and this nation cannot stand up.

– “A Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the International Symposium on the 2,565th Anniversary of Confucius’ Birthday and the Opening Ceremony of the Fifth General Assembly of the International Confucian Association” (September 24, 2014), People’s Publishing House, Single Edition, 9 pages

Throughout the ages, the reason why the Chinese nation has a status and influence in the world is not relying on the military, but not on external expansion, but on the powerful appeal and attraction of Chinese culture. Our ancestors have long recognized the truth that “the distant people are not convinced, then the wisdom of the Wende.” Explaining the endowment of the Chinese nation, the characteristics of the Chinese nation, the spirit of the Chinese nation, and the service of people by virtue and culture are one of the most important aspects.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literary and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, pp. 119-120

Both history and reality prove that the Chinese nation has a strong cultural creativity. Every time at a major historical juncture, culture can feel the change of the national movement, the tide of the times, the first sound of the times, and the drums and calls for the millions of people and the great motherland. Chinese culture not only adheres to its roots, but also keeps pace with the times, so that the Chinese nation has maintained a firm national confidence and strong ability to repair, and cultivated common emotions and values, common ideals and spirit.

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literature and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, p. 121

Enhancing cultural self-awareness and cultural self-confidence is the proper meaning of the road to self-confidence, theoretical self-confidence, and institutional self-confidence. If “Yi Yang is respected”, “Yang Yang is beautiful”, “Wei Yang is from”, the award is the highest pursuit in foreign countries, followed by others, and it is also effective, “de-thinking” and “going value”. There is absolutely no future for the “de-historization”, “de-sinization”, and “de-mainstreaming”!

– “Speech at the Symposium on Literature and Art Work” (October 15, 2014), Selected Works of Important Documents since the Eighteenth National Congress (中), Central Literature Publishing House, 2016, pp. 135-136

Although dialectical materialism emphasizes that the unity of the world lies in its materiality, it does not deny the reaction of consciousness to matter, but believes that this reaction is sometimes very large. Our party has always placed ideological construction in the first place in party building, emphasizing that ideals and beliefs are the “calcium” of the Communists’ spirit, emphasizing that “revolutionary ideals are higher than heaven”, that is, the dialectic of spiritual change and material change. The broad masses of party members and cadres are firm and convinced, and the enthusiasm of the cadres is entrepreneurial. When the people are energetic and angry, they can create many miracles on earth. If party members and cadres are shaken by their ideals, their purpose is weakened, and the people’s spirits are sluggish and covetous, it is often impossible to do things. Therefore, we must not relax the education of ideals and beliefs, ideological and moral construction, and ideological work, vigorously cultivate and promote the core values of socialism, and condense Chinese power with the Chinese spirit of the era.

– “Speech at the 20th Collective Learning of the 18th Central Political Bureau” (January 23, 2015)

The people have faith, the nation has hope, and the country has power. To realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, material wealth must be greatly enriched, and spiritual wealth must be greatly enriched. We must continue to persevere and consistently do a good job in building socialist spiritual civilization, and provide strong ideological guarantee, strong spiritual strength, and rich moral nourishment for the continuous advancement of people of all nationalities in the country.

— Speech at the 4th National Civilized City, Civilized Villages and Towns, Civilized Units and Advanced Representatives of Ideological and Moral Construction of Minors (February 28, 2015), People’s Daily, March 1, 2015

Only by standing at the forefront of the times and leading the trend, can spiritual civilization construction exert more power. At present, the society is active in thought, the concept is colliding, and the new technologies and new media such as the Internet are changing with each passing day. We must review the situation, the situation, the innovation content and the carrier, and the improvement methods and methods to make the spiritual civilization construction full of vigor and vitality.

— Speech at the 4th National Civilized City, Civilized Villages and Towns, Civilized Units and Advanced Representatives of Ideological and Moral Construction of Minors (February 28, 2015), People’s Daily, March 1, 2015

If we persist in not forgetting our initial intentions and moving on, we must adhere to the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, self-confidence, theoretical self-confidence, institutional self-confidence, and cultural self-confidence. We must persist in the party’s basic line and continue to push forward the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

– “Speech at the General Assembly to Celebrate the 95th Anniversary of the Founding of the Communist Party of China” (July 1, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 12

Cultural self-confidence is a more basic, broader and deeper self-confidence. The Chinese traditional culture cultivated in the development of more than 5,000 years of civilization, the revolutionary culture and the advanced socialist culture fostered in the great struggle of the party and the people, accumulate the deepest spiritual pursuit of the Chinese nation and represent the unique spiritual identity of the Chinese nation. . We must carry forward the core values of socialism, carry forward the national spirit with patriotism as the core and the spirit of the times with reform and innovation as the core, and constantly enhance the spiritual strength of the entire party and the people of all nationalities.

– “Speech at the General Assembly to Celebrate the 95th Anniversary of the Founding of the Communist Party of China” (July 1, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 13

If a person has no spirit, then he will not stand, and if the country has no spirit, it will not be strong. The spirit is the soul that a nation depends on for a long time to survive. Only when the spirit reaches a certain height, can this nation stand in the flood of history and move forward with courage.

– “A Speech at the Commemoration of the 80th Anniversary of the Victory of the Red Army’s Long March” (October 21, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 9

Culture is the soul of a country and a nation. Both history and reality show that a nation that has abandoned or betrayed its own history and culture is not only impossible to develop, but is also likely to stage a historical tragedy. Cultural self-confidence is a more basic, broader and deeper self-confidence. It is a more basic, deeper and more lasting force. Strengthening cultural self-confidence is a big issue concerning the rise and fall of the national movement, the safety of the culture, and the independence of the national spirit.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 6

In every historical period, the Chinese nation has left countless immortal works. From the Book of Songs, Chu Ci, Han Fu, to Tang poetry, Song poetry, Yuan Qu, Ming and Qing novels, etc., they jointly created a splendid Chinese literary and art history. The creativity of the Chinese national literature and art is so strong, the achievements of creation are so brilliant, and the Chinese nation is full of cultural self-confidence. We should be extremely proud of this and feel confident.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 7

Strengthening cultural self-confidence is inseparable from the cognition and application of the history of the Chinese nation. History is a mirror. From history, we can better see the world, understand life and know ourselves. History is also a wise man. Dialogue with history, we can better understand the past, grasp the present, and face the future.

– “Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Ninth National Congress of China and the 19th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association” (November 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, book, page 9
 
            

Xi Jinping publishes a signed article in the Argentine media: Creating a new era of Sino-Arab relations

People’s Daily Online, Beijing, November 28th On November 28th, before attending the G20 summit of the Buenos Aires summit and paying a state visit to the Argentine Republic, President Xi Jinping published in the “Clarion of the Horn” in Argentina. A signed article in “Creating a New Era of China-Arab Relations.” The article is as follows:

Create a new era of China-Arab relations

President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping

In the promising spring season in the Southern Hemisphere, I am very pleased to attend the G20 Leaders’ Buenos Aires Summit and pay a state visit to the Argentine Republic at the invitation of President Mauricio Macri.

“The sea is a confidant, and the end of the world is close.” Although the two countries are far apart, the two peoples love peace and know each other. The relationship between the two countries has undergone a test of change in the international situation and has become a model for solidarity, cooperation and common development among emerging market countries and developing countries.

– China and Afghanistan are good friends who trust each other. In just over two years, I have met with President Makri four times and reached important consensus on the development of bilateral relations. I also feel that the two sides attach great importance to the development of China-Arab relations. China firmly supports Argentina’s development path in line with its national conditions and is full of confidence in the future development of Argentina. At present, the China-Arab Inter-Government Standing Committee, the Economic Cooperation and Coordination Strategic Dialogue, the Parliamentary Political Dialogue Committee, the Economic and Trade Mixed Commission and other mechanisms have operated smoothly, which has injected strong momentum into the continuous development of new relations between the two countries. China and Afghanistan have always supported each other on issues such as respecting sovereignty and safeguarding territorial integrity.

— China and Afghanistan are good partners for common development. At present, China is Argentina’s second largest trading partner and the largest exporter of agricultural products. In 2017, the bilateral trade volume was 13.8 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of nearly 2,300 times compared with the establishment of diplomatic relations. Fresh fruits, beef, red wine and seafood from Argentina are popular among Chinese consumers. China has invested more than $10 billion in Argentina, covering infrastructure, energy, communications, agriculture and other fields, creating tens of thousands of jobs. Made in China, China’s technology helps Argentina to better achieve interoperability and enhance competitiveness. China and Afghanistan have expanded the scale of local currency swaps. Chinese financial institutions have set up branches in Argentina. Financial cooperation has provided support and services for Argentina’s economic and social development.

– China and Afghanistan are good friends. The Argentines are proud of their two pairs of feet, one for playing football and the other for tango. At present, many Argentine players and coaches join the Chinese Football League, and a batch of Chinese teenagers go to Argentina to receive football training. Tango Dance Associations and Clubs have been established in many cities in China, and Chinese players have participated in the Tango World Championships and won numerous awards. The “Chinese fever” and “Chinese fever” are not lost in Argentina. The literary giant Borges has repeatedly mentioned Zhuang Zhou Mengdie, Great Wall and other Chinese elements in his works such as “Painted Cane” and has a beloved Chinese paint cane. This year, more than 800,000 Argentines participated in the local Spring Festival temple fair, and the Confucius Institute and the public full-time Chinese and Western bilingual schools were packed. The two sides are constantly optimizing flight connections to facilitate more Chinese tourists to appreciate the charm of Argentine glaciers, waterfalls and Gaucho culture.

The world today is undergoing a major change in the past 100 years. The world’s multi-polarization and economic globalization are unstoppable, and the increasingly frequent global challenges cannot be ignored. China and Algeria are at a critical stage of their respective development. The Chinese people are making unremitting efforts to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The Argentine people are also working hard to realize the Argentine dream of development and rejuvenation. Let us seize the historical opportunity, follow the trend of the times, and work together to create a new era of China-Arab comprehensive strategic partnership to better benefit the two peoples.

First, strengthen strategic communication and adhere to mutual respect and mutual trust. To plan a blueprint for the development of bilateral relations with a broader vision, strengthen exchanges at all levels in the government, parliament, political parties, and localities, and closely exchange experiences in governing the country’s political experience, and constantly enhance mutual understanding and political mutual trust, which are related to each other’s core interests and major issues. Continue to mutually support each other on the issue of concern.

Second, deepen pragmatic cooperation and achieve mutual benefit and win-win. Strengthen the development strategy of the two countries and jointly promote the construction of the “Belt and Road”. We will continue to deepen cooperation in key areas such as infrastructure construction, energy, agriculture, mining, and manufacturing, promote trade facilitation arrangements, and use new modes of cooperation such as e-commerce. We welcome the Arab side to continue to participate in the China International Import Expo and expand its exports to China. Look forward to more Argentine high value-added products and services entering the Chinese market, helping Argentina to transform from “World Granary” to “World Supermarket”.

Third, expand humanities exchanges and strengthen mutual learning and mutual learning. Encourage non-governmental exchanges between the two countries, expand exchanges and cooperation in the fields of culture, education, science and technology, local, sports, tourism, etc., implement more measures to facilitate personnel exchanges, share development experience, and consolidate the foundation of China-Arab friendly public opinion.

Fourth, enhance coordination and cooperation, and continue to help each other. Strengthen bilateral cooperation within the multilateral frameworks of the United Nations, the G20, the World Trade Organization, and the Group of 77 to support economic globalization and the multilateral trading system, safeguard the fundamental interests of emerging market countries and developing countries, and safeguard world peace. To build an open world economy and promote the building of a community of human destiny to make due contributions.

The comprehensive and rapid development of China-Arab relations is the epitome of the vitality of China-Latin America relations. China and Latin America are important representatives of developing countries and emerging market countries, and they all face unprecedented opportunities and challenges. We need to deepen cooperation and work together. To this end, I propose to build a community of China and Latin America, and advocate that China and Latin America will jointly build a new blueprint for the “Belt and Road” and get a positive response from Latin American and Caribbean friends. We are willing to work with Latin American and Caribbean countries to uphold the principle of joint construction and sharing, and to focus on cooperation through policy communication, facility connectivity, trade smoothness, capital finance, and people’s heart. By bringing together the “Belt and Road” to bring more benefits to the Chinese and Latin American people. More affordable, promote the optimization and upgrading of China-Latin America cooperation, innovation and development.

This year marks the 10th anniversary of the launch of the G20 Leaders Summit. After 10 years of history, the G20 has made great achievements in coping with the international financial crisis and promoting the recovery of the world economy. It has become a stabilizer for the world economy and a propeller for global economic governance. The G20 should continue to play the role of the main forum for international economic cooperation, implement the consensus of previous summits, and lead the direction of the world economy. Under the guidance of the theme of “Consolidation of Consensus for Equity and Sustainable Development”, China will fully support the Arab side to hold a successful summit and is full of expectations for this summit.

I hope that the G20 will continue to uphold the spirit of partnership in the same boat. This spirit has guided the G20 to the international financial crisis and will continue to encourage the G20 to lead the world economic wave. Working together to lead the world economy on the right track is both the beginning of the establishment of the G20 and the most important task of the G20. We must strengthen macroeconomic policy coordination and cooperation, and we must maintain a clear-cut multilateral trade system and promote the construction of an open world economy.

It is hoped that the G20 will continue to promote the development of economic globalization. President Macquarie advocated that the G20 should carry out cooperation under the guiding ideology of “people-centered”. China highly appreciates this. Economic globalization has provided a powerful impetus for world economic growth, promoting the flow of goods and capital, the advancement of science and technology and civilization, and the exchanges between people of all countries. For the problems that arise in the process of economic globalization, we must take the initiative and moderate management, proceed from the construction of the community of human destiny, practice the concept of sharing and sharing, and promote economic globalization towards more open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced, and A win-win situation to ensure that all countries and people can benefit.

It is hoped that the G20 will continue to lead the development path of innovative growth and long-term governance. Opportunities and challenges brought about by new technologies and new formats coexist. Countries need to continue to explore new dynamics of world economic growth through innovation, promote the in-depth development of the digital economy and the new industrial revolution, and also pay attention to the risk challenges brought by innovation to social employment and enhance the ability of workers to adapt to technological changes. We must continue to place development issues at the forefront of global macroeconomic policy coordination. We must discuss international cooperation in all fields and always take into account the development perspective, take care of the concerns of developing countries, and safeguard the development space of developing countries. We must support infrastructure interconnection and help developing countries break through development bottlenecks and achieve sustainable development.

People’s Daily (November 29, 2018 01 edition)
 
            

Xi Jinping tells the story: a grass, 18 years, the two countries

China’s friendly exchanges with Pakistan and New Zealand have a long history. As early as more than 100 years ago, Chinese people came to the sea to cross the sea, take root and work hard, and made important contributions to the economic and social development of Papua New Guinea. Since the establishment of diplomatic ties between the two countries in 1976, the two sides have adhered to mutual respect, equality, mutual benefit and win-win results. China’s relations with Pakistan and New Zealand have withstood the test of change in the international situation and have lasted forever.

In recent years, relations between the two countries have entered a new stage of rapid development. Papua New Guinea is China’s largest trading partner in the Pacific island countries. China has become the largest source of foreign investment and the largest contractor of PNG. China’s aided independent avenue and international conference center will play an important role for Papua New Guinea’s APEC leaders’ informal meeting; the Chinese medical team will provide humanitarian medical services to the Papua New Guinea for 16 years; use Chinese government concessional loans The construction of hydropower stations, hospitals and school buildings has become a new landmark in Papua New Guinea. Chinese companies have actively responded to the “2030 Development Strategy” proposed by the Papua New Guinea government and participated in the construction of roads, bridges, airports and terminals in Papua New Guinea.

18 years ago, during my tenure as governor of Fujian Province of China, I promoted the implementation of the demonstration project of Fujian Province’s assistance to the grassland and dry rice planting technology in the Bayin East Highlands. I am pleased to learn that this project has been operating continuously and has played a very good economic and social benefit and has become a good story for the development of China-Pakistan relations.

I look forward to working together with the Pakistani side to enhance mutual trust, expand pragmatic cooperation, expand cultural exchanges, and push China’s relations with Pakistan and China to a new level.

——Excerpt from Xi Jinping’s signed article in the Papua New Guinea media “The Courier Post” and “National Daily”, “Let China and the Pacific Island Countries Sailing and Sailing Again” (November 14)

Background information:

The background of this project is that the magical plant called the fungus cultivated by Chinese researchers can replace the cultivation of edible fungi and medicinal fungi, which not only plays a good economic and social benefit in Papua, but also serves as a foreign economic Aid technology has spread to more than 100 countries, bringing hopes for poverty alleviation to developing countries in Africa, Asia and the Pacific.

A global journey of Chinese fungus grass spreads the seeds of friendship along the way. For the people in many countries, although they may not have been to China, a strain of grass that changes their destiny, and a group of technicians who have gone to the “moon out, black light bonfire”, let them really feel the goodwill and warmth of this distant country. . In Papua New Guinea, some people named their children “bacteria”; because the Chinese experts who participated in the aid project surnamed Lin, they also referred to the fungus as “forest grass.” In the National Fungus Engineering Technology Research Center of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, many developing country politicians have come here. Next to the monument “Developing the grass industry for the benefit of all mankind”, they planted a cluster of grasses to express their gratitude and respect for China.
 
            

Xi Jinping talks about emancipating the mind

1 On November 26, Dorje from the Tibet Autonomous Region visited “Great Change – A Large-scale Exhibition to Celebrate the 40th Anniversary of Reform and Opening-up” in Beijing.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Heshe
2 Imported vehicles in the Dongjiang area of the Tianjin Pilot Free Trade Zone.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Yue Yuewei photo
3 In recent years, the number of private enterprises in Beibei District of Chongqing has been increasing. The picture shows a worker cleaning the rack at Shenchi Electromechanical Co., Ltd.
Liu Xinwu, Qin Tingfu photo

4 Party members and the masses studied in the New Age Workshop of the Yucun Village, Liaodong Township, Rongshui Miao Autonomous County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Huang Xiaobang photo
5 The “three rights separation” rural property rights issued by the rural housing estates in Lude County, Anhui Province.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Liu Junxi photo
6 Tengchong City, Yunnan Province, relies on resources such as ginkgo forest to develop tourism, and uses small leaves to swell more people’s money bags.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Bifeng photo

In the past 40 years of China’s reform and opening up, emancipating the mind has been a main line throughout. Without uninterrupted emancipation of thought, there will be no fruitful results of reform and opening up. Whether it is to comprehensively deepen reforms, adapt to the new normal of the economy, or implement new development concepts, it is necessary to further emancipate the mind and use innovative thinking and methods to cope with and solve new situations and problems on the road ahead.

General Secretary Xi Jinping has had many discussions on emancipating the mind. Some of the expositions of the People’s Daily’s overseas edition are compiled to readers.

Emancipating the mind is never ending

◆ Grasp the inherent law of comprehensively deepening reform

The key to coping with the current series of contradictions and challenges facing China’s development lies in comprehensively deepening reforms. We must take the pulse of quasi-reform from the complex phenomena, grasp the inherent laws of comprehensively deepening reforms, especially grasp the major relationship of comprehensively deepening reforms, and handle the relationship between emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts, the overall promotion and the key breakthroughs. Design and feel the relationship between the stones crossing the river, the courage to be big and the steady relationship, the reform and development of a stable relationship.

— Speech from July 21 to 23, 2013, during the inspection and reform work in Hubei

◆Strong confidence in reform and opening up

To advance China, it is necessary to comprehensively deepen reform and opening up. In the face of the new expectations of the people, we must strengthen our confidence in reform and opening up, promote reform and opening up with greater political courage and wisdom, and more powerful measures and measures to further emancipate our minds, liberate and develop social productive forces, and liberate and enhance social creativity.

— Speech at the APEC CEO Summit on October 7, 2013

◆ Reform and opening up is the key to determining the destiny of contemporary China

It is precisely from the height of historical experience and the needs of reality that since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Central Committee has repeatedly stressed that reform and opening up is the key to determining the destiny of contemporary China, and it is also the decision to achieve the goal of “two hundred years” and realize the Chinese nation. The key to the great rejuvenation is that there is no end to practical development, there is no end to emancipating the mind, there is no end to reform and opening up, there is no way to stop and retreat, and reform and opening up can only be carried out when it is not completed. In the face of new situations and new tasks, we must comprehensively deepen reforms, focus on solving a series of prominent contradictions and problems facing China’s development, and constantly promote the self-improvement and development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.

——Description of the “Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Comprehensively Deepening Reforms on Major Issues” on November 9, 2013

◆ Must have the courage and heart of self-innovation

Persevere in emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts. Holding high the banner of reform and opening up, it is not enough to have a position and attitude. There must be real measures. The action is the most convincing. The central government decided to use the favorable opportunity of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee to deploy comprehensively and deepen reforms. This is a strategic choice. We must seize this opportunity and strive to make new breakthroughs in comprehensively deepening reforms. To have a new breakthrough, we must further emancipate our minds.

Emancipating the mind is the first step to break through the obstacles of ideological concepts and break through the barriers of solidification of interests. On the issue of deepening reform, some ideological and conceptual obstacles often come from outside the system but from within the system. If the mind is not liberated, it will be difficult for us to see the crux of the solidification of various interests. It is difficult to find the direction and focus of the breakthrough, and it is difficult to come up with creative reform measures. Therefore, we must have the courage and heart of self-innovation, jump out of the restrictions, overcome the interests of the department, and study and propose reform measures with a proactive spirit.

——Description of the “Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Comprehensively Deepening Reforms on Major Issues” on November 9, 2013

◆Dare to comprehensively deepen reform

If we persist in not forgetting our initial intentions and moving on, we must unswervingly hold high the banner of reform and opening up, be brave in comprehensively deepening reforms, further emancipate our minds, liberate and develop social productive forces, liberate and enhance social vitality, and constantly push reform and opening up.

——September 1st, 2016, at the celebration of the 95th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China

◆Strongly grasp the reform and implementation

The relevant departments of the central and state organs are the responsible subjects of reform and an important force for promoting reform. All departments must resolutely implement the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee, adhere to the basic orientation of emancipating the mind, emancipating and developing social productive forces, emancipating and enhancing social vitality, strengthen responsibility, promote reforms in the spirit of self-revolution, resolutely correct and ideological understanding, and persist in Start the reform overall situation and firmly grasp the reform implementation.

——On October 11, 2016, at the 28th meeting of the Central Committee for Comprehensively Deepening the Reform Leading Group

“Three further liberation”

◆ Unswervingly moving the path of common prosperity

The people’s longing for a better life is our goal. All happiness in the human world needs to be created by hard work. Our responsibility is to unite and lead the entire party and the people of all nationalities, continue to emancipate the mind, persist in reform and opening up, continuously emancipate and develop social productive forces, work hard to solve the difficulties of the masses’ production and life, and unswervingly follow the path of common prosperity.

——On November 15, 2012, when the Standing Committee of the 18th Central Political Bureau met with Chinese and foreign journalists

◆ Emancipating the mind is a prerequisite

Further emancipate the mind, further emancipate and develop social productive forces, further emancipate and enhance social vitality. The “three further liberation” proposed by the plenary session is both the purpose of reform and the conditions for reform. Emancipating the mind is the premise, and it is the general switch to liberate and develop social productivity, liberate and enhance social vitality. Without emancipating the mind, our party will not be able to make a historic decision to transfer the party and the country’s work center to economic construction and implement reform and opening up soon after the end of the decade of unrest, and open a new historical period of China’s development; without emancipating the mind, our party It is impossible to continuously promote theoretical innovation and practical innovation in practice, effectively resolve various risk challenges on the road ahead, and constantly push forward reform and opening up, always at the forefront of the times. Emancipating and developing social productive forces, liberating and enhancing social vitality are the inevitable result of emancipating the mind and an important basis for emancipating the mind.

— Speech at the Second Plenary Session of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on November 12, 2013

◆ In order to better emancipate and develop social productivity

To fully build a well-off society, realize socialist modernization, and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the most fundamental and urgent task is to further emancipate and develop social productive forces. Emancipating the mind, liberating and enhancing the vitality of society is to better liberate and develop social productive forces. Comrade Deng Xiaoping said: The revolution is the liberation of productive forces, and the reform is also the liberation of productive forces. “After the establishment of the basic socialist system, we must fundamentally change the economic system that constrains the development of productive forces, establish a socialist economic system full of vitality and vitality, and promote productivity. development of”. We must deepen reforms and let all the vitalities of labor, knowledge, technology, management, capital and other elements compete to make the source of all social wealth full. At the same time, to deal with the vitality and orderly relationship, social development needs to be full of vitality, but this vitality must be ordered. There is no way to stagnant water, and the undercurrent is not good.

— Speech at the Second Plenary Session of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee on November 12, 2013

◆ Turning the huge potential of China’s economic growth into reality

The difficulties and problems we face are directly related to the impact of the external cause of the international financial crisis. However, the internal factors play a decisive role. The internal cause is that we are facing a profound supply-side, structural and institutional contradiction. We must emancipate our minds, seek truth from facts, and advance with the times. In accordance with the development concept of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing, we should make innovative summaries in theory, make forward-looking arrangements on policies, and strengthen structural reforms. Distorted factor allocation, expand effective supply, improve supply structure adaptability and flexibility, and increase total factor productivity.

– Speech at the Central Economic Work Conference on December 18, 2015

◆ Innovation is the first driving force for development

Innovation is the first driving force for development. We must emancipate our minds, seek truth from facts, advance with the times, and unswervingly promote theoretical innovation, practical innovation, institutional innovation, and other aspects of innovation, so that the cause of the party and the country is always full of creative vitality. Open up the new situation.

— Speech on October 21, 2016 at the 80th Anniversary of the Victory of the Red Army’s Long March

◆ Continuously improve the development level of the free trade pilot zone

Facing the future, on the basis of in-depth evaluation and evaluation, we should continue to emancipate our minds, actively explore, strengthen overall planning and reform and innovation, continuously improve the development level of the free trade pilot zone, and form more institutional innovations that can be replicated and promoted, and free trade. The construction of the experimental area has become a new highland for reform and opening up in the new era, contributing more to the realization of the “two hundred years” struggle goal and the realization of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation.

——In October 2018, important instructions were given to the construction of the free trade pilot zone

In order to better unite ideas

◆Update military thinking and ideas

We must persist in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, seeking truth and being pragmatic, renewing military thinking and ideas, and implementing the spirit of reform and innovation in all work, accelerating the pace of reform in important areas and key links, and focusing on solving the scientific impact on army building. Prominent contradictions and problems in development. We must respect practice, respect the spirit of creation of officers and men, and be good at summing up experience, revealing laws, and improving the level of work guidance from the vivid practice of army building.

— Speech at the Standing Committee of the Central Military Commission on November 15, 2012

◆Marxist living soul

Emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, and advancing with the times are the living souls of Marxism and the fundamental ideological weapon for us to adapt to the new situation, to understand new things, and to accomplish new tasks. The comrades of the whole party must first insist that the leading cadres at all levels must adhere to the developmental viewpoint of Marxism. Persistence in practice is the sole criterion for testing the truth, exerting the initiative and creativity of history, and clearly understanding the world, the national conditions, the changes of the party’s sentiments, and the constant. There are spirits of opening mountains and bridges, encountering rivers and bridges, forging ahead, boldly exploring, dare to be good at analyzing and answering questions urgently needed to be solved in real life and people’s minds, continuously deepening reform and opening up, constantly discovering and creating, Make progress and continue to promote theoretical innovation, practical innovation, and institutional innovation.

——On January 5, 2013, “Several Issues Concerning Persistence and Development of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics”

◆The majority of young people must have the courage to be the first

The vast majority of young people must have the courage to be the first, the courage to emancipate the mind, advance with the times, dare to seek the ups and downs, forge ahead, and establish the ambition to surpass the predecessors on the basis of inheriting the predecessors, “to create youth with youth.” The country, the nation of youth.” It is necessary to have the will to open the road and meet the will of the river, and to be indomitable and brave in order to innovate and create. We must have an attitude of exploring truth, seeking truth and being pragmatic, and constantly accumulating experience and achieving results in the innovation and creation based on our own duties.

——A speech on May 4, 2013, during a meeting with outstanding youth representatives from all walks of life

◆ The whole party’s spirit and style are completely new

Looking back, since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, since our party has re-established the ideological line of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts, we have always attached great importance to the construction of work style and always attached great importance to maintaining the flesh-and-blood ties between the party and the people. The mental outlook and style of work have taken on a new look, providing an important guarantee for the smooth progress of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

——September 18, 2013, at the party’s work meeting on the mass line education practice activities

◆ Maximize the consensus of reform

The key to deepening reform in all aspects is to have new plans and new measures. We must have a strong sense of problems, be guided by major issues, grasp major issues and key issues, further study and think, find answers, and strive to solve a series of prominent contradictions and problems facing China’s development. The process of emancipating the mind is the process of unifying thoughts. The purpose of emancipating the mind is to better unite the mind. If the thoughts are unified, we can maximize the consensus of reform and form a synergy of reform.

——Speaking at the symposium of non-party people held at the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on September 17, 2013

◆The party’s group work shoulders a solemn mission

The cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the cause of hundreds of millions of people, and the party’s group work shoulders a solemn mission. The trade unions, the Communist Youth League, the Women’s Federation and other group organizations must adhere to emancipating the mind, reform and innovation, forge ahead, and work hard to effectively maintain and enhance the party’s group work and the political, advanced and mass organization of the group organization, and organize mobilization. The broad masses of the people are more closely united around the party, bringing together the broad masses of the people’s pursuit of a better life into a powerful driving force, and jointly composing a new chapter in realizing the goal of “two hundred years” and realizing the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation of the Chinese dream.

——Speech at the Central Party’s Group Work Conference on July 6, 2015

◆ It is necessary to grasp the organic unity of political stand firmness and scientific exploration and innovation.

We encourage and support emancipation of the mind, encourage and support the analysis and evaluation of relevant policy initiatives, but we must grasp the organic unity of political stance and scientific exploration and innovation, and cannot equate exploratory academic issues with serious political issues. Serious political issues cannot be equated with exploratory academic issues. It is impossible to say that academic problems can be studied, and that regardless of the occasion, there is no cover and no arrogance, and it cannot be unconventional for the sake of reputation.

——December 11th, 2015, at the National Party School Working Conference

◆The purpose is to seek truth from facts

Without great liberation, there will be no major breakthroughs in reform. Emancipating the mind is not a whimsical departure from the national conditions, nor is it a subjective imagination of a closed-door car, nor is it a slap in the face. The purpose of emancipating the mind is to seek truth from facts. We must adhere to the organic unity of emancipating the mind and seeking truth from facts. Starting from the national conditions and proceeding from reality, we should sum up domestic successful practices and learn from foreign useful experiences. We will boldly explore and down-to-earth, dare to dare to do it, boldly practice, and more can be copied and promoted. The experience has driven the pace of national reform.

——A speech on the celebration of the 30th anniversary of the establishment of the provincial special economic zone in Hainan on April 13, 2018

◆The important guarantee for the cause of the party and the people from victory to victory

Persisting in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, upholding the truth, and correcting mistakes are important guarantees for the cause of the party and the people from victory to victory. Today, when we study Comrade Liu Shaoqi, we must always seek truth from facts, be brave enough to face up to problems, and be ready to uphold the truth and be ready to correct mistakes. Only by doing this can we build the party into a Marxist ruling party that has always been at the forefront of the times, the people sincerely support it, has the courage to self-revolution, can withstand all kinds of storms, and is full of vigor and vitality, so that China’s Marxism in the 21st century will be revealed. A stronger, more convincing power of truth.

— Speech on November 23, 2018, at the symposium to commemorate the 120th anniversary of Comrade Liu Shaoqi’s birth

Reporter Li Wei finishing
 
            

Xi Jinping published a signed article in the Spanish media: Stride into a new era, work together to create brilliant

On November 27th, on a state visit to the Kingdom of Spain, President Xi Jinping published a signed article entitled “Struggling into a New Era and Working Together to Innovate Brilliance” in the Spanish “Abesai”. The article is as follows:

Stride into a new era, work together to create brilliant

President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping

I am very pleased to visit the beautiful and fertile Kingdom of Spain at the invitation of King Felipe VI to start my trip to Europe, Latin America and attend the G20 Leaders’ Buenos Aires Summit.

The earth is the common home of mankind. At present, the international situation is undergoing profound and complex changes. The world’s multi-polarization, economic globalization, social information, and cultural diversity have developed in depth. Human society has become a community of destiny among you and me. At the same time, we are also facing unprecedented challenges, especially protectionism and unilateralism. One of the main tasks of my visit is to discuss with the visiting countries and leaders of the world’s major economies to strengthen international community unity, improve global governance, develop partnerships, deepen friendly cooperation, and promote world peace, stability, development and prosperity.

Spain is an ancient country of European civilization. It is a place of outstanding people and a splendid culture. It has had an important influence in the history of human society. Although China and Spain are geographically distant, as early as 2,000 years ago, the ancient land-based Silk Road linked the ancient capital Changan to Tarragona in Spain. Chinese silk and tea came to Spain through the Eurasian continent in the camel ringtone. In the Ming Dynasty, the Spanish Ponti I introduced Western astronomy and calendar to China, and the high mother-in-law translated the Confucian book Ming Xin Bao Jian into Spanish. Cervantes has repeatedly mentioned China in his works, and his immortal masterpiece Don Quixote is widely circulated in China. History shows that despite the long distances, Chinese and Western civilizations are mutually reinforcing and mutually attracted, and they adhere to the road of mutual learning and common development.

In 1973, the People’s Republic of China established diplomatic relations with the Kingdom of Spain. Over the past 45 years, after the international economic changes, the Chinese and Western sides have always respected each other, treated each other as equals, and mutually beneficial cooperation, and promoted the healthy and stable development of bilateral relations.

– This is 45 years of mutual trust. During the past 45 years, the two countries have maintained the momentum of high-level exchanges and have always understood each other and supported each other on major issues involving sovereignty and territorial integrity, laying a solid political foundation for the development of bilateral relations. In the early 1980s and 1990s, when the Chinese reform and opening up began, the Spanish government extended a hand of friendship to China and provided assistance to China in developing industrial technology and improving facilities. After the international financial crisis and the European sovereign debt crisis, the Chinese and Western sides worked together in the same boat, mutually beneficial cooperation and a total of difficulties.

– This is a 45-year period of close cooperation. In the past 45 years, the economic and trade cooperation between the two countries has developed steadily and smoothly, and the breadth and depth of cooperation has never been seen before. In 1979, the bilateral trade volume between China and the West reached 100 million U.S. dollars for the first time, and in 2017 exceeded the 30 billion U.S. dollar mark. Spain has become an indispensable economic and trade partner of China in Europe. China is also Spain’s largest trading partner outside the EU. The Central European trains connecting Yiwu and Madrid provide more choices for the transportation of goods between the two countries and become the early harvest of the “One Belt, One Road”. The two sides have also continuously promoted cooperation in the fields of energy, telecommunications, finance, environmental protection and technological innovation, providing follow-up impetus for pragmatic cooperation between the two countries.

– This is 45 years of continuous cultural integration. Chinese and Spanish are two important languages of the world. In the past 45 years, the two countries have witnessed vigorous development in the fields of language and culture. During his tenure as Crown Prince, King Felipe had promoted the establishment of Cervantes College in Beijing. This year, Spanish was officially included in the standard of Chinese high school curriculum. More and more young Spanish students study Chinese and experience Chinese culture at the Chinese Cultural Center and Confucius Institutes in Madrid. Contemporary Spanish sinologists such as Lerinco are arrogant, and a large number of Chinese Spanish workers pass on the beauty of Spanish language and culture to China.

This year marks the 40th anniversary of China’s reform and opening up and the 40th anniversary of constitutional reform in Spain. It is the new responsibility that history has given us to strengthen cooperation between China and the West in the new era, to solve the proposition of the times, and to seek common development. Through this visit, I would like to have extensive contacts with leaders of the country and people from all walks of life to jointly inherit the friendship between China and the West, deepen mutually beneficial cooperation, and open a brighter and more brilliant future for China-Spain relations.

First, we must upgrade the level of comprehensive strategic partnership between the two countries and consolidate the political foundation of bilateral relations. China always views its relations with Spain from a strategic and long-term perspective. It is willing to maintain high-level exchanges of visits with the West, strengthen exchanges between the two governments, parliaments, political parties, and local governments, and always understand each other and support each other’s core interests and major concerns. Grasp the correct direction of China-Spain relations.

Second, we must strengthen the exchange of ideas and strategic docking between the two countries and do a good job in developing the top-level design of bilateral relations. China always regards Spain as a good partner for moving forward on the road of development. It is willing to give full play to the complementary advantages of the two countries’ economies and make good use of various cooperation mechanisms to strengthen the “One Belt and One Road” initiative and Spain’s “Asian Development Strategy” and the Mediterranean Corridor. Building docking, and actively expanding third-party market cooperation to achieve mutual benefit and win-win in a wider scope.

Third, we must deepen the pragmatic cooperation between the two countries and tighten the ties of bilateral relations. China will continue to deepen reforms in an all-round way, expand opening up, and implement the five development concepts of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing. It is hoped that both sides will continue to uphold an open and inclusive attitude, broaden two-way investment and close trade. We will hold the China International Import Expo every year and we are willing to share the opportunities and potential of the Chinese market with countries including Spain. The two sides should give full play to their respective advantages, strengthen exchanges and cooperation in the fields of advanced manufacturing, information industry and green economy, optimize cooperation platforms, innovate cooperation models, and create new growth points for bilateral cooperation.

Fourth, we must expand the humanities exchanges between the two countries and build a bilateral relationship with the public opinion. The common heart is the fundamental guarantee for the long-term development of China-Spain relations. The two sides should continue to expand exchanges and cooperation in various fields such as culture, education, tourism, sports, and youth, expand aviation links between the two countries, and provide more convenient measures for two-way personnel exchanges. Both China and the West are major cultural heritage countries, and both sides can deepen cooperation in the field of cultural heritage protection. The Chinese side is also willing to strengthen cooperation with Spain in the breeding and breeding of giant pandas, and make the giant pandas the messenger of the friendship between the two countries.

Fifth, we must close international cooperation between the two countries and safeguard world peace, stability and prosperity. China is willing to maintain close cooperation and coordination with the West in the international multilateral organizations such as the United Nations, the World Trade Organization and the G20, and strengthen coordination and coordination on major international and regional issues such as UN Security Council reform, global governance and climate change. Multilateralism and free trade, the promoters and defenders of the international order.

This year marks the 15th anniversary of the establishment of a comprehensive strategic partnership between China and the EU. China has always firmly supported European integration and is happy to see a united, stable, open and prosperous Europe. Under the current situation, it is in the common interest of both sides to continue to deepen China-EU comprehensive strategic partnership. Spain is an important country of the European Union and a good friend and good partner of the Chinese side in the EU. We hope and believe that Spain will continue to play an active role in the EU and promote the healthy and stable development of China-EU relations.

The Spanish thinker Gassett said that “the ambition can be improved and the vision can be advanced in the long run.” China is looking forward to working with Spain to share opportunities and meet challenges. We will work together to write a new chapter in China-Spain relations and create a bright future for the two peoples. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 27th)

People’s Daily (November 28, 2018, 01 edition)
 
            

Speech of Xi Jinping at the Symposium Commemorating the 120th Anniversary of Comrade Liu Shaoqi’s Birth

(November 23, 2018)

Comrades, friends:

Today, with great reverence, we solemnly gathered here to commemorate the 120th anniversary of Comrade Liu Shaoqi’s birth, to remember the immortal merits he built for the cause of the party and the people, and to remember his unremitting struggle for national independence and people’s liberation, the country’s prosperity and the people’s happiness. The glorious career, learning and inheriting his lofty spiritual demeanor, inspires the entire party and the people of all nationalities to continue to struggle for the comprehensive building of a well-off society, the great victory of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and the realization of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation.

Comrade Liu Shaoqi is a great Marxist, a great proletarian revolutionary, politician, theoretician, one of the main leaders of the party and the state, the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, and an important member of the party’s first generation of the central leadership.

The British name of Comrade Liu Shaoqi is closely linked to the history of the great struggle of the Chinese people, the Chinese Communist Party and the People’s Republic of China. He has devoted himself to the Chinese revolution and construction, and has made outstanding achievements in the fields of economy, politics, military affairs, culture, education, diplomacy, and party building. He has been deeply loved by the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country.

In 1898, Comrade Liu Shaoqi was born in Tanzi Chong, Ningxiang County, Hunan Province. During his youth, the Chinese nation was caught in the deep suffering of internal and external troubles. The tragic situation of people being displaced and the country’s mountains and rivers was broken. Comrade Liu Shaoqi set a lofty ambition to save the nation’s dangers in his youth, actively participated in the struggle against Yuan Shikai’s signing of “Twenty-one” with Japanese imperialism, and wrote the blood book of “Swearing the Snow, Shame, and Forgetting National Shame”. Under the baptism of the May Fourth Patriotic Movement, he embarked on the road of exploring national independence and people’s liberation, and joined the Socialist Youth League in 1920. In 1921, he studied Marxist works such as the Communist Manifesto, Communist ABC, and Political Economy at the Oriental University of Moscow. He firmly believed that Marxism “is indeed the truth and can indeed save China.” Turned to a member of the Chinese Communist Party. Since then, Comrade Liu Shaoqi devoted his life to the party and the people’s cause without reservation.

From the early days of the founding of the Communist Party of China to the agrarian revolutionary war, Comrade Liu Shaoqi made outstanding contributions in the workers’ movement and the party’s work in the White Area. In the spring of 1922, Comrade Liu Shaoqi returned to China according to the instructions of the party and participated in the leadership strike of the Anyuan Road miners who were famous throughout the country. This was the first independent struggle of the Communist Party of China and the victory of the workers, and the improvement of the party organization among the workers. prestige. The Anyuan Road Mine Workers Club and the Hanyeping General Union, which he led, were the largest industrial trade union organizations in the country at that time, and became a banner to inspire the national workers’ movement. Comrade Liu Shaoqi became one of the leading workers’ movement leaders and leaders in China. . During the vigorous revolution, Comrade Liu Shaoqi participated in the struggle to lead the Wuyi Movement, the provincial and Hong Kong strikes, and the Wuhan workers to regain the British concession.

After the failure of the Great Revolution, Comrade Liu Shaoqi was the representative of the correct route in the work of the White District. He successively led the party’s underground work in Shanghai, Beiping, Tianjin, Harbin and other places shrouded in white terror, insisted on starting from reality, working hard, and resolutely fighting the “Left” mistakes within the party. He participated in the Long March of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army and firmly supported the correct proposal represented by Comrade Mao Zedong at the Zunyi Meeting.

After the Red Army’s long march victory reached northern Shaanxi, the Party Central Committee sent Comrade Liu Shaoqi to the North China region where the national salvation wave was rising. He resolutely implemented the Party Central Committee’s strategy of establishing the anti-Japanese national united front, clearing the mistakes of “Left” and closed-doorism and adventurism from the ideological and theoretical perspective, quickly restoring and developing the party’s organization in North China, and realizing the party’s work in the White Area. A historic shift.

After the outbreak of the comprehensive war of resistance, Comrade Liu Shaoqi was repeatedly on the verge of death. He served as secretary of the Northern Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary of the Central Plains Bureau, and secretary of the Central China Bureau. He led the development of party organizations in three strategic areas, opened up base areas, and strengthened the people’s anti-Japanese armed forces led by the party. He firmly implemented the strategic policy of the Party Central Committee and Comrade Mao Zedong to launch an independent and independent anti-Japanese guerrilla war, and let go of the masses and complete the heavy task of party delivery. After the Southern Anhui Incident, Comrade Liu Shaoqi was appointed as the political commissar of the New Fourth Army. Together with Chen Yi and other comrades, he rebuilt the New Fourth Army and led the Huazhong military and civilians to crush the conspiracy of the Kuomintang in an attempt to eliminate the New Fourth Army and make a major contribution to building the new Fourth Army into an iron army under the leadership of the party. . Comrade Liu Shaoqi was entrusted by Comrade Mao Zedong to guide Shandong to establish a unified political and military leadership center, adjust its strategic guidelines and policies in all aspects, and make the Shandong anti-Japanese base areas usher in a big development.

In the spring of 1943, Comrade Liu Shaoqi returned to Yan’an to assist Comrade Mao Zedong in leading Yan’an’s rectification, summing up the party’s historical experience, and preparing for the party’s seven majors. His writings on “The Cultivation of Communist Party Members” and “On the Struggle within the Party” enriched the theory of party building and educated generations of communists. At the Seventh Party Congress, Comrade Liu Shaoqi made a complete summary and systematic exposition of “Mao Zedong Thought” in the “Report on Amending the Party Constitution”, pointing out that Mao Zedong Thought “is the greatest gain and the greatest benefit of our party and our people in the long-term struggle. Glory, it will benefit the future generations of our nation.” He said: “Our party and many party members have suffered from theoretical difficulties and have suffered a lot of groping in their work and have gone through many unnecessary detours. But now it is because of the arduous efforts of Comrade Mao Zedong. Work and genius creation are fully prepared for our party and the Chinese people in theory. This will greatly enhance the confidence and fighting strength of our party and the Chinese people and greatly accelerate the process of the victory of the Chinese revolution.”

After the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, during Comrade Mao Zedong’s negotiations in Chongqing, Comrade Liu Shaoqi represented the Chairman of the CPC Central Committee and presided over the formulation of a strategic policy of “developing northward and defending southward” at an important juncture of rapid changes in the situation, guiding the implementation of the Northeast to “open the road. The strategic deployment of the occupation of the hatchback laid the foundation for the establishment of a consolidated northeast base. He presided over the National Land Conference and formulated the “Chinese Land Law Outline”, which was the first programmatic document on the reform of the land system publicly promulgated by the Communist Party of China after the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. Comrade Liu Shaoqi invested a great deal of energy in leading the land reform in the Liberated Areas and provided a solid material and mass foundation for the party to lead the people to win the national liberation war. He was entrusted by Comrade Mao Zedong to conduct an in-depth study of the new-democratic economy, put forward a relatively complete plan of the new China’s economic composition and economic construction, and made important theoretical preparations for the formulation of the blueprint for the new China’s construction in the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Party. The North China People’s Government, led by him, provided the organization and cadre foundation for the formation of the Central People’s Government after the founding of New China. He led the CPC delegation to visit the Soviet Union and fulfilled the important mission entrusted by the Party Central Committee so that the new China can quickly gain international political support and economic assistance.

After the founding of New China, Comrade Liu Shaoqi has long presided over the work of the central front line. He presided over the formulation of the Agrarian Reform Law and other documents to guide the nationwide rural eradication of the feudal land system for thousands of years. He participated in the formulation of the Constitution and contributed to the formulation and implementation of the New China Constitution. He participated in the formulation, review and implementation of the first five-year plan for China’s economic development, which gave the country’s economic development a clear direction and goals. He is the chairman of the Standing Committee of the First National People’s Congress of New China. He has devoted great efforts to establishing and perfecting a new system of people’s congresses, presided over the formulation of a large number of important laws and regulations, and played an important role in the formation and development of the new Chinese legal system.

Comrade Liu Shaoqi actively explored the path of socialist construction suited to China’s national conditions and stressed that we should adopt a method suitable for China’s situation in accordance with the characteristics of China. At the Party’s Eighth National Congress, he represented the Party Central Committee as a political report, scientifically analyzed the main contradictions of our society after the basic establishment of the socialist social system, and emphasized that the main task of the party and the people of the whole country is to concentrate on developing social productive forces, realizing national industrialization, and gradually satisfying. The growing material and cultural needs of the people. He proposed that the socialist economy should be both planned, flexible and diverse, make full use of the free market, and use the law of value to regulate production. He attaches great importance to correctly handling the contradictions among the people under socialist conditions, attaches great importance to the contradictions among the people caused by distribution and material interests, attaches great importance to issues such as the contradictions caused by bureaucracy and puts forward many important opinions. During the difficult period of the country’s economy, he went deep into the actual situation and went deep into the masses. He resolutely supported and guided the implementation of the correct policy of “adjustment, consolidation, enrichment and improvement” and did a lot of fruitful work. He put forward many guiding opinions on reforming the economic management system. He believes that if the production relationship runs to the front of productivity, it will destroy the productivity, advocate the implementation of the responsibility system linked to the output in agricultural production, advocate the trial trust in the enterprise field, and propose the implementation of two The education system and the two labor systems, the proposed reform of the material management circulation system, and so on, these important opinions reflect his vision and insights, and also provide a useful reference for the economic system reform after the Third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee.

Comrade Liu Shaoqi made important achievements in building the party into a strong Marxist political party and consolidating the party’s ruling status. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, he proposed eight conditions for the standards of the Communist Party members, demanding “to fight for the conditions of a higher Communist Party member”, and proposed that the development of party members “should be less, but to ensure quality”, emphasizing that “our party is a If the organization of the battle is not centralized and unified, it is impossible to carry out any victory in the battle. It reminds the police of the deterioration and corruption of the cadres after they are in power, and maintains their advanced and pure nature under the ruling conditions. Active exploration.

In the “Cultural Revolution”, Comrade Liu Shaoqi was brutally persecuted by Lin Biao and the “Gang of Four” counter-revolutionary group, and he was unfortunately killed. At the most difficult time, he still recommended to the Party Central Committee “to end the ‘Cultural Revolution’ as soon as possible, so that the country will suffer less losses” and firmly believe that “good history is written by the people”. The history written by the people is the most just. In 1980, the Fifth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party rehabilitated Comrade Liu Shaoqi and spoke highly of the glorious life of Comrade Liu Shaoqi. The British name and merits of Comrade Liu Shaoqi will always be remembered by the Chinese people.

Comrades, friends!

Comrade Liu Shaoqi’s unremitting struggle for decades has played an important role in the history of our party and in the history of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation. The lofty moral character and noble sentiment of Comrade Liu Shaoqi, both past, present and future, are brilliant examples for the Chinese Communists and the Chinese people to learn.

— Comrade Liu Shaoqi is a shining example of not forgetting his initial heart and loyalty to the party. The initial heart that the Communists insisted on was a firm belief in the ideal of communism and an eternal loyalty to the cause of the party and the people. Comrade Liu Shaoqi said: “One person, especially a party member, is worthy for the party, for social evolution and human liberation, for the common long-term interests of millions of hard-working people, to live forever, even to sacrifice their own lives. “. He also stressed: “A Communist Party member can, under any circumstances, be able to subordinate his or her personal interests to the interests of the party absolutely and unconditionally. It is a test of whether this party member is loyal to the party and loyal to the cause of revolution and communism.” Comrades say this, and they do the same. Under the white horror, he was arrested and imprisoned twice. In the face of severe tests, he was upright and unyielding. He has been repeatedly rejected by the “Left” in the party, but he never cares about personal gains and losses. Comrade Liu Shaoqi’s 50th birthday, Comrade Zhu De praised him in a poem: “The truth seeks, and the life can persist.” Even in the difficult time of the “Cultural Revolution”, he still vows “a revolutionary, a revolution. Death is always a communist cause, and it will remain unchanged.”

There is faith in the heart and power in action. Today, when we study Comrade Liu Shaoqi, we must bear in mind that ideals and convictions are the foundation of the Communists’ survival and stability. They are the political souls of the Communists. They work hard to build up their souls and unite the great ideals of communism with the common ideals of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The things being done are unified, the “four consciousnesses” are strengthened, the “four self-confidences” are strengthened, the ideals and beliefs of the Communists are adhered to, and the struggle for communism is forever.

— Comrade Liu Shaoqi is a shining example of upholding truth and seeking truth from facts. Comrade Liu Shaoqi said: “Our party has never been afraid to point out and criticize its own shortcomings or mistakes. All the shortcomings and mistakes of the past will be our lessons for victory in the future.” “Truth is the most reliable.” He also said: “It is necessary to establish a style of seeking truth from facts as the first criterion for strengthening party spirit.” Comrade Liu Shaoqi severely criticized the sinister evils of falsifying and deceiving his sins. This is not only the truthfulness of our party. The incompatibility of style is not only the performance of party impureness, but also the loss of the loyal and honest attitude of the Communists and the loss of party spirit.” Comrade Liu Shaoqi never concealed his own political views in his life. He was open-minded, open-minded, dare to tell the truth, tell the truth, and encourage others to tell the truth. He struggled for the truth throughout his life. If he is in line with the reality and meets the interests of the people, he will insist; if he is not in conformity with the actual practice, he will be brave in correcting his work.

Persisting in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, upholding the truth, and correcting mistakes are important guarantees for the cause of the party and the people from victory to victory. Today, when we study Comrade Liu Shaoqi, we must always seek truth from facts, be brave enough to face up to problems, and be ready to uphold the truth and be ready to correct mistakes. Only by doing this can we build the party into a Marxist ruling party that has always been at the forefront of the times, the people sincerely support it, has the courage to self-revolution, can withstand all kinds of storms, and is full of vigor and vitality, so that China’s Marxism in the 21st century will be revealed. A stronger, more convincing power of truth.

— Comrade Liu Shaoqi is a shining example of courage to take responsibility and create. Comrade Liu Shaoqi said: “The spirit of the Communist Party members is the spirit of positive advancement and the spirit of independent creation.” “To accomplish any great cause, we must have the spirit of hard work and hard work. We must consciously take the harder and harder work.” “He said: “The revolutionary spirit of the Communist Party members should be to fully estimate the difficulties, and in the most difficult time, it is still going forward.” Comrade Liu Shaoqi is always at the emergency of the revolution, always avoiding the dangers, to the most Go to difficult places and pick the heaviest burden. At the beginning of 1936, the Party Central Committee sent Comrade Liu Shaoqi to work in the Northern Bureau. Some comrades said to him: You are going to the White Zone this time, it is a return to the Tiger Cave, and the task is arduous! He replied decisively: not to enter the tiger’s den, to win the tiger. During the period of national economic adjustment, he was responsible for the work of the central front line and led the struggle to overcome difficulties. In the face of various complicated and dangerous situations, Comrade Liu Shaoqi insisted that everything should proceed from reality and be good at taking overall and meticulous analysis in a complex environment, and proposing and implementing practical policies.

Communists must do the responsibility of transforming society and transforming the world, dare to take responsibility, and dare to face difficulties. Today, when we study Comrade Liu Shaoqi, we must uphold the party’s principle first, the party’s cause first, and the people’s interests first. Face the big and the big, dare not dare to shine the sword, face the contradictions and dare to face difficulties, face the crisis and dare to stand up. In the face of mistakes, I dare to take responsibility, and dare to fight resolutely in the face of evil spirits. Every member of the Communist Party must take a strong sense of mission and assume the responsibility of the responsibility, keep up with the requirements of the times, keep up with the requirements of practice, keep up with the demands of the people, carry out creative work, and unswervingly implement the party’s line, principles and policies.

— Comrade Liu Shaoqi is a shining example of diligence in learning, knowing and doing. Comrade Liu Shaoqi said: “Revolutionaries must reform and improve themselves. They must participate in the practice of revolution. They must not leave the practice of revolution. At the same time, they cannot do without their own subjective efforts in practice. They cannot do without self-cultivation in practice. Learning.” He also said: “If a Communist Party member does not study Marxist-Leninist theories and methods, if he does not use Marxism-Leninism to guide his own thoughts and actions, he must uphold the proletarian position in all revolutionary struggles and reflect the proletariat. It is also impossible for the ideology of the class.” Some people are proud and self-satisfied after the victory of the revolution. They think that books that do not read Marxism-Leninism can also be confused by the secretary of the county party committee and the secretary of the local party committee. He said: “It is not a victory. Marx’s book should not be read. On the contrary, especially if the revolution is victorious, it is necessary to read more theoretical books and familiarize with the theory. Otherwise, because of the complexity of the environment, the danger is even greater.” Comrade Liu Shaoqi is good at learning from books and good at learning. Better to combine these two aspects of learning. He paid attention to combining the basic principles of Marxism with the concrete reality of Chinese revolution and construction, conducting specific analysis on many theoretical and practical issues, and boldly exploring and presenting his own opinions. He is good at raising a wealth of practical experience to a theoretical level to guide the development of practice. Comrade Liu Shaoqi’s observations were profound and thorough, analyzing the things that were rushed into the world, exposing the contradictions and sharpness, and showing the valuable character of a Marxist theorist. Comrade Liu Shaoqi profoundly summed up and refined the historical experience of our party leading revolution and construction, profoundly summed up and refined the historical experience of our party and the party, and made great theoretical contributions to the formation and development of Mao Zedong Thought.

Emphasizing learning is a successful experience of our party in promoting career development. Today, when we study Comrade Liu Shaoqi, we must learn from the wind and create a strong atmosphere of learning and brave practice in the whole party, building a Marxist learning-oriented political party, and promoting the building of a great learning country. Learning skills are the first skills that leading cadres must possess. At the same time, they must be good at applying the skills they have learned to practical work, and strive to achieve unity, knowing and promoting, and seeking knowledge.

— Comrade Liu Shaoqi is a shining example of being a people and being honest and honest. Comrade Liu Shaoqi said: “The interests of the people are the interests of the party. Apart from the interests of the people, the party has no special interests of its own. The best interests of the broad masses of the people are the highest standards of truth, that is, our party members. The highest standard of all actions.” Comrade Liu Shaoqi insisted that everything starts from the interests of the people and regards himself as the serviceman of the people. Comrade Liu Shaoqi severely criticized the selfish ideas of placing personal interests above the interests of the party and the people in “On the Cultivation of Communists.” Comrade Liu Shaoqi hated the phenomenon of arranging, arrogant, and public and private, stressing that this is absolutely unacceptable. He said: “Our party has been established from the very beginning to serve the people. All the sacrifices, efforts and struggles of all our party members are for the welfare and liberation of the people, not for others. This is our Communist Party. The greatest glory and the most proud place for people.” When he was working in the White District, he often spent tens of thousands of yuan on party activities, but he did not move, and only bought some radishes every day to maintain his life. He often wears simple and simple, goes deep into the masses, goes deep into the grassroots, listens to the voices of the masses, and cares for the safety of the masses. His friendship with the shovel workers was a vivid epitome of the party’s flesh-and-blood ties with the people. Some relatives in his hometown saw him as the president of the country and went to Beijing to look for him. Comrade Liu Shaoqi told them seriously: “Yes, I am the president of the country, and it is not impossible to do these things for you. But not.” I am a president of the country, but I am a member of the Communist Party. I cannot exercise my authority.” When he went back to the countryside to investigate, he sometimes slept on a straw-covered wooden bed used by the pig farmer, sometimes sleeping. A rectangular conference table in the conference room of the county committee sometimes sleeps on the door panel of the brigade with two benches. He educated his children not to be specialized, not to leave the masses, and to ask the staff around them not to treat them, to greet them, and to ask for any requests and accept gifts from the localities. He also said to his children: “Dad is the son of the people. You must also be the good sons and daughters of the people. Always follow the party and always be the people.” These trivial things reflect the servants of the real communists who are hard-working and honest. True color.

Every Communist Party member, no matter how high the position, is the serviceman of the people. Today, when we study Comrade Liu Shaoqi, we must always adhere to the people’s position, put the people in the highest position in the heart, always maintain the flesh-and-blood ties with the people, and take the people’s happiness as their fundamental responsibility. All party comrades must always bear in mind that our power is given by the party and the people, and it is used to do things for the party and the people. It can only be used to pay attention to the party, to serve the country, and to benefit the people. Be distressed, talkative, and stop, do not engage in privilege at any time, do not use power for personal gain, and be loyal and clean.

Comrades, friends!

Comrade Liu Shaoqi said: “The communist cause is our lifelong career. All our activities for life are for this cause, not for others.” The firm belief in the struggle for communism for life has inspired generations of communists. , rain or shine, squatting forward. The history of the baton has been handed over to us. We will carry out great struggles at the new historical starting point, build great projects, advance great undertakings, and realize great dreams. This is the inheritance and development of the great cause of Comrade Liu Shaoqi and other older revolutionaries who have struggled all their lives.

After nearly 100 years of unremitting struggle by the Communist Party of China for the people of all ethnic groups in the country, after nearly 70 years of hard work in the People’s Republic of China, after 40 years of reform and opening up, the Chinese nation has ushered in a stand-up, rich and strong. The great leap has ushered in a bright future for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The whole party and the people of all nationalities in the country should be more closely united around the Party Central Committee, hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics, remember the original heart, bear in mind the mission, work hard, work hard, create the glorious achievements that belong to the new era, and realize the Chinese The great goal of the great national rejuvenation of the Chinese dream has become a reality step by step!

(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 23rd)

People’s Daily (November 24, 2018, 02 edition)
 
            

Xi Jinping tells the story: Governing the country is always common, and the people are based

“The rule of the country is always the same, and the people are the foundation.” The people-centered development thinking is not an abstract and mysterious concept. It can’t just stay on the verbal and stop at the ideological link, but it must be reflected in all aspects of economic and social development. . It is necessary to uphold the people’s dominant position, conform to the people’s longing for a better life, and constantly achieve, maintain, and develop the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people, so that development depends on the people, development depends on the people, and development results are shared by the people. It is necessary to deepen reform and drive innovation, improve the quality and efficiency of economic development, produce more and better material and spiritual products, and continuously meet the people’s growing material and cultural needs. It is necessary to comprehensively mobilize people’s enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity, and create a stage and environment for workers, entrepreneurs, innovative talents, and cadres at all levels in all sectors. We must adhere to the basic economic system and distribution system of socialism, adjust the pattern of income distribution, and improve the redistribution adjustment mechanism with taxation, social security, and transfer payments as the main means to maintain social equity and justice, solve the problem of income gap, and make development results more More fairness benefits the entire people.

——Excerpt from Xi Jinping’s speech at the provincial and ministerial level leading cadres to study and implement the spirit of the Party’s Eighth Plenary Session of the Eighteenth Central Committee (January 18, 2016)
 
            

Xi Jinping: Seizing the Opportunities of the Times

– Speech at the 26th APEC Economic Leaders’ Informal Meeting
(November 18, 2018, Port Moresby)

Dear Prime Minister O’Neill,

Dear colleagues,

I am very happy to be with you in the beautiful Port Moresby. For the first time, APEC member leaders gathered in the Pacific island countries to review the cooperation process and discuss the Asia-Pacific vision around the theme of “Capturing Inclusive Opportunities and Embracing the Digital Future”. I would like to express my heartfelt thanks to the Government of Papua New Guinea, especially Prime Minister O’Neill for his efforts in preparing for this meeting!

In today’s world, development and change are surging. The new scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation have developed in depth, the global governance system has been profoundly reshaped, and the international structure has accelerated. At the same time, deep-seated contradictions in global development are prominent, protectionism and unilateralism are on the rise, the multilateral trading system is under attack, and the overall development environment of the world economy faces many risks and uncertainties.

“The wise man seeks the right way.” Standing at the crossroads of historical progress, we should recognize the general trend of the world, grasp the economic pulse, clarify the future direction, and answer the proposition of the times.

First, we must continue to promote regional economic integration and build an open Asia-Pacific economy. We should continue to promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation. The road to the Asia-Pacific Free Trade Area will not be flat, but we must always move toward this big direction and big goal. For all kinds of free trade arrangements, we should adhere to the principles of openness, tolerance and transparency, promote coordination and achieve positive interaction. We should firmly uphold the rules-based multilateral trading system and clearly resist protectionism. The World Trade Organization is exploring a new round of reforms. The purpose of the reform should be to make it work better and adhere to the core values and basic principles of the multilateral trading system, rather than to reinvent it. We should guide economic globalization toward a more open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced, and win-win direction.

This year marks the 40th anniversary of China’s reform and opening up. China will unswervingly deepen reforms in an all-round way, speed up the improvement of the socialist market economic system, and build a modern economic system. China will adhere to the basic national policy of opening up to the outside world, greatly relax market access, increase protection of intellectual property rights, and create a more attractive investment and business environment. A week ago, the first China International Import Expo was successfully held in Shanghai, attracting 172 countries, regions and international organizations, more than 3,600 companies participated in the exhibition, more than 400,000 domestic and foreign buyers attended the conference to negotiate purchases, the turnover reached 57.8 billion US dollars. More than 4,500 well-known figures from all walks of life attended the Hongqiao International Economic and Trade Forum. This shows once again that China’s determination to support free and open trade and open the market to the world will not be shaken.

Second, adhere to the drive of innovation and foster new kinetic energy for growth. The digital economy is the future direction of Asia Pacific and the world. We should firmly grasp the trend of the era of innovation and development, comprehensively and balancedly implement the “Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap”, and release the potential of digital economic growth. At the same time, we should strengthen digital infrastructure and capacity building, enhance the accessibility of the digital economy, eliminate the digital divide, allow members at different stages of development to share digital economic development results, and enable people in the Asia-Pacific region to catch up with the digital economy.

China is vigorously building “Digital China” and harvesting a number of innovations in the fields of “Internet +” and artificial intelligence. New technologies and new modes of sharing economy, online retail, mobile payment, etc. are constantly emerging, which have profoundly changed the lives of ordinary Chinese people. China is willing to deepen digital economic cooperation with all parties in the Asia-Pacific region, foster more interest-matching points and economic growth points, and inject new and powerful momentum into the Asia-Pacific economy.

Third, we must continue to improve the interconnection network and promote the development of inclusive linkage. Interconnection is the basis for the development of inclusive linkage. We should implement the interconnection blueprint in depth and let Unicom’s network cover every corner of the Pacific coast. We should take the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a guide to adopt more pragmatic initiatives to make development more balanced, growth more sustainable, opportunities more equal, and society more inclusive.

China attaches great importance to the construction of interconnection and interoperability. After five years of hard work, the construction of the “Belt and Road” is entering a new stage of in-depth development. In April next year, China will host the second “One Belt, One Road” international cooperation summit forum. China will work with other countries to adhere to the common cause of building and sharing, building high-quality, high standards and high-level “One Belt, One Road” to create greater development opportunities for the people of the Asia-Pacific and the world.

Fourth, we must continue to deepen our partnership and work together to address common challenges. APEC has gone through nearly 30 years of cooperation, and mutual trust, tolerance, cooperation and win-win partnership have become our common wealth. It is not surprising that the national conditions of the Asia-Pacific countries vary widely. The key is to persist in the common development of this convention, carry forward the spirit of partnership, negotiate differences, and explore common challenges. We should base ourselves on the reality of diversity, respect the development path of each other’s choices, blend and understand each other on the basis of openness and inclusiveness, and mutually beneficial cooperation at the same time as benign competition, and jointly build a community of Asia-Pacific destiny.

China adheres to the people-centered development thinking and practices new development concepts of innovation, coordination, green, openness and sharing. In the past few decades, more than 700 million people in China have been lifted out of poverty and will achieve full poverty alleviation by 2020. The contribution rate of the Chinese economy to world economic growth has remained above 30%. At the same time, it is accelerating from high-speed growth to high-quality development This year, consumption contributed 78% to China’s economic growth. The overall momentum of the long-term stability of the Chinese economy will continue to be maintained.

Dear colleagues!

As leaders in the Asia-Pacific region, we have the responsibility to take a long-term view and plan for the APEC cooperation vision after 2020. We should conform to the general trend of economic globalization, not be blocked by temporary difficulties, continue to uphold the purpose of promoting regional economic integration, grasp the general direction of building an open world economy, and strive to maintain the momentum of Asia-Pacific cooperation and steadily move to a higher level.

China is an active advocate and firm practitioner of Asia-Pacific cooperation. China’s development is inseparable from the close cooperation with all parties in the Asia-Pacific region, and it also expands the broad space for Asia-Pacific development. China will deeply participate in the process of Asia-Pacific cooperation, increase investment, deepen pragmatic cooperation with all parties, and make new contributions to the development and prosperity of the Asia-Pacific region!

thank you all.

(Xinhua News Agency, Port Moresby, November 18th)

People’s Daily (November 19, 2018, 02 edition)