Books are the carrier of human knowledge, the crystallization of human wisdom, and the ladder of human progress. The benefits of reading are many, such as access to information, increase knowledge, broaden horizons, cultivate temperament, cultivate and enhance thinking skills, and so on. Reading is very important for a person’s growth and progress. It is more important for leading cadres to improve their quality and do a good job.
— Xi Jinping
The Book of Songs, the oldest collection of poetry in China, contains about 311 poems from the early Western Zhou Dynasty to the middle of the Spring and Autumn Period (the first 11th century to the first 6th century) for a period of about 500 years. Of these, only 6 titles have no content. In the Western Han Dynasty, it was revered as a Confucian classic and was called the Book of Songs. Content is divided into “wind” “Ya” “song” three parts. “Wind” is the song of the Zhou Dynasty; “Ya” is the music of Zhouren; “Song” is the song of noble temple worship. There are three types of artistic expression: Fu, Bi, and Xing. Fu is a straightforward narration. It is an analogy and metaphor. Xing is a sympathy for propaganda. Confucius summed up the purpose of the Book of Songs as “thinking no evil” and compiled a Book of Songs.
“The Source of Ancient Poems” – The Selected Collection of Ancient Poems selected by the Qing Dynasty poet Shen Deqian. The book consists of 14 volumes. It dates back to the Pre-Qin Dynasty and is relegated to the Sui Dynasty. It has recorded more than 700 poems. It is rich in content, appropriate in length, and concise in interpretation. It has been popular since modern times. Ancient poetry reader. Shen Deqian thinks that “the poetry has Tang is the most prosperous, but the poetry is full, not the source of poetry,” and “the ancient poetry is also the origin of the Tang people,” and “for the poet to learn its source,” he selected this book. Flowing through the past and storing poems in history, the process of the transformation of poetry before the Tang Dynasty and its creative achievements were fully and clearly shown.
“Dream of Red Mansions” – the head of the four classical Chinese classics. The chapter-length body novel by Cao Xueqin, written by the Qing Dynasty writer, also known as “Stone Indication”, was created in the mid-18th century. The first edition was written in 1791. The novel takes the rise and fall of Jia, Shi, Wang and Xue as backgrounds, and Jia Bingyu, Lin Yuyu and Xue Baojun as the main lines of love and marriage. Through the family tragedy, daughter tragedy and the heroine’s tragedy of life, the novel reveals the feudal eschatological crisis. “Dream of Red Mansions” has achieved extraordinary artistic achievements. Around the study of the taste of “Dream of Red Mansions”, a significant study has been formed – Redology.
“Wen Xin Diao Long” is the first monograph of literary theory with strict system in the history of Chinese literary theory criticism. It was written by Liu Ye, a literary theorist of the Southern Dynasties, and was established between 501 and 502 AD. The book consists of 10 volumes and 50 volumes, divided into upper and lower volumes, and 25 in each, involving ontology, stylistics, creation theory, and appreciation. Based on Confucius’ aesthetic thoughts and adopting Taoism, it comprehensively summarizes Qiliang’s previous aesthetic achievements. The aesthetic principles of peace are permeated throughout and have been hailed as “big and thoughtful” (Zhang Xuecheng’s “History, History, and Poetry”).
“History of Entrepreneurship” – Liu Qing’s novel by contemporary writer, was published in the magazine “Yanhe” in serial form in the spring of 1959. The novel takes the development of Liang Shengbao’s mutual aid group as a clue, which shows the historical outlook and the change of peasants’ thoughts and feelings in the process of China’s agricultural socialist transformation. Plans to write four, only completed two. The first stage of writing a mutual aid group; the second part describes the establishment and consolidation of agricultural production cooperatives. With 14 years of rich rural life, Liu Qing has created a series of highly successful images such as Liang Shengbao and Liang San old man, demonstrating the rich and complex inner world of the characters and the distinctive and moving multiple personalities.
The Old Man and the Sea, a novelette written by the American writer Hemingway in Cuba in 1951, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1953 and the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. In Cuba in the middle of the 20th century, an old fisherman named San Diego caught a 1,500 pounds of marlin fish. On the way back, he fought with the sharks. Although he failed in the end, he was still a hero. San Diego’s phrase, “A man is not born to defeat, you can wipe him out, but you can beat him” is a high-level summary of the spirit of the “tough guy.”
Call of the Wild: The most prestigious novel by the American realist writer Jack London, first published in 1903. The protagonist, Barker, was a pet dog of the judge’s family who lived in the warm valley of southern California. He was later sold to Alaska in the cold, remote, gold-rich Alaska and became a sled dog. Cruel reality touched on Buck’s instinct and consciousness of returning to nature due to the long-term influence of human civilization. Buck continued to grow in his experience and eventually went to the wilderness and returned to nature.
“Sea Wolf” – Jack London’s novel, published for the first time in 1904, is hailed as a masterpiece of maritime themes, depicting the heart-warming wrestling and unforgettable love stories on board. The writer van Weeden recovered from the waters of the sailing ship “Phantom” and was captured by the captain Larson, who was nicknamed “Sea Wolf”. He was violent and brutal and forced Wei Deng to stay in the ship to do hard work. During the voyage, the woman writer Maud was rescued. The two escaped from the “Sea Wolf” and fled to an island. At last, a sea burial was performed for the “Sea Wolf” who died, and sailed.
“What to Do” – a novel by the Russian progressive writer Chernyshevsky in prison, published in the magazine “Modern Man” in 1863, with the subtitle “The Story of a Newcomer.” The novel borrows new women Vera from the triangle love of the civilian intellectuals Rophov and Gilshanov, expresses new ideas for women’s liberation and free love; through Vera’s new sewing workshop and her four dreams, Promote the idea of utopian socialism. Chernyshevsky was honored by Lenin as “a young helmsman in the storm of the future.” His works involved philosophy, economics, and aesthetics.
“Contemporary Heroes” – the work of the Russian writer Lermontov published in 1840, is the second full-length novel that appeared after Yevgeny Onegin, the Russian modern literary pass Pushkin. A typical image of the young Russian nobles in the 1930s. The protagonist Bi Qiaolin is a young nobleman officer, a cold and selfish egoist who lives a life of emptiness and emptiness. However, in his inner heart, there seems to be a longing for something. Bi Qiaolin is not only a product of society, but also unable to integrate into the society, becoming painful, depressed, cynical, despising all the rules of life and morals, and becoming a so-called “redundant person.”
“The Silent Don” – a four-part novel by Mikhail Alexandrovich Sholokhov, a famous former writer in the Soviet Union, published in 1928, 1929, 1933, and 1940. In 14 years, the unique group of Russian society from 1912 to 1922 was demonstrated, the Donsk region Cossacks suffered from the revolution and war. The protagonist Cossacks Gregory was at the crossroads of life at a time of rapid change and became a tragic figure of the times. Sholokhov received the 1965 Nobel Prize for literature for his book.
“War and Peace” – a novel written by the Russian writer Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy, from 1863 to 1869, four volumes. The novel centered on Napoleon’s invasion of Russia in 1812, centered on the lives of the four aristocratic families such as Polkandsky, and described the heroic scenes of the Russian people’s rise against the aggressors, and also explored the historical destiny of the aristocrats. The text, with concise text, excellent and amazing psychological analysis, vividly and vividly depicts an exciting group of characters in the history of Russian literature. The two types of life, “Creation” and “Peace”, are described by two clues. , constitute a magnificent epic.
“The Origin and Goal of History” – published by the German Existentialist Philosopher Carl Theodos Jaspers in 1949, discusses the origins and goals of philosophy, considers the fate of humanity, and requires humanity to face the future. When it comes to the dangers and uncertainties of uncertainty, it provides some directional guidance for the future by reviewing the spiritual legacy of the “Axis Age” civilization. The book proposes the “Axial Age” of human civilization from 800 BC to 200 BC. There are great spiritual mentors in all civilizations – Socrates, Confucius, etc. Different cultures and traditions are connected. The place. This is a breakthrough in the long-term Western centralism.
Faust, the masterpiece of the German literary Goethe, began writing in 1768 and was completed in 1832, one year before Goethe’s death. It is a poetic drama of 12,111 lines. With the German folklore as the subject, the protagonist Faust wrote a gambling contract with the devil, striving for self-improvement, pursuing the truth, and experiencing the process of studying life, love life, political life, pursuing classical beauty and building meritorious service. Highly enriched from the Renaissance to the spiritual process of exploration and struggle of the bourgeoisie in Germany and even Europe in the early nineteenth century and hundreds of years. It melts realism and romanticism into a furnace. Reality and imagination, life and myths are mixed, reaching a high level. Art realm.
“The Lady of Bovary” – a novel by French writer Flaubert, published in Paris Magazine in 1856, portrays the social landscape of the Second Empire of France after the victory of the bourgeoisie in 1848. Emma, an aristocratic education farmer, couldn’t afford to be the husband of the township doctor Bovary, dreaming of legendary love. However, her two-time escort not only did not bring her happiness, but she made herself an object of exploitation by usury. In the end she lost her way and she had to take drugs. The author described the process of heroine’s emotional depravity with exquisite brushstrokes, and tried to find the social root cause of this tragedy.
The Miserable World – A novel by the French writer Victor Hugo published in 1862 is one of the most famous novels of the nineteenth century. The book consists of five parts: “Fontentine”, “Cosette”, “Marius”, “Children and Daughters of Bulu Street and Heroes Blood on Saint-Danny Street” and “The Jean Valjean”, around the protagonist, Toulon’s torture The fate and circumstances of Agen covered the Napoleonic wars and the decades after France’s history, revolution, war, moral philosophy, law, justice, and religious beliefs, and embodied HUGO’s humanitarian thinking.
“1993” – Hugo’s last full-length novel, published in 1874. The background of the story was in 1793 during the French Revolution. The Republic sent Louis XVI to the guillotine. The counter-revolutionary forces at home and abroad jointly launched a frantic counterattack. The revolutionary regime took resolute measures to set the rebellion. In the novel, Hugo created the Marquis of the rebel leader Rondnack and his grandson, the rebel commander of the Republican Army, Guo Wen, and Guo Wen’s tutor and public security commissioner Xi Muldeng. The intricate plots around them depict the historical scene of the desperate fight between the bourgeoisie and the feudal forces in 1793.
“The Giants” (formerly known as “Kandunya and the Huge Guéa”) – a multi-subscript long-term satire novel by French Renaissance novelist Rabelle, first published in 1532. The book consists of five books and tells about the miraculous deeds of the two giants, King Kongandya and his son, Guéoï, in order to lash out the feudal society of France in the 16th century. It is a cry from the emerging bourgeoisie about the feudal dominion, fully embodying the humanists. Affirmation of people, human nature and creativity.
“Red and Black” – a representative of the French writer Stendhal, published in 1830. “Red” symbolizes the blood and revolution during the French Revolution; “black” symbolizes the feudal restoration of the dynasty. The protagonist, Yu Lian, was the son of a small proprietor. With cleverness and intelligence, he was a family teacher at the local mayor’s Dangdang family. He and his wife met the wife of the mayor and escaped into the seminary. After being recommended by the Dean of the Divinity School, he went to Paris to give the Marquis of the extreme Baowang Party a Marquis, the Marshal Ramal, as a private secretary. He quickly gained recognition and reuse, and he also had affair with the Marquis’s daughter. Under the plan of the church, the mayor’s wife was forced to write a secret letter to expose him and destroy him. He angrily shot and injured the mayor’s wife and was sentenced to death.
“Divine Comedy” – a long poem written by the Italian poet Allegeil Dante, written from 1307 to 1321. The poem is divided into three parts: “Hell”, “Purgatory” and “Heaven”. The main line is Dante in ” A dream in the middle of life. Through dialogue between the author’s dreams and hell, purgatory, and various famous figures in heaven, the achievements and major issues in the field of medieval culture are reflected, and the dawn of humanistic ideas in the Renaissance can be seen faintly. In his poems, Dante denounced the rule of the church, opposed the medieval monasticism, expressed his dedication to the pursuit of truth, and had an extremely far-reaching influence on the poetry of Europe’s later generations.
“The Decameron” – written by Giovanni Boccaccio, from 1350 to 1353. The background is the plague epidemic in Florence, Italy. Ten men and women evaded in a villa in the countryside. Everyone tells a story every day. He shared a hundred stories in ten days. These stories ridiculed the church to teach darkness and sin, praised love as the source of talent and noble sentiments, condemned asceticism, exposed and whip off the corruption and corruption of feudal aristocrats, and embodied humanistic thought. “The Decameron” is the first realist masterpiece in the history of European literature. It pioneered the artistic form of European short stories. Italian critics juxtapose it with Dante’s “Divine Comedy” and call it “people song”.
Riddar Vedic, Srima Vedic Veda, Night Soft Veda, and Ada Vedic Veda: In the 10th century BC, Brahmanism was born by Aryan people in India. Its classic is Veda. It means “knowledge” or “knowledge.” It is also interpreted as “the Bible.” The most important of these are the “four Vedic Veils”: “Rich Vedic Veils”, “Samadhi Vedic Veils”, “Nighty Vedic Vedas,” and “Ada Vedic Vedas.” Most of the first three veils were prayers and hymns to pray for God’s sacrifice to the heavens; the latest release of the Ada-Veda Veda is the development of the part of the “Riddle-Veda” spell. The Veda became a source of Aryan culture and its medicine. (Ai Mo)