[Editor’s note] “Zhihe, do not take the mountains and seas as far away.” Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, President Xi Jinping has participated in the meetings of the leaders of the BRICS countries and participated in the informal meetings of the leaders of the BRICS countries five times. Each meeting has provided “Chinese wisdom” and “China” for leading the BRICS cooperation. “Power” has left a profound Chinese mark in the process of BRICS cooperation.
On the BRICS cooperation platform, President Xi Jinping systematically explained the spirit of “openness, tolerance, cooperation and win-win”, and jointly promoted the BRICS countries to open up a new path of equality, mutual benefit, cooperation and win-win, and effectively promoted the BRICS. The country’s mutually beneficial cooperation has achieved fruitful results and opened up a brighter future for world stability and prosperity.
The tenth meeting of BRICS leaders will be held in Johannesburg, South Africa from July 25th to 27th, and President Xi Jinping will be invited to attend. On this occasion, the New Age Learning Studio has sorted out the important expositions of President Xi Jinping on the BRICS cooperation platform to readers and learn together.
BRICS Leaders Meeting
Time: September 4, 2017
Location: Xiamen, China
Conference: The ninth meeting of BRICS leaders
Speech Topic: Deepening the BRICS Partnership Opens a brighter future
On September 4, 2017, the ninth meeting of BRICS leaders was held at the Xiamen International Conference Center. President Xi Jinping presided over the meeting and delivered an important speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Ma Zhancheng photo
On September 4, 2017, the ninth meeting of BRICS leaders was held at the Xiamen International Conference Center. President Xi Jinping presided over the meeting. At a wide-ranging meeting, Xi Jinping delivered an important speech entitled “Deepening the BRICS Partnership to Open a Brighter Future.”
Point out the three ways of cooperation in the BRICS
The key to the rapid development of BRICS cooperation lies in mutual respect and mutual assistance, and work together to develop a development path that suits the national conditions of the country;
Adhering to the spirit of openness, tolerance, cooperation and mutual benefit, we will continue to promote economic, political and humanistic cooperation;
Advocate international fairness and justice, and work with other emerging market countries and developing countries to create a good external environment.
Put forward four “commitments”
Xi Jinping emphasized that in the context of profound and complex changes in the world’s pattern, BRICS cooperation is even more important. We should make persistent efforts to deepen the BRICS partnership and open the second “Golden Decade” of the BRICS cooperation. In this regard, Xi Jinping proposed four “commitments”:
· Committed to promoting economic and pragmatic cooperation
We should focus on the main line of economic and pragmatic cooperation and expand interest gathering points in the fields of trade and investment, monetary finance, interconnection, sustainable development, innovation and industrial cooperation.
· Committed to strengthening development strategy docking
We should plan and focus on the overall situation, and in the principle of sharing, building, and sharing, we should find a point of convergence between development policies and priority areas, and continue to move toward the big market of trade and investment, the circulation of money and finance, and the goal of infrastructure. .
· Committed to promoting the development of the international order in a more just and reasonable direction
We should firmly adhere to the basic norms of multilateralism and international relations, promote the building of new international relations, and create a peaceful and stable environment for the development of all countries.
We must promote open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced, and win-win economic globalization, build an open world economy, support the multilateral trading system, and oppose protectionism.
It is necessary to promote global economic governance reform, improve the representation and voice of emerging market countries and developing countries, and provide new impetus to solve the imbalance between North and South development and promote world economic growth.
·Dedicated to promoting humanities and folk exchanges
The country’s turn is in the people’s blind date. Only by deep cultivation, the tree of friendship and cooperation can flourish. Strengthening the cultural exchanges between the five countries and letting the concept of partnership take root in the hearts of the people is a work worthy of long-term investment. This work is done well and will make the BRICS cooperation last forever.
Time: October 16, 2016
Location: Goa, India
Meeting: Eighth Meeting of BRICS Leaders
Speech theme: firm confidence, seek common development
On October 16, 2016, the eighth meeting of BRICS leaders was held in Goa, India. Chinese President Xi Jinping attended and delivered an important speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Yao Dawei photo
On October 16, 2016, the eighth meeting of BRICS leaders was held in Goa, India. Xi Jinping delivered an important speech entitled “Strengthening Confidence and Seeking Development”.
Reviewing the harvest for ten years
This is a decade of mutual development and continuous advancement.
This is the 10 years of expanding cooperation and mutual benefit.
This is 10 years of courage to act and make a difference.
Put forward five “common”
Xi Jinping emphasized that at present, the development of BRICS countries faces a complex and severe external environment. We must strengthen our confidence and face challenges together. We must contribute to the wisdom and strength of the BRICS countries and work together to find a way to deal with them. In this regard, Xi Jinping proposed five “common”:
·Building an open world together
We must promote structural reforms, innovate growth methods, build an open economy, oppose various forms of protectionism, and promote international economic and trade markets, financial circulation, infrastructure, and humanities exchanges. Forefront.
·Commonly sketching the development vision
We must continue to hold high the development banner, combine the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the outcome of the G20 leaders’ Hangzhou Summit, strengthen North-South dialogue and South-South cooperation, and promote a strong, sustainable, balanced and inclusive growth of the global economy.
·Work together to address global challenges
We must strengthen coordination and communication on major international issues and regional hotspots, promote political solutions to hot issues, and work together to address global issues such as natural disasters, climate change, infectious disease epidemics, and terrorism, and contribute to the long-term stability of the international community.
·Maintenance of fairness and justice
We must continue to be participants, promoters and leaders of the global governance change process, continue to enhance the representation and voice of emerging market countries and developing countries, continue to be the defenders of the international peace cause, and promote the construction of a new international cooperation and win-win situation. relationship.
·To deepen partnerships together
We must take the opportunity of implementing the BRICS Economic Partnership Strategy to deepen economic cooperation in various fields, build, maintain and develop the BRICS New Development Bank and emergency reserve arrangements, strengthen humanities exchanges, and continue Expand and consolidate the “friend circle” of the BRICS countries, keep open, inclusive, and seek common development.
Time: July 9, 2015
Location: Ufa, Russia
Conference: The seventh meeting of BRICS leaders
Speech topic: Building a partnership to create a better future
On July 9, 2015, the seventh meeting of BRICS leaders was held in Ufa, Russia. Chinese President Xi Jinping attended and delivered an important speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Rao Aimin
On July 9, 2015, President Xi Jinping attended the seventh meeting of the BRICS leaders in Ufa, Russia, and delivered a keynote speech entitled “Building Partnerships for a Better Future.”
Xi Jinping pointed out that the more difficult it is, the more confidence it must be. It should be noted that any progress is not straight, there are twists and turns and iterations. Despite such difficulties, the BRICS countries have rich natural and human resources, a broad domestic market, huge development potential, and abundant policy space. The upward trend will not change.
Put forward four “builds”
Xi Jinping emphasized that at present, the international situation is complicated and the opportunities and challenges of the BRICS countries coexist. We should strengthen cooperation, go hand in hand, and continue to be the leader in promoting global development. In this regard, Xi Jinping proposed four “constructs”:
· Build a partnership to maintain world peace
BRICS countries should work together to address global issues. We must jointly safeguard the fruits of the victory of the Second World War and international fairness and justice. We must abandon the Cold War mentality, reject the zero-sum game, and jointly safeguard regional and world peace and stability. We must continue to work for the democratization of international relations and advocate for peaceful and political settlement of differences through dialogue and negotiation.
· Build partnerships that promote common development
It is necessary to jointly build a closer economic partnership, simultaneously promote the construction of the BRICS headquarters and the African regional center, and implement the BRICS economic partnership strategy. To safeguard the common interests of emerging market countries and developing countries on major international development issues such as the post-2015 development agenda and climate change.
·Build a partnership to promote pluralistic civilizations
We must adhere to openness and tolerance, actively carry out dialogues and exchanges with other countries and international organizations, strengthen unity and cooperation with other emerging market countries and developing countries, and expand the representation and influence of BRICS countries.
· Building a partnership to strengthen global economic governance
We must work together to improve the status and role of the BRICS in the global governance system, advocate the construction of an open world economy, support the multilateral trading system, and strengthen exchanges and cooperation in areas such as cyberspace and immigration issues.
Time: July 15, 2014
Location: Fortaleza, Brazil
Conference: Sixth meeting of BRICS leaders
Speech topic: New starting point New vision New power
On July 15, 2014, Chinese President Xi Jinping attended the sixth meeting of the BRICS leaders in Fortaleza, Brazil, and delivered an important speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Lan Hongguang
On July 15, 2014, President Xi Jinping delivered a keynote speech entitled “New Starting Point, New Vision, New Motivation” at the sixth meeting of BRICS leaders in Fortaleza, Brazil.
The first mention of the spirit of the BRICS cooperation
Adhere to the spirit of openness, give play to their respective comparative advantages, strengthen mutual economic cooperation, cultivate global markets, improve global value chains, and become builders of an open world economy.
Adhere to the spirit of tolerance, promote the mutual tolerance of different social systems, mutual understanding of different cultures and civilizations, mutual development of different development models, and practice of democratization of international relations.
Adhere to the spirit of cooperation, continue to strengthen unity, take care of each other’s concerns, deepen pragmatic cooperation, work together for the growth of national economies, and provide impetus to improve global governance.
Adhere to the spirit of win-win, and at the same time pursue the interests of other countries while taking into account the interests of other countries, to benefit the country and the world, and promote a way for a big country to cooperate and win-win, benign interaction.
Put forward four “unswerving”
Xi Jinping said that BRICS cooperation is a historical process of continuous advancement. On the basis of summing up experience, it is necessary to plan a new blueprint for cooperation in the development of a closer, more comprehensive and stronger partnership between BRICS countries. In this regard, Xi Jinping proposed four “unswerving”:
· Unswervingly promote sustainable economic growth
We should adopt the necessary economic reforms to enhance endogenous motivation and maintain stable economic growth. We should adhere to the concept of inclusive growth, use social policies to support macroeconomic policies, sew social safety nets, and promote economic growth from quantitative growth to qualitative improvement. We should coordinate economic development, social development, environmental protection, and expand the space for greater economic development.
· Unswervingly carry out all-round economic cooperation
We should establish a closer economic partnership, explore the establishment of an integrated large market in the field of trade and investment, build multi-level and large circulation in monetary and financial development, form a broad connection between land, sea and air in the field of infrastructure construction, and promote exchanges between peoples in the humanities field. We should solidly promote pragmatic cooperation, promote the contingency reserve arrangement to be put into operation as soon as possible, give more play to the role of the Business Council and the Think Tank Council, strive for cooperation in various fields to achieve more early harvest results, and bring tangible benefits to people of all countries.
· Unswervingly shaping the favorable external development environment
We should promote the BRICS countries’ global share in economic aggregates, foreign trade, and international investment to continue to rise, driving strong, sustainable and balanced growth on a global scale. We should promote the improvement of global economic governance, implement relevant consensus and decisions to increase the representation and voice of developing countries, and ensure that countries have equal opportunities, equal rules, and equal rights in international economic cooperation. We should promote the strengthening of global macroeconomic policy coordination and prevent negative economic spillover effects on the BRICS countries from changes in economic policies in major economies.
· Unswervingly improve moral appeal
We should actively participate in the commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War, jointly safeguard international axioms, and never allow any forces to reverse the history of aggression. We should promote the establishment of a global partnership for development to make the world’s poor people change their lives. As long as the people of the BRICS countries join hands with the people of the world, the road to BRICS, South-South cooperation and human development will become broader and broader.
Time: March 27, 2013
Location: Durban, South Africa
Conference: The fifth meeting of BRICS leaders
Speech topic: Working together for common development
On March 27, 2013, President Xi Jinping attended the fifth meeting of the BRICS leaders in Durban, South Africa. This is Xi Jinping’s important speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Lan Hongguang
On March 27, 2013, President Xi Jinping delivered a keynote speech entitled “Working Together for Common Development” at the fifth meeting of BRICS leaders in Durban, South Africa.
Maintain international fairness and justice and safeguard world peace and stability
No matter how the international situation changes, we must always adhere to peaceful development, cooperation and win-win.
Regardless of how the international landscape changes, we must always adhere to equality, democracy and inclusiveness.
Regardless of how the global governance system changes, we must actively participate.
Xi Jinping made several suggestions on common development:
Vigorously promote the building of a global partnership for development and promote common prosperity for all countries
We must work hard to develop the economy, improve people’s livelihood, do our own things, and add more growth points to the world economy.
It is necessary to promote countries to strengthen macroeconomic policy coordination, reform the international monetary and financial system, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, and promote a more robust development of the global economy.
We must jointly participate in the formulation of the international development agenda, make full use of the productive forces and material resources accumulated by human beings, complete the UN Millennium Development Goals, narrow the development gap between the North and the South, and promote a more balanced global development.
It is necessary to use the partnership to closely link the BRICS countries, and work hard to promote cooperation in the fields of economy, trade, finance, infrastructure construction, personnel exchanges, etc., towards an integrated big market, multi-level circulation, land, sea, air, and China, and cultural exchanges. Goal ahead.
We must jointly support Africa’s efforts in seeking strong growth, accelerating integration, and industrialization, and promoting the African economy as a new bright spot in the world economy.
Deepen mutually beneficial cooperation and seek mutual benefit and win-win
We must continue to enhance the political mutual trust and friendship of the five countries, strengthen exchanges of experience in governing the country, and jointly promote the process of industrialization, informationization, urbanization, and agricultural modernization, grasp the law of development, innovate development concepts, and solve development problems.
We must continue to strengthen coordination and cooperation within the framework of the UN, the G20, and international economic and financial institutions to safeguard common interests.
It is necessary to translate the political consensus of various countries into concrete actions, actively promote the BRICS development banks, foreign exchange reserves and other projects, accelerate pragmatic cooperation in various fields, consolidate the economic and social foundation of cooperation, and promote the development and external cooperation of cash brick countries. Positive image.
Informal meeting of BRICS leaders
Time: July 7, 2017
Location: Hamburg, Germany
On July 7, 2017, President Xi Jinping hosted an informal meeting of leaders of the BRICS countries in Hamburg, Germany, and delivered a leading speech and a concluding speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Ma Zhancheng photo
On July 7, 2017, President Xi Jinping hosted an informal meeting of leaders of the BRICS countries in Hamburg, Germany, and delivered a leading speech and a concluding speech.
Xi Jinping pointed out that at present, there are some positive signs in the world economy. The development prospects of the BRICS countries are generally good and exciting. At the same time, there are also some challenges that require the BRICS countries to pay close attention to and properly handle them.
Put forward four “unwavering”
Xi Jinping emphasized that the BRICS countries should carry forward the spirit of openness, tolerance, cooperation and win-win cooperation, strengthen unity and cooperation, safeguard common interests, and seek joint development. In this regard, Xi Jinping proposed four “unwavering”:
· Unwaveringly building an open world economy
Maintain the multilateral trading system and promote economic globalization to develop in an open, inclusive, inclusive, balanced and win-win direction, so that all people can share the fruits of economic growth and economic globalization.
· Unwavering pursuit of multilateralism
We will jointly promote the parties to resolve regional conflicts and disputes in a political and peaceful manner, strive to achieve peaceful coexistence, win-win cooperation, and encourage the international community to make full use of multilateral mechanisms such as the United Nations to discuss international rules and build partnerships to jointly respond to various global issues. Sexual challenge.
· Unwaveringly strengthen global economic governance
Work together to consolidate the status of the G20 as the main forum for international economic cooperation, promote major economies to strengthen macroeconomic policy coordination, implement the consensus of the G20 leaders in Hangzhou Summit and previous summits, and create good for emerging market countries and developing countries. Development Environment.
· Unwaveringly promote common development
Promote the G20’s implementation of the Hangzhou Summit’s action plan on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and initiatives to support the industrialization of Africa and LDCs, and help the international community to support developing countries, especially African countries, to help them improve their development capabilities. Strive to achieve leapfrog development.
Time: September 4, 2016
Location: Hangzhou, China
On September 4, 2016, the informal meeting of BRICS leaders was held in Hangzhou, and President Xi Jinping attended. Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xueren photo
On September 4, 2016, President Xi Jinping attended the informal meeting of leaders of the BRICS countries held in Hangzhou, and exchanged in-depth views on the BRICS countries deepening cooperation and jointly coping with current challenges.
Two new situations facing the BRICS countries
The world economy is undergoing a transformation of old and new kinetic energy, and the recovery is slow and weak.
The international environment in which the BRICS countries are located has remained generally stable, but it has also been frequent.
Put forward four “common”
Xi Jinping pointed out that in the face of the new situation, we must strengthen our confidence and maintain our strength. We must see the volume and potential of the BRICS countries and see the vitality of the emerging market countries and developing countries represented by the BRICS countries. As long as we build on this foundation, solve the problems and challenges we face today, strengthen unity, and deepen mutual trust and cooperation, we will surely usher in a new situation in BRICS cooperation. Xi Jinping proposed four “common” in strengthening the cooperation of the BRICS:
·Co-innovative growth mode
It is necessary to seize the opportunity for China to promote the G20 innovation growth blueprint, accelerate the implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy, maintain the expansion of aggregate demand, deepen structural reforms, transform and enhance traditional comparative advantages, and enhance the growth potential in the medium and long term.
We must conscientiously implement the “BRIC Countries Economic Partnership Strategy” adopted at the Ufa meeting last year, and create a new situation of trade and investment integration, monetary and financial circulation, infrastructure and China Unicom, and personnel culture exchanges, forming a strong complementary advantage and strong growth linkage. Together.
·To improve global governance together
It is necessary to continue to strengthen communication and coordination within the framework of the G20, actively promote the reform of the governance structure of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, and increase the representation and voice of emerging market countries and developing countries.
We will firmly uphold the status of the main channel of the multilateral trading system, jointly build an open world economy, oppose all forms of protectionism and exclusivism, and ensure that all countries have equal rights for development, equal opportunities, and equal rules.
Promote the new development banks to implement the first batch of projects as soon as possible, continuously improve management and financing capabilities, enhance the macro research capabilities of emergency reserve arrangements, and build financial security nets for BRICS countries.
· Jointly safeguarding international fairness and justice and building a peaceful and stable development environment
We must continue to strengthen political security cooperation on the basis of respecting each other’s concerns and taking care of each other’s interests.
We must safeguard the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, uphold the basic norms of international relations, promote the building of a new type of international relations of cooperation and win-win results, and create a peaceful, stable, just and reasonable international order.
We must adhere to the choice of development path according to their respective national conditions and resolutely oppose external forces interfering in the internal affairs of the BRICS countries. Strengthen pragmatic cooperation in the areas of anti-terrorism, outer space, energy security, and cybersecurity within the BRICS framework, and promote the formulation of international rules that balance the interests and concerns of all parties.
· Jointly promote international development cooperation and take the road of sustainable development
Efforts should be made to achieve an effective interface between domestic development strategies and the international development agenda. In conjunction with the “G20 Action Plan for the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”, we will actively build a new global partnership for development and promote the fulfillment of commitments by developed countries to provide strong support for developing countries to achieve their development goals.
It is necessary to strengthen South-South cooperation and try to help other developing countries to enhance their development capabilities and let them catch up with the BRICS countries to develop express trains. We will promote pragmatic cooperation within the framework of the BRICS, work together to implement the sustainable development agenda, and strive to form a new development pattern in which all stakeholders work together, balance in all fields, and prosper and share across all sectors.
Time: November 15, 2015
Location: Antalya, Turkey
On November 15, 2015, the informal meeting of leaders of the BRICS countries was held in Antalya, Turkey. Chinese President Xi Jinping attended and delivered an important speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Rao Aimin
On November 15, 2015, President Xi Jinping attended the informal meeting of BRICS leaders in Antalya, Turkey and delivered an important speech entitled “Explore Opportunities to Meet the Challenge”.
The development of BRICS faces three new situations
First, the complexity and difficulty factors in the external environment have increased, the global total demand has been insufficient, the differentiation of macroeconomic policies in various countries has intensified, and the uncertainty of world economic growth has increased.
Second, affected by internal and external factors, the economic growth of the BRICS countries generally slowed down and the development entered an adjustment period.
Third, the voice of the international singer of the failed country has not stopped.
Put forward four “common”
Xi Jinping pointed out that real gold is not afraid of fire. The meaning and value of the partners are not only in the good times of the Chinese Communist Party, but also in the adversity. As long as we strengthen our confidence and strengthen coordination, our cooperation will surely be able to ride the wind and waves, wear clouds and fog, and let the world have a new understanding of the quality of the BRICS countries. Xi Jinping proposed four “common” to the BRICS countries to play a better role:
·Building a favorable external development environment and jointly improving global economic governance
It is necessary to guide all parties to form correct and reasonable expectations for the development of the BRICS countries. It is recognized that emerging market countries contribute more than 50% to world economic growth and remain an important engine of world economic growth.
It is necessary to prevent short-term financial risks within the framework of the G20 and jointly maintain international financial stability.
It is necessary to push all parties to increase coordination of macroeconomic policies and focus on enhancing the representation and voice of developing countries and emerging market countries in the international governance system.
· Strengthen coordination, support each other, and jointly address various global challenges
The international community must join hands and further strengthen anti-terrorism cooperation in accordance with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and other recognized basic norms of international relations. In particular, we must pay attention to both the symptoms and the root causes and the double standards.
· Promote mutually beneficial and win-win international development cooperation and jointly promote a new global development partnership
Work with the vast number of developing countries to promote developed countries to fulfill their commitments and fulfill their obligations, and work hard to build a new, multi-faceted, pragmatic and effective global partnership for development.
Combine the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and deepen South-South cooperation.
·Work together to promote economic optimization and upgrade to achieve long-term development
In combination with the implementation of the BRICS economic partnership strategy, we will work together to build a value chain and a large market for benefit sharing. China is willing to share development opportunities with other BRICS countries and improve the level of economic cooperation.
Time: November 15, 2014
Location: Brisbane, Australia
On November 15, 2014, President Xi Jinping attended the informal meeting of BRICS leaders in Brisbane, Australia and delivered an important speech. Xi Jinping made several suggestions:
Building a closer economic partnership
Economic cooperation is a lasting driving force for the development of the BRICS countries. We must continue to work on building a large integrated market, financial circulation, infrastructure interconnection, and humanities in the spirit of open, inclusive, cooperative and win-win BRICS countries. Exchange, develop long-term economic cooperation plans, and establish closer economic partnerships. The establishment of the BRICS Development Bank and the contingency reserve arrangement is a major event and we must implement it.
Defend international fairness and justice
BRICS cooperation should be driven by political and economic “two-wheels”, not only as the engine of the world economy, but also as the shield of international peace, deepening coordination and cooperation in the international political and security fields, and defending international fairness and justice.
Improve the right to speak in the bricks
The BRICS countries must actively participate in international multilateral cooperation and improve their voice in global economic governance. We will strengthen coordination and cooperation at the upcoming G20 Brisbane Summit, promote the meeting to achieve positive results, commit to building an open world economy, implement the International Monetary Fund reform program, and promote the resolution of global development issues.
Time: September 5, 2013
Location: St. Petersburg, Russia
On September 5, 2013, President Xi Jinping attended the informal meeting of leaders of the BRICS countries held in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Put forward three “common”
Xi Jinping emphasized that in the face of various risks and challenges, the BRICS countries should unite on the consensus on major issues and strengthen unity and cooperation. Xi Jinping proposed three “common”:
·Combating the spillover effects of loose monetary policy in developed countries
Developed countries must implement structural reforms and grasp the timing, steps and methods of quantitative easing monetary policy withdrawal. China has confidence in the economies of emerging market countries.
· Jointly maintain and develop an open world economy
Oppose trade protectionism, safeguard the multilateral trading system, and promote the early harvest of the Doha Round negotiations.
· Jointly enhance the representation and voice of emerging market countries in global economic governance
Promote the implementation of the IMF’s share reform decision, formulate a new share formula that reflects the weight of each country’s economic aggregates in the world economy, and reform the special drawing rights currency composition basket. It is necessary to speed up the establishment of the BRICS Development Bank and emergency reserve arrangements and build a BRICS financial security net.