Xi Jinping’s Speech at the Opening Ceremony of the Tenth China Cultural Association and the Nine Opening Ceremonies of the Chinese Writers Association

(November 30, 2016)

On November 30, the Tenth National Congress of the Chinese Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association opened in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the State, Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Yao Dawei

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Dear delegates, comrades and friends:

The Tenth National Congress of the Chinese Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association are a grand event for the Chinese literary and art circles. First of all, on behalf of the Party Central Committee, I would like to extend my warm congratulations to the convening of the General Assembly. To all representatives, and through your greetings to the country’s vast number of art workers, sincere greetings!

The party has always attached great importance to literary and art work. This is because the cause of literature and art is an important cause for the party and the people. The frontline of literature and art is an important front for the party and the people. In the historical period of revolution, construction, and reform, a large number of literary and art workers responded to the call of the party, persisted in serving the people, and served socialism. They adhered to the principle of a hundred flowers blossoming and a hundred schools of thought contending, and created a large number of outstanding works that were popular among the people. The Chinese spirit has been promoted, the Chinese forces have been consolidated, and our party has made very important contributions to the unity and leadership of the people in achieving national independence, the liberation of the people, the prosperity of the country, and the happiness of the people.

In October 2014, we held a symposium on art work. I had in-depth exchanges with comrades in the literary and art circles and further clarified the direction and tasks for the prosperity and development of socialist literature and art under the new situation. Since the party’s 18th National Congress, the majority of literary and art workers have actively participated in achieving the goal of “two hundred years” and fulfilling the fiery practice of the Chinese nation’s great rejuvenation of the Chinese dream. They have been serving the people, creating quality products, and enthusiastically pursuing the people of all nationalities across the country. Dreams and dreams are tenacious struggles to promote lofty ideals and heroic spirit. They have played the voice of the times, the sound of patriotism, and the voice of the people. Especially in the series of major activities organized by the party and the state, in the cultural services for the grassroots and the masses, in the humanities exchanges between China and foreign countries, the vast number of literary and art workers bravely challenged the world, displayed great spirits, and stayed up all night. , superb artistic level. With the arduous efforts of a large number of literary and art workers, new literary and artistic features emerged in China’s literary and art circles. Literature, drama, film, television, music, dance, fine arts, photography, calligraphy, folk art, acrobatics, folklore, literary criticism, mass literature, art Education and other achievements have yielded fruitful results. The main melody has become louder and more positive. It has provided the people with rich spiritual food and has shown the world the charm of Chinese culture.

Practice has fully proved that the broad masses of literary and art workers have a heart to the people of the motherland, respond to the calls of the times, and pursue artistic ideals. They are a team of talented, intelligent, courageous, courageous, creative, trustworthy individuals. The party and the people thank you!

Delegate! Comrades and friends!

The realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is the greatest dream of the Chinese nation in modern times and the historical mission of our generation. The world today is in a period of great development, great changes and major adjustments. Contemporary China is struggling to advance along the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. This is an era of the occasion and an era of heroes. Under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, the Chinese people have the spirit of solidarity and self-reliance, and the Chinese people have the courage to innovate, create, and enterprising. The Chinese people have the perseverance to work hard and work hard, and the Chinese nation has stepped in today’s misery and twists and turns. It will surely stride toward tomorrow in glory and struggle, and the ship of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will certainly be able to sail to the bright side.

The realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation requires the great development of material civilization and the great development of spiritual civilization. As early as the revolutionary war, Comrade Mao Zedong repeatedly emphasized the need to build a new, national, scientific, and popular Chinese culture. In 1940, he said: “We must not only transform a politically oppressed and economically exploited China into a politically free and economically prosperous China, but also a China that is ruled by the old culture and thus foolishly lags behind it. , became a Chinese civilization advanced by the new culture.” In October 1979, Comrade Deng Xiaoping expressed his congratulatory message at the fourth congress of Chinese literary and art workers: “We must build a high material civilization while raising The nation’s scientific and cultural level, the development of a noble and colorful cultural life, and building a high degree of socialist spiritual civilization.” He also stressed: We must vigorously carry forward the lofty spirit that the party and the people have formed in long-term practice, “shout loudly and set an example. These spirits were extended to all people and all adolescents to become the main pillar of the spiritual civilization of the People’s Republic of China. They are aspire to all the people in the world who demand revolution and demand progress, and they are also many of the world’s spiritual emptiness and ideological agonies. People are envious.”

The continuous development of the Chinese nation, its frustrations, and its constant rebirth are all inseparable from the strong support of Chinese culture. The unique concept, wisdom, grace and charm of Chinese culture add to the confidence and pride of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. The excellent traditional Chinese culture bred in the development of civilization for more than 5,000 years, the revolutionary culture and advanced socialist culture nurtured in the great struggle of the party and the people have accumulated the deepest spiritual pursuit of the Chinese nation and represent the unique spiritual identity of the Chinese nation. We must vigorously promote the national spirit centered on patriotism and the spirit of the times with reform and innovation at the core, vigorously promote the fine traditional culture of China, vigorously develop advanced socialist culture, and continuously strengthen the spiritual strength of the whole party and people of all ethnic groups.

Delegate! Comrades and friends!

Wen Yun is involved with the national transport, and the context is connected with the national capital. To realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a great cause that shakes the ancients and the present. It requires a great spirit of perseverance and great works that are invigorating. Mr. Lu Xun once said in 1925: “Literature and art are the flames of the national spirit and the lights that guide the national spirit.” The majority of literary and art workers must adhere to the people-centered creative orientation, and insist on serving the people and society. Services, adhere to a hundred flowers, contend for a hundred schools, adhere to creative transformation, innovative development, high spirits of the torch of the national spirit, blew the horns of the times, integrate art ideals into the party and people’s cause, and have a righteous heart, hearts, people, shoulders Responsibility, and the ambitions of the universe, and the introduction of more outstanding works that reflect the voice of the times, show people’s struggle, invigorate the national spirit, and mold noble sentiments, show our people a brighter future and a brighter future for our nation.

Here, I will give you some hopes.

First, I hope everyone will strengthen their cultural confidence and use literature and art to inspire the national spirit. To achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, it is necessary to strengthen the road to self-confidence, theoretical self-confidence, institutional self-confidence, and cultural confidence in the socialist road with Chinese characteristics To create outstanding works with distinctive ethnic characteristics and individuality, it is necessary to have a profound understanding of the profound Chinese culture and to have a high degree of cultural confidence. The majority of literary and artistic workers should be good at extracting the essence and energy from the treasures of Chinese culture, maintaining a high level of confidence in their own cultural ideals and cultural values, maintaining a high level of confidence in their own cultural vitality and creativity, and making their works an inspiration to the Chinese people. The spiritual strength of the Chinese nation is constantly moving forward.

Culture is the soul of a country and a nation. History and reality have shown that a nation that has abandoned or betrayed its own history and culture cannot not only be developed, but it is also likely to present scenes of historical tragedies. Cultural self-confidence is a more basic, broader, and deeper confidence. It is a more basic, deeper, and more lasting force. Strengthening cultural self-confidence is related to the rise and fall of the national transport, cultural security, and the independence of the national spirit. Without cultural self-confidence, it is impossible to write works that are masculine, personal, and attractive.

Throughout the ages, the various peoples of the world, without exception, have been profoundly influenced by the literary works and literary giants they have produced at various stages of historical development. The Chinese national spirit is reflected not only in the struggle and struggle of the Chinese people, but also in the spiritual life and spiritual life of the Chinese people. It is also reflected in all the outstanding works produced by the Chinese nation for thousands of years and reflected in all the literature of the country. Home, the artist’s outstanding creative activity.

In every historical period, the Chinese nation has left innumerable monumental works. From the Book of Songs, Chuci, Han Fu, to the Tang poetry, Song Ci, Yuan Qu, Ming and Qing novels, etc., together to create a splendid galactic history of Chinese literature and art. The Chinese nation’s literary creativity is so powerful and the achievements of its creation are so brilliant. The Chinese nation is known for its cultural self-confidence. We should feel extremely proud of this and should feel very confident about it.

There is an era of literature and art in an era, and an era has the spirit of an era. The classic literary and artistic works of any era are the portrayal of social life and spirit in that era. They all bear the mark and characteristics of that era. Art and literature in any era can only be aroused by the enthusiasm of the nation when it is closely maintained and held together with the nation and the nation. Reflecting the era is the mission of literary and art workers. The majority of literary and art workers must grasp the pulse of the times, undertake the mission of the times, listen to the voice of the times, and have the courage to answer questions of the times.

Ancient and modern, both at home and abroad, literature and art are all in accordance with such a law: from time to time, change and take advantage of the situation, at any time on behalf of the line, with the same frequency resonance. At every major historical moment of human development, literature and art can be the precursor of the times, the precondition of opening the society, and the precedent of wisdom. It has become the precursor of changes in times and social changes. Leaving a fiery social practice, standing outside the main theme of the grand era, muttering to himself, can only be eliminated by the times.

In terms of literature and art, ideology and values ​​are the soul. All forms of expression are the carriers for expressing certain ideas and values. Departing from certain ideas and values, the rich and varied manifestations are also pale and powerless. The nature of literature and art determines that it must be sacred to reflect the spirit of the times. The core value of socialism is a concentrated embodiment of the contemporary Chinese spirit and the ideological and moral basis for the cohesion of Chinese power. The broad masses of literary and art workers should regard nurturing and carrying forward the core values ​​of socialism as the fundamental task, and unswervingly use the unique thoughts, emotions, and aesthetics of the Chinese people to create outstanding works that belong to this era and have distinctive Chinese styles.

The motherland is the most solid support for the people, and heroes are the shining coordinates of the nation. Singing the motherland and praising heroes are always the eternal themes of literary and artistic creation, and they are also the most touching chapters. We must promote the main melody of patriotism, use vivid literary language and dazzling artistic images to decorate the beautiful mountains and rivers of the motherland, portray the outstanding characteristics of the Chinese nation, and inspire every Chinese people’s sense of national pride and national honor. The heroes of the Chinese nation must be reverent, record heroes and heroes with heroism, let heroes be proclaimed in literary and artistic works, and guide the people to establish a correct historical, ethnic, national, and cultural outlook. Classic, heroic things. We must scribble the vigorous practice of reform, opening up, and socialist modernization. We must write a colorful China, a progressive China, and a united China to inspire the people of all ethnic groups across the country to flourish in the future.

A firm culture and self-confidence cannot be separated from the recognition and application of the history of the Chinese nation. History is a mirror. From history, we can better see the world, live our lives, and understand ourselves. History is also a wise man. When we talk to history, we can better understand the past, grasp the present, and face the future. “Observing the ancient and modern times in the hurry, we asked the whole world in a flash.” Without a sense of history, literary writers and artists can hardly have rich inspiration and profound thoughts. The literary artist and the artist must combine historical materials for artistic reproduction. There must be historical knowledge, history, and history.

History has given literators and artists infinite nourishment and unlimited imagination. However, writers and artists cannot describe history with unprovoked imagination, let alone history. Writers and artists cannot completely restore the truth of history, but have the responsibility to tell people the true history and tell people the most valuable things in history. The works that tease history are not only disrespectful to history, but also disrespectful of their own creation, and will eventually be teased by history. Only by establishing a correct view of history, respecting history, and the artistic history presented in accordance with the laws of art can we stand the test of history before we can establish ourselves as people.

Chinese culture is both historical and contemporary, both national and world. Only by taking root in the land where Sri Lanka was born and where Sri Lanka grew up, can the arts and arts catch up with local gas, increase emboldenedness, and perfuse anger, and have a firm foothold in the world cultural agitation. As the saying goes, “The people who fall into the realm think of its own tree, and those who drink it have their origin.” We must persist in not forgetting the original, absorbing foreign, facing the future, translating in inheritance, and surpassing in learning. We should create more outstanding examples that reflect the essence of Chinese culture, reflect the aesthetic pursuit of Chinese people, spread contemporary Chinese values, and are in line with the progress of the world. The works have made our country’s art and literature stand out with distinctive Chinese characteristics, Chinese style, and Chinese style.

Xi Jinping: Building a Literary Summit in the Great Renaissance of the Chinese Nation

The Tenth National Congress of the Chinese Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association opened on the morning of the 30th in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the State, Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. He stressed that Wenyun was involved with the national transport and the context was connected with the national capital. The broad masses of literary and art workers must adhere to the people-centered creative orientation, persist in serving the people, serve socialism, adhere to a hundred flowers blossoming, contend for a hundred schools, insist on creative transformation, and innovate development. They must uphold the torch of the national spirit and sound the horns of the times. The ideal of art is integrated into the party and the people’s cause. There is a big righteousness in the chest, a heart in the heart, a responsibility in the shoulders, and a pen and ink in the pen. More excellent works that reflect the voice of the times, show the people’s struggle, inspire the national spirit, and cultivate noble sentiments are launched. Efforts will be made to build a literary peak in the era of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation >>

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Second, I hope everyone will persist in serving the people and sing the people with positive literature and art. The people are the creators of history and the sculptors of the times. The artistic life of all outstanding artists is rooted in the people. All outstanding literary creations are for the people. The majority of literary and art workers must adhere to a strong realist spirit and romantic sentiment, observe the people’s lives, fate, and emotions, and express the people’s wishes, feelings, and aspirations, and strive to create a masterpiece of quality that has spread far and wide among the people.

People need art, and art needs the people. Marx said: “The people have always been the only judges of the writer’s ‘qualified’ and ‘unqualified’. “Those who think that the people do not understand literature and art and think that the public is a “lower Riba” and think that they are not up to grade for the masses, these ideas are not correct. of. There are a hundred or thousand ways of literary creation, but the most fundamental way is to take root in the people. Only with the people forever will the tree of art be evergreen.

To serve the people, literature and art must positively reflect people’s lives. Today, in the land of more than 9.6 million square kilometers in our country, more than 1.3 billion people are presenting magnificent live dramas. The country is flourishing, the family is in a state of bittersweetness and the people are happy and sad. It constitutes a meteorological scene and is full of touching stories. Exciting beats, showing a colorful picture. The vast number of literary and art workers can do a great job, and they must do a great job.

Our literary art must reflect the great practice of the people’s production and life, but also reflect the true feelings of the people’s emotions and emotions, so that the people can experience the true feelings and sincerity of the human world and the world of love and the road. . There will be no lasting literary inspiration and creative passion in the ivory tower. Leaving the people, literature and art will become rootless duckweed, disease-free skeletons, and soulless shells. All aspiring and pursuing literary and art workers should follow the footsteps of the people, walk out of the world, read the world, and let their hearts beat with the hearts of the people forever.

The people are not abstract symbols, but a collection of specific people. Everyone has blood, emotion, love and hatred, dreams, and inner conflicts and grief. The real characters are diversified, and they must use their emotions to understand various characters, absorb nutrition from the people’s practice and colorful life, continue to accumulate life and art, and continuously carry out beauty discovery and beauty creation.

The height reached by typical figures is the height of literary and artistic works and also the artistic height of the times. Only by creating typical figures can literary and artistic works be attractive, appealing and vitality. The majority of literary and art workers must always keep the warm and happy people’s well-being in mind, pour the joys, sorrows, and griefs of the people into their pens, sing their lives in struggle, and portray the most beautiful people.

Entering life and being close to the people is the basic attitude of art creation; to improve life above the standard of life is the basic ability of artistic creation. The literary and art workers must have such an attitude and must have such abilities. Literature and art reflect society, not through the concept of abstraction of society, but through the text, color, sound, emotion, plot, images, images and other artistic reproduction. Therefore, how brilliant the color of society is, how colorful artistic works should be, how rich the situation of the society is, how rich the situation of literary works should be; how welcoming the society’s charms, and the charm of literary works should have How honest and honest.

“The text changes into the world, and the flourishing is a time sequence.” Revealing the destiny of mankind and the future of the nation is the pursuit of literary and art workers. Great works must be the most deeply grasped works of individuals, nations, and nations. In the past 40 years of reform and opening up, our party has led the people in the struggle and promoted an all-round transformation of our society. This is unprecedented in the history of the development of the Chinese nation and is unique in the history of human development. Faced with this epic change, we have the responsibility to write a new epic of the Chinese nation. The epic is created by the people. No matter how grand the creation or the pursuit of a high intention, we must start from the most real life, discover the greatness of the ordinary, discover the sublime from the simplicity, and profoundly refine life, express life vividly, and present panoramic views. life.

The historical changes are so profound, social progress is so great, and people’s spiritual world is so active that they provide endless mineral deposits for the development of literature and art. Society is a big book. Only by reading and reading this great book can we create outstanding works. Reading and understanding society and reading through the society determine the breadth of vision, spiritual strength, and depth of thought in artistic creation. The vast number of literary and artistic workers must strive to make a good school for society, read the great book of the society, and create excellent works that have both a life and a high artistic level.

“The literary person’s pen appeals to good and evil.” Literature and art must reflect life, but literature and art cannot reflect life mechanically. Mao Dun said: “Literature and art is not only a mirror – to reflect life, but must be an ax – to create a life.” In life, it is impossible to have only high morale and no depression, only happiness is no misfortune, only comedy and no tragedy. There is always a gap between life and ideals, and in real life there are always places like this. The majority of literary and art workers must judge the material of life, promote positive energy, use the power of literature and art to warm, encourage, and enlighten people, guide people to promote ideological understanding, cultural accomplishment, aesthetic standards, and moral standards, and motivate people to stay positive and progressive. Optimistic attitude and enterprising spirit.

The purpose of literary and artistic creation is to guide people to find the source of thought, the source of strength, and the source of happiness. The spring is always worth more than the mud, and the light is always more worth praising than the darkness. The majority of literary and artistic workers must improve their ability to read life. They are good at discovering goodness in a secluded place, seeing light in the shadows, not watching waiters on the edge, complainers in blasphemy society, and pessimists who are disease-free. They cannot be absorbed in Lu Xun. The critics “have to chewed on the little joys and sorrows around them, and they see this little grief as the whole world.” It is necessary to use the works with bones, morals, and temperament to inspire people not to be discouraged by the darkness, to bow their heads in the face of difficulties, and to illuminate life with the light of reason, the light of justice, and the light of goodness. To the negative corruption and ugly phenomenon that people hate, we should insist on using light to disperse the darkness, and use truth, goodness and beauty to overcome falsehood and ugliness. Let people see the good, see hope, and see the dream ahead.

Third, we hope that everyone will boldly innovate and create, and use superb art to promote the development of cultural innovation. Excellent works reflect the ability and level of a country’s and a nation’s cultural innovation. The majority of literary and art workers should regard the creation and production of outstanding works as the central link, continue to advance literary and artistic innovation, and improve the quality of literary and artistic creation, and strive to create cultural masterpieces for the people and contribute immortal works to humanity.

Contemporary China is experiencing the most extensive and profound social changes in China’s history, and it is also undergoing the most ambitious and unique practice innovation in human history. This great practice will inevitably provide a powerful driving force and broad space for cultural innovation. The majority of literary and art workers must strive to create excellent works that match our ancient civilization and our thriving country. The Chinese people will not only contribute new development models and development paths for mankind, but will also dedicate their achievements in the creation of cultural innovation to the world.

The Chinese culture continues the spiritual lineage of our country and nation. It needs to be handed down from generation to generation and guarded from generation to generation. It also needs to advance with the times and introduce new ideas. It is necessary to strengthen the excavation and elucidation of the fine traditional Chinese culture so that the most basic cultural genes of the Chinese nation can adapt to contemporary Chinese culture and coordinate with modern society. The cultural spirit that spans time and space, transcends national boundaries, has eternal charm, and is of contemporary value. We will promote and invigorate its internal vitality and let Chinese culture work together with the colorful cultures created by the peoples of various countries to provide humans with the correct guidance.

Innovation is the life of literature and art. It is necessary to permeate the whole process of literary and artistic creation through innovative spirit, to explore boldly, to forge ahead, to work hard on improving originality, to work hard on expanding the subject matter, content, form, and technique, to promote the combination of ideas and means, and to integrate content and form. Art elements and technical elements shine together, making the work even more exciting and engaging. It is necessary to increase the spiritual height, cultural connotation, and artistic value of the work as a pursuit, so that the vision is more general and far-reaching, paying attention to the most advanced aspects of mankind, exploring the deepest part of the human spiritual world, and at the same time facing the survival of the Chinese people at the same time. The reality creates a rich variety of Chinese stories, Chinese images, and Chinese melody. It contributes special sounds and colors to the world and displays special poetic and artistic conceptions.

Advancing with the times and striving for self-improvement are the distinctive endowments of the Chinese nation and also a powerful driving force for the continued prosperity and development of our country’s literature and art. China’s literature and art should not only grow in size, but also create a benchmark for quality. Innovation is expensive and unconventional. However, it is impossible to be a top grade, but it is likely that it will be inferior. To overcome the impetuousness of this stubborn illness, boycott quick success and short-sightedness and shoddy work, with a dedicated attitude, professionalism, and practical efforts to create more high-quality, high-grade works.

Fourth, I hope everyone will adhere to the ideals of art and use noble literature and art to lead the fashion of society. Literature and art is a project that casts souls and bears the responsibility of cultivating people and educating people. It should be inspired by unique thoughts and silent arts to enlighten people’s hearts and convey the values ​​of being good. The broad masses of literary and artistic workers must pursue pursuers and communicators of truth, goodness, and beauty, integrate noble values ​​and beautiful emotions into their works, guide people to gather noble moralities, and prevent cheap laughter, bottomless entertainment, and unrestrained behavior. Rubbish drowns our lives.

Great literature and art show great souls, great literature and art comes from great souls. Goethe once said: “If you want to write a majestic style, he must first have a magnificent personality.” All artistic creation is the interaction between the human subjective world and the objective world, both reflecting the essence of life in the form of art. Refining the truth, goodness and beauty contained in life gives people an aesthetic enjoyment, an enlightening thought, and a deterring of the soul. Only by adopting broad minds to embrace the times and deep eyes to observe reality and sincere feelings to experience life and artistic inspiration to capture the beauty of the world can we create great works. Although creation cannot be without artistic literacy and skill, it is the creator’s attitude that ultimately determines the weight of the work. Specifically, it is the attitude of the creator to grasp the object of creation and refine the theme of the creation. At the same time, what kind of attitude is used to present the work to the society and to the people.

The reason why classics can become classics is that they must have timeless beauty, eternal emotions, and mighty gas. The classics include theme intension, character modeling, emotional construction, artistic conception, language rhetoric, and so on. They accommodate the profoundly flowing spiritual world and the live and full of the true life, including the connotations of history, culture, and humanity, with the penetration of ideas. Power, aesthetic insight, and form of creativity can only become works that will not be out of date.

Art must shape people’s hearts. Creators must first shape themselves. It is indispensable to cultivate virtue and cultivate art. Those who are not good or bad are not far away. The majority of literary and artistic workers should regard Chongde Shangyi as a life lesson and unite people, work, and art, strengthen ideological accumulation, knowledge reserves, and artistic training, improve learning, support, and cultivation, and strive to pursue true learning, good virtue, and high education. Grade, so Deyi Shuangxin. We must consciously resist the wrong tendencies of right and wrong, black and white, and consciously abandon the low-level tastes of vulgarity, vulgarity, and kitsch, and consciously oppose the decadent ideas of money worship, hedonism, and extreme individualism.

Literary and artistic creation is an arduous and creative work that cannot be false at all. The fine arts and arts that can be heard, communicated, and maintained are all far away from impetuousness, gaining no gains and gains, and are all made with painstaking efforts. The ancients of China said: “A word of Shu, cut off a few stems.” “Two words of three years, a pair of tears.” Lu Yao’s tombstone engraved: “Work like a cow, like the same contribution as the land. Tolstoy also said: “If someone tells me I can write a novel and use it to determine without any problems what I think is the right view of all social issues. Then, such novels I can’t use two hours of work, but if you tell me, now the children will read what I wrote after 20 years, they will cry for it, laugh for it, and love life, then I It is necessary to sacrifice my whole life and all the power for such a novel.” The vast majority of literary and art workers must have the artistic determination of “a bench sat for ten years of cold”, and there is a persistent pursuit of “not to be alarmed”. A great work, handed down, and immortal. We must follow the principle of acting as a teacher and behavior, remembering cultural responsibility and social responsibility, and correctly grasping the relationship between artistic individuality and social morality. We must always give top priority to social benefits and seriously consider the social effects of works. We must cherish our own social image, endure the loneliness in the face of the tide of the market economy, and keep our minds in mind. We must not waver for momentary gains, or be impatient for a temporary reputation. We must not be slaves to the market to dare to show off our wealth. The ostentation says “no”, “no” to the vulgar and kitsch hype, and “no” to the ignorant sensation of profit. We must earn respect through profound cultural accomplishments, noble personal charm, and literary and aesthetic works. We should become leaders in advanced culture and leaders in social trends, and we must achieve self-realization and value in our speech for the motherland and the people.

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Delegate! Comrades and friends!

“Covering has extraordinary merit and must be treated by extraordinary people.” People are the most crucial factor in the development of their careers. The literary and art circles are places where ideas are active and where there is plenty of creativity. To achieve prosperity and development, our country’s literary and artistic undertakings must cultivate talents, discover talents, cherish talents, and pool talents. The China Federation of Literature and the Chinese Writers’ Association are the bridges between the party and the government in liaising with literary and art workers, and they have important responsibilities in uniting literary and art workers. Over the years, the China Federation of Literature and the Chinese Writers Association have carried out many fruitful work. Where there are literary and art workers, where the work of the Federation of Literary and Art Writers’ Associations is to be done, and the role of people’s organizations in the literary and art circles should be brought into play.

Under the new situation, the association and the writers’ association must deepen reforms, work to the grassroots, expand the service to the largest number of literary and art workers, change the tendencies of institutionalization and administration, and constantly strengthen the vitality of the organization. It is necessary to strengthen leadership, highlight politicality, advancement, and the masses, unite and lead the broad masses of literary and art workers to practice the core values ​​of socialism, and constantly strengthen the organization’s centripetal force. We must strengthen liaison, extend our workforce, strengthen the unity and guidance of new cultural and art organizations, and new literary and art groups, condense thousands of literary practitioners and enthusiasts, and continue to enhance the appeal of the organization. We must strengthen our capabilities, strengthen our capacity building, strengthen industry services, industry management, and industry self-discipline, play a leading role in the construction of the industry, and constantly enhance our industry influence. It is necessary to strengthen communication and treat people with sincerity and helping others with sincerity, and do more with people and warmhearted people. This has become a good partner in the career of literary and art workers, a true friend in life, a warm home for literary and art workers, and a literary front. The forces have started to inspire the creative energy contained in the masses of the people and promote the flourishing prosperity of the literary and artistic undertakings.

Strengthening and improving the party’s leadership over literary and artistic work is the fundamental guarantee for the prosperity and development of the literary and arts career. The party committees at all levels must attach great importance to literary and art work, fully understand the important role of the literary and art associations, writers’ associations, and guide the promotion of cultural and writing associations to deepen reforms, develop the cause, and increase policy support and guarantees. We must lead literature and art undertakings in a manner consistent with the law of literature and art, fully promote academic democracy and artistic democracy, and protect the enthusiasm and creativity of literary and art workers. We must follow the requirements of comprehensive and strict administration of the party, strengthen the building of the Union of Literary and Artistic Associations, strengthen party building of the literary and artistic units, select the leading group for the literary and arts unit, and put politicians who understand politics, business, officers, and services. Art work leadership positions. It is necessary to strengthen and improve literary theory and review work so as to encourage and degrade the literary theory and evoke turmoil, to guide creativity, introduce quality products, improve aesthetics, and lead the trend. To achieve full political trust, ideological guidance, work conditions, care and attention in life, literary and art workers to do practical things, do a good job, solve problems, and create a favorable environment for talent, a fine environment. We must attach importance to and strengthen art education and improve people’s artistic quality.

Delegate! Comrades and friends!

Literature and art is not the product of mystery inspiration. Its artistry, ideology, and value orientation are always reflected by the writer and the artist’s grasp of history, times, society, life, and characters. In the face of the tree of life, we must jump and yell on each branch like a bird, and look like an eagle from above. There is no shortage of vivid stories in China. The key is to have the ability to tell stories. There is no lack of epic practice in China. The key is to have the ambition to create epic. I believe that the Chinese writers and artists of our time not only have such ambitions but also have the ability to be able to create excellence that is worthy of our great age, worthy of our great country, and worthy of our great nation. works.

“Jiangshan left the trail, my younger generation came back.” The great era calls for great writers and artists. The majority of literary and art workers must keep in mind the mission and keep in mind their responsibilities. They should not forget the beginning of the heart and continue to advance. Together with the Party and the people, they must work hard to build a literary peak in the era of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!

Finally, I wish the conference a complete success! (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 30th)
 
            

Xi Jinping: Upgrading the National Spirit Torch and Sounding the Horn of Progress in the Times Building the Cultural Summit of the Great Renaissance of the Chinese Nation

On November 30, the Tenth National Congress of the Chinese Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association opened in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the State, Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. Xinhua News Agency reporter Yao Dawei

On November 30, the Tenth National Congress of the Chinese Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association opened in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Party and state leaders Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, and Zhang Gaoli attended the meeting. Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi

The Tenth National Congress of the Chinese Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association opened on the morning of the 30th in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the State, Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. He stressed that Wenyun was involved with the national transport and the context was connected with the national capital. The broad masses of literary and art workers must adhere to the people-centered creative orientation, persist in serving the people, serve socialism, adhere to a hundred flowers blossoming, contend for a hundred schools, insist on creative transformation, and innovate development. They must uphold the torch of the national spirit and sound the horns of the times. The ideal of art is integrated into the party and the people’s cause. There is a big righteousness in the chest, a heart in the heart, a responsibility in the shoulders, and a pen and ink in the pen. More excellent works that reflect the voice of the times, show the people’s struggle, inspire the national spirit, and cultivate noble sentiments are launched. Efforts will be made to build a literary peak in the era of great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation

The Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, and Zhang Gaoli attended the meeting.

At 10:00, the conference begins. All stood up and sang the national anthem.

In warm applause, Xi Jinping made an important speech. First, he expressed warm congratulations on behalf of the Party Central Committee to the convening of the General Assembly and extended sincere greetings to all the delegates and the country’s vast number of artists.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the party has always attached great importance to literary and art work. This is because the cause of literature and art is an important cause for the party and the people. The frontline of literature and art is an important front for the party and the people. In the historical period of revolution, construction, and reform, a large number of literary and art workers responded to the call of the party, persisted in serving the people, and served socialism. They adhered to the principle of a hundred flowers blossoming and a hundred schools of thought contending, and created a large number of outstanding works that were popular among the people. The Chinese spirit has been promoted, the Chinese forces have been consolidated, and our party has made very important contributions to the unity and leadership of the people in achieving national independence, the liberation of the people, the prosperity of the country, and the happiness of the people.

Xi Jinping emphasized that since the party’s 18th National Congress, under the arduous efforts of a large number of literary and art workers, the Chinese literary and art circles have seen a new look, a new theme, a louder melody in the main theme, a more positive energy, a rich spiritual food for the people, and a display of China to the world. Cultural charm. Practice has fully proved that the broad masses of literary and art workers have a heart to the people of the motherland, respond to the calls of the times, and pursue artistic ideals. They are a team of talented, intelligent, courageous, courageous, creative, trustworthy individuals. The party and the people thank you.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation requires the great development of material civilization and the great development of spiritual civilization. The continuous development of the Chinese nation, its frustrations, and its constant rebirth are all inseparable from the strong support of Chinese culture. The unique concept, wisdom, grace and charm of Chinese culture add to the confidence and pride of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. To realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a great cause that shakes the ancients and the present. It requires a great spirit of perseverance and great works that are invigorating.

In his speech, Xi Jinping raised four hopes for the literary and art workers.

First, I hope everyone will strengthen their cultural confidence and use literature and art to inspire the national spirit. To achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, it is necessary to strengthen the road to self-confidence, theoretical self-confidence, institutional self-confidence, and cultural confidence in the socialist road with Chinese characteristics To create outstanding works with distinctive ethnic characteristics and individuality, it is necessary to have a profound understanding of the profound Chinese culture and to have a high degree of cultural confidence. The majority of literary and artistic workers should be good at extracting the essence and energy from the treasures of Chinese culture, maintaining a high level of confidence in their own cultural ideals and cultural values, maintaining a high level of confidence in their own cultural vitality and creativity, and making their works an inspiration to the Chinese people. The spiritual strength of the Chinese nation is constantly moving forward. We must grasp the pulse of the times, undertake the mission of the times, listen to the voice of the times, and have the courage to answer questions of the times. We must regard nurturing and promoting the core values ​​of socialism as our fundamental tasks, and we must unswervingly use the Chinese people’s unique thoughts, emotions, and aesthetics to create outstanding works that belong to this era and have a distinctive Chinese style. The melody of patriotism should be exalted, with a lively literary language and a dazzling artistic image, to decorate the beautiful mountains and rivers of the motherland, to portray the outstanding qualities of the Chinese nation, and to inspire every Chinese people’s sense of national pride and national honor.

Second, I hope everyone will persist in serving the people and sing the people with positive literature and art. The people are the creators of history and the sculptors of the times. The artistic life of all outstanding artists is rooted in the people. All outstanding literary creations are for the people. The majority of literary and art workers must adhere to a strong realist spirit and romantic sentiment, observe the people’s lives, fate, and emotions, and express the people’s wishes, feelings, and aspirations, and strive to create a masterpiece of quality that has spread far and wide among the people. All aspiring and pursuing literary and art workers should follow the footsteps of the people, walk out of the world, read the world, and let their hearts beat with the hearts of the people forever. We must always keep the warm and happy people’s well-being in mind, pour the joys, sorrows, and griefs of the people into our own pens, sing our lives, and portray the most beautiful people. We must judge the material of life, promote positive energy, use the power of literature and art to warm, energize, and enlighten people, guide people to enhance their ideological understanding, cultural accomplishment, aesthetic standards, and moral standards, and motivate people to remain positive and optimistic and enterprising. spirit.

Third, we hope that everyone will boldly innovate and create, and use superb art to promote the development of cultural innovation. Excellent works reflect the ability and level of a country’s and a nation’s cultural innovation. The majority of literary and art workers should regard the creation and production of outstanding works as the central link, continue to advance literary and artistic innovation, and improve the quality of literary and artistic creation, and strive to create cultural masterpieces for the people and contribute immortal works to humanity. The Chinese people will not only contribute new development models and development paths for mankind, but will also dedicate their achievements in the creation of cultural innovation to the world. It is necessary to permeate the whole process of literary and artistic creation through innovative spirit, make bold explorations, and forge ahead in order to make the work even more brilliant and engaging.

Fourth, I hope everyone will adhere to the ideals of art and use noble literature and art to lead the fashion of society. Literature and art is a project that casts souls and bears the responsibility of cultivating people and educating people. It should be inspired by unique thoughts and silent arts to enlighten people’s hearts and convey the values ​​of being good. The broad masses of literary and art workers need to be pursuers and communicators of truth, goodness, and beauty, integrate noble values ​​and good feelings into their works, and guide people to gather noble moralities. Art must shape people’s hearts. Creators must first shape themselves. The vast majority of literary and art workers should regard Chongde Shangyi as their lifelong lesson, strive hard to pursue true talents, good virtues, and high grades, and achieve dual-spiritedness in arts and crafts, becoming practitioners of advanced culture, leaders of social trends, and being the motherland. For the people, Lide made his self-achievement and realized value.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the China Federation of Literature and the Chinese Writers’ Association are the bridges between the party and the government in liaising with the literary and art workers and have important responsibilities in uniting literary and art workers. Under the new circumstances, the Federation of Literary and Artistic Associations should deepen reforms, strengthen leadership, strengthen liaison, enhance skills, strengthen communication, and mobilize the power of the front of the literature and arts front to inspire the creative energy embodied in the masses of the people and promote the flourishing prosperity of literature and art undertakings. .

Xi Jinping stressed that party committees at all levels must attach great importance to the work of literature and art, and guide and promote the association of literature, deepening the reform and development of the undertaking. We must lead literature and art undertakings in a manner consistent with the law of literature and art, fully promote academic democracy and artistic democracy, and protect the enthusiasm and creativity of literary and art workers. To achieve full political trust, ideological guidance, work conditions, care and attention in life, literary and art workers to do practical things, do a good job, solve problems, and create a favorable environment for talent, a fine environment. We must attach importance to and strengthen art education and improve people’s artistic quality. (Full text of the speech is issued separately)

Sun Jiazheng, chairman of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, made an opening statement. Qin Yizhi, First Secretary of the Central Secretariat of the Communist Youth League, and Zhang Yang, member of the Central Military Commission and director of the Political Work Department of the Central Military Commission, respectively delivered congratulations. Tie Ning, chairman of the Chinese Writers Association, presided over the opening ceremony.

Some members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, the Secretary of the Central Secretariat, the NPC Standing Committee, the State Council, the National Committee of the CPPCC, and the CMC’s leading comrades attended the meeting.

Responsible comrades of the relevant departments of the central and state organs, representatives of artists across the country, specially invited representatives of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region and the Taiwan region, and specially invited guests from overseas regions, about 3,300 people attended the meeting. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 30th, Correspondents Wu Jing, Shi Jingnan)
 
            

Xi Jinping Sends a Message of Condolence to Brazilian President Temer and Bolivian President Morales on a Bolivian Civil Aviation Charter Containing Brazilian Football Players

President Xi Jinping sent a message of condolence to Brazilian President Temer and Bolivian President Morales on November 30. They expressed their deepest condolences to the victims on a civilian charter flight on Bolivia on the 29th local time and passed the The President and President Morales expressed sincere condolences to the wounded and the families of the victims. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 30th)
 
            

Speech by Xi Jinping at the Symposium Commemorating the 130th Anniversary of Comrade Zhu De

(November 29, 2016)

Comrades, friends:

Today, we gather here to commemorate the thirtieth anniversary of Comrade Zhu De’s birth. He cherishes memory of his immortal feats for national independence and people’s liberation, the country’s prosperity and people’s well-being, and recalls his glorious life of unremitting struggle for the cause of the party and the people, learning from his lofty ideals. The moral character and spiritual style encourage the entire Party, the entire army, and the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country to confidently continue to advance the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Comrade Zhu De was a great Marxist, a great proletarian revolutionist, politician, and military strategist. He was one of the major founders of the People’s Liberation Army. The Founding Fathers of the People’s Republic of China was an important member of the Party’s first generation of central leadership. .

On December 1, 1886, Comrade Zhu De was born in a poor, low-income family in Yilong County, Sichuan Province. At that time, China was in a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society, and the Chinese people suffered unprecedented hardships. Comrade Zhu De, like countless people with lofty ideals, is pondering hard and exploring ways to save the country and save the people. As early as in youth, he expressed his lofty ambitions of “the motherland is in danger and the people are responsible for it. In 1909, he left his hometown and went to the Kunming Yunnan Army to learn to martial arts before he went to school. He also set an oath of “Hearts hate endlessly and walk alone to the west. He took a pen to go and refresh the old country”. He joined the alliance led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen and actively devoted himself to the Revolution of 1911 that overthrew the feudal rule of the Qing Dynasty. He participated in the National War of Defending the country and defending the law. He became a famous general of the Sui army.

Comrade Zhu De witnessed warlords scrambling the country into a tragic situation in which the “Frontiers of the Four Worlds are desperate and desperate, and the Central Plains are blasphemous” and realized that the old democratic revolution led by the bourgeoisie could not solve the problem of the Chinese nation’s way out. From the October Revolution in China and the May 4th Movement in China, he saw the dawn of hope, resolutely rejecting the temptation of the high officials and lofty princes, first went to Shanghai and Beijing, and then crossed the oceans, and persisted in finding the truth to save the country and save the people. In 1922, Comrade Zhu De joined the Communist Party of China in Marx’s hometown of Germany, and he embarked on the revolutionary path and devoted himself to the noble cause of communism.

During the period of the new-democratic revolution, Comrade Zhu De successively served as the commander-in-chief of the Red Army of the Workers and Peasants of China, the commander-in-chief of the Eighth Route Army, and the commander-in-chief of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army. He made outstanding contributions to the independence and liberation of the Chinese nation and the establishment of a people-dominated new China. He participated in the leadership of the Bayi Nanchang Uprising and fired the first shot of the armed opposition to the Kuomintang reactionaries. He led the Nanchang Uprising Army and the Xiangnan uprising junket to Jinggangshan, and joined forces with the Comrade Mao Zedong’s Xiang Qiu border autumn harvest uprising unit to ignite the fire of the Agrarian Revolutionary War. Subsequently, together with Comrade Mao Zedong, he explored the Chinese revolutionary road that encircled the cities and took power from the countryside. Together with Comrade Mao Zedong and Comrade Zhou Enlai, Comrade Zhu De instructed the Red Army to smash the Kuomintang army’s four “encirclement and suppression” of the Central Revolutionary Base and lead the Red Army in the long march of strategic shift.

At the Zunyi Meeting, Comrade Zhu De resolutely supported Comrade Mao Zedong’s correct claim and made important contributions to establishing Comrade Mao Zedong’s leading position in the Red Army and the Party Central Committee. He made uncompromising struggles with the wrong actions of the separatist party and the Red Army of Zhang Guofan and united the Red Fourth Army and the broad masses of commanders and soldiers of the Red Second Army and achieved the three main forces of the Red Army. Comrade Mao Tse-tung praised Comrade Zhu De for his “competitiveness as a sea and as hard as a steel” in this complex struggle.

After the outbreak of the National War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, Comrade Zhu De wrote an affidavit of “deciding one battle with Japan, killing me once and for all, protecting my nation, defending the nation, and defending the country, which is my duty” and led the Eighth Route Army to cross the Yellow River to the North China Anti-Japanese Front. He resolutely implemented the Party Central Committee’s strategic principles, extensively mobilized the masses, conducted anti-Japanese guerrilla warfare, opened up the North China Anti-Japanese Base, and established an important strategic base to support long-term resistance and win final victory. In 1940, he arrived in Yanan to assist Comrade Mao Zedong in commanding the anti-Japanese war in various areas of the country. In order to overcome the severe economic difficulties in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, he personally directed the development work of Nanniwan, promoted the mass production movement, and nurtured and advocated the spirit of “Nanniwan”. At the Seventh Party Congress, he made military reports on the “Liberation Area Battlefield”, systematically summarizing the party’s armed struggle, especially the experience of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, and elaborated on the basic characteristics of the people’s war.

During the war of liberation, Comrade Zhu De took part in the formulation of a series of major strategic decisions such as “developing northwards and defending south” and assisted Comrade Mao Zedong in directing the military and civilians in the Liberated Areas to crush the all-out offensive and major offensive of the Kuomintang troops, and achieved the three major battles of Liaoshen, Huaihai and Pingjin. The victory, marched into the country, completely defeated the Kuomintang reactionary army, and ushered in the great victory of the new democratic revolution.

After the founding of New China, Comrade Zhu De actively participated in the important decisions of the socialist revolution and construction in important positions of the party, the country, and the army, and made important contributions to the establishment of our socialist system and the development of all kinds of construction. He participated in the leadership of our country’s socialist transformation and economic construction, and made a lot of foundational work for the party’s disciplinary inspection work. It put forward many important ideas in the revolutionization and regularization of the people’s army, and it is the institutional construction and organization of the state power organization. We have done a great deal of fruitful work with the construction of socialist legal system.

Comrade Zhu De’s revolutionary career in the past 70 years has made great achievements for the Chinese revolution and for the cause of the Chinese people’s liberation. He has established immortal feats for our country’s socialist revolution and construction and is deeply loved by the whole party, the entire army and the people of all ethnic groups in the country. Respect and respect. Comrade Mao Zedong praised Comrade Zhu De as “the glory of the people.” Comrade Zhou Enlai praised Comrade Zhu De’s revolutionary history “has become a milestone in the 20th century Chinese revolution.” This is the highest evaluation of Comrade Zhu De by the party and the people. Comrade Zhu De deserved it!

Comrades and friends!

In the magnificent historical process of modern China, generations of communists united and led the people of all ethnic groups in the country in their struggle to make the Chinese nation out of unprecedented hardships in modern times, and ushered in the bright prospect of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation today. Comrade Zhu De is an outstanding representative of these communists and a superstar among the heroes and heroes of our nation. Comrade Zhu De’s ideological, moral, and spiritual demeanor demonstrated throughout his life’s struggle is the precious spiritual wealth of the party and the people.

– We commemorate Comrade Zhu De, that is, to learn from his firm belief in pursuing the truth and not forgetting the early days. Comrade Zhu De experienced the failure of the old democratic revolution and learned from his personal experience that the old road is impassable and that only Marxism is the truth for solving China’s problems. After establishing Marxist beliefs and establishing a lofty ideal for striving for a communist cause, he has never wavered in the face of hardships, obstacles and major setbacks. The more critical it is, the more confident he is. The Nanchang uprising troop failed southward. Comrade Zhu De’s department was isolated and helpless. He stood up and stabilized the army, saying firmly that the darkness was temporary and that the revolution should follow me. The final victory must be ours. In early 1975, at the age of 89, he personally wrote the “revolutionary end” banner. In February 1976, he wrote the verse “The whole party is united tightly and the dangerous peak climbs up.” Less than two months before his death, after seeing the new version of the “Communist Manifesto”, he drove to the Central Party School and visited the comrades involved in translation, ignoring the frail and frail, and sharing the learning experience of this classic Marxist book.

Do not forget the beginning of the heart, have to always. The belief in Marxism and the belief in socialism and communism are the political souls of the communists and are the spiritual pillars of the communists who have withstood various tests. Only those who have firm ideals and convictions can remain unshaken, indomitable, and eager to fight for the hardships. Today, every communist party member wants to be a firm believer and loyal practitioner of the communist ideals and the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and to achieve the goal of “two hundred years” and realize the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Bravely fighting.

– We commemorate Comrade Zhu De, that is, to learn from his boundless loyalty and his strong party spirit. Comrade Zhu De paid attention to the idea of ​​building an army and building a political army from the very beginning. He led the rest of the Nanchang Uprising to carry out the “Three Complete Tribes in South Anhui” and set up party branches in the army to achieve full Party leadership over the military. As the world-famous commander-in-chief, he always adhered to the principle that the military must be “unconditionally under the leadership of the Communist Party.” On the way of the Long March, Zhang Guofan established the “Central Committee” and divided the Party and the Red Army. Comrade Zhu De, despite being in danger, was utterly upright and steadfast in saying that the Party is a whole and cannot be divided. The Red Army’s actions should be carried out according to the decisions of the Party Central Committee. He also pointed out clearly that there can only be one center in the central government, that is, the center established by the Zunyi Conference. It is also illegal to establish the Central Committee and cannot be allowed. Comrade Zhu De’s affairs are always focused on the party and the people’s cause, the party, and the country’s overall situation. They firmly uphold the authority of the party’s central government and put forward “All revolutionaries who are loyal to the communist cause must safeguard the unity and unity of the party as their most important one. Task.” He strictly abides by the party’s political discipline and political rules, and has a firm and unequivocal position on major issues of principle and dares to fight. He never arrogantly pride himself and he never cares about personal gains and losses. He believes that “our communists must have a broad mind and a large amount of ambition. They must be stricter than others when they ask others. They must first return to the people and have the courage to take on the responsibility. The so-called ‘good’ is attributed to the people. , then it is all owned by others’.”

In the end, party spirit is a matter of stance. Party spirit is the cornerstone of party members, cadres, careers, utterances, and morality. What determines a person’s behavior is to determine how a party member is party-oriented. It is impossible for the party spirit to naturally increase with the increase in the age of the party, and it cannot be naturally enhanced with the advancement of the office. It must be constantly strengthened in the strict inner-party living and exercise. Today, all party comrades must keep in mind that their first status is that of a communist party member. They should always be united with the party in a concerted effort to establish and consciously intensify their political awareness, overall awareness, core consciousness, and self-consciousness. They should act ideologically and politically. Always maintain a high degree of unity with the party Central Committee, loyalty to the party, worry about the party, responsibility for the party, the party responsible for doing its utmost to complete the party’s duties and tasks.

– Comrade Zhu De’s commemoration is to learn from his ideological approach of seeking truth from facts, seeking truth and being pragmatic. Comrade Zhu De insists on integrating the basic principles of Marxism with the concrete realities of China’s revolution and construction, and starts from reality to solve problems. Comrade Mao Zedong and his compatriots summarized together the “16 words that the enemy leaned into me, the hostile enemy harassed me, the enemy fought, the enemy quits me and chased me.” This is the basic principle of the guerrilla tactics summarized from the reality of the Chinese revolutionary war. After the founding of New China, in the early 1960s he clearly stated: “To see that no country in the world has truly built socialism, we must find a way for China to build socialism.” To explore this path, He often goes deep into practical and grassroots investigations. From 1951 to 1966, he submitted 108 investigation reports to the Party Central Committee reflecting the actual conditions of all walks of life. Of these, 98 reports were personally conducted by him. He proposed to pay attention to the development of handicrafts and agricultural diversification, and become an important experience in socialist construction. He proposed earlier that the defense industry should take the development path of “combining the military with the civilians, and the combination of peace and war.” In the adjustment of the national economy in the early 60s of the last century, he proposed important ideas such as the suspension of rural public canteens, the restoration of rural free markets, and the adjustment of the management system of rural people’s communes. He emphasized that the basic task of the party’s disciplinary inspection work is to protect production, consolidate and purify the party’s organization, consolidate the party’s contact with the masses, ensure the party’s centralized and unified, and specify the direction for the party’s disciplinary inspection work to meet the requirements of long-term governance. Comrade Zhu De’s insights are the result of seeking truth from facts.

Seeking truth from facts is the essence of Marxism and is an important ideological method for our communists. All our achievements in the past depend on seeking truth from facts. Today, we must continue to advance the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics or rely on seeking truth from facts. The comrades of the whole party must persist in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, and being ready to adhere to the truth and correct errors. All those who are in favor of the cause of the party and the people will resolutely work hard, work hard, and continue to work for a while; those who are not conducive to the cause of the party and the people will resolutely reform, thoroughly reform, and change without delay, creating a new situation for the development of the enterprise. Unceasingly creating a new realm of Marxist development.

– We commemorate Comrade Zhu De, that is, he must learn the feelings of his hard- and simple-minded public servants. Comrade Zhu De wrote poetry in the past to praise the party’s liberated area “only see public servants but not officials.” He himself is a model for public servants. After the outbreak of the National War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, he said in his family letter to his loved ones: “Although I am 52 years old and I am physically fit, I want to survive for the nation, and I am determined to abandon everything and kill my enemies.” We should never come to us, if we want to patrioticly sacrifice all those who can work hard, it’s better to have more.” The mother of his hometown in Sichuan is in his 80s and his life is very hard. He has to write to his old classmate for help. He is He said: “I haven’t had any money for decades, and it’s coming soon. I’ve raised 200 yuan in you as a friend.” The commander-in-chief of the Eighth Route Army made a great deal of effort, and it is incorruptible and respectful! After the founding of New China, Comrade Zhu De placed the people’s safety in their hearts and minds, and they lived in peace, honesty, integrity, and honesty. He emphasized: “All our strength comes from the masses, and all methods are also created by the masses.”

The people’s position is the party’s fundamental political position. Serving the people wholeheartedly is the fundamental purpose of the party. The party’s struggle with the people and the life and death of the people is the fundamental guarantee for the party’s victory over all difficulties and risks. Combining with the people is an important guarantee for us to always maintain a hard and simple style. “As the people look at themselves, they listen to themselves.” Today, all comrades in the Party, regardless of their positions, must support the people not support, agree or disagree, be happy or not, and promise not to be the fundamental criterion for measuring the success of all jobs. . Our work and decision-making must recognize the people’s sentiments and grounds, take the interests of the people as the priority, and take the people’s expectations as their goals. We must sincerely listen to the voices of the people, truly reflect the aspirations of the people, and truly care for the suffering of the people. We must persist in shifting the focus of work down to the actual situation, go deep into the grassroots, go deep into the masses, accomplish the good facts of understanding people’s sentiments, solving people’s anxieties, grieving people’s grievances, warming people’s minds, and doing more to satisfy the people, and fully mobilize the people’s enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity. Therefore, our party has always had an inexhaustible source of strength.

– We commemorate Comrade Zhu De, that is to learn the spirit of his lifelong learning and lifelong struggle. Comrade Zhu De has experienced several historical periods, including the old democratic revolution, the new democratic revolution, the socialist revolution, and socialist construction. He has always stood at the forefront of the times. He often uses “revolution to the old, learns old, and transforms to the old” to spur oneself and use China’s old saying to “live old, learn old, and fail to learn by three points” to encourage the comrades around. He emphasized that “If you do not learn, you will fall behind and you cannot advance with the community.” During the Yanan period, in order to encourage cadres to learn, the Party Central Committee had stipulated that Marx’s birthday was May 5th as the “cadre learning festival” and he was named the “model student” of the first learning festival. In the mid-1960s, Comrade Zhu De was 80 years old and he still insisted on studying 32 Marxist writings prescribed by the Party Central Committee. He not only pays attention to the study of book knowledge, but also pays more attention to learning from the masses in practice. He said, “The most important essence of Marxism-Leninism is to connect the masses and learn from the masses.” “To learn Marxism-Leninism, first, we must be able to correctly understand the objective reality and understand the world.” The second requirement is theory and The unanimity of practice, the use of theory in practice to transform the reality, from the transformation of the actual enriched the development of the content of the theory.”

Our party has always attached importance to the learning of leading cadres. I have said that China must always be a learning country. In today’s era, the pace of knowledge renewal continues to accelerate, and new knowledge, new situations, and new things emerge in an endless stream. The world is advancing, society is improving, and life is changing. We must keep pace with history. In the current fast-changing situation, not going forward is going backwards. If you are not ahead, you will fall behind. Today, the whole party must correctly understand and properly handle the new problems and new issues that arise after China’s development. We must constantly strengthen our own skills, apply the learned knowledge to practice, and increase the new skills of solving problems in practice. First of all, we must earnestly study Marxism. This is a skill that we do well in everything we do. Through learning to master Marxist positions, viewpoints, and methods, improve strategic thinking ability, comprehensive decision-making ability, and control the overall ability, we must achieve unity of knowledge and action, enhance the scientificity, predictability, and initiative of the work, and avoid falling into obscurity and confusion. I do not know the situation of blindness, ignorance and chaos. All party comrades, especially leading cadres at all levels, must have a sense of urgency to strengthen their studies. They must combine their own work, study the party’s line and principles, policies and national laws and regulations, and study economics, politics, history, culture, society, science and technology, and military affairs. Diplomacy and other aspects of knowledge. We must rely on learning to come to the present day and we must also rely on learning to come to the future.

Comrades and friends!

Comrade Zhu De left us for 40 years. To realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is the goal pursued by Comrade Zhu De and other older revolutionaries and thousands of revolutionary ancestors throughout their lives. The entire party, the whole army, and the people of all ethnic groups in the country must unite more closely around the party Central Committee, work together with one heart, strive for progress, tenacious struggle, continue to advance the great cause pioneered by the revolution, and work hard to create a more brilliant tomorrow. !

(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 29)

“People’s Daily” (November 30, 2016, version 02)
 
            

Xi Jinping Sends Congratulatory Message to the “Commemoration of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People”

On November 29, the United Nations held a commemorative conference of the “International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People”. The President of the State, Xi Jinping, sent a congratulatory message to the conference.

Xi Jinping said in his message that the Palestine issue is the core of the Middle East issue and the root cause of peace in the Middle East and must be placed on the international agenda. Both Israel and Palestine should exercise maximum restraint and avoid further escalation of tensions. The parties concerned should show foresight, make political decisions as early as possible, and strive to achieve resumption of talks as soon as possible and discuss the results. China welcomes and supports all efforts to ease the situation in Palestine and Israel and realize the “two-state solution” at an early date.

Xi Jinping pointed out that China is a staunch supporter of the Palestinian people’s just cause and a sincere heart of peace between Palestine and Israel. As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, China is willing to work with the international community to make unremitting efforts for the early realization of a comprehensive, just, and lasting peace in the Middle East. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 30th)
 
            

The CPC Central Committee Holds a Symposium to Commemorate the 130th Anniversary of Comrade Zhu De’s Birthday Xi Jinping Delivers an Important Speech

Li Keqiang Yu Zhengsheng Liu Yunshan Wang Qishan Zhang Gaoli Attended by Zhang Dejiang

On November 29th, the CPC Central Committee held a symposium to mark the 130th anniversary of the birth of Comrade Zhu De at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, and Zhang Gaoli attended the forum.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Xie Huanchi

People’s Daily, Beijing, November 29 (Reporter: Zhang Shuo) The CPC Central Committee held a forum in the Great Hall of the People on the morning of the 29th to commemorate the 130th anniversary of the birth of Comrade Zhu De. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping delivered an important speech emphasizing that the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is a goal pursued by the older generation of revolutionaries and the tens of thousands of revolutionary ancestors throughout their lives. The entire party, the whole army, and the people of all ethnic groups in the country must unite more closely around the party Central Committee, work together with one heart, strive for progress, tenacious struggle, continue to advance the great cause pioneered by the revolution, and work hard to create a more brilliant tomorrow. .

Li Keqiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, and Zhang Gaoli, Standing Committee members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, attended the symposium. Zhang Dejiang, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, presided over the symposium.

In his speech, Xi Jinping pointed out that Comrade Zhu De’s revolutionary career in the past 70 years has made great achievements for the Chinese revolution and for the cause of the Chinese people’s liberation, and it has established immortal feats for our country’s socialist revolution and construction. The people of all ethnic groups throughout the country love and respect. Comrade Zhu De’s ideological, moral, and spiritual demeanor demonstrated throughout his life’s struggle is the precious spiritual wealth of the party and the people.

Xi Jinping emphasized that we commemorate Comrade Zhu De’s belief that he must learn his firm belief in pursuing truth and not forgetting the early days. The belief in Marxism and the belief in socialism and communism are the political souls of the communists and are the spiritual pillars of the communists who have withstood various tests. Only those who have firm ideals and convictions can remain unshaken, indomitable, and eager to fight for the hardships.

Xi Jinping pointed out that in commemorating Comrade Zhu De, we must learn from his strong loyal and open-minded strong party spirit. Party spirit is the cornerstone of party members, cadres, careers, utterances, and morality. What determines a person’s behavior is to determine how a party member is party-oriented. The comrades of the whole party must keep in mind that their first status is that of a communist party member, who always shares the same moral character with the party, loyalty to the party, worry about the party, responsibility for the party, responsibility of the party, and do their utmost to complete the responsibilities assigned by the party. task.

Xi Jinping emphasized that we commemorate Comrade Zhu De’s need to learn from his ideological approach of seeking truth from facts, seeking truth and being pragmatic. Seeking truth from facts is the essence of Marxism and is an important ideological method for our communists. All our achievements in the past depend on seeking truth from facts. We must continue to advance the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, or we must rely on seeking truth from facts. The comrades of the whole party must persist in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, and being ready to adhere to the truth and correct errors. All those who are in favor of the cause of the party and the people will resolutely work hard, work hard, and continue to work for a while; those who are not conducive to the cause of the party and the people will resolutely reform, thoroughly reform, and change without delay, creating a new situation for the development of the enterprise. Unceasingly creating a new realm of Marxist development.

Xi Jinping pointed out that we are commemorating Comrade Zhu De’s goal of learning the feelings of his hard- and plain-minded public servants. The fact that the party is in the same boat as the people, and that life and death are common is the fundamental guarantee for the party to overcome all difficulties and risks. To fight with the people is an important guarantee for us to always maintain our hard work and simple style. Our work and decision-making must focus on the interests of the people and the people’s expectations. We should do the facts of understanding the people’s sentiments, solving public worries, igniting grievances, warming people’s hearts, and doing more to satisfy the people, and fully mobilize the people’s enthusiasm and initiative. Sexuality and creativity have enabled our party to always have an inexhaustible source of strength.

Xi Jinping stressed that we must commemorate Comrade Zhu De’s goal to learn the spirit of his lifelong learning and lifelong struggle. Our party has always attached importance to the learning of leading cadres. In the current fast-changing situation, not going forward is going backwards. If you are not ahead, you will fall behind. The whole party must correctly understand and properly handle new situations and new problems that arise after China’s development, continuously strengthen our own skills, apply the learned knowledge to practice, and increase the new skills of solving problems in practice. The unity of knowledge and action enhances the scientificity, predictability, and initiative of the work and avoids falling into the predicament of being ignorant, ignorant, blind and ignorant. We must rely on learning to come to the present day and we must also rely on learning to come to the future. (For the full text, see the second edition)

When deciding the forum, Zhang Dejiang said that General Secretary Xi Jinping made an important speech and recalled the great and glorious life of Comrade Zhu De. He highly praised the outstanding achievements of Comrade Zhu De and called for the people of all ethnic groups across the country to study Comrade Zhu De’s lofty morality and spirit. Style. General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech is of great significance in guiding our Party’s continued advancement of the cause pioneered by Comrade Zhu De and other older generations of revolutionaries, and adhering to the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. All localities and departments must conscientiously study and understand and implement it in earnest. Let us closely unite around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core. Under the guidance of the spirit of the 18th Congress of the Party and the 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th Plenary Sessions of the 18th Party Congress, we will work hard, develop and innovate, and build it completely. The well-to-do society and the Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation work hard.

At the symposium, Director of the Central Literature Research Office Leng Rong, Qu Qingshan, Director of the Central Party History Research Office, Xin Chunying, Deputy Secretary-General of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee, Zhang Yang, Member of the Central Military Commission, Director of the Political Work Department of the Central Military Commission, and Wang Dongming, Secretary of the Sichuan Provincial Party Committee successively Speak. (For an excerpt, see Eleventh Edition)

Some members of the Politburo of the CPC Central Committee, Secretary of the Secretariat of the Central Committee, leaders of the National People’s Congress, the State Council, the CPPCC National Committee, members of the Central Military Commission, relevant departments of the Party, government, and military groups of the Central Government, responsible comrades of the Beijing Municipality and Sichuan Province, relatives of Comrade Zhu De, and their relatives Friendly, former staff members and representatives from hometown attended the forum.

The People’s Daily (November 30, 2016, version 01)
 
            

Xi Jinping Visits Cuban Embassy in China Condescending Passion of Fidel Castro, Cuban Revolutionary Leader

Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao, et al.

On November 29, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping went to the Cuban embassy in China and condoled the death of Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Yishe

People’s Daily Beijing November 29 (Reporter Du Shangze) General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping went to the Cuban embassy in China on the 29th to pay tribute to the death of Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro.

At 11:30 a.m., Xi Jinping came to the condolence hall of the Cuban embassy in China. In the hall, the portrait of Fidel Castro is hung. The wreaths sent by Xi Jinping, Premier Li Keqiang, Chairman of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee Zhang Dejiang, Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference Yu Zhengsheng, Jiang Zemin, and Hu Jintao are placed in front of the portrait.

Xi Jinping walked in front of the portrait of Fidel Castro and paused to pay tribute to the three portraits. He then left a message in the condolence book and signed it.

Xi Jinping pointed out in his condolences that Comrade Fidel Castro was the founder of the Communist Party of Cuba and Cuba’s socialist cause and was the great leader of the Cuban people. He is a great man of our time. His monumental historical meritorious service for the development of world socialism and his support for the just cause of all countries will be remembered forever. When I come to express my condolences today, I want to show to the comrades in Cuba that at this special moment, the Chinese party, government, and people are firmly standing with the Cuban party, government, and people. It is believed that under the strong leadership of President Raul Castro, the Cuban party, government, and people will inherit the legacy of Comrade Fidel Castro, turn grief into strength, and continue to make progress in Cuba’s national construction and socialist development. Get new achievements.

Xi Jinping emphasized that Comrade Fidel Castro devoted his life to the Middle Ages and was the founder and promoter of the Sino-Cuban relations. His death was a major loss to the people of Cuba and Latin America. Not only did Cuba and Latin American people lose a good son, but it also caused the Chinese people to lose a close comrade and sincere friend. I deeply miss him and the Chinese people deeply miss him. he. Cuba was the first Latin American country to establish diplomatic ties with the People’s Republic of China. The relationship between China and Cuba is particularly friendly. We are willing to join hands with the Cuban comrades more closely, firmly trust each other, work together to help each other, continue to advance the sustained and stable development of the friendly relationship between the two parties and the two countries, and live up to the wishes of Comrade Castro.

Cuban ambassador to China Ramirez, on behalf of the Cuban party and government and Chairman Raul Castro, expressed his sincere gratitude to Xi Jinping for condolings. He said that this fully reflects the Chinese party, the government, and the people to the Cuban party, government and people. The friendly feelings reflect the high level of relations between the two countries. Ramirez stated that Comrade Fidel Castro had always attached great importance to relations with China and paid close attention to China’s achievements in socialist construction. The Cuban party and government will inherit the legacy of Comrade Fidel Castro and continue to push forward the development of ancient China relations.

Members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and director of the Central Policy Research Office Wang Huning, member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, secretary of the Central Secretariat, director of the Central General Office Li Zhanshu, and state councilor Yang Jiechi attended the condolence event.

The People’s Daily (November 30, 2016, version 01)
 
            

The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee convenes a conference hosted by Xi Jinping

To consider and regulate documents concerning the treatment of the leaders of the Party and the State, and the “Regulations of the Working Party of the Communist Party of China (Trial)”, “Regulations on the Democratic Life Meeting of the Party Leaders and Government Officials at or above the County Level”

The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting on November 30th to review and approve documents concerning the treatment of party and state leaders, the Regulations of the Communist Party of China on the Work Organs (Trial Implementation), and the Regulation on the Democratic Life Association of Party and State Leaders of Party and State Organs. Several provisions.” General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Xi Jinping presided over the meeting.

The meeting pointed out that the ironclad need to be hardened by itself. All-out strict management of the party must start with leading cadres, especially senior cadres, and ask others to do it themselves first, and ask others not to do it themselves. Since the party’s 18th National Congress, the party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core began with the formulation and implementation of the eight regulations and started from oneself, forming a good political atmosphere under the above conditions.

The meeting held that the party and state leaders have further stipulated the treatment of office rooms, houses, vehicles, transportation, staffing, and vacation breaks, and clearly stated that the leaders of the party and state must retreat in time to retreat office space; Super standard vehicles, ultra-standard transportation, out of the light car to reduce the impact on the people’s production and living; minimize the impact on the people’s production and life; according to the provisions of staff and strengthen education and management, strict restrictions on relatives and staff around; compress travel time to rest in the field, Implement a strict approval system. These regulations insist on strict requirements, and in accordance with the principle of “safeguarding work needs and proper treatment from a low level,” unified, standardized and strengthened constraints are important measures for implementing the spirit of the Sixth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee. Expanding and deepening is of great significance to strengthening the party’s style of work and fully embodies that the party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as its core insists on setting an example, takes the lead, and has an important demonstration and leading role for the entire party. Relevant provisions have taken the lead from the 18th CPC Central Political Bureau and implemented in batches.

The meeting stressed that we must do a good job of unifying the ideological understanding and do a good job in implementing it. All relevant parties should make detailed plans for implementation and formulate specific implementation measures. Relevant personnel should consciously abide by it. It is necessary to strengthen supervision and inspection, not to discount or adapt, and ensure that all regulations are implemented.

The meeting pointed out that the party’s working organs are the political organs that the party implements political, ideological and organizational leadership, and are the executive organs that implement the decisions of the party central committee and local party committees at all levels to strengthen the party’s construction and promote the party’s cause. Under the new circumstances, our party must better carry out great struggles with many new historical features, advance new and great projects for party building, and advance the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must strengthen and standardize the work of the party’s work organs. The Regulations of the Communist Party of China on the Work Organs (Trial), which inherits fine traditions and valuable experience, focuses on reforms and innovations, scientifically classifies the party’s working bodies, and makes systemic provisions on the establishment of party work organs, leading organizations, and decision-making forms for the deliberations. It is another important institutional construction measure to strengthen the party’s organizational system after the Party’s Group Work Regulations and Local Party Committee Work Regulations, which is of great significance for improving the party’s leadership level and ability to govern. The party committees at all levels must fully understand the importance and urgency of strengthening and improving the work of the party’s work organs from the strategic perspective of comprehensive and strict administration of the party, put the construction of the party’s working organs on the agenda, and ensure that all requirements of the regulations are met. Real place.

The meeting emphasized that democratic life is an important part of the political life in the party and is an important way to promote inner-party democracy, strengthen inner-party supervision, and rely on the leadership team’s own strength to resolve contradictions and problems. Adhering to and perfecting the system of democratic life is a magic weapon that guarantees the unity and unity of the party and maintains the party’s advanced nature and purity. The Sixth Central Committee of the 18th CPC Central Committee put forward new requirements for a good democratic life, and we must earnestly implement and implement it well. To revise and implement the “Regulations on the Democratic Life Association of Party Members and Leading Cadres at and above the county level”, to uphold and improve the democratic life meeting system, strengthen and standardize the party’s political life, and guide party members and leading cadres to firmly establish political awareness and overall awareness It is of great significance to focus on core awareness and read awareness, to seriously carry out criticism and self-criticism, and to be loyal and clean. The Political Bureau of the Central Committee must take the lead in setting up a democratic life society. The party committees (party groups) at all levels should do a good job of studying and carrying out regulations, organizing and carrying out study and training, and strengthening supervision and guidance to ensure that all requirements are implemented.

The conference pointed out that it is necessary to grasp well the implementation of the 2016 Democratic Life Conference as an important measure to implement the spirit of the Sixth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee. To highlight topics, conduct political analysis, carry out criticism and self-criticism against political compliance, qualified discipline, qualified moral character, and qualified requirements. We must regard honesty, honesty, magnanimity, fairness and honesty, seeking truth from facts, arduous struggle, and honesty and integrity as the important contents of comparative inspections. It is necessary to strengthen supervision and guidance, and urge the formalism to be corrected. It is also necessary to reopen the paradigm. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 30th)
 
            

Xi Jinping Meets with UN Secretary-General Guteres

On November 28th, President Xi Jinping met with the United Nations Secretary-General Guterres at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Rao Aimin

People’s Daily Online Beijing, November 28 (Reporter Li Weihong) President Xi Jinping met with the UN Secretary General Guterres at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse on the 28th.

Xi Jinping congratulated Guterres on his appointment as the next Secretary-General of the United Nations, emphasizing that China will firmly support Guteras in fulfilling his duties as Secretary-General. Xi Jinping pointed out that as the most universal, authoritative and representative intergovernmental international organization, the role of the United Nations in dealing with global challenges cannot be replaced. Over the past 70 years since the end of the Second World War, the world has achieved overall peace and sustained development. The United Nations has contributed to this. With the development and changes in the international situation, the expectations of all countries for the United Nations have risen and the United Nations has played a greater role. The UN should maintain a clear-cut view of the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, actively maintain international peace and security, and persevere in advancing common development. In particular, we must implement the 2030 sustainable development agenda and the Paris Convention on Climate Change, and take care of developing countries. Most of the benefits are voiced and handled by developing countries.

Xi Jinping emphasized that this year is the 45th anniversary of China’s restoration of a legitimate seat in the United Nations. Over the past 45 years, by maintaining high-level contacts, strengthening strategic communications and deepening pragmatic cooperation, China has achieved fruitful cooperation with the United Nations. China has made active contributions to the cause of the United Nations. China will continue to participate in and support cooperation in various areas of the United Nations, and it will be a staunch supporter of the United Nations cause, a firm adherent of multilateralism, and a firm defender of the international order centered on the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. We must give full play to the leading role of high-level exchanges and, through high-level exchanges, drive the cooperation between China and the United Nations to a new level, and promote the results of all the initiatives China announced in 2015 to support the United Nations.

Guterres thanked China for its invaluable support for the performance of the UN Secretary-General’s responsibilities. He said that in today’s world, China has become an important pillar of the cause of the United Nations and multilateralism. President Xi Jinping pointed out during the series of summits marking the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the United Nations that China will fully support the work of the United Nations and has made a series of important initiatives to firmly support the UN’s peace and development undertaking. This is encouraging. China advocates the establishment of an Asian infrastructure investment bank, actively participates in UN peacekeeping operations and mediates resolution of conflicts, vigorously supports and helps other developing countries, and makes important contributions to international peace and development. The United Nations is willing to cooperate more closely with China and is committed to maintaining and promoting world peace, stability and prosperity.

State Councilor Yang Jiechi and others attended the meeting.

The People’s Daily (November 29, 2016, version 01)
 
            

Xi Jinping: Speech at the Symposium Commemorating the 130th Anniversary of Comrade Zhu De

Speech at the Symposium Commemorating the 130th Anniversary of Comrade Zhu De

(November 29, 2016)

Xi Jinping

Comrades, friends:

Today, we gather here to commemorate the thirtieth anniversary of Comrade Zhu De’s birth. He cherishes memory of his immortal feats for national independence and people’s liberation, the country’s prosperity and people’s well-being, and recalls his glorious life of unremitting struggle for the cause of the party and the people, learning from his lofty ideals. The moral character and spiritual style encourage the entire Party, the entire army, and the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country to confidently continue to advance the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

Comrade Zhu De was a great Marxist, a great proletarian revolutionist, politician, and military strategist. He was one of the major founders of the People’s Liberation Army. The Founding Fathers of the People’s Republic of China was an important member of the Party’s first generation of central leadership. .

On December 1, 1886, Comrade Zhu De was born in a poor, low-income family in Yilong County, Sichuan Province. At that time, China was in a semi-colonial and semi-feudal society, and the Chinese people suffered unprecedented hardships. Comrade Zhu De, like countless people with lofty ideals, is pondering hard and exploring ways to save the country and save the people. As early as in youth, he expressed his lofty ambitions of “the motherland is in danger and the people are responsible for it. In 1909, he left his hometown and went to the Kunming Yunnan Army to learn to martial arts before he went to school. He also set an oath of “Hearts hate endlessly and walk alone to the west. He took a pen to go and refresh the old country”. He joined the alliance led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen and actively devoted himself to the Revolution of 1911 that overthrew the feudal rule of the Qing Dynasty. He participated in the National War of Defending the country and defending the law. He became a famous general of the Sui army.

Comrade Zhu De witnessed warlords scrambling the country into a tragic situation in which the “Frontiers of the Four Worlds are desperate and desperate, and the Central Plains are blasphemous” and realized that the old democratic revolution led by the bourgeoisie could not solve the problem of the Chinese nation’s way out. From the October Revolution in China and the May 4th Movement in China, he saw the dawn of hope, resolutely rejecting the temptation of the high officials and lofty princes, first went to Shanghai and Beijing, and then crossed the oceans, and persisted in finding the truth to save the country and save the people. In 1922, Comrade Zhu De joined the Communist Party of China in Marx’s hometown of Germany, and he embarked on the revolutionary path and devoted himself to the noble cause of communism.

During the period of the new-democratic revolution, Comrade Zhu De successively served as the commander-in-chief of the Red Army of the Workers and Peasants of China, the commander-in-chief of the Eighth Route Army, and the commander-in-chief of the Chinese People’s Liberation Army. He made outstanding contributions to the independence and liberation of the Chinese nation and the establishment of a people-dominated new China. He participated in the leadership of the Bayi Nanchang Uprising and fired the first shot of the armed opposition to the Kuomintang reactionaries. He led the Nanchang Uprising Army and the Xiangnan uprising junket to Jinggangshan, and joined forces with the Comrade Mao Zedong’s Xiang Qiu border autumn harvest uprising unit to ignite the fire of the Agrarian Revolutionary War. Subsequently, together with Comrade Mao Zedong, he explored the Chinese revolutionary road that encircled the cities and took power from the countryside. Together with Comrade Mao Zedong and Comrade Zhou Enlai, Comrade Zhu De instructed the Red Army to smash the Kuomintang army’s four “encirclement and suppression” of the Central Revolutionary Base and lead the Red Army in the long march of strategic shift.

At the Zunyi Meeting, Comrade Zhu De resolutely supported Comrade Mao Zedong’s correct claim and made important contributions to establishing Comrade Mao Zedong’s leading position in the Red Army and the Party Central Committee. He made uncompromising struggles with the wrong actions of the separatist party and the Red Army of Zhang Guofan and united the Red Fourth Army and the broad masses of commanders and soldiers of the Red Second Army and achieved the three main forces of the Red Army. Comrade Mao Tse-tung praised Comrade Zhu De for his “competitiveness as a sea and as hard as a steel” in this complex struggle.

After the outbreak of the National War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, Comrade Zhu De wrote an affidavit of “deciding one battle with Japan, killing me once and for all, protecting my nation, defending the nation, and defending the country, which is my duty” and led the Eighth Route Army to cross the Yellow River to the North China Anti-Japanese Front. He resolutely implemented the Party Central Committee’s strategic principles, extensively mobilized the masses, conducted anti-Japanese guerrilla warfare, opened up the North China Anti-Japanese Base, and established an important strategic base to support long-term resistance and win final victory. In 1940, he arrived in Yanan to assist Comrade Mao Zedong in commanding the anti-Japanese war in various areas of the country. In order to overcome the severe economic difficulties in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, he personally directed the development work of Nanniwan, promoted the mass production movement, and nurtured and advocated the spirit of “Nanniwan”. At the Seventh Party Congress, he made military reports on the “Liberation Area Battlefield”, systematically summarizing the party’s armed struggle, especially the experience of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, and elaborated on the basic characteristics of the people’s war.

During the war of liberation, Comrade Zhu De took part in the formulation of a series of major strategic decisions such as “developing northwards and defending south” and assisted Comrade Mao Zedong in directing the military and civilians in the Liberated Areas to crush the all-out offensive and major offensive of the Kuomintang troops, and achieved the three major battles of Liaoshen, Huaihai and Pingjin. The victory, marched into the country, completely defeated the Kuomintang reactionary army, and ushered in the great victory of the new democratic revolution.

After the founding of New China, Comrade Zhu De actively participated in the important decisions of the socialist revolution and construction in important positions of the party, the country, and the army, and made important contributions to the establishment of our socialist system and the development of all kinds of construction. He participated in the leadership of our country’s socialist transformation and economic construction, and made a lot of foundational work for the party’s disciplinary inspection work. It put forward many important ideas in the revolutionization and regularization of the people’s army, and it is the institutional construction and organization of the state power organization. We have done a great deal of fruitful work with the construction of socialist legal system.

Comrade Zhu De’s revolutionary career in the past 70 years has made great achievements for the Chinese revolution and for the cause of the Chinese people’s liberation. He has established immortal feats for our country’s socialist revolution and construction and is deeply loved by the whole party, the entire army and the people of all ethnic groups in the country. Respect and respect. Comrade Mao Zedong praised Comrade Zhu De as “the glory of the people.” Comrade Zhou Enlai praised Comrade Zhu De’s revolutionary history “has become a milestone in the 20th century Chinese revolution.” This is the highest evaluation of Comrade Zhu De by the party and the people. Comrade Zhu De deserved it!

Comrades and friends!

In the magnificent historical process of modern China, generations of communists united and led the people of all ethnic groups in the country in their struggle to make the Chinese nation out of unprecedented hardships in modern times, and ushered in the bright prospect of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation today. Comrade Zhu De is an outstanding representative of these communists and a superstar among the heroes and heroes of our nation. Comrade Zhu De’s ideological, moral, and spiritual demeanor demonstrated throughout his life’s struggle is the precious spiritual wealth of the party and the people.

– We commemorate Comrade Zhu De, that is, to learn from his firm belief in pursuing the truth and not forgetting the early days. Comrade Zhu De experienced the failure of the old democratic revolution and learned from his personal experience that the old road is impassable and that only Marxism is the truth for solving China’s problems. After establishing Marxist beliefs and establishing a lofty ideal for striving for a communist cause, he has never wavered in the face of hardships, obstacles and major setbacks. The more critical it is, the more confident he is. The Nanchang uprising troop failed southward. Comrade Zhu De’s department was isolated and helpless. He stood up and stabilized the army, saying firmly that the darkness was temporary and that the revolution should follow me. The final victory must be ours. In early 1975, at the age of 89, he personally wrote the “revolutionary end” banner. In February 1976, he wrote the verse “The whole party is united tightly and the dangerous peak climbs up.” Less than two months before his death, after seeing the new version of the “Communist Manifesto”, he drove to the Central Party School and visited the comrades involved in translation, ignoring the frail and frail, and sharing the learning experience of this classic Marxist book.

Do not forget the beginning of the heart, have to always. The belief in Marxism and the belief in socialism and communism are the political souls of the communists and are the spiritual pillars of the communists who have withstood various tests. Only those who have firm ideals and convictions can remain unshaken, indomitable, and eager to fight for the hardships. Today, every communist party member wants to be a firm believer and loyal practitioner of the communist ideals and the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and to achieve the goal of “two hundred years” and realize the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Bravely fighting.

– We commemorate Comrade Zhu De, that is, to learn from his boundless loyalty and his strong party spirit. Comrade Zhu De paid attention to the idea of ​​building an army and building a political army from the very beginning. He led the rest of the Nanchang Uprising to carry out the “Three Complete Tribes in South Anhui” and set up party branches in the army to achieve full Party leadership over the military. As the world-famous commander-in-chief, he always adhered to the principle that the military must be “unconditionally under the leadership of the Communist Party.” On the way of the Long March, Zhang Guofan established the “Central Committee” and divided the Party and the Red Army. Comrade Zhu De, despite being in danger, was utterly upright and steadfast in saying that the Party is a whole and cannot be divided. The Red Army’s actions should be carried out according to the decisions of the Party Central Committee. He also pointed out clearly that there can only be one center in the central government, that is, the center established by the Zunyi Conference. It is also illegal to establish the Central Committee and cannot be allowed. Comrade Zhu De’s affairs are always focused on the party and the people’s cause, the party, and the country’s overall situation. They firmly uphold the authority of the party’s central government and put forward “All revolutionaries who are loyal to the communist cause must safeguard the unity and unity of the party as their most important one. Task.” He strictly abides by the party’s political discipline and political rules, and has a firm and unequivocal position on major issues of principle and dares to fight. He never arrogantly pride himself and he never cares about personal gains and losses. He believes that “our communists must have a broad mind and a large amount of ambition. They must be stricter than others when they ask others. They must first return to the people and have the courage to take on the responsibility. The so-called ‘good’ is attributed to the people. , then it is all owned by others’.”

In the end, party spirit is a matter of stance. Party spirit is the cornerstone of party members, cadres, careers, utterances, and morality. What determines a person’s behavior is to determine how a party member is party-oriented. It is impossible for the party spirit to naturally increase with the increase in the age of the party, and it cannot be naturally enhanced with the advancement of the office. It must be constantly strengthened in the strict inner-party living and exercise. Today, all party comrades must keep in mind that their first status is that of a communist party member. They should always be united with the party in a concerted effort to establish and consciously intensify their political awareness, overall awareness, core consciousness, and self-consciousness. They should act ideologically and politically. Always maintain a high degree of unity with the party Central Committee, loyalty to the party, worry about the party, responsibility for the party, the party responsible for doing its utmost to complete the party’s duties and tasks.

– Comrade Zhu De’s commemoration is to learn from his ideological approach of seeking truth from facts, seeking truth and being pragmatic. Comrade Zhu De insists on integrating the basic principles of Marxism with the concrete realities of China’s revolution and construction, and starts from reality to solve problems. Comrade Mao Zedong and his compatriots summarized together the “16 words that the enemy leaned into me, the hostile enemy harassed me, the enemy fought, the enemy quits me and chased me.” This is the basic principle of the guerrilla tactics summarized from the reality of the Chinese revolutionary war. After the founding of New China, in the early 1960s he clearly stated: “To see that no country in the world has truly built socialism, we must find a way for China to build socialism.” To explore this path, He often goes deep into practical and grassroots investigations. From 1951 to 1966, he submitted 108 investigation reports to the Party Central Committee reflecting the actual conditions of all walks of life. Of these, 98 reports were personally conducted by him. He proposed to pay attention to the development of handicrafts and agricultural diversification, and become an important experience in socialist construction. He proposed earlier that the defense industry should take the development path of “combining the military with the civilians, and the combination of peace and war.” In the adjustment of the national economy in the early 60s of the last century, he proposed important ideas such as the suspension of rural public canteens, the restoration of rural free markets, and the adjustment of the management system of rural people’s communes. He emphasized that the basic task of the party’s disciplinary inspection work is to protect production, consolidate and purify the party’s organization, consolidate the party’s contact with the masses, ensure the party’s centralized and unified, and specify the direction for the party’s disciplinary inspection work to meet the requirements of long-term governance. Comrade Zhu De’s insights are the result of seeking truth from facts.

Seeking truth from facts is the essence of Marxism and is an important ideological method for our communists. All our achievements in the past depend on seeking truth from facts. Today, we must continue to advance the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics or rely on seeking truth from facts. The comrades of the whole party must persist in emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, and being ready to adhere to the truth and correct errors. All those who are in favor of the cause of the party and the people will resolutely work hard, work hard, and continue to work for a while; those who are not conducive to the cause of the party and the people will resolutely reform, thoroughly reform, and change without delay, creating a new situation for the development of the enterprise. Unceasingly creating a new realm of Marxist development.

– We commemorate Comrade Zhu De, that is, he must learn the feelings of his hard- and simple-minded public servants. Comrade Zhu De wrote poetry in the past to praise the party’s liberated area “only see public servants but not officials.” He himself is a model for public servants. After the outbreak of the National War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, he said in his family letter to his loved ones: “Although I am 52 years old and I am physically fit, I want to survive for the nation, and I am determined to abandon everything and kill my enemies.” We should never come to us, if we want to patrioticly sacrifice all those who can work hard, it’s better to have more.” The mother of his hometown in Sichuan is in his 80s and his life is very hard. He has to write to his old classmate for help. He is He said: “I haven’t had any money for decades, and it’s coming soon. I’ve raised 200 yuan in you as a friend.” The commander-in-chief of the Eighth Route Army made a great deal of effort, and it is incorruptible and respectful! After the founding of New China, Comrade Zhu De placed the people’s safety in their hearts and minds, and they lived in peace, honesty, integrity, and honesty. He emphasized: “All our strength comes from the masses, and all methods are also created by the masses.”

The people’s position is the party’s fundamental political position. Serving the people wholeheartedly is the fundamental purpose of the party. The party’s struggle with the people and the life and death of the people is the fundamental guarantee for the party’s victory over all difficulties and risks. Combining with the people is an important guarantee for us to always maintain a hard and simple style. “As the people look at themselves, they listen to themselves.” Today, all comrades in the Party, regardless of their positions, must support the people not support, agree or disagree, be happy or not, and promise not to be the fundamental criterion for measuring the success of all jobs. . Our work and decision-making must recognize the people’s sentiments and grounds, take the interests of the people as the priority, and take the people’s expectations as their goals. We must sincerely listen to the voices of the people, truly reflect the aspirations of the people, and truly care for the suffering of the people. We must persist in shifting the focus of work down to the actual situation, go deep into the grassroots, go deep into the masses, accomplish the good facts of understanding people’s sentiments, solving people’s anxieties, grieving people’s grievances, warming people’s minds, and doing more to satisfy the people, and fully mobilize the people’s enthusiasm, initiative, and creativity. Therefore, our party has always had an inexhaustible source of strength.

– We commemorate Comrade Zhu De, that is to learn the spirit of his lifelong learning and lifelong struggle. Comrade Zhu De has experienced several historical periods, including the old democratic revolution, the new democratic revolution, the socialist revolution, and socialist construction. He has always stood at the forefront of the times. He often uses “revolution to the old, learns old, and transforms to the old” to spur oneself and use China’s old saying to “live old, learn old, and fail to learn by three points” to encourage the comrades around. He emphasized that “If you do not learn, you will fall behind and you cannot advance with the community.” During the Yanan period, in order to encourage cadres to learn, the Party Central Committee had stipulated that Marx’s birthday was May 5th as the “cadre learning festival” and he was named the “model student” of the first learning festival. In the mid-1960s, Comrade Zhu De was 80 years old and he still insisted on studying 32 Marxist writings prescribed by the Party Central Committee. He not only pays attention to the study of book knowledge, but also pays more attention to learning from the masses in practice. He said, “The most important essence of Marxism-Leninism is to connect the masses and learn from the masses.” “To learn Marxism-Leninism, first, we must be able to correctly understand the objective reality and understand the world.” The second requirement is theory and The unanimity of practice, the use of theory in practice to transform the reality, from the transformation of the actual enriched the development of the content of the theory.”

Our party has always attached importance to the learning of leading cadres. I have said that China must always be a learning country. In today’s era, the pace of knowledge renewal continues to accelerate, and new knowledge, new situations, and new things emerge in an endless stream. The world is advancing, society is improving, and life is changing. We must keep pace with history. In the current fast-changing situation, not going forward is going backwards. If you are not ahead, you will fall behind. Today, the whole party must correctly understand and properly handle the new problems and new issues that arise after China’s development. We must constantly strengthen our own skills, apply the learned knowledge to practice, and increase the new skills of solving problems in practice. First of all, we must earnestly study Marxism. This is a skill that we do well in everything we do. Through learning to master Marxist positions, viewpoints, and methods, improve strategic thinking ability, comprehensive decision-making ability, and control the overall ability, we must achieve unity of knowledge and action, enhance the scientificity, predictability, and initiative of the work, and avoid falling into obscurity and confusion. I do not know the situation of blindness, ignorance and chaos. All party comrades, especially leading cadres at all levels, must have a sense of urgency to strengthen their studies. They must combine their own work, study the party’s line and principles, policies and national laws and regulations, and study economics, politics, history, culture, society, science and technology, and military affairs. Diplomacy and other aspects of knowledge. We must rely on learning to come to the present day and we must also rely on learning to come to the future.

Comrades and friends!

Comrade Zhu De left us for 40 years. To realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is the goal pursued by Comrade Zhu De and other older revolutionaries and thousands of revolutionary ancestors throughout their lives. The entire party, the whole army, and the people of all ethnic groups in the country must unite more closely around the party Central Committee, work together with one heart, strive for progress, tenacious struggle, continue to advance the great cause pioneered by the revolution, and work hard to create a more brilliant tomorrow. ! (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 29)