Xi Jinping: If the ecological environment is destroyed, even if there is demand for production capacity, it must be shut down.

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After learning from the Eighteenth National Congress of the Party, Comrade Xi Jinping’s series of important expositions on the construction of socialist ecological civilization have been far-reaching, rich in content, and profound in thought. This has provided us with a profound understanding of the significance of the construction of ecological civilization and persisted in and implemented new ones. The concept of development correctly handles the relationship between economic development and ecological and environmental protection, and firmly persists in the path of civilized development with productive development, a prosperous life, and a sound ecology, accelerating the construction of a resource-conserving, environment-friendly society, and promoting the formation of green development methods and life. Ways to promote the construction of beautiful China, realize the sustainable development of the Chinese nation, win the great victory in the phase of success in building a well-to-do society, and realize the “two hundred years” goal of struggle and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. significance.

Recently, the CPC Central Committee Literature Research Office edited “Xi Jinping’s excerpt on the construction of socialist ecological civilization.” The contents of this book are taken from more than 80 important articles such as speeches, reports, talks, instructions, instructions, and congratulatory letters from Comrade Xi Jinping from November 15, 2012 to September 11, 2001. Divided into seven topics, a total of 259 paragraphs are discussed. Many of these discussions were published for the first time. The fourth chapter of the book focuses on “Environmental protection and governance should be focused on solving environmental problems that damage the health of the people,” and some of the highlights are as follows:

We must persist in treating symptoms and problems, make unremitting efforts, and start with the most prominent issues that affect people’s lives. We must not only work hard to resolve outstanding problems, but also explore the establishment of long-term systems and mechanisms that can mobilize the polarities of all parties, improve the quality of the environment, and protect the people. Health, making the urban and rural environment more livable and people’s lives better.

– “Speech at the end of the inspection work in Hainan” (April 10, 2013)

The masses of the people are highly concerned about environmental issues. It can be said that the status of the ecological environment in the happiness index of the people’s life will inevitably be constantly highlighted. With the economic and social development and the continuous improvement of the people’s living standards, environmental issues are often the most likely to cause dissatisfaction among the people. If they do not do well, they are often the most likely to trigger mass incidents. Therefore, environmental protection and governance should focus on solving environmental problems that damage the health of the people, insist on prevention as the main focus, and comprehensively strengthen the prevention and control of water, air, and soil pollution, and strive to promote the prevention and control of water pollution in key river basins and regions, and focus on promoting key industries. And air pollution control in key regions, focus on the prevention and control of particulate pollution, focus on the promotion of comprehensive treatment of heavy metal pollution and soil pollution, and concentrate efforts on the priority of fine particulate matter (PM2.5), drinking water, soil, heavy metals, chemicals and other harm to the health of the people. Highlight environmental issues.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

Strict implementation of environmental protection, safety, energy consumption and other market access standards, eliminating a group of backward production capacity. The attitude of eliminating backward production capacity must be resolute and the steps must be steady. Enterprises that destroy the ecological environment, consume large amounts of resources, and seriously affect the people’s health should be resolutely shut down. If the ecological environment is destroyed, even if there is demand for production capacity, it must be shut down. In particular, the polluting production capacity with large opinions from the masses needs to be “one-pot”. For some enterprises that have stolen “red soup and yellow water” and made a lot of fish turn white belly, they must not be merciless, and they must resolutely stop.

– “Speech on Resolving Overcapacity at the 18th Politburo Standing Committee Meeting” (September 22, 2013)

We must adhere to the principle of treating both symptoms and problems, special rectification, normal governance, and coordination of emergency emission reduction, local pollution control, and mutual promotion of regional cooperation. We must adopt multiple strategies, cooperate in multiple places, and act together in a concerted effort to focus on coal, motor vehicles, industry, and dust. In the four key areas, the government will focus on reducing measures to reduce coal consumption, control vehicle fuel reduction, pollution control, and dust reduction.

– “Speech at the end of the inspection work in Beijing” (February 26, 2014)

During the informal meeting of the APEC leaders in Beijing, the “APEC Blue” appeared. This stress test proves that as long as related parties work together and make a strong determination, the ecological environment can be treated well and it is not a terminal illness.

– “Speech at the Central Economic Work Conference” (December 9, 2014)

Resolving toilet problems has a symbolic significance in the construction of new rural areas. It is necessary to do a good job in the construction of toilet sewer networks and sewage treatment in rural areas according to local conditions, and constantly improve the quality of life of farmers.

——Speech during the inspection tour in Jiangsu (December 13 and December 14, 2014), People’s Daily, December 15, 2014

For a long time in the past, our guiding principles for urban work have paid less attention to the construction of human settlements. We have focused on construction and light governance. We have focused on speed, light weight, and focused on long-term, light-to-long-term, heavy development, light protection, and heavy and light underground. City, light old city. Now, the people’s expectations for the livable life of the city are very high. Urban work should take the creation of an excellent living environment as a central goal, and strive to build the city into a beautiful home where people and people live in harmony with nature.

— “Speech at the Central City Working Conference” (December 20, 2015)

It is necessary to do a good job in comprehensive improvement of the rural human settlement environment in light of local conditions, change the disorderly discharge of sewage, dumping of garbage, and burning of straw in many parts of rural areas, giving farmers a clean and tidy living environment.

– “Speech at the Rural Reform Forum” (April 25, 2016)

A good ecological environment is the foundation of human survival and health. After more than 30 years of rapid development, China’s economic construction has made historic achievements. At the same time, it has also accumulated a lot of ecological and environmental problems. Many of these environmental issues have even affected people’s health seriously. People have long-term breathing dirty air, eating contaminated agricultural products, drinking unclean water, how can there be a healthy body?

— “Speech at the National Health and Health Conference” (August 19, 2016)

Green mountains are not only Jinshan Yinshan, but also an important guarantee for the health of the people. With regard to the issue of ecological environment pollution, party committees and governments at all levels must attach great importance to it. We must face up to the problem and focus on solving the problem, instead of covering up the issue. The masses live in the environment every day, and it is not feasible to take measures to cover up the problem of ecological environment. The party Central Committee attaches great importance to ecological environment protection. Not only has it formulated a series of documents and put forward specific requirements, but also organized and conducted environmental inspections. The purpose is to urge everyone to take responsibility and step up the work of ecological environmental protection. In accordance with the concept of green development, we must implement the strictest system of ecological environmental protection, establish a sound system for environmental and health monitoring, investigation, and risk assessment, focus on the prevention and control of air, soil, and water pollution, accelerate the greening of the land, and rehabilitate and rehabilitate soil. It is the pollution of cultivated land, comprehensively enhancing water conservation and water quality protection, comprehensively rectifying air pollution, especially smog problems, comprehensively rectifying industrial pollution sources, and effectively solving outstanding environmental problems that affect people’s health.

— “Speech at the National Health and Health Conference” (August 19, 2016)

At present, the people’s greatest concern for the supply of agricultural products is to eat safely and eat with confidence. Structural reforms on the supply side of agriculture must focus on this issue. To increase the supply of green high-quality agricultural products in a prominent position, pay close attention to the standardized production of agricultural products, brand creation, quality and safety supervision, promote the survival of the fittest and promote the quality of agriculture.

– “Speech at the Central Economic Work Conference” (December 14, 2016)

What are the concerns of the people? Is it food safety, heat, heat, haze, water, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes, lakes and lakes ,and many more. As to whether the growth rate is higher or lower, these issues are even more concerned by the people. If we only achieved the goal of growth and resolved outstanding problems that are generally concerned by the masses of the people, there is no progress. Even if we declare that we have built a well-off society in an all-round way, the people will not agree.

——”Speech at the Fourteenth Meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group” (December 21, 2016)

Universal implementation of waste classification system. The working relationship has improved the living environment of more than 1.3 billion people and related to whether garbage can be reduced, resource-based, and harmless, and whether the “neighborhood” dilemma in garbage disposal can be fundamentally solved.

At present, the quantity of rubbish increases rapidly. Traditional landfills do not have enough space to deal with, and the clean burning method is generally subject to “neighborhood” interference. The important reason is that there is no universally established rubbish classification system. Pilot trials for rubbish classification are basically still in the original for 16 years. Stepping. Developed countries generally implement a waste classification system. It is necessary to study and summarize the good experiences of Zhejiang and other places and speed up the promotion across the country. It is necessary to speed up the establishment of a waste disposal system for classified delivery, classified collection, transportation, and classification processing to form a waste classification system that is based on the rule of law, promoted by the government, participation by all citizens, coordinated urban and rural development, and measures tailored to local conditions, and increase the coverage of the waste classification system.

The National Development and Reform Commission has formulated a scheme for a mandatory classification system for domestic waste, which should be carefully implemented by all localities after the release. We must expedite the study and formulation of the laws governing the mandatory classification system for domestic waste, and encourage qualified regions to formulate local regulations in advance. Ecological metropolitan experimental zones, international metropolises such as Beijing and Shanghai, and new urban districts around the world should be aligned with the international advanced level. Took the lead in establishing a mandatory classification system for domestic waste, setting an example for the country. It is necessary to strengthen assessment and evaluation, establish a sound incentive mechanism, praise the well-doed regions, and criticize those who do well. Party and government agencies and public institutions such as schools and hospitals must take the lead in implementing a waste classification system. It is necessary to enhance civilized and quality education, integrate garbage classification knowledge into the national education system, start from kindergartens, and cultivate the good habits of the entire society. It is necessary to strengthen the construction of a systematic facility for the “four classifications” of household waste. In the compilation of the city-county spatial plan, all localities must make early arrangements for the waste incineration plant, specify the site, and crack the “neighborhood” predicament.

——”Speech at the Fourteenth Meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group” (December 21, 2016)
 
            

Xi Jinping: Pay more attention to exerting the important role of the constitution and raising the implementation of the constitution to a new level

Xi Jinping emphasized during the fourth collective study of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.

Pay more attention to the important role of the constitution, and raise the implementation of the constitution to a new level.

On the afternoon of February 24, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held the fourth collective study on the constitution of our country and the promotion of a comprehensive legal administration. Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, emphasized during the study that he decided to complete the construction of a well-to-do society, start a new journey for the building of a modern socialist modern country, realize the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity, and improve the party’s long-term ability to govern. We must pay more attention to the important role of the constitution. We must adhere to the leadership of the party, the people as the masters of the country, and govern the country in accordance with the law. We must strengthen the implementation and supervision of the constitution. We must fully incorporate all national undertakings and work into the track of governing the country according to law and governing the country according to the constitution, and raise the implementation of the Constitution to a new level. .

Comrade Li Lin, a member of the Faculty of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and a researcher, explained this issue and discussed opinions and suggestions.

Xi Jinping delivered a speech during the hosting of the study. He emphasized that after the Chinese Communist Party entered the historical stage of China, in the practice of promoting China’s revolution, construction and reform, it attached great importance to the constitution and the construction of the legal system. Starting from the establishment of a revolutionary base, our party has carried out the exploration and practice of formulating and implementing the people’s constitution. After the founding of New China, under the leadership of our party, the first session of the First National People’s Congress held in September 1954 passed the “Constitution of the People’s Republic of China” and played an important role in consolidating the socialist regime and carrying out socialist construction. Safeguarding and promoting the role has also laid the foundation for the formulation and improvement of China’s current constitution in the new period of reform and opening up.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China opened a new era of reform and opening up, and that the development of socialist democracy and the improvement of the socialist law have made the party and the country unrelenting. The current constitution of our country, the 1982 constitution, was born under this historical background. This constitution profoundly sums up the positive and negative experiences of China’s socialist construction, meets the new requirements of China’s reform and opening up and socialist modernization, and strengthens the building of a socialist democracy and legal system, and establishes the guidelines for the party’s line after the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee. The policy stipulates that it is necessary to concentrate its efforts on the socialist modernization drive as the country’s fundamental task, make a series of provisions on the building of socialist democracy and the legal system, and provide effective legal protection for the reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. China’s constitution is the general statute for governing the country and administering the country. It must reflect the historical progress of the party and the people’s cause. It must constantly improve and develop as the party leads the development of the people’s practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Xi Jinping stressed that we can draw such conclusions by reviewing the history of the constitutional construction of our party’s leadership. First, formulating and implementing the constitution, advancing the rule of law, and building a country under the rule of law are necessary requirements for realizing the country’s prosperity, national rejuvenation, social progress, and people’s happiness. Second, China’s current constitution is formulated and continuously improved on the basis of a profound summary of the successful experiences of China’s socialist revolution, construction, and reform. It is an inevitable result of the historical logic, theoretical logic, and practical logic that our party has led the people’s long struggle. Third, only the Chinese Communist Party can insist on building a party for the public and governing for the people, fully promote democracy, lead the people in formulating a constitution that reflects the will of the people, and lead the people in implementing the constitution. Fourth, our party attaches great importance to exerting the important role of the constitution in governing the country, firmly safeguards the dignity and authority of the constitution, and promotes the consummation and development of the constitution. This is the fundamental reason why our constitution remains viable. As a superstructure, the Constitution must adapt to changes in the economic base.

Xi Jinping pointed out that our country’s constitution has achieved a high degree of unity between the party’s proposition and the people’s will. It has significant advantages, a solid foundation, and strong vitality. The Constitution is the fundamental law of the country and is the general basis for the state’s various systems and laws and regulations. We are confident in the road to socialism with Chinese characteristics, self-confidence in theory, self-confidence in the system, and cultural self-confidence. We must be confident in the national guiding ideology, development path, and struggle goals established by our country’s constitution. We are full of the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the socialist system of China as confirmed by our country’s constitution. Self-confidence, confident in our country’s advanced socialist culture created by our party’s leadership and the excellent traditional Chinese culture recognized by our country’s constitution.

Xi Jinping emphasized that the constitution has the highest legal status, legal authority, and legal validity. Our party must first take the lead in esteeming and implementing the constitution and unite the leadership of the people in the formulation and implementation of the constitutional law with the party’s insistence on activities within the constitutional law. No organization or individual may have the privilege to surpass the constitutional law. All violations of the constitutional laws must be investigated. It is necessary to speed up the formation of a complete legal system, an efficient implementation system of the rule of law, a strict system of supervision of the rule of law, a strong system of protection of the rule of law, a sound internal system of laws and regulations, and a scientific, effective and systematic system to ensure the implementation of the Constitution. It is necessary to improve the constitutional supervision system, actively and steadily push forward the review of constitutionality, and strengthen the record review system and capacity building.

Xi Jinping pointed out that it is necessary to strengthen the propaganda and education of the constitution, promote the constitutional spirit, and popularize the constitutional knowledge so as to create a good atmosphere for strengthening the implementation and supervision of the constitution. The authority of the constitutional law derives from the people’s inner support and sincere belief. Strengthening the constitutional study of propaganda and education is an important foundation for implementing the constitution. We must widely carry out propaganda and education to respect the Constitution, study the Constitution, observe the Constitution, safeguard the Constitution, and use the Constitution throughout the society, promote the constitutional spirit, promote socialist awareness of the rule of law, and increase the constitutional awareness of the cadres and the masses so that all people will become loyal and loyal to the Constitution. Conscious adherents and defenders. We must persist in grasping young people and incorporate the constitutional legal education into the national education system, and guide young people to grasp constitutional legal knowledge from a young age, establish a constitutional legal awareness, and cultivate the habit of obeying the law. It is necessary to improve the system for national staff to study the constitutional laws, promote leading cadres to strengthen constitutional studies, strengthen constitutional awareness, and take the lead in respecting the Constitution, studying the Constitution, observing the Constitution, safeguarding the Constitution, and using the Constitution, and emphasizing the exemplary use of law. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 25th)

“People’s Daily” (02/02/20 01 edition)
 
            

Xi Jinping: Avoid making the city an airtight “cement board”

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After learning from the Eighteenth National Congress of the Party, Comrade Xi Jinping’s series of important expositions on the construction of socialist ecological civilization have been far-reaching, rich in content, and profound in thought. This has provided us with a profound understanding of the significance of the construction of ecological civilization and persisted in and implemented new ones. The concept of development correctly handles the relationship between economic development and ecological and environmental protection, and firmly persists in the path of civilized development with productive development, a prosperous life, and a sound ecology, accelerating the construction of a resource-conserving, environment-friendly society, and promoting the formation of green development methods and life. Ways to promote the construction of beautiful China, realize the sustainable development of the Chinese nation, win the great victory in the phase of success in building a well-to-do society, and realize the “two hundred years” goal of struggle and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. significance.

Recently, the CPC Central Committee Literature Research Office edited “Xi Jinping’s excerpt on the construction of socialist ecological civilization.” The contents of this book are taken from more than 80 important articles such as speeches, reports, talks, instructions, instructions, and congratulatory letters from Comrade Xi Jinping from November 15, 2012 to September 11, 2001. Divided into seven topics, a total of 259 paragraphs are discussed. Many of these discussions were published for the first time. The third chapter of the book focuses on the “development of ecological and environmental protection in an all-round, all-terrain, and all-round process in accordance with the idea of ​​systems engineering”. Some of the highlights are as follows:

We must put ecological civilization construction in a prominent position and integrate it into all aspects and processes of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, and social construction. We must firmly establish the concept of ecological civilization that respects nature, conforms to nature, and protects nature, and persist in conserving resources and protecting the environment. The basic national policy is to promote green development, recycling development, and low-carbon development, and accelerate the promotion of energy-saving, emission-reduction and pollution prevention, leaving the future generations with a beautiful homeland with blue sky, green land and water. These tasks should be integrated into the process of industrialization, informatization, urbanization, and agricultural modernization. They must be carried out simultaneously and they must not be reformed.

——Speech during Inspection Work in Guangdong (December 11-11, 2012)

Land is the space carrier for the construction of ecological civilization. In order to co-ordinate planning and do a good job of top-level design from a large aspect, we must first design the pattern of space development in the country. In accordance with the principles of a balance of population, resources and environment, and economic and social ecological benefits, the overall plan for the development of the country’s land resources should be coordinated, population distribution, economic distribution, land use, ecological environment protection should be coordinated, and production space, living space, and ecological space should be scientifically laid out. It will leave more room for repairs, leaving more fertile land for agriculture, and leaving the bright blue sky, green land and pure water for future generations.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

The main functional area strategy is an effective way to strengthen the ecological environment protection, and must be firmly implemented. We must strictly implement the environmental functional zoning, strictly follow the main functional positioning of optimizing development, key development, restricting development, and prohibiting development, and delineate and strictly observe the ecological red line in important ecological function areas, land and marine ecological environment sensitive areas, and vulnerable areas. A scientific and rational pattern of urbanization promotion, a pattern of agricultural development, and an ecological security pattern to ensure national and regional ecological security and improve ecological services.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

Saving resources is the fundamental policy for protecting the ecological environment. Not only does Yangtang stop boiling, but it also has to pay attention to the bottom. In particular, we must establish this viewpoint in protecting the ecological environment. Most of the causes of damage to the ecological environment are from over-exploitation and extensive use of resources. If you try to fish, you must have fish in the end. Therefore, we must start with the source of this resource.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

We must vigorously save intensive use of resources, promote fundamental changes in the use of resources, strengthen the entire process of conservation management, and drastically reduce the intensity of energy, water, and land consumption. We must control total energy consumption, strengthen energy conservation and consumption reduction, support the development of energy-saving and low-carbon industries and new and renewable energy sources, and ensure national energy security. It is necessary to strengthen the protection of water sources and the management of total water use, promote water recycling, and build a water-saving society. We must strictly guard the red line of cultivated land protection, strictly protect cultivated land, especially basic farmland, and strictly control land use. It is necessary to strengthen the exploration, protection, and rational development of mineral resources and increase the level of rational mining and comprehensive utilization of mineral resources exploration. We must vigorously develop a recycling economy and promote the reduction, reuse, and recycling of production, circulation, and consumption.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

We must realize that the Lintian Lake is a community of life. The lifeblood of human beings is in the fields. The lifeblood of Tian is in the water, the lifeblood of the water is in the mountains, the lifeblood of the mountains is in the earth, and the lifeblood of the earth is in the trees. The use of regulations and ecological restoration must follow the laws of nature. If trees are planted, water is used to control water, and fields are simply protected, it is easy to lose sight of them and ultimately cause ecological damage. It is imperative for a department to exercise all responsibilities for the control of land use in the country and to uniformly protect and unify the restoration of Lintian Lake in the landscape.

– “Notes on the Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party on Several Major Issues Concerning the Comprehensive Deepening of Reforms” (November 9, 2013), Selected Works of Important Documents Since the Eighteenth National Congress (I), Central Document Publishing House, 2014 Edition, No. 507 pages

The national functional area planning has made arrangements for the overall layout of urbanization, and put forward the “two horizontal and three vertical” urbanization strategy pattern. This is the overall situation and the overall situation. It needs a blueprint to do the work and not to “burn the pancakes”. All regions must unswervingly implement the system of main functional areas, and strictly follow the orientation of the main functional areas to promote development and promote urbanization. Areas with weakened carrying capacity should be optimized and developed, and key development areas must be intensively and efficiently developed. Development areas should be restricted from development and surface protection in the restricted areas, and development areas that prohibit development zones should be prohibited or stopped from all development activities that do not meet the requirements of laws and regulations.

– “Speech at the Central Urbanization Working Conference” (December 12, 2013), Selected Works of Important Documents Since the Eighteenth National Congress (top), Central Document Press, 2014, p. 600

In order to integrate the city into nature, do not take the effort to reclaim the sea in Lushan. Many mountain cities and water cities are very unique. You can rely on the unique scenery of the existing landscapes and veins, so that the residents can see the mountains, see the water, and remember the homesickness. .

——”Speech at the Central Urbanization Work Conference” (December 12, 2013), Selected Works of Important Documents Since the Eighteenth National Congress (top), Central Document Press, 2014, p. 603

Every detail of urban planning and construction must consider the impact on nature, not to break the natural system. Why are so many cities lacking water? One important reason is that there are too many concrete sites, and forest lands, grasslands, lakes, and wetlands that can conserve water are used to cut off the natural water cycle. Rainwater has come and can only be discharged as sewage, and the groundwater is drawing less and less. To solve the problem of urban water shortage, we must comply with nature. For example, in the promotion of urban drainage systems, priority should be given to the retention of limited rainwater, and priority should be given to the use of natural power for drainage, and the construction of a “sponge city” with natural accumulation, natural penetration, and natural purification. Many cities put forward the slogan of an ecological city, but the idea is that big trees enter the city, make mountains, create man-made landscaping, fill in the lake and fill the sea. This is not the construction of an ecological civilization but the destruction of natural ecology.

——”Speech at the Central Urbanization Work Conference” (December 12, 2013), Selected Works of Important Documents Since the Eighteenth National Congress (top), Central Document Press, 2014, p. 603

To engage in new rural construction, we must pay attention to ecological and environmental protection, pay attention to the taste of rural areas, reflect the characteristics of rural areas, and preserve the rural landscape. We must not copy the construction of towns and cities, and do not like cities or rural areas. When I went to Hainan, I said to the comrades in Hainan that the green mountains and blue waters and the blue sky and blue sky are the strongest advantages and the greatest capital in Hainan. They are valuable assets that cannot be bought or borrowed, and must be treasured and carefully Care. More than 900 years ago, when Su Dongpo was degraded in Hainan and Ganzhou, he wrote many verses depicting Hainan’s landscape. For example, “Who scattered in the clouds and illuminates the moon, Tian Ronghai’s color clarified”, “Feiquan Xiewanyi, and Maizhuang” “Being low,” “Dan Yan breaks the skin, Huang Gan Yi Fang Jin,” and so on. When I went to Hunan, I also said to Hunan’s comrades that Hunan has beautiful natural scenery. In Comrade Mao Zedong’s “Friends of Affinity,” the verses “Dong Ting Bo Chung Lian Tianxue, Long Islanders sing a poem. I want to dream because of my dreams, I don’t want to make my country go to Zhaohui”. The writer of the Song Dynasty Fan Zhongyan wrote in Yueyang Tower. The “Ocean of Sand Gulls, Aquamarine Swims, Shore Turk-Lan, Green and Green”, “Long Smoke, Empty Moon, Floating Light, and Static Shadow” are beautiful scenes! That time I went to Xiangxi, and I remembered the scenery of Xiangxi that Shen Congwen described in works such as “Border Town” and “Xiao Xiao”. To engage in new rural construction is by no means trying to dispel the beauty of these hometowns, but to integrate them with modern life. Therefore, I said that we must be careful to cut down trees, forbidding digging mountains, not filling in lakes, and removing houses.

– “Speech at the Central Rural Work Conference” (December 23, 2013), Selected Works of Important Documents Since the Eighteenth National Congress (top), Central Document Press, 2014, p. 683

To implement the overall national security concept, we must pay attention to both external and internal security, seek development internally, seek change, seek stability, build safe China, seek peace from outside, seek cooperation, seek win-win results, and build a harmonious world; Homeland security also attaches importance to national security, adheres to a people-oriented, people-centered approach, insists on national security, respects the people, depends on the people, and truly reinforces the national security mass foundation; it not only pays attention to traditional security but also attaches importance to non-traditional security and builds political security. National security systems such as national security, homeland security, military security, economic security, cultural security, social security, scientific and technological security, information security, ecological security, resource security, and nuclear safety are all integrated; both emphasis on development issues and safety issues, development is safety The foundation of security is the condition for development. Rich countries can build strong troops and strong troops can defend the country. They also value their own safety, attach importance to common security, and build a community of destiny. All parties are encouraged to move toward the goal of mutual benefit and common security.

– Speech at the First Meeting of the Central National Security Committee (April 15, 2014), People’s Daily, April 16, 2014

We must resolutely control the total energy consumption. China’s extensive use of energy, energy efficiency is low, and total energy consumption is excessive. According to statistics from the National Bureau of Statistics, the total energy consumption in 2003 was 3.75 billion tons of standard coal, but the statistics from various regions may be much larger than this. China’s energy consumption accounts for 22% of the world’s total, while China’s GDP only accounts for 11.5% of the world’s total. This means that China’s unit energy output efficiency is only half of the world average. Open-minded energy consumption is not only unsustainable for China’s resources and environment, but also the global resources and environment. If China’s energy use efficiency is raised to the world average, half of the energy can be used less every year. Energy-saving means emission reduction. If half of the energy is used less, carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, and PM2.5 emissions will be greatly reduced.

——”Speech at the Sixth Meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group” (June 13, 2014)

The modernization of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project is in the present age, which will benefit the future. It is hoped to continue to adhere to the principles of water conservation first, water pollution control first, water conservation after environmental protection first, strengthen operation management, deepen water quality protection, strengthen water conservation, ensure the development of immigration, and plan for follow-up projects. To benefit the nation and benefit the people.

——Indications on the Official Water Transfer of the First Phase of the Middle Route of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project (December 2014), People’s Daily, December 13, 2014

The construction of new countryside must follow the road to rural reality, follow the village’s own development laws, fully embody the characteristics of the countryside, pay attention to the taste of the countryside, preserve the rural landscape, and retain green mountains and green water, and remember to live in the countryside.

——Speech during inspection work in Yunnan (January 19-21, 2015), People’s Daily, January 22, 2015

To push forward the construction of ecological civilization and solve the problems of tight resource constraints, serious environmental pollution, and degraded ecosystems, some hard measures must be taken and real efforts can be effective. It is a hard measure to implement dual control actions such as energy and water consumption and construction land use. This means that we must not only control the total amount, but also control the energy consumption of the unit’s GDP, the consumption of water resources, and the intensity of construction land. This work is done well. It can not only save energy and water and land resources, but also reduce the emission of pollutants from the source. It can also force the transformation of economic development patterns and improve the green level of China’s economic development.

– “Notes on the CPC Central Committee’s Proposal for Formulating the 13th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development” (October 26, 2015), Selected Works of Important Documents since the 18th National Congress (middle), Central Literature Press, 2016, p. 782

The scale of the city must adapt to the carrying capacity of resources and the environment. If a city excessively concentrates its industries and expands its functions, the population will over-agglomerate and it will occupy more farmland and ecological land. Once the population and economic size exceeds the water resources carrying capacity, it will have to overtake groundwater or divert water from other areas. When the proportion of ecological space and construction space is out of balance, the environmental capacity will inevitably decrease, and pollution will inevitably increase.

— “Speech at the Central City Working Conference” (December 20, 2015)

Co-ordinate the three major layouts of production, life and ecology to improve the livability of urban development. The ancient Chinese said: “City, so the people are also.” Urban development should grasp the internal relations of production space, living space, ecological space, to achieve a intensive and efficient production space, appropriate living space livable, ecological space beautiful.

— “Speech at the Central City Working Conference” (December 20, 2015)

Landscape Lintian Lake is an organic part of the city’s living body and cannot be arbitrarily occupied and destroyed. This principle was recognized by our ancient people more than 2,000 years ago. “Tube” said: “The sage’s patriarchal country must be in a place where it does not lean, and choose the fertiliser of the topography. The country mountain passes through the water and the zebra.” In fact, we are now in harmony with nature and some people. The beautiful and picturesque city is gradually built under the guidance of this idea.

— “Speech at the Central City Working Conference” (December 20, 2015)

Urban construction should be based on nature, integrate the good scenery of good mountains and rivers into the city, and make the internal water system and green space of the city form a complete ecological network with the surrounding rivers, lakes, forests and farmland. We must vigorously carry out ecological restoration and let the city reproduce green mountains and green hills. In the 1980s, Germany, Switzerland, and other countries proposed the concept of “renaturalization” to restore rivers to a level close to nature, which is worth learning from. To stop those blindly transforming nature, do not fill rivers, lakes, wetlands, and paddy fields, and not cement the original ecological rivers, and avoid making the city an airtight “cement board.”

— “Speech at the Central City Working Conference” (December 20, 2015)

To control the intensity of urban development, delineate water protection lines, green space system lines, infrastructure construction control lines, historical and cultural protection lines, permanent basic farmland, and ecological protection red lines to prevent “spreading” expansion and promote green and low-carbon forms. Production lifestyle and urban construction operation model.

— “Speech at the Central City Working Conference” (December 20, 2015)

To promote the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the concept must be advanced, ecological priority and green development should be adhered to, and ecological and environmental protection should be given priority. All economic activities involving the Yangtze River should be based on the premise of not destroying the ecological environment. Development. The thinking must be clear and hard constraints established. The ecological environment of the Yangtze River can only be optimized and cannot be worsened. It is necessary to promote the flow of factors among regions, enhance overall development and integration, coordination and sustainability, and increase the efficiency of factor allocation. To play the role of the golden waterway of the Yangtze River, industrial development must reflect the requirements of the green cycle of low-carbon development.

——Speech at the twelfth meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group (January 26, 2016), People’s Daily, January 27, 2016

Forest relations national ecological security. We must focus on promoting greening of the land, insisting on voluntary tree-planting activities, strengthening key forestry projects, and implementing a new round of returning farmland to forests. Efforts should be made to improve the quality of forests, adhere to the priorities of conservation and natural restoration, insist on equal emphasis on quantity and quality, and prioritize quality, and adhere to the practice of closing mountains and afforestation and artificial afforestation. To perfect the natural forest protection system, the seal should be sealed and the construction should be completed. The forest should be suitable for irrigation and the irrigation should be applied. The grass quality improvement project should be implemented. It is necessary to focus on the construction of forest cities and do a good job of greening the city so that the green areas suitable for the city are green. Do a good job of greening around the city, make full use of unacceptable land for afforestation and afforestation; do a good job of greening the city groups and expand the ecological space between cities. We must focus on the construction of national parks to protect the authenticity and integrity of natural ecosystems and leave some natural heritage for future generations. To integrate the establishment of national parks to better protect rare and endangered animals.

——Speech at the twelfth meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group (January 26, 2016), People’s Daily, January 27, 2016

To promote ecological and environmental protection, we must adhere to protection priorities and insist on the combination of natural restoration and manual restoration. It is necessary to proceed from the reality of Qinghai and fully implement the planning requirements for the main functional areas so that the main functions for ensuring national ecological security are comprehensively strengthened. It is necessary to coordinate the promotion of ecological engineering, energy conservation and emission reduction, environmental improvement, and the construction of beautiful urban and rural areas, strengthen the construction of nature reserves, strengthen the ecological protection in the Sanjiangyuan and Qinghai Lake areas, strengthen the control of desertification and the construction of alpine grassland, and strengthen the return of grazing to the grassland and the return of farmland. Lin Huicao and the Three-North Shelterbelt construction, strengthen energy-saving emission reduction and comprehensive environmental management, build a national ecological security barrier, and firmly hold onto the ecological bottom line to ensure that “one river flows into the east”.

——”Speech at the End of the Inspection Work in Qinghai Province (Excerpt)” (August 24, 2016)

Urban planning plays an important role in urban development. Beijing urban planning needs to consider in depth the question of “building a capital and how to build a capital city.” It should grasp the strategic positioning, spatial structure, and factor allocation, adhere to the overall planning of urban and rural areas, and implement the “multiple regulation” to form a plan. Zhang Lantu strived to enhance the core functions of the capital and ensure that the service support capacity is compatible with the strategic positioning of the city. The population, resources, and environment are in harmony with the strategic positioning of the city. The urban layout is consistent with the strategic positioning of the city and it is constantly moving towards building a world-class harmonious and livable environment. The goal of the capital goes forward. The overall plan has statutory effect after being approved by legal procedures, and it is necessary to firmly safeguard the seriousness and authority of the plan.

——Speech during the inspection tour in Beijing (February 23 and 24, 2017), People’s Daily, February 25, 2017

Accelerate the restoration of ecological protection. We must adhere to the priorities of protection and natural restoration, and further implement the integrated ecological protection and restoration of the Lintian Lake in the mountains and rivers. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the Loess Plateau, the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, the Qinba Mountains, the Qilian Mountains, the Daxinganling and Changbai Mountains, the Nanling Mountains, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei water conservation area, the Inner Mongolia Plateau, the Hexi Corridor, the Tarim River Basin, and the Guizhou-Guizhou Karst Regional and other related national ecological security regional ecological restoration projects, build a national ecological security barrier. It is necessary to carry out large-scale land-greening operations and promote major ecological projects such as the protection of natural forests, the construction of shelterbelt systems, the control of wind and sandstorms in Beijing and Tianjin, the restoration of forests and grasslands, and the restoration and protection of wetlands, strengthen urban afforestation, and accelerate the integration of soil erosion and desertification and rock desertification. Governance.

– “Speech at the Forty-first Collective Study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee” (May 26, 2017)
 
            

The Politburo of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting and decided to hold the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee General Secretary Xi Jinping chaired the meeting

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 24th The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting on February 24 and decided to hold the third plenary session of the 19th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party in Beijing from February 26th to 28th this year. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Xi Jinping presided over the meeting.

The meeting discussed the report made by the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee to the Central Committee.

The Politburo of the CPC Central Committee heard a report on the “Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party on Deepening the Reform of the Party and the State Institutions” in a range of opinions within and outside the Party. It discussed the draft “Deepening the Program for Party and State Institutional Reform” and decided that the meeting should be based on this meeting. The revised opinions were submitted to the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee for consideration.

The meeting pointed out that the functional system of the party and state institutions is an important part of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and is an important guarantee for our party to govern the country. Since the party’s 18th National Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has clearly stated that the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reforms is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. We adapt to coordinate the overall requirements of the “Five in One” and coordinate the advancement of the “four comprehensive” strategic layout. We must strengthen the Party’s leadership, persist in problem orientation, highlight key areas, and deepen the reform of the Party and state institutions in some important areas and key areas. Significant progress was made in the link, which provided a powerful guarantee for the party’s and the country’s undertakings to make historic achievements and historic changes. At present, in face of the new requirements put forward by the new tasks of the new era, the requirements for the establishment of the party and the state institutions and the allocation of functions are not fully consistent with the requirements for the overall layout of the “Five in One” and the coordinated promotion of the “four comprehensive” strategic layout. The requirements for the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity are not fully adapted.

The meeting emphasized that deepening the reform of the party and the state institutions is an inevitable requirement for adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, an indispensable requirement for strengthening the long-term governance capacity of the party, and an inevitable requirement for the self-improvement and development of the socialist system. The “two hundred years” goal, the goal of building a socialist modern country, and the inevitable requirements of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The whole party must unify its thinking, strengthen its confidence, and seize the opportunity. In the process of comprehensively deepening reforms, it is determined to solve the obstacles and drawbacks existing in the functional system of the party and the state institutions, and to give better play to the superiority of China’s socialist system. We must take the party’s overall leadership as our guide, our national governance system and the modernization of our governance capacity as our guide, and promote the optimization of the functions of the party and the state agencies to make coordination and efficiency the focus. We must reform institutional settings, optimize the distribution of functions, deepen the transfer of functions, and transfer methods. Reverting to the style of work, improving efficiency and effectiveness, providing a strong institutional guarantee for the success of a complete well-to-do society, opening up a new journey to build a modern socialist modern nation, and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

The meeting discussed the proposed candidates for the leaders of the national institutions recommended by the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress and the candidates recommended by the leaders of the CPPCC National Committee recommended by the first session of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

The meeting confirmed that the above content will be the subject of the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee.

The meeting discussed the draft of the “Government Work Report” that the State Council intends to submit for consideration at the first meeting of the 13th National People’s Congress. The conference believes that in the past five years, faced with extremely complicated domestic and international situations, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core united and led the people of all nationalities in the country to advance forward and promote the achievement of historical and historical changes in economic and social development. In the past 2017, the major economic and social development goals were fully realized. Some important indicators were better than expected. The economic operation showed a good situation in which growth, quality, structure, and benefits complement each other.

The conference emphasized that this year is the first year of comprehensive implementation of the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. It is the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening up, and it is a crucial year for success in building a well-to-do society and implementing the 13th Five-Year Plan. In order to do a good job of the government, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and with the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the ‘Three Represents,’ the scientific concept of development, and the socialist ideas of Chinese society with a new era in Xi Jinping, we must fully implement the party. The spirit of the 19th and the 2nd Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, adhered to and strengthened the overall leadership of the Party, adhered to the overall tone of the work for stability and progress, adhered to the new development concept, closely followed the changes in major social conflicts in our country, and coordinated the requirements of high-quality development. Promote the overall layout of the “Five in One” and coordinate the promotion of the “four comprehensive” strategic layout. We must adhere to the structural reform of the supply side as the main line, and coordinate the work of stabilizing growth, promoting reform, adjusting structure, benefiting people’s livelihood and preventing risks. Vigorously promote reform and opening up, innovate and improve macro-control, promote quality change, efficiency change, and power change. In particular, we must make solid progress in preventing major risks, achieving poverty reduction, and preventing pollution. We will guide and stabilize expectations, strengthen and improve People’s livelihood promotes sustained and healthy economic and social development.

The meeting pointed out that to achieve this year’s economic and social development goals and tasks, it is necessary to maintain the stability of macroeconomic policies and implement a proactive fiscal policy and a sound monetary policy. We must further promote supply-side structural reforms, speed up the construction of innovative countries, deepen reforms in basic and key areas, resolutely fight for the three major challenges, implement the strategy of rural rejuvenation, promote regional coordinated development strategies, expand consumption and promote effective investment, and promote the formation of comprehensive Open up new patterns, improve protection and improve people’s livelihood. It is necessary to comprehensively strengthen the government’s own construction, adhere to administration in accordance with the constitution, administration according to law, improve the effectiveness of the government, and better serve the people.

The meeting also studied other matters.

“People’s Daily” (02/02/20 01 edition)
 
            

Xi Jinping: Adhering to Green Development is a Deep Revolution in Development

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After learning from the Eighteenth National Congress of the Party, Comrade Xi Jinping’s series of important expositions on the construction of socialist ecological civilization have been far-reaching, rich in content, and profound in thought. This has provided us with a profound understanding of the significance of the construction of ecological civilization and persisted in and implemented new ones. The concept of development correctly handles the relationship between economic development and ecological and environmental protection, and firmly persists in the path of civilized development with productive development, a prosperous life, and a sound ecology, accelerating the construction of a resource-conserving, environment-friendly society, and promoting the formation of green development methods and life. Ways to promote the construction of beautiful China, realize the sustainable development of the Chinese nation, win the great victory in the phase of success in building a well-to-do society, and realize the “two hundred years” goal of struggle and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. significance.

Recently, the CPC Central Committee Literature Research Office edited “Xi Jinping’s excerpt on the construction of socialist ecological civilization.” The contents of this book are taken from more than 80 important articles such as speeches, reports, talks, instructions, instructions, and congratulatory letters from Comrade Xi Jinping from November 15, 2012 to September 11, 2001. Divided into seven topics, a total of 259 paragraphs are discussed. Many of these discussions were published for the first time. The second part of the book focuses on “implementing new development concepts and promoting the formation of green development methods and lifestyles”. Some of the highlights are as follows:

The success or failure of ecological and environmental protection ultimately depends on the economic structure and the mode of economic development. Economic development should not be to fish out resources and ecological environment, and ecological environment protection should not be abandoning economic development. It must be protected in development, development in protection, economic and social development and population, resources and environment. Coordinate and continuously improve the level of resource utilization, speed up the construction of a green production system, and vigorously enhance the society’s awareness of conservation, environmental awareness, and ecological awareness.

– “Speech at the end of the inspection work in Hainan” (April 10, 2013)

To advance the construction of ecological civilization, we must fully implement the spirit of the Party’s 18th National Congress, take Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important concept of the “Three Represents”, and the scientific concept of development as guidance, and establish the concept of ecological civilization that respects nature, conforms to nature, and protects nature, and persists in conservation. The basic national policy for resources and environmental protection, adhere to the principle of conservation priority, protection priority, and natural recovery, integrate ecological civilization construction into all aspects and processes of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, and social construction, and strive to establish ecological concepts and improve Ecological system, maintenance of ecological security, optimization of the ecological environment, and the formation of a spatial pattern that conserves resources and protects the environment, industrial structure, production methods, and lifestyle.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

To march towards a new era of ecological civilization and build a beautiful China is an important part of the Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. China will implement the basic national policy of saving resources and protecting the environment in accordance with the concept of respecting nature, conforming to nature, and protecting the environment. It will consciously promote green development, recycling development, and low-carbon development, integrate ecological civilization construction into economic construction, political construction, and culture. In all aspects of construction and social construction and the entire process, a spatial structure, an industrial structure, a production method, and a way of life for saving resources and protecting the environment are formed, leaving the production and living environment of the sky blue, green, and clear water for future generations.

——“Congratulatory Letter to the Guiyang International Forum 2013 Conference” (July 18, 2013), People’s Daily, July 21, 2013

China has clearly placed ecological environmental protection in a more prominent position. We need green mountains and green mountains and gold mountains and silver mountains. It would rather be green and green, not Jinshan Yinshan, and green mountains are Jinshan Yinshan. We must not exchange for the momentary development of the economy at the expense of the ecological environment.

– Q&A at the lecture in Nazarbayev University, Kazakhstan (September 7, 2013), People’s Daily, September 8, 2013

I said that green mountains and golden mountains must be required; green mountains and green mountains are Jinshan Yinshan. Green Mountain and Jinshan Silver Mountain are by no means antagonistic. The key lies in people. The key is thinking. Why is it that Green Mountain is Jinshan Yinshan? “Fish is home to water and grass. Birds prefer good wood and habitat.” If all other conditions are met, who does not want to invest in green mountains and rivers to develop, work, live, and travel? In this sense, green mountains are both natural wealth, social wealth, and economic wealth.

— “Speech at the Deliberation of the Guizhou Delegation to the Second Session of the Twelfth National People’s Congress” (March 7, 2014)

In the final analysis, the issue of ecological environment is a matter of economic development. It is necessary to adhere to strict prevention at the source, strict management of the process, severely punished consequences, a multi-pronged approach to the management of the target, and continuous progress toward the goal of blue water purification. This is an important task for future generations of the Liguo Limin Li. It must not be said to be important. It should be loud and loud and should be done in a neutral position.

– “Speech at the Central Economic Work Conference” (December 9, 2014)

The economy needs to develop, but it cannot be done at the cost of destroying the ecological environment. Eco-environmental protection is a long-term task and it must be done for a long time.

——Speech during inspection work in Yunnan (January 19-21, 2015), People’s Daily, January 22, 2015

Coordinated development and green development are both ideas and measures. It is essential that policies are in place and implemented. We must take effective measures to promote coordinated regional development, coordinated urban and rural development, accelerate the development of underdeveloped regions, and actively promote the integration of urban and rural development and the equalization of basic urban and rural public services. It is necessary to scientifically lay out production space, living space, and ecological space, promote ecological environmental protection in a solid manner, and make good ecological environment a growth point for the people’s quality of life, and become a force-making point for displaying a good image of our country.

——Speech at the Symposium of the Leading Comrades of the Party Committees of the 7 Provinces of East China (May 27, 2015), People’s Daily May 29, 2015

Urban development must not only pursue economic goals, but also pursue the goal of harmony between ecological goals and man and nature, establish the awareness of “green mountains and green mountains, and Jinshan Yinshan Mountain”, strengthen the concept of respect for nature, pass on history, and develop a low-carbon green environment. The comprehensive carrying capacity of cities and cities is used as the basic basis for determining the location and scale of cities.

— “Speech at the Central City Working Conference” (December 20, 2015)

Green ecology is the biggest asset, the biggest advantage, and the biggest brand. It must be well protected, make good articles on managing mountains and rivers, show mountains and dew, and develop a path that complements and complements each other the level of economic development and ecological civilization.

——Speech during inspection work in Jiangxi (February 1-3, 2016), People’s Daily, February 4, 2016

In the construction of ecological environmental protection, we must establish the overall outlook, the long-term perspective, and the overall outlook, adhere to protection priorities, adhere to the basic national policy of resource conservation and environmental protection, protect the ecological environment like eye protection, and treat the ecological environment like life. Form a green development approach and lifestyle.

——Speech during the deliberation of the Qinghai delegation at the Fourth Session of the Twelfth National People’s Congress (March 10, 2016), People’s Daily, March 11, 2016

Green development is an inevitable requirement for the construction of ecological civilization. It represents the direction of science and technology and industrial change and is the most promising field of development. Human development activities must respect nature, conform to nature, and protect nature. Otherwise, they will be retaliated by nature. No one can resist this rule. We must deepen our understanding of the laws of nature and conscientiously guide our actions with our understanding of the laws. We must not only study the measures for the protection and restoration of ecological restoration, but also deepen our understanding of scientific laws such as biodiversity. We must not only strengthen management and protection from policies, but must also deepen our understanding from global changes, carbon cycle mechanisms, and other aspects, and rely on technological innovation. Solve the green development problems and form a new pattern of harmonious development between man and nature.

– “Striving to build a world power for science and technology” (May 30, 2016), People’s Publishing House, booklet, page 12

Promoting the formation of green development methods and lifestyles is a profound revolution in the concept of development. It is necessary to uphold and implement new development concepts, properly handle the relationship between economic development and ecological environment protection, protect the ecological environment like eye protection, treat the ecological environment like life, resolutely abandon the development model that damages or even destroys the ecological environment, and resolutely abandon it. At the expense of the eco-environment in exchange for economic growth, the good ecological environment has become a growth point for people’s lives, a support point for the sustained and healthy development of the economy and society, and a force-making point for displaying our country’s good image, making the Chinese earth more blue. The mountain is greener, the water is clearer, and the environment is more beautiful.

– “Speech at the Forty-first Collective Study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee” (May 26, 2017)

We must fully understand the importance, urgency, and arduousness of the formation of green development methods and lifestyles, and accelerate the construction of a scientific and orderly national spatial distribution system, a green recycling system for low-carbon development, and an ecological and civilized system of restraint and encouragement. The system of green action for the public governance of government and government enterprises has accelerated the construction of ecological function protection baselines, the bottom line of environmental quality and safety, and the use of natural resources to promote the development of the three major red lines.

– “Speech at the Forty-first Collective Study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee” (May 26, 2017)

Adhering to green development is a profound revolution in the concept of development. We must take extraordinary measures from the aspects of transforming the economic development mode, comprehensive treatment of environmental pollution, restoration of natural ecological protection, resource conservation and intensive use, and improvement of the ecological civilized institutional system, and carry out ecological environmental protection in an all-round, all-terrain, and full-scale process.

——Speech during the inspection tour in Shanxi (June 21-23, 2017), People’s Daily, June 24, 2017
 
            

The Politburo of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting and decided to hold the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee General Secretary Xi Jinping chaired the meeting

The Politburo of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting on February 24 and decided to hold the third plenary session of the 19th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party in Beijing from February 26 to 28 this year. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Xi Jinping presided over the meeting.

The meeting discussed the report made by the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee to the Central Committee.

The Politburo of the CPC Central Committee heard a report on the “Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party on Deepening the Reform of the Party and the State Institutions” in a range of opinions within and outside the Party. It discussed the draft “Deepening the Program for Party and State Institutional Reform” and decided that the meeting should be based on this meeting. The revised opinions were submitted to the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee for consideration.

The meeting pointed out that the functional system of the party and state institutions is an important part of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and is an important guarantee for our party to govern the country. Since the party’s 18th National Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has clearly stated that the overall goal of comprehensively deepening reforms is to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and to advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. We adapt to coordinate the overall requirements of the “Five in One” and coordinate the advancement of the “four comprehensive” strategic layout. We must strengthen the Party’s leadership, persist in problem orientation, highlight key areas, and deepen the reform of the Party and state institutions in some important areas and key areas. Significant progress was made in the link, which provided a powerful guarantee for the party’s and the country’s undertakings to make historic achievements and historic changes. At present, in face of the new requirements put forward by the new tasks of the new era, the requirements for the establishment of the party and the state institutions and the allocation of functions are not fully consistent with the requirements for the overall layout of the “Five in One” and the coordinated promotion of the “four comprehensive” strategic layout. The requirements for the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity are not fully adapted.

The meeting emphasized that deepening the reform of the party and the state institutions is an inevitable requirement for adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, an indispensable requirement for strengthening the long-term governance capacity of the party, and an inevitable requirement for the self-improvement and development of the socialist system. The “two hundred years” goal, the goal of building a socialist modern country, and the inevitable requirements of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The whole party must unify its thinking, strengthen its confidence, and seize the opportunity. In the process of comprehensively deepening reforms, it is determined to solve the obstacles and drawbacks existing in the functional system of the party and the state institutions, and to give better play to the superiority of China’s socialist system. We must take the party’s overall leadership as our guide, our national governance system and the modernization of our governance capacity as our guide, and promote the optimization of the functions of the party and the state agencies to make coordination and efficiency the focus. We must reform institutional settings, optimize the distribution of functions, deepen the transfer of functions, and transfer methods. Reverting to the style of work, improving efficiency and effectiveness, providing a strong institutional guarantee for the success of a complete well-to-do society, opening up a new journey to build a modern socialist modern nation, and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

The meeting discussed the proposed candidates for the leaders of the national institutions recommended by the first session of the 13th National People’s Congress and the candidates recommended by the leaders of the CPPCC National Committee recommended by the first session of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

The meeting confirmed that the above content will be the subject of the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee.

The meeting discussed the draft of the “Government Work Report” that the State Council intends to submit for consideration at the first meeting of the 13th National People’s Congress. The conference believes that in the past five years, faced with extremely complicated domestic and international situations, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core united and led the people of all nationalities in the country to advance forward and promote the achievement of historical and historical changes in economic and social development. In the past 2017, the major economic and social development goals were fully realized. Some important indicators were better than expected. The economic operation showed a good situation in which growth, quality, structure, and benefits complement each other.

The conference emphasized that this year is the first year of comprehensive implementation of the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. It is the 40th anniversary of the reform and opening up, and it is a crucial year for success in building a well-to-do society and implementing the 13th Five-Year Plan. In order to do a good job of the government, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and with the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the ‘Three Represents,’ the scientific concept of development, and the socialist ideas of Chinese society with a new era in Xi Jinping, we must fully implement the party. The spirit of the 19th and the 2nd Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee, adhered to and strengthened the overall leadership of the Party, adhered to the overall tone of the work for stability and progress, adhered to the new development concept, closely followed the changes in major social conflicts in our country, and coordinated the requirements of high-quality development. Promote the overall layout of the “Five in One” and coordinate the promotion of the “four comprehensive” strategic layout. We must adhere to the structural reform of the supply side as the main line, and coordinate the work of stabilizing growth, promoting reform, adjusting structure, benefiting people’s livelihood and preventing risks. Vigorously promote reform and opening up, innovate and improve macro-control, promote quality change, efficiency change, and power change. In particular, we must make solid progress in preventing major risks, achieving poverty reduction, and preventing pollution. We will guide and stabilize expectations, strengthen and improve People’s livelihood promotes sustained and healthy economic and social development.

The meeting pointed out that to achieve this year’s economic and social development goals and tasks, it is necessary to maintain the stability of macroeconomic policies and implement a proactive fiscal policy and a sound monetary policy. We must further promote supply-side structural reforms, speed up the construction of innovative countries, deepen reforms in basic and key areas, resolutely fight for the three major challenges, implement the strategy of rural rejuvenation, promote regional coordinated development strategies, expand consumption and promote effective investment, and promote the formation of comprehensive Open up new patterns, improve protection and improve people’s livelihood. It is necessary to comprehensively strengthen the government’s own construction, adhere to administration in accordance with the constitution, administration according to law, improve the effectiveness of the government, and better serve the people.

The meeting also studied other matters. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 24th)
 
            

The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee Held a Meeting

The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee convenes a meeting

To listen to the report on the planning of the Xiong’an New District in Hebei

General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Xi Jinping presides over the meeting

The Standing Committee of the Politburo of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting on February 22 to hear reports on the preparation of the Xiong’an New District in Hebei. CPC Central Committee General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over the meeting and delivered an important speech.

The conference pointed out that the planning and construction of Xiong’an New District is another major policy decision made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core to deepen the coordinated development of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei. It is a historic project that undertakes the functions of non-capital cities in Beijing and explores the population. It is of great practical significance and far-reaching historical significance to optimize the development model in densely populated areas, adjust and optimize the spatial structure of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, cultivate new engines that promote high-quality development and build a modern economic system.

The meeting held that under the leadership of the Party Central Committee and with the strong support of the relevant ministries and commissions of the State Council and the Beijing and Tianjin Municipalities, Hebei Province has conducted in-depth investigation and demonstration in conjunction with the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Coordinated Development Leading Group Office, the Expert Advisory Committee, and other aspects, and fully listened to the views of all parties. Repeated revisions and improvements have made important progress in the planning and preparation of Xiong’an New District.

The meeting emphasized that the planning and construction of the Xiong’an New District should fully implement the party’s Nineteenth National Congress and be guided by the socialist ideology of the Chinese society with a new era of Xi Jinping, and adhere to the vision of the world, international standards, Chinese characteristics, and high points. To implement high-quality development requirements, create “Xiong’an quality” and become a model in the country in promoting high-quality development. It is necessary to build a centralized, non-capital-bearing destination in Beijing, conform to nature, respect the laws, and build a reasonable urban spatial layout. It is necessary to combine regional culture, natural landscapes, and the requirements of the times to form the urban style of Chinese style, scenery and innovation. It is necessary to plan and build digital cities simultaneously and strive to create new smart areas. We must adhere to ecological priorities and green development, and strive to build green, low-carbon new districts. It is necessary to deploy and build a number of national innovation platforms in accordance with the state, and strive to create innovation-driven development of new areas. It is necessary to lay out an efficient transportation network, implement the requirements for balance of office and work, and form a multi-level, full-coverage, humane basic public service network.

The meeting called for deepening the planning content and perfecting the planning system, researching and proposing measures to support Xiong’an New District to speed up reform and opening up as soon as possible, starting a batch of basic major projects in a timely manner, and ensuring that the construction of new districts is a good start and a good start.

The meeting stressed that the construction of the Xiong’an New District is a major task for the millennium and a major national event. It is necessary to maintain historical patience, keep steady, and work hard to build a high-level modern socialist city.

The meeting also studied other matters. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 22)

“People’s Daily” (02/02/20, 01 edition)
 
            

The general secretary’s feelings of the people: The general secretary regards the meaning of friendship as if it were a mountain

The northern Shaanxi plateau is very rich in flavor. Every household has a red Spring Festival couplet and a golden rice cake. The crackling sounds of the firecrackers slam in the hills.

General Secretary Xi Jinping once said: “When I was gone, but I left my heart here.” Now, after leaving the Liangjia River for more than 40 years, he still can call out the names of the folks when he meets him—with her baby. Sunspots, iron locks… Reminiscing about the interactions with the general secretary, the villagers said: “Jinping never forgot us. He is a man of great importance.”

“Heavy feelings,” the reporter followed the footsteps of the general secretary and went down to the campus where he had been studying, the village where he jumped the team, the county where he worked, the places he visited, and even went abroad. The word is frequently heard. The “son of the Yellow Land” not only holds the father and the son of Liang Jiahe, but also always remembers more than 9.6 million square kilometers of villagers in the vast land.

Liang Jiahe villagers Shi Chunyang –

“He always manages what the people need most.”

[7 years of educated youth, Xi Jinping and Liang Jiahe villagers Shi Chunyang have forged a deep friendship. In October 1975, after Xi Jinping left Liangjiahe, Shi Chunyang took over as secretary of the Party branch of the village, and in 2016 he served as secretary of the General Party branch of the Jiahe River. He said that among the priceless wealth left by the General Secretary, there is a wealth called “meaning.” 】

“The folks are amiable to him and often will read him.” Shi Chunyang sat on the sofa, and behind the wall hung several pictures of the general secretary when he came to Liang Jiahe in February 2015. The steamed bread was hot and the water boiled on the stove. The kitten nestled in the feet.

Out of the window, it is experiencing tremendous changes for thousands of years.

In January 1969, Xi Jinping, an educated youth from the countryside, came to the old revolutionary area of ​​northern Shaanxi and came to this small village. At that time, in northern Shaanxi, every family lived in Tujiadong and faced the loess. “When Xi Jinping was the secretary of Liangjiahe Village, it took a short year to bring vitality to the poor village.” He led the villagers to build the first biogas digester in Shaanxi, hit an irrigation well, and set up an iron industry agency, a sewing agency, and sales agency. Shops, mills… “So far the village has been the largest piece of silt dam, or Jinping took us with it.”

Shi Chunyang said that the facilities left by the general secretary for the village are still in use today. He always did what the masses needed most. He also left a 40-year-long friendship and warmed the heart of the whole village.

“Jinping sees love as heavy as a mountain.” Shi Chunyang said. The villager Lu Housheng’s leg was paralysed because of the renovation of the cavern. Xi Jinping received a letter and sent him a 500-yuan toll and took Lu Housheng to Fujian to treat the disease. “Not only saved him a leg, but also saved him a home.” Xi Jinping and his villager Zhang Weipang had dinner in a large pot. Before leaving, he gave him a sewing kit that he very much valued and embroidered “the heart of his mother.” . “In February 2015, when Jinping Ping returned to Liangjiahe, he heard about Zhang Weiping’s fruit trees. He went to the orchard on the mountain to see him.”

In 1975, Xi Jinping left Liangjiahe. The burden of the party chief was pressed onto Shi Chunyang’s shoulders. “Every time I meet or write a letter, Jinping asks about the village’s status. The development of the village. He always remembers and has an account.” In these years, the dirt road became an asphalt road and the kerosene lamp turned into an electric light and dumpling. Into a building with white flour, the cave dwelling became a building… When talking about changes in the Liangjia River, Shi Chunyang couldn’t help but his family’s cave also hung on the number of “Chunyang Farmhouse”: “The Liangjia River now has a reputation, Since the beginning of a lot of farm music, fruit trees have also created a brand, and the villagers are getting more and more prosperous day by day.”

The son of Jia Dashan Jia Yonghui –

“He cried my father’s hand and shed tears.”

During his work in Zhengding County, Hebei Province, Xi Jinping met with a “good friend, good brother”—a writer Jia Dashan. The two members of the company often had a long conversation. After leaving Zhengding, Jia Dashan became ill and Xi Jinping visited many times. After Jia Dashan’s death, Xi Jinping wrote “Yi Da Shan” and he deeply recalled touching details in his contacts. 】

“Although we met for the first time, we like friends who haven’t seen us for many years. There are endless topics and we can’t express our friendship…”

In the past 20 years, “Yi Da Shan” wrote that Jia Dingshan’s son, Jia Yonghui, read many times in tears. Every word can be recited. During his father’s friend, the “Uncle of the Book” who often came to chat at home made him most impressed and moved.

In the early spring of 1982, Xi Jinping was appointed deputy secretary of the county party committee in Zhengding County. At that time, Jia Dashan worked in the county cultural center. The first time I met and faced another time, Jia Dashan’s hand holding Xi Jinping had been reluctant to let go for a long time: “Afterwards, I will sit here more often.”

“In the following years, sometimes ‘Uncle of the Secretary’ came to my house. Sometimes my father went to him. The next day he always listened to his father and talked to his uncle until early morning.” Jia Yonghui’s childhood memory, uncle Xi Jinping “Every time a person comes on foot, there is no leader at all.” “Winter is always a faded dress.”

“My father talked about Xi Shushu and often said that he was an amazing person. He praised him for his thinking, dares to be responsible, and devoted himself to the development of positive development. In the eyes of our family, he is a very humane and good leader.” Jia Yonghui said. In 1996, Jia Dashan was seriously ill and went to Beijing for treatment. Xi Jinping’s opportunity to study in Beijing took the time to explore the disease. “The father on the bed saw Xi Shushu. The tears were like broken beads.”

As he approached New Year’s, Jia Dashan was discharged from the hospital and returned to Zhengding. “In the third month of the first month, I did not expect Xi Xishu to make a special trip to visit his father at home. He clenched my father’s hand and shed tears. It was the last time they met and the father passed away in more than 10 days.”

Whenever recalling the friendship between Xi Jinping and his father, Jia Yonghui always moved and revered: “Uncle Xi said that his father is his window and channel for understanding social conditions and public opinions.” From the continuation of their friendship, I saw the party and the masses. Affectionate feelings have seen the noble character and glory of the Party’s leaders.”

Bayi School Retired Teacher Chen Zhonghan –

“He can remember the name of each teacher.”

Xi Jinping served as his deputy head teacher while studying at Beijing Bayi School. Since leaving the campus, Xi Jinping has always mourned the teachers who taught him no matter what position he was. Teacher Chen Zhong-han sighed: “His gratitude is not only strong and lasting, but the friendship between teachers and students has always been in his heart.”

At the onset of the Teachers’ Day in 2016, Xi Jinping walked into the door of the Beijing Bayi School. In school, he saw several teachers who had taught himself. Chen Zhonghan recalled deeply: “Teaching that we are young, we are now entering the old age. Xi Jinping intimately shook hands and talked with us. He speaks differently with every teacher and can remember every teacher’s name. , characteristics and past events. His brain is a computer, and the amount of storage is quite large!”

“I met you on that day, I said, I hope you can better manage the country and achieve greater development in all aspects. He said thank you for your trust. I remember it in my heart. I listened to the word “careless” and I was very touched. ”

When visiting the school history exhibition, Xi Jinping stayed for a long time in front of a school panorama in the 1950s. The old school gate, the old playground, and the old dormitory were as clear as yesterday. His profound alma mater complex infected everyone on the scene. Chen Zhong Han said: “When he was at school, he was a steady-going boy who likes sports and especially likes to play football. He has been in touch with the teachers for years and sent us greeting cards every year.”

“I came to my home for the first time, or when he jumped in the team at Liang Jiahe. At that time, I lived in a cottage. We talked about the past and talked about the Liangjia River. We also talked about a lot of books.” Chen Zhong Han said, “I later went to see him in Fuzhou. There was no shelf at all. One teacher Chen. His class teacher was named Qi Rongxian. When he was ill after retirement, Xi Jinping also went to see him.”

Jiao Yulu’s Female Jiao Shouyun –

“When he entered the door, he said that he was going to visit relatives.”

[“Souls flying thousands of miles, hope to return, this water is here. The people who do not like the official? Tears into tears.” For many years, Xi Jinping often mentioned Jiao Yulu, requiring party members and cadres to Jiao Yulu as a mirror. Speaking of two meetings with the general secretary in Lankao, Jiao Sulu’s second daughter Jiao Shouyun still remembers. 】

In 2009, at the home of Lankao, Jiao Shouyun first met with Xi Jinping. “When he entered the door, he said, ‘Today, I came to visit relatives’. After he took the seat, he shouted out our names one by one.” Jiao Shouyun also clearly remembered the details of the handshake: “He said wittyly, ‘ You have been to Tiananmen Square, you have seen Chairman Mao, and you have also taken a rest. “That day, everyone unwittingly talked a lot.”

For half a century, Jiao Yulu’s name was always remembered in Xi Jinping’s mind and became a teacher and model he had never met. In 1966, when he was in the first grade of junior high school, he first heard Jiao Lulu’s deeds “deeply shaken.” Later, regardless of going to the countryside, or enrolled in the army, Xi Jinping has always been admiring the spirit of Jiao Yulu. In 1990, when he was working in Fuzhou, he also wrote the phrase “Niannu Jiao Chasing Jiao Yulu.”

“Chen Xuechao cream, distort the heroic ambition,” “as an official to serve the benefit of one party, ignoring the peace business” … … poetry and expressing aspirations, the words and sentences in the sentence embodies Xi Jinping’s lofty aspirations, the concept of governance and people’s feelings.

At the beginning of 2014, the second batch of party mass line education practice activities began. Xi Jinping chose Lankao, the birthplace of Jiao Yulu’s spirit, as the contact point. In March, the general secretary arrived in Lankao. He said that I hope that by learning the spirit of Jiao Yulu, it will provide a strong positive energy for promoting the development of the party and people’s cause and realizing the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. “Different from the first time I was home from home, the second reception of the General Secretary made me feel a heavy responsibility.” Jiao Shouyun said, “At the time, I introduced that the province had taken a documentary about Jiao Yulu. General Secretary Comrades who are accompanied by comrades, documentaries can be used as teaching materials for educational practice.”

“I have visited his father in China for so many years.” Jiao Shouyun, who had been preaching and filming television, spent his time at Lilac. He always took responsibility for propagating Jiao Yulu’s spirit. Her musical son, Yue Yulu, also participated in the creation of the musical Jiao Lulu. “The communist party secretary’s ‘Juyue Lu complex’ is a lively interpretation of the communist’s responsibility and the people in his heart. We will pass on the father’s family tradition.”

Lao classmate Songmar Benshana –

“This kind of person must be loved by the people.”

[They are descendants of Guining Pinscher, a former revolutionary in Laos.] China extended its warm hands on their most difficult days. Living in the “second hometown” of China, they rekindled their hopes for life. When they were studying at Bayi School, they also made up Xi Jinping’s Chinese classmates. 】

“See you in front of you for a discussion. After a while, you have to control your emotions. But as soon as a student trainee, they all cried out with excitement. We really miss him and there are many emotions and emotions.” Last November 14th, Laos Nature The Minister of Resources and Environment, Songma Pinsehna, and his brothers and sisters once again met with President Xi Jinping: “I hope he has come to look forward to it for 7 years!”

The meeting 7 years ago was a special arrangement when Xi Jinping visited Laos. This time, Xi Jinping also rushed to meet with his old friend during the visit. “The family of the Sheshana often came together to talk about China and talk to the chairman,” Songmar said. “World-class leaders of a great country don’t forget old friends during their busy schedule.

“The boys wear bronze corduroy clothes. The big sister you wear is still the national traditional skirt.” “You lived in No. 3 Jinyu Hutong that year, and some classmates are always running to your small stoves to find out what’s good for you.” “… When they met, Xi Jinping’s memory made them marvel, and they also moved to cry for this friendship.”

“Actually, our community of fate has long been formed. When you came to China, you were a community of destiny.” Soma thought that he did not forget the words he used when meeting with the President. He was filled with emotion: “Our brothers and sisters’ achievements today, It is inseparable from studying and education in China, and the achievement of today’s achievements in old-Chinese relations cannot be separated from the joint efforts and care of several generations of leaders of the two countries. Fate and work together.”

“We have made outstanding achievements in President Xi’s leadership of China, and socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era.” Songma said with deep feelings. “He is not only a courageous and wise leader, but also a human being who is sentimental and deeply influenced by traditional Chinese culture. Nurtured leaders. Such people are charismatic and will certainly be loved by the people.”

“People’s Daily” (02/02/20, 01 edition)

The
Extended reading

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Xi Jinping: The environment is the people’s livelihood, Castle Peak is beautiful, and the blue sky is also happiness

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After learning from the Eighteenth National Congress of the Party, Comrade Xi Jinping’s series of important expositions on the construction of socialist ecological civilization have been far-reaching, rich in content, and profound in thought. This has provided us with a profound understanding of the significance of the construction of ecological civilization and persisted in and implemented new ones. The concept of development correctly handles the relationship between economic development and ecological and environmental protection, and firmly persists in the path of civilized development with productive development, a prosperous life, and a sound ecology, accelerating the construction of a resource-conserving, environment-friendly society, and promoting the formation of green development methods and life. Ways to promote the construction of beautiful China, realize the sustainable development of the Chinese nation, win the great victory in the phase of success in building a well-to-do society, and realize the “two hundred years” goal of struggle and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. significance.

Recently, the CPC Central Committee Literature Research Office edited “Xi Jinping’s excerpt on the construction of socialist ecological civilization.” The contents of this book are taken from more than 80 important articles such as speeches, reports, talks, instructions, instructions, and congratulatory letters from Comrade Xi Jinping from November 15, 2012 to September 11, 2001. Divided into seven topics, a total of 259 paragraphs are discussed. Many of these discussions were published for the first time. The first part of the book focuses on “Building an Ecological Civilization, Relating to People’s Well-being, and relating to the future of the nation.” Some of the highlights are as follows:

With the continuous deepening of China’s economic and social development, the status and role of ecological civilization construction has become increasingly prominent. The 18th CPC National Congress incorporated the construction of ecological civilization into the overall layout of the socialist cause with Chinese characteristics, making the strategic position of ecological civilization construction more explicit and facilitating the integration of ecological civilization construction into all aspects of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, and social construction. process. This is an important result of our party’s continuous deepening of practice and understanding of the law of socialist construction.

——“Relying on Adherence to and Development of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics, Studying and Propelling Socialism, Implementing the Spirit of the 18th Party Congress” (November 17, 2012), Selected Works of Important Documents Since the Eighteenth National Congress (top), Central Literature Press, 2014 Year Edition, page 77

Looking at the history of world development, protecting the ecological environment is to protect the productive forces, and improving the ecological environment is to develop the productive forces. A good eco-environment is the most equitable public product, and it is the most well-being of people’s well-being. For people’s survival, Jinshan Yinshan is important, but green water is an important part of the people’s happy life, and money cannot substitute for it. You earn money, but the air and drinking water are not qualified. What happiness is there?

– “Speech at the end of the inspection work in Hainan” (April 10, 2013)

The 18th CPC National Congress proposed the overall layout of the five-in-one socialist cause with Chinese characteristics, put ecological civilization construction in a more prominent position, emphasized the need for scientific development, and accelerated the transformation of economic development methods. If it is still extensive development, even if it achieves the goal of doubling its GDP, what kind of pollution will it be? At that time, the resources and environment may not be fully supported. Think about it, on the basis of existing, without changing the mode of economic development to achieve double the total economic output, and the excess production capacity, what kind of ecological environment would it be? Economically, people’s happiness has been greatly reduced, and even strong dissatisfaction has emerged. What is the situation? Therefore, we cannot regard the enhancement of ecological civilization, the protection of ecological environment, and the promotion of green and low-carbon lifestyles as economic issues. There is a lot of politics here.

– “Speech on the Economic Situation in the First Quarter at the 18th Central Political Bureau Standing Committee Session” (April 25, 2013)

The construction of ecological civilization is related to the well-being of the people and it concerns the future of the nation. The 18th CPC National Congress incorporated the construction of ecological civilization into the overall layout of the five-in-one socialist cause with Chinese characteristics, and clearly proposed vigorously promoting ecological civilization construction, striving to build beautiful China, and achieving sustainable development of the Chinese nation. This marks our deepening understanding of the laws of socialism with Chinese characteristics and shows our firm will and determination in strengthening the construction of ecological civilization.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

Ecological civilization is a major achievement in the progress of human society. Humans have experienced primitive civilizations, agricultural civilizations, and industrial civilizations. Ecological civilizations are the product of industrial civilization development to a certain stage and are the new requirements for the harmonious development of man and nature. Historically, ecology is culturally prosperous, and ecological decline is civilized. Ancient and modern times, there are many examples in this area.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

We have inherited Chinese civilization for more than 5,000 years and accumulated a wealth of ecological wisdom. The philosophical thought of “Heaven and Man are one” and “Tao Method is natural”, the classic verse of “persuading the king not to hit the Three Spring Birds and the children in the nest and looking at their mothers”, “one porridge and one meal, when the thought comes at a difficult place; half silk “A long time ago, persistently read the hard-to-find materialist maxim”, these simple and natural views of nature still give people a profound warning and enlightenment.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

Eco-environmental protection is a cause that is contributing to contemporary and profitable development. We have no other choice on this issue. The comrades of the whole party should clearly understand the urgency and arduous nature of protecting the ecological environment and managing environmental pollution. They should clearly understand the importance and necessity of strengthening the construction of an ecological civilization, and truly resolve to improve environmental pollution and build an ecological environment. The people create a good production and living environment.

— “Speech during the Sixth Collective Study of the Eighteenth Central Political Bureau” (May 24, 2013)

We must put ecological environmental protection in a more prominent position, protect the ecological environment like eye protection, and treat the ecological environment as if we were dealing with life. We must count large accounts, calculate long-term accounts, calculate total accounts, and calculate comprehensive accounts in terms of ecological environmental protection. Can not lose due to small, take care of one another, eat food, eager for quick success.

——Speech during inspection work in Yunnan (January 19-21, 2015), People’s Daily, January 22, 2015

The ecological environment, especially the pollution of the atmosphere, water and soil, has become a prominent shortcoming in the building of a well-to-do society. Reversing the deterioration of the environment and improving the quality of the environment are the earnest aspirations of the broad masses of the people and an important task that must be highly valued and effectively promoted during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period.

– “Notes on the CPC Central Committee’s Proposal for Formulating the 13th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development” (October 26, 2015), Selected Works of Important Documents since the 18th National Congress (middle), Central Literature Publishing House 2016, p. 783

In dealing with the natural issues, Engels profoundly pointed out: “We should not over-indulge in our human victory over nature. For every such victory, nature retaliates against us. Every victory has initially achieved our expected results. But afterwards and then again, there are completely different, unexpected effects that often eliminate the initial results.” Human beings are born of nature, human beings are a symbiotic relationship with nature, and harm to nature will eventually Injury to humanity itself. Only by respecting the laws of nature can we effectively prevent detours in the development and use of nature. This principle must be remembered in mind and implemented.

——”Speech at the Seminar on Studying and Implementing the Spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee by Leading Cadres at the Provincial and Provincial Levels” (January 18, 2016), People’s Publishing House, page 18

Since the reform and opening up, our country’s economic development has made historic achievements. This is something we should be proud of and proud of. It is also where many countries in the world envy us. At the same time, it must be noted that we have also accumulated a large number of problems in the ecological environment and become an obvious shortcoming, which has become a prominent problem that the people have strongly reflected. For example, all kinds of environmental pollution have been on a high-profile situation and have become a source of human suffering and public suffering. In such a situation, it must be turned around.

——”Speech at the Seminar on Studying and Implementing the Spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee by Leading Cadres at the Provincial and Provincial Levels” (January 18, 2016), People’s Publishing House, page 18

Our ancestors have long recognized the importance of the ecological environment. Confucius said: “Submarine fishing is not a program, and you don’t have a shot.” It means that you don’t need to use big nets to catch fish, and do not shoot overnight birds. The nephew said: “When the grass is full of glory, the axe will not enter the mountains and will not live forever. It will not be long; He said that “I would like to spend my life in Lu Chunqiu,” said: “I wouldn’t have access to fish, but wouldn’t I get it? There wouldn’t be fish next year; I wouldn’t get it if I burned it, but I wouldn’t get it next year. There will be no beasts next year.” It is of great practical significance to adopt the ideas of taking time and taking advantage of it.

– “Speech at the Seminar on Studying and Implementing the Spirit of the 5th Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee by Leading Cadres at the Provincial and Ministry Levels” (January 18, 2016), People’s Publishing House, pg. 19

I have said that the environment is the people’s livelihood, Castle Peak is beautiful, the blue sky is also happy, the green mountains are the Jinshan Yinshan; the protection of the environment is the protection of productivity, and the improvement of the environment is the development of productivity. In ecological and environmental protection, we must establish the overall outlook, the long-term perspective, and the overall outlook, and we must not lose due to smallness, neglect each other, eat food, and seek quick success. We must adhere to the basic national policy of resource conservation and environmental protection, protect the ecological environment like eye protection, treat the ecological environment like life, promote the formation of green development methods and lifestyles, and promote the prosperity of the people, the country’s prosperity, and China’s beauty.

– “Speech at the Seminar on Studying and Implementing the Spirit of the 5th Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee by Leading Cadres at the Provincial and Ministry Levels” (January 18, 2016), People’s Publishing House, pg. 19

Since the party’s 18th National Congress, I have repeatedly emphasized ecological environmental protection and ecological civilization construction. It is because ecological environment is the most basic condition for human survival and the most important basis for sustainable development in China. “Terresials are sometimes produced with limited resources in the land.” There is no substitute for the ecological environment and it is hard to survive without it. Human development activities must respect nature, conform to nature, and protect nature. Otherwise, they will suffer revenge from nature. This is a law. No one can resist it.

——”Speech at the End of the Inspection Work in Qinghai Province (Excerpt)” (August 24, 2016)

In the history of human development, especially in the process of industrialization, there have been a great number of incidents that have destroyed natural resources and the ecological environment, resulting in bitter lessons. In studying this issue, Marx cited examples of Persian land, Mesopotamia, and Greece that led to the ridiculous land caused by cutting trees. According to historical records, the Silk Road and the Hexi Corridor have been rich in water. Due to deforestation, wasteland deforestation and deforestation, the ecological environment in these places has been severely damaged. According to reports, some counties in the Sanjiangyuan region were rich in aquatic plants more than 30 years ago. However, due to over-population, overgrazing, and mountain mining, although they have experienced rapid economic growth, they have been accompanied by a sharp decline in lakes. Degradation of pastures, intensification of desertification, and flooding of rodent pests will eventually lead to the consumption of grass and sheep. These profound lessons of ancient and modern China and foreign countries must be seriously learned and cannot be repeated in our hands!

——”Speech at the End of the Inspection Work in Qinghai Province (Excerpt)” (August 24, 2016)

Ecological civilization construction is an important part of the overall layout of the “five in one” and the “four comprehensive” strategic layout. All localities and departments should implement the new concept of development in real earnest and establish a strong sense of “Green Mountain is Jinshan Yinshan” and strive to move toward a new era of socialist ecological civilization.

——”On the Instructions for Doing a Good Job on Ecological Civilization Construction” (November 28, 2016)

I have taken a heavier look at the issue of ecological and environmental protection. Since the party’s 18th National Congress, we have issued numerous instructions on some matters that have seriously damaged the ecological environment and demanded that they be strictly investigated and dealt with. For example, I carried out the construction of illegal construction of the lake in Yan’an, Shaanxi Province, the illegal construction of Qiandao Lake in Hangzhou, the construction of villas in the Xi’an section of the northern Qinling Mountains, the violation of “downsizing” in the Xinjiang Kashan Nature Reserve, and pollution in Tengger Desert. The Qinghai Qilianshan Nature Reserve and the destructive exploitation of the Muli mining area, and the destruction of the ecological environment of the Qilian Mountains Ecological Protection Zone in Gansu Province have repeatedly instructed the ecological environment. The reason why I have to keep an eye on the ecological environment is because if we do not grasp or grasp the problem and let the problem of destroying the ecological environment continue to emerge, it will be difficult for us to fundamentally reverse the deterioration of the ecological environment in our country. Future generations are not responsible.

– “Speech at the Forty-first Collective Study of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee” (May 26, 2017)
 
            

The Apocalypse of the Party Central Committee’s All-round Deepening Reform with Comrade Xi Jinping as the Core

Since the party’s 18th National Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has lifted up the banner of reform. An important thought for the comprehensive deepening of reforms has been taken by General Secretary Xi Jinping. A new era of ideological liberation has swept China and great socialism with Chinese characteristics. The career has thus entered a new realm and yielded fruitful results.

The new era has spawned new ideas – holding high the banner of reform and breaking the issues of the times. General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important idea of ​​comprehensively deepening reform came into being

In the midwinter season, “Special Zone in the Special Zone” and Shenzhen Qianhai, Guangdong Province are full of vigor –

More than 80 construction sites are under construction at the same time. A new city has risen from the ground. More than 160,000 registered companies and more than 60,000 startup companies have promoted their economic aggregates to reach 100 billion steps…

It seems like a coincidence. In 1979, the sound of guns that filled the sea began to awaken the sleepy Shekou in Shenzhen and started the “opening cannon” of reform and opening up.

More than 30 years later, a new round of “bridgehead” of reform and opening up, a foreshore in Shenzhen, was painted on a muddy beach, separated from Shekou by just one mountain.

The unchanging mountains witness the era of great changes. From the “Shenzhen speed” to the “Dispelling of the Frontier Sea,” the same is the spirit of reform that dares to be the first in the world. What is different is the mission and direction of reform under the background of the times.

In December 2012, Xi Jinping served as general secretary and went to a local inspection. The first stop came to Qianhai.

In the face of this virgin land, General Secretary Xi Jinping made the judgment that “China’s reforms have entered the critical period and the deep water area” and called on the whole party to “strive to fight hardships and dare to risk the beach” and “do not stop the reform and open up without stopping”.

The sober judgment, firm attitude, and courageous choice are all based on accurate grasp of the pulse of the times.

After more than 30 years of reform and opening up, China has rapidly grown into the world’s second-largest economy, its overall national strength has been significantly improved, its people’s lives have been greatly improved, and socialism with Chinese characteristics is full of vigor and vitality.

However, the problem after the development is no less than when it was developed. There are new contradictions that have been solved in the process of reform.

Shortly after the general secretary of Guangdong traveled, a member of the CPPCC of Guangzhou Municipality publicized the “Long March of the Long March” for the administrative examination and approval of construction projects: investing in a project in Guangzhou requires going through 20 commissions and offices and 100 approvals. Cover 108 chapters, the fastest to have more than 700 approval working days!

From the historical sky overlooking China at that time, the “white hair society” has arrived, the mode of growth is simple, the development of urban and rural areas is unbalanced, the physical economy is weak, and the local debt is high … … brewing systematic risks.

Bringing the camera closer, the people’s need for a better life, fairness and justice grows day by day, and vested interest groups cling to barriers, causing talent to rise up to hit the “ceiling”, innovation and entrepreneurship encounter “glass doors”, and lack of social vitality.

After nearly 40 years of great change and development, China has reached a new important juncture –

The balance between speed and quality, vitality and orderly grasp, central and local game, dilemma and even more difficult conditions test the party’s ability to govern and the ability to govern the country; at the same time, the reforms have entered the deep-water zone, and the pattern of interests has solidified. The promoters of reform have become opponents of deepening reforms…

China’s great transformation always starts with a magnificent picture.

In response to the puzzle of “where to change”, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over the second collective study of the 18th Central Political Bureau, stressing that “in terms of direction, our minds must be very clear-headed and constantly promote the self-improvement and development of the socialist system, and firmness. Do not remove the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics”;

In response to doubts about whether or not to change, General Secretary Xi Jinping came to Tianjin Binhai New Area, stressing that “to maintain the good momentum of China’s economic and social development and achieve the goal of ‘two hundred years’ struggle, we need to further deepen reforms and make every effort to resolve the system. Mechanism drawbacks;

After breaking the “how to change” topic, General Secretary Xi Jinping took a rainy inspection tour in Wuhan, Hubei Province. After comprehensively and systematically summarizing China’s experience in reform and opening up over the past 30 years, he has understood and grasped the law of reforms, and for the first time put forward the “five relationships” that correctly deal with reforms. problem;

……

Deepen understanding in extensive investigations, scientifically study judgments in observing calmly, and make suggestions in deep thinking. Less than a year after the trip to Guangdong, General Secretary Xi Jinping deeply answered a series of major issues related to reform on different occasions and in different ways, and gradually formed a reform idea with distinctive characteristics of the times.

This is the vision and insight of a leader of a big country. It is also a major decision that concerns the fate of the country.

In order to systematically review the new era and deepen the reform ideology, it will be promoted to the will of the whole Party. The Central Political Bureau meeting held in April 2013 decided to comprehensively deepen the reform with a special discussion at the Central Plenary Session.

The document drafting group of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee was established and Xi Jinping’s general secretary was the parent. Through more than six months of solicitation of opinions, topical discussions, investigations and research, and repeated revisions, the “Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Several Major Issues Concerning the Comprehensive Deepening of Reform (Draft)” was formally formed and passed unanimously at the party’s plenary session.

The decision clarified the significance and future trend of the comprehensive deepening of reforms, proposed the guiding ideology, goals and tasks, and major principles for comprehensively deepening reforms, and described the new blueprint, new vision, and new goals for comprehensively deepening reforms. It was considered to be the general secretary of General Secretary Xi Jinping. Deepening the collective reform of important ideas.

The banner of reform was lifted high and the tide of the times was irresistible.

After the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, General Secretary Xi Jinping personally assumed the leadership of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensive Deepening Reform. He was instructed and mobilized, and made a series of important instructions on the overall layout of the reform, major issues, and key links, and was further enriched in practice. He also developed the reform epistemology and methodology, and gradually formed and established the important thought of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s comprehensive deepening reform.

This is a scientific theory system with rich connotations, profound thoughts, and complete systems:

——The key status and important role of comprehensively deepening reforms under the new historical conditions are clarified. It is proposed that reform and opening up are the key to deciding the destiny of contemporary China and that it is also a decision to achieve the goal of “two hundred years” and achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The key to a move;

— Firmly intensified the direction and road for comprehensively deepening reforms, and proposed that our reform is a reform that continues to advance on the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It neither takes the old road of ossified rigidities nor the evil path of changing flags and changing flags;

– Established the overall goal and value orientation for comprehensively deepening reforms, and proposed that we should improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, advance the modernization of our country’s governance system and governance capacity, and promote the social fairness and justice and promote the well-being of the people as the starting point and goal of reform;

——Strategic scientific approaches and effective methods for comprehensively deepening reforms have formed the most comprehensive, comprehensive, and systematic reform methodology since the reform and opening up;

——Clarification of major relationships such as reform, development, and stability, combining the implementation of the reform with the implementation of the “four comprehensive” strategic plans and the implementation of new development concepts, combining economic development, social stability, improvement of the people’s livelihood, and party building, etc. Using reform to drive and promote various tasks.

This important idea carries extraordinary political courage, deep feelings of the people, profound historical perspective, broad international perspective, scientific dialectical thinking, and strong innovative spirit. It is both an important experience summary of reform practice and a major innovation of the reform theory. Science has answered major theoretical and practical questions such as why reform, who changed it, and how it was reformed, pushed the theory of socialist reform with Chinese characteristics to a new breadth and depth, and provided powerful ideological and theoretical weapons for the comprehensive deepening of reforms.

The 18th CPC Central Committee has held 38 central leading reform group meetings, reviewed and adopted 365 important reform documents, identified 357 key reform tasks and issued more than 1,500 reform measures.

The overwhelming majority of the tasks for reform identified by the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee have been completed, and the main body of reform has been basically established. This has laid a solid foundation and favorable conditions for continuing to deepen reforms.

Lotus Mountain in Shenzhen, with a mighty east wind, is green and green.

Five years ago, General Secretary Xi Jinping planted a handful of alpine camphor trees here. Today, the once small tree has long been flourishing.

Rooted in the great practice of reform and opening up and sucking in the theoretical milk of Marxism, General Secretary Xi Jinping’s comprehensive deepening of reforms has taken root in the spring thunder of the new era, and has thrived in the overall spirit of deepening reforms, interpreting the Chinese nation again. A great awakening.

This great awakening breaks through the shackles of the concept, breaks the barriers of interest, and once again usher in a new era of ideological liberation –

It shattered the mentality of “fighting by mountains and relying on water and draughts” to make the new development concept deeply rooted in people’s minds;

It has overwhelmed the ideological barriers of “not wanting to change or reluctant to change”, so that its determination to persist in reforms is unwavering;

It broke the superstition of some people to Western culture and opened the key to firm “four confidences” and to provide the world with a Chinese model.

Comprehensively deepening reforms will always be on the road.

New methods to solve new problems – Persist in problem orientation, focus on long-term development, General Secretary Xi Jinping personally leads the reform, demonstrates extraordinary wisdom and courage

The problem is the voice of the times.

In the new era, the reform situation is no longer the same:

——From the perspective of reforms, it has been comprehensively expanded from the economic field to politics, society, culture, ecology, party building, and national defense forces.

——From the perspective of the reform process, “Easy reforms have been completed,” “The rest are hard tough bones.”

——In view of the resistance faced by the reforms, the past has emphasized that the stage of decentralization and authorization has passed. The next step is to rationalize and restrict power from the institutional mechanism, so that the power hand that stretches too long will “break its own wrist”.

The historic gateway to the future is urgently needed to unveil a new chapter in the reform.

Standing at the forefront of the era, General Secretary Xi Jinping looked far and wide: “To comprehensively deepen reforms is a complex system project, and one or several departments alone are often unable to do anything. This requires the establishment of a higher-level leadership mechanism.”

The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee decided that the Central Government should establish a leading group for comprehensively deepening reforms, and be responsible for reforming the overall design, overall coordination, overall promotion, and supervision.

In the past five years, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has persisted in the centralized and unified leadership of reforms, and has stepped up the overall deployment and linkage between the upper and lower levels so that the reforms have resolved the constraints of “insufficient top-level design”.

The 18th National Congress of the Party put forward the “Five in One” overall layout for the first time. Ecological civilization construction has never been so high.

However, after many years of extensive development, although the old road of “pollution at the edge of pollution” has long since entered a dead end, it has never been able to find a new path. Under the intensive investigation: the natural resource assets are unclear, and ecological environment damage cannot be avoided from the source; different regions and departments have different demands, and national development and protection cannot form a “blueprint”; ecological compensation mechanisms are not established, polluters, and protection Everyone has become a “one heart” for each difficulty…

To coordinate the overall layout of the “five in one” and advance the reform of the ecological civilization system is not something that can be achieved by several localities and several departments. It must be centralized and coordinated by the Party Central Committee to form a scientific, long-term, cross-regional cross-departmental top level. Design, deploy a comprehensive, systematic, step-by-step work arrangement.

From the study of problems to the formulation of plans, from planning and design to coordination and promotion, the reform of the ecological civilization system has always been promoted by the Party Central Committee’s “one game of chess” deployment. Under the chairmanship of General Secretary Xi Jinping, the two Politburo meetings in 2015 reviewed and adopted the “Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of Ecological Civilization” and the “Overall Plan for the Reform of Ecological Civilization System”, forming a programmatic framework for an ecological civilization system. Natural resources assets property rights system, paid use of resources and ecological compensation systems, ecological civilization performance evaluation and accountability system and other four-beam system are also locked.

In the past five years, the top-level design of the ecological civilization system reform has been like a navigator. It has guided reform beyond the existing interests, and innovation initiatives such as environmental supervision, river extension, and national parks have come out one after another. Ecological civilization construction has taken a big step forward.

Base ramp bases, column beams. During the Party’s Eighteenth National Congress, the Central Committee profoundly changed the leadership team to coordinate the deployment of political, economic and ecological, social, cultural, party building, and national defense army and other major reforms.

At the moment of major reforms, General Secretary Xi Jinping deliberately, decisively and decisively made a final decision, greatly improving the effectiveness of reform decisions.

The six special teams under the Central Deep Reform Leading Group each performed its duties and cooperated with each other. Each regional and departmental department has also established a reform and promotion mechanism with centralized and unified leadership.

In the past five years, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has persisted in highlighting key points and focusing on system integration, so that the reform has avoided the problem of “fragmentation”—

Over the years, in order to control a small official seal, all local departments and departments have tried their best, but they have floated and scooped up their calabashes, and even added a lot of authority to control one power.

The reforms entering deepwater areas involve a lot of problems, a wide range of fields, and deep contradictions. They have never been able to rely on a single unit to make breakthroughs. It is impossible to make a few reforms by piecemeal.

“We must do a good job in coordinating reform tasks and pay more attention to the systematic nature, integrity, and coordination of reforms.” General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly pointed out the direction.

Both focusing on “pulling the whole body” and stressing on “ten fingers playing the piano”, according to the planning and deployment of General Secretary Xi Jinping, gears for comprehensively deepening reforms continue to advance toward the goal of system integration and overall advancement.

The reform of the rural land system has captured the core issue of land, led by the reform of “three powers” ​​and introduced various measures such as the acquisition of rural land, the introduction of collective construction land for construction, and the reform of the homestead system, which have once again released rural China. The great vitality.

Reform of the judicial system, with the reform of the judicial responsibility system breaking the stubborn disease of “not judging and judging without judging”, reforming the post system to improve the standardization, specialization, and professionalization of judges and prosecutors, and introducing leading cadres to intervene in judicial activities, Intervene in the handling of specific case records, notifications, and accountability requirements… The reforms are one step in the ring, and the foundation of the rule of law China is constantly being consolidated.

In the past five years, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has insisted on designing and advancing reforms on the basis of investigations and research, encouraging reform pilots and grass-roots pioneering spirits, and making the reforms avoid the trap of “door-to-door construction”.

At the end of March 2015, Chongqing Municipality tried the “Cost of Chongqing Medical Services Project (2014 Edition)”. However, just seven days, the important medical reform measures were suspended. The reason was that the investigation was insufficient. The plan did not fully consider the acceptability of some of the affected people and caused public opinion to rebound after implementation.

The quality of the reform program directly affects the success or failure of the reform.

“We must pay attention to investigations and studies, insist on the eyes down, and step down, understand what the grassroots think, think and expect, and make the reform more grounded.” General Secretary Xi Jinping made it clear.

In order to clarify the institutional obstacles and breakthroughs in the reform of the national defense and army system, General Secretary Xi Jinping visited a number of units and conducted extensive investigations and suggestions. The military lasted for nearly two years, with more than 690 military and land units, more than 800 symposia, and demonstration meetings. Before and after the reform program, it has undergone more than 150 adjustments and improvements. Until the time is ripe and an order is issued, the military reform ushered in historic breakthroughs. .

“If there are thunder and thunder,” the Singapore’s “Lianhe Zaobao” was so exclaimed at the reform of the Chinese military.

To reform, we must also fully respect the initiative of the grass-roots level and use experimental methods to explore ways for reform and accumulate experience.

Since 2013, Sanming City, Fujian Province, has promoted comprehensive reforms centered on medicine, medical insurance, and medical care, and the “three-drug linkage” has achieved remarkable results.

In February 2016, the Central Deep Reform Leading Group meeting specifically listened to the report of Fujian Sanming on deepening the reform of the medical and health system; in August of that year, the typical experience of 24 medical reforms in eight areas, including Sanming City, was promoted nationwide.

At the end of 2017, all public hospitals in the country have eliminated the drug additions. The comprehensive reform of public hospitals has been promoted to 338 cities across the country.

During the Party’s Eighteenth National Congress, 127 pilot projects for major reforms were implemented at the central government level. 33 projects were completed, 25 projects expanded, 61 projects progressed, 4 projects were delayed or delayed, and 4 projects were to be started. Play.

In the past five years, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core has paid close attention to the implementation of reform inspectors, established a reform incentive mechanism, and a fault-tolerant mechanism to effectively prevent reforms from entering “idle”—

Comprehensively deepen the reform, deploy it one-by-one, and implement it in nine points.

The first meeting of the 18th Central Deep Reform Leading Group clearly stated that “the specific measures for the reform of the Third Plenary Session must have a timetable and implement one item one”.

However, the more reforms entered the deep-water zone, the more they encountered “middle blockages.” In the face of reforms, some slogans shouted loudly, and reform programs have not been able to come and go. Some programs have come out, but instead of reform, they have failed to take effective action.

Grasping implementation has become a touchstone for testing whether it is really reform and whether it can be reformed successfully.

“In the first year of reform, we must not let go of the guns, but rather do it with real guns!” General Secretary Xi Jinping kicked off his important instructions at the beginning of the comprehensive deepening reform.

From chairing the Central Committee’s deepening reform of the leading group meeting to studying and deploying reforms in all localities and departments, General Secretary Xi Jinping has done his own best and has “highly paid attention to implement” and “climbs and roots” and has become a high-frequency word. As the promoters of the reform, and as the actual agents of the reforms, etc., the slogans are also widely spread.

In order to form an effective mechanism for implementing the reform, the Central Deep-reformation Leading Group has established a mechanism for reform and inspection and clearly puts forward the “three supervisors and three inspections.” Over the past few years, the reform and inspection work has not only focused on key issues, but has also been comprehensive. It has not only discovered problems, but also summed up experience, not only sticking to the “minor minority”, but also grasping the grassroots level and continuously improving the breadth and depth.

In order to implement it, it is necessary to transmit stress and motivate power.

General Secretary Xi Jinping made it clear that he encourages innovation and praise for advancement as well as trial and error, tolerance for tolerance, and creates a rich atmosphere for reform, reform, and good reform.

At the end of 2016, Zhejiang Province issued the “Some Opinions on Perfecting the Mechanism of Exempting Displacement of Reform and Innovation Faults” to encourage reform and innovation and tolerate reform mistakes. Guided by this, some localities and departments have also explored the implementation of third-party assessments to objectively and impartially evaluate the reform work; they have improved the reward and punishment mechanism for examinations and increased the weight of reforms.

Hardship and hardship, Yu Yucheng.

With the strong leadership and promotion of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, comprehensively deepening reforms and exploring and forming a series of scientific and effective reform methodologies in a solid advancement, stimulated a strong driving force for reform and promoted the comprehensive deepening of reforms.

The

New Wave Brings New Leaps, Focuses on Key Attacks, Focuses on Comprehensiveness, Historical Breakthroughs, and Historic Achievements in Key Areas and Key Links

In the wake of the reforms, every wave of ups and downs is accumulating fresh and innovative energy. Every time the waves hit the shore, they are written into the ever-changing China.

In the eyes of Yao Lin, general manager of Anshan Iron and Steel Group, reform is the key to development. With the advancement of structural reform on the supply side, Anshan Iron & Steel, a large steel company, realized a profit of 1.5 billion yuan last year, making it the first profit after five consecutive years of losses.

During the five years of comprehensive deepening of reforms, from deregulating political power to reforming the fiscal and taxation system, from the settlement of medical insurance in different places to the revolutionary reform of the people’s army, from the construction of the free trade zone to the implementation of the river extension system…a series of iconic, critical, and guiding reforms. Landing takes root, gradually blossoms, and structural, in-depth and historic changes are raging.

In the tide of reforms, a “new battlefield” for disciplinary inspections and inspections can be witnessed. In such a wave of reforms with a long-term perspective and a base for reforms, substantial progress has been made on the major institutional reforms that have a bearing on the overall development of the party and the state.

The reform of the national supervision system is a major political reform that has a bearing on the overall situation. It will deepen the integration of investigative and supervisory functions, and will enrich and strengthen the resources and means of regulating public power; it will implement supervision from the “narrow government” to supervision of “general government”. The change will make the national supervision system and mechanism more scientific and perfect; it will break the dilemma of overlapping supervision and overlapping forces and separate battles for each other, and will also reflect the deepening reform requirements of comprehensive coverage and comprehensive supervision.

Reforms, such as keeping one’s hands on the axis, take one million.

In the past five years, comprehensively deepening reforms to grasp the current and long-term, strength and rhythm, major contradictions and minor contradictions, make overall plans and focus, focus on the reform of key areas and key links, and focus on bringing about a comprehensive and protracted relationship. Overall major institutional reforms:

Lectra’s tendency to “organize, administer, aristocratize, and entertain” is centered around maintaining and enhancing politicality, advancedness, and mass, and focusing on promoting organizational innovation and work innovation, and group reforms will be a long-term solution.

“There is a perseverance of permanent property owners” has been written into the central document. The reform of the property rights system has strengthened the rule of law protection of property rights protection from the top-level design, and has “fixed the pill” for various market entities to invest in entrepreneurship.

In accordance with the general requirements of “improving governance, strengthening incentives, highlighting key businesses, and improving efficiency”, state-owned enterprise reforms have formed a “1+N” policy system. The construction of modern enterprise systems has been accelerated, corporate governance structure has been continuously improved, and capital operating efficiency has improved significantly. .

In the tide of reforms, one of the mulberry fields can witness. In such a round of structural adjustment and the tide of the transition between old and new kinetic energy, how much economic and social development vitality was released.

“It used to be one of the poorest places in the world. Today, there is a cement gate between the orchard and the wheat field. It reads ‘The First Village in China’s Rural Reform’ and a straight, flat road leads directly into the village.” The Financial Times website once wrote: Xiaogang Village once again stood at the crossroads of reform.

The reform of household contracting system has once liberated rural productivity. However, with the improvement of rural productivity and the progress of agricultural modernization, the fact that farmers’ land contract rights are decentralized and land management scale is too small can no longer meet the objective needs of agricultural modernization.

Problems arising in development must be solved with higher quality development; problems encountered in development must be solved with more firm and in-depth reforms.

The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee opened the “deepening reform of the rural land system.” This once again greatly liberated rural productivity.

Over 30 years ago, 18 farmers in Xiaogang Village took food and clothing in order to provide food and clothing. In order to increase income, the farmers in the 18 villages of Xiaogang Village adopted the “red packets” handprint; In order to achieve circulation, Xiaogang Village has stepped out of the dilemma of “crossing the subsistence line in one year and not having a wealthy ridge in 20 years”.

Xiaogang Village is the epitome of reform, but it is not all about reform.

In the past five years, it has been adhering to the promotion of supply-side structural reform as the main line, which has effectively promoted market clearing, improved supply and demand relations, and optimized supply structure. In these five years, we have simplified administration and decentralized power, accelerated reforms in key areas such as state-owned enterprises, finance, taxation, finance, and prices, and gradually opened up the “invisible shackles” that have held back market players and released their economic vitality.

In Fuyang, Hangzhou, 696 power issues and public service issues were achieved “up to one run.”

In Hunan’s national taxation, “one-table integration” posts and multiple forms were laid off, and the amount of taxpayer data filled in was reduced by more than 90%.

The “acceleration” of the reform has stimulated the vitality of development and the socialist market economy has been continuously improved. In 2017, China’s economic growth achieved its first annual growth rate since 2011.

In the midst of a wave of reforms, a webcast can be witnessed. In such a tide of power being continuously illuminated by the sun, how much fairness and justice can be built.

“Yu Huan” has caused widespread public concern and controversy. What will be the case in this case? Why is this sentence? Every detail affects people.

From the trial of the second instance to the verdict, the case was broadcast live on the Weibo of Shandong Provincial Higher People’s Court. A large number of trial details and case key information were clearly presented to the people at the first time.

The principle of the country is fair and honest.

Fairness and justice are being realized in a “visible way.” With the progress of the reform of the judicial system, a number of major flaws have been resolutely rectified, and money handling cases, relationship cases, and sentiment cases have been punished in accordance with the law. The quality, efficiency, and credibility of the judiciary have increased dramatically. The fair and efficient socialist judicial system is gradually perfect.

In the past five years, we have established a systematic system that is complete, scientific, and effective, and adheres to the two-wheeled drive of reform and the rule of law and to the opposite direction…. The government power list has been clarified, administrative power has been constrained and supervised, and the country’s governance system and governance capacity have gradually improved. Going to modernization.

In the wake of the reforms, a key can be witnessed. In the tide of such a round of people’s calling and reforms, how many wishes will become reality.

A girl from Hebei Province, holding a key to her new home in Fangshan, Beijing, lived in the corner of her eyebrows.

Her dream of housing was rooted in the reform of the housing system that gave priority to basic and rent-raising. In 2017, Beijing broke the restrictions on household registration, and pilots will open a variety of affordable housing, including public rental housing and self-contained housing, to “new citizens”.

Like her “new citizen,” China has about 160 million people. In order to allow more and more people to live and live in peace, various parts of our country are building regulations and systems, and we must establish a housing system that promotes rent-raising, so as to meet the needs of diversified housing.

What the people care about and what to expect, reform must seize what and advance.

Registered slow, expensive to see? From appointment registration, grading diagnosis and treatment, to medical separation, and basic medical insurance network, people’s medical experience is quietly changing.

Want to learn, but also go to school? From coordinating the integration of urban and rural compulsory education, promoting the equalization of educational resources, deepening the reform of the examination enrollment system, and improving the education quality assurance system, education is moving toward quality equity.

Difficult to settle in, difficult to relocate? From the unified urban and rural household registration system to the full implementation of the residence permit system, a comprehensive solution to the problem of the settlement of households without households, the reform of the household registration system will make it easier for ID holders to obtain ID cards, test driver’s licenses, and car inspections.

In the past five years, the reform of the democratic legal system has been steadily progressing, the socialist democratic political system has continued to improve, the reform of the cultural system has been advanced in depth, socialist advanced cultural innovations have created new vitality, and the Party’s construction system has been reformed in a coordinated manner. The Party’s management of the Party is implementing the system. Standardization; the Party’s disciplinary supervision system has been reformed, reformed, and the building of the Party’s work style, clean government, and anti-corruption struggle have been constantly improved…

A light boat, crossing the Gorge over the mountains.

From reforming the most prominent problems in economic and social development, from the areas that the people most hope for, to bold, bold and resolute reforms, reform has become the most distinctive feature of the times in contemporary China.

Streams converged and turned into waves.

Accurately exerting force and continuous effort to focus on the overall situation, the reform is increasingly condensing the largest common denominator and gaining the most extensive consensus. It has increasingly become a driving force that runs through all fields and all tasks.

A new starting point to open a new journey – not forget the initial heart mission, towards a great rejuvenation, comprehensively deepen the reform into a new stage, re-set the package and then start again

It was less than a month before the closing of the 19th Party Congress. The world once again witnessed China’s reform ambitions.

On November 20, 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping presided over the first meeting of the 19th Central Leading Group for Comprehensive Deepening Reform and issued a new mobilization order “Standing at a Higher Starting Point to Plan and Advance Reform”.

The meeting pointed out that the party’s Nineteenth Congress revolved around the new requirements for the development of the party and the country, and put forward new tasks for the comprehensive deepening of reform, and deployed a large number of reform tasks with greater intensity, higher demands, and more concrete measures. At the same time, we must continue to promote the implementation of reform tasks that have been deployed since the party’s 18th National Congress. The burden of reform has become more and more serious. We must be prepared to work harder and harder.

A sober judgment and a firm determination to continue the reform.

With great enthusiasm, you can open a magnificent new chapter in your struggle.

The new era orientation marks a new starting point for reform.

On the last day of January, 2018, a frightening capital market dropped a blockbuster: the two central SOEs, China Nuclear Corp. and China National Nuclear Corp., formally merged and reorganized. In fact, as early as 1999, the two companies were originally “brothers” split from China National Nuclear Corporation.

The split in that year was to create modest competition and promote the development of the industry. Today, the reorganization is a concerted effort to compete on the international stage. Sharing and cooperation are major reforms that respond to changes in the times.

Changing with the times, such as one company, the same in one country.

February 4, 2018, Lichun. A Central Document full of “Spring Intentions” was formally announced on this day – “Opinions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Implementing the Strategy for Rural Revitalization”.

New era, new goals.

This is a more comprehensive new process of reform –

From the construction of a modern economic system to the implementation of the strategy of rejuvenating the countryside, from improving the people’s ownership system to promoting the prosperity of socialist culture, from the construction of beautiful China to the unyielding and comprehensive management of the party… Strategic deployment involves a wide range of economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological fields, and draws a comprehensive and systematic reform struggle path.

This is a new deepening reform goal –

“Promoting the ideological and emancipatory reforms and then deepening the work and realizing it again” “promotes comprehensively deepening reforms to achieve new breakthroughs at a new starting point.” “We must pay more attention to the systematicness, integrity, and synergy of reforms, and strive to make up for major system shortcomings and focus on Good reform tasks will be implemented, and efforts will be made to consolidate and expand the achievements of the reforms, and efforts will be made to enhance the people’s sense of acquisition, continue to deepen the reforms, and promote substantive reforms in basic key areas….

Reform is self-pressurization and it is the situation.

Looking around the world today, we have entered an era of reform, and countries have quietly unfolded the race for reform to promote development and to go beyond reform.

Go against the water and retreat if you fail to enter. Deep in the wave of global reforms, whoever can bravely take the lead, make breakthroughs, and deepen reforms will be able to grasp the opportunities for development, stand up to the forefront of the times, and remain invincible in the fierce global competition.

The tide of reforms and sails are high. The reforms in the past few years have achieved a lot and reforms on the new journey are still promising.

Standing at a higher starting point for planning and advancing reforms, we must use Xi Jinping’s general secretary to comprehensively deepen the important ideas for reform as the fundamental principle of reform—

General Secretary Xi Jinping’s comprehensive deepening of reforms is the most fundamental achievement in the comprehensive deepening of reforms. He is the fundamental guideline and a powerful ideological and theoretical weapon for comprehensively deepening reforms. In the new era, the new journey of reform must be guided by the socialist ideology of China’s new era in Xi Jinping and the comprehensive deepening of reform as the guideline, grasping the direction of reform, maintaining the reform, and pushing the overall deepening of reforms to a higher level.

Standing at a higher starting point for planning and advancing reforms, we must sum up and apply the new reform experience formed since the party’s 18th National Congress –

The first meeting of the 19th Central Leading Group for the Comprehensive Deepening of Reforms clearly stated that no matter what changes are made or where they are to be reformed, the party’s leadership in maintaining a unified and unified reform must not be changed, improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and promote the national governance system. The overall goal of the modernization of governance capacity cannot be changed, and the value orientation of adhering to the people-centered reform cannot be changed.

Only by upholding the party’s centralized and unified leadership over reforms can we unite the people of all ethnic groups in the country closely to form an overwhelming force that is united and uncompromising; only by constantly improving and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and giving full play to the superiority of our socialist system, can we We must achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Only by adhering to the people-centered development concept and bringing the wisdom and strength of the overwhelming majority of people together to the reforms can we advance the reform together with the people.

Standing at a higher starting point for planning and advancing reforms, we must take advantage of the wave of ideological liberation in the new era—

Observing the previous Central Deepening Leading Group meeting, we can see that the Party Central Committee has always emphasized the importance of the spirit of reform. “Leading cadres to establish a ideological style and a spirit of responsibility that are compatible with comprehensively deepening reforms,” ​​and “establish and improve the reform and fault-tolerance mechanism, form a clear guidance that allows reforms to be mistakes, but do not allow reforms,” ​​and “maximize the enthusiasm of the broad masses of cadres.” Initiative, creativity”…

To deepen comprehensive deepening of reforms, we must create a spirit of reform that dares to try and dare to take the lead. We must promote a more vigorous and dynamic atmosphere of reform and innovation. We must integrate the blood of reforms into the genes of the nation and make reforms necessary. Reforms become conscious actions.

Standing at a higher starting point for planning and advancing reforms, we must have a firm will and fearless courage, as well as extraordinary wisdom and scientific methods.

Unlike the “crossing the river by feeling the stones,” today’s reforms have entered the middle of the turbulent river, and they have passed through the sea and can only delay the fighter plane. How to further break ice in deep water areas such as fiscal and taxation system reforms? How can we lay down some hard bones in adjusting the pattern of deep-level interests? How to overcome the problems of reform formalism and avoid vacancy?

The people look forward to the choice of the Chinese communists, and the times focus on the responses of the Chinese communists.

Infinite development period, reforms are endless. Standing at a new historical starting point, we must further explore and continue to forge ahead, follow the road of comprehensively deepening reform, and courageously advance toward a better tomorrow.

In the 40 years of wind and thunderstorms, China relied on reform and opening up as the key to determining its destiny and created a unique leap-forward development path in the history of human civilization.

In the 40 years of its long-term prospects, China will certainly push deeper reforms to a higher level and continue to write a new chapter in socialism with Chinese characteristics in a new era.

Time, engraved with China’s magnificent history. Time will also witness the bright future of China.

Under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, to heighten the great banner of reform and opening up, and deepen the reforms in an in-depth manner, the Chinese people will gather together to make greater progress, and the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation must It will usher in even more brilliant prospects for happiness.

(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, February 21st, reporters Huo Xiaoguang, Zhang Xiaosong, Luo Zhengguang, Hu Hao, Lin Hui)

“People’s Daily” (02/02/20 01 edition)