[Editor’s note] The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held a meeting on September 27 to study the issue of managing the party in a comprehensive manner. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Xi Jinping presided over the meeting. The meeting decided that the Sixth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee was held in Beijing from October 24th to 27th. The Politburo of the CPC Central Committee heard a report on the “Guidelines on the Political Life in the Party under the New Situation” and the “CPC Internal Supervision Regulations” draft in a range of opinions within and outside the party and decided to amend according to the opinions discussed at the meeting. The draft was later submitted to the Sixth Plenum of the 18th session for consideration.
Since the party’s 18th National Congress, the party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the general secretary has repeatedly stated that the party must manage the party and strictly administer the party. The key to this is to strengthen supervision within the party and to enforce political life within the party. General Secretary Xi Jinping published a series of important expositions on strict party discipline and rules.
Managing the Party in a strict and strict manner must be true and strict.
The building of the Party must be carried out constantly. All-out strict governance of the Party must be strictly enforced, dare to be rigorously governed, and be long and strict.
——September 29, 2016, speech at the report meeting of “Hu Jintao Selected Works”
Strengthen the supervision within the party and give play to the role of the sword
The party committees, some central ministries and commissions, and the party organizations (party committees) of the various departments of the provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities standardized the patrol work, and formed a dynamic trend from top to bottom. Inspections have become an important support for the full and strict administration of the party, highlighting the power of the party’s internal supervision system.
To strengthen supervision within the party, we must first put the central and state organs in charge.
A large number of cases show that the greater the power, the easier it is to appear “under the lights.” To strengthen the supervision within the party, we must first put the central and state organs in charge. Surveillance by accredited agencies is an important part of the supervision system of the Party and the State. We implement a combination of individual assignments and comprehensive assignments to realize the full assignment of party and state agencies at the central level. Each of the resident agencies strengthens supervision and accountability, and the authority of the “sect” and the advantages of “residence” have obviously increased.
Actively Explore Effective Ways to Strengthen Supervision within the Party
For our party, external supervision is necessary, but fundamentally, it is also to strengthen its own supervision. We must sum up experiences and lessons, innovate management systems, and effectively strengthen the supervision within the party.
Adhere to Democratic Centralism Is the Core of Strengthening Supervision within the Party
Can’t “You have your closing plan, I have my jumping wall method.” In order to strengthen intra-party supervision, we must adhere to, improve, and implement the democratic centralism, combine the democracy under the guidance of concentration and concentration on the basis of democracy, and fully mobilize the superior’s supervision of subordinates, peers, and subordinates to superiors. Make sure that the supervision within the party is implemented and the actual results are met.
Supervision within the Party is the task of the whole Party, and the first is the supervision of the Party Committee.
The party must govern the party and strictly administer the party. “Administration” and “governance” all include supervision. Party committee supervision is all-round supervision, including criticism and education of party members, organization and handling, disciplinary measures, etc. Party committees must appoint cadres and they must also supervise cadres. The focus of supervision by the Commission for Discipline Inspection is to fulfill the responsibility of supervising and enforcing accountability. Supervision within the party is the task of the whole party. The first is the supervision of the party committee. When it comes to supervision, it is only thought of the Commission for Discipline Inspection or the Disciplinary Committee.
Integrity is the right thing to do in the supervision of the party
Our party’s ruling is to be in full power. From the legislative, law enforcement, to the judiciary, from the central ministries and commissions to the local and grassroots levels, all are under the unified leadership of the party. The proportion of party members in the civil service ranks in China exceeds 80%, and the proportion of party members in leading cadres at or above the county level or above exceeds 95%. Therefore, supervising the rightful use of the power of the civil servants of the country and the right to use them cleanly are the proper meaning of the party’s internal supervision. The top-level design of the supervision system must be done to both strengthen the party’s self-monitoring and strengthen the supervision of the state machine.
Focus on the system construction system and strengthen the supervision of lower-level party organizations and party members and leading cadres
The current internal supervision rules of the Party, the supervision of the main body is relatively decentralized, the supervision responsibility is not clear, the supervision system is not operational and effective. We must design a system that encompasses responsibility, design a system, and strengthen the supervision of higher-level party organizations on lower-level party organizations and party members and leading cadres so that responsibilities are clear, the main body is clear, the system is effective, and effective, and the other laws and regulations within the party are strengthened. Cohesion, establishing the institutional framework.
Strengthening the supervision within the party is to ensure that the Party is organized for the party and the government is for the people.
The strengthening of intra-party supervision is to ensure that the Party is constituted by the Party and the people are in power. Strengthening national supervision is to ensure that the state machines perform their duties according to law and uphold public rights. Strengthening the supervision of the people is to ensure that power comes from the people and serves the people. We must integrate the supervision within the Party with the supervision of the state and the supervision of the masses, and coordinate with legal supervision, democratic supervision, audit supervision, judicial supervision, and public opinion supervision to form a joint supervision force and advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
The Disciplinary Committee must identify the responsibilities, strengthen supervision and accountability
The Disciplinary Committee is a specialized agency for supervision within the party and an important force for managing the party. The party constitution stipulates the three major tasks and five regular tasks of the Commission for Discipline Inspection. To sum up, it is to supervise the accountability of discipline and discipline.
——Speech at the Sixth Plenary Meeting of the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection on January 12, 2016
Strengthen the leadership of the party in the construction, management, and supervision of the party
It is necessary to implement the responsibility for managing the party and managing the party. It is necessary to implement the principle of fully and strictly managing the party’s requirements in terms of ideological understanding, responsibility, methods and measures, enhance the sense of mission and urgency in managing the party’s management of the party, assume the main responsibility, and strengthen the leadership of the party in party building, management, and supervision. Among them, adhere to principles, dare to take bold measures, earnestly grasp early, use the weapons of criticism and self-criticism, and consciously fight against discipline.
Deepen related reforms and strengthen supervision and control over the operation of power
Party committees (party groups) at all levels must adhere to the principle of comprehensive and strict administration of the party and the party in accordance with regulations, persist in strengthening the leadership team building, improve the party’s internal supervision system, improve the party’s internal regulations and systems, and persevere in implementing the spirit of the Central Eight Provisions and the Party’s work style and clean government. The construction and anti-corruption struggle has been furthered. We must follow the party constitution as the basic criterion, take the party discipline as the basic criterion, comprehensively strengthen discipline construction, strictly enforce political discipline and political rules, and maintain the authority of party rules and party discipline, so as to normalize political life within the party. We must persevere in rectifying the “four trends” and keep a close eye on the new trends and trends in the “four winds”. We must strictly investigate and deal with these problems, and we should not be allowed to follow the steps. We must see normalcy in persistence, take long-term effects on institutional development, and promote social conditions. We must strengthen supervision within the party and actively explore effective ways for the party to promote system innovation and strengthen party supervision under conditions of long-term governance, strengthen inspections, and enhance self-purification, self-improvement, self-renovation, and self-improvement. It is necessary to keep the sword high, to persist in the will and resolve, to continue to form a strong deterrent, resolutely reduce stocks, curb increases, and ensure that the fight against corruption has won an overwhelming victory. We must increase the intensity of the root causes, promote the treatment of both symptoms and problems, deepen relevant reforms, and strengthen the supervision and control over the operation of power, so as to constantly reduce the living space and the breeding ground for corruption. We must place institutional building in an important position in the party’s construction, consolidate the results of ideological construction, organizational construction, work style construction, and anti-corruption construction with institutional construction, strengthen the implementation of institutional execution, and provide a strong institutional guarantee for the long-term stability of the party.
——Speech at the Second Plenary Session of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC National Congress on October 29, 2015
Disciplinary committees at all levels must strengthen supervision and discipline and increase accountability
Supervising and enforcing accountability is the fundamental responsibility of the disciplinary inspection authority given by the party constitution. Disciplinary committees at all levels must identify the functional orientation in the overall strict administration of the party, strengthen supervision and discipline, and increase accountability. We must take the opportunity to implement the “CPC Guidelines for Integrity and Self-discipline” and the “Regulations of the Communist Party of China on Disciplinary Disciplinary Measures” to explore and establish an effective mechanism that does not dare to rot, cannot be corrupted, and does not want to rot, and that promotes comprehensive and strict administration of the party and promotes “Four A comprehensive “strategic layout” provides strong disciplinary guarantees.
— On October 8, 2015, at the 119th meeting of the 18th CPC Central Politburo Standing Committee on the review of the Chinese Communist Party’s clean government rule and revision of the Party’s regulations
Integrate supervision and inspection, target assessment, and accountability
Responsibility and accountability must be asked, accountability must be strict, and supervision, inspection, target assessment, and accountability should be organically combined to form a powerful driving force for the implementation of regulations and systems. The contents, objects, matters, subjects, procedures, and methods of accountability must be institutionalized and procedural. Accountability must deal with both things and people, and it must ask specific people. We must incorporate the implementation of laws and regulations into the inspection and evaluation of the responsibility system for building a clean and honest party building and the scope of honesty for leading cadres in the party and government. We must strictly investigate the main responsibility, supervision responsibility, and leadership responsibility so that the power of laws and regulations can be fully implemented in the fight against corruption and building a clean government. freed. Disciplinary inspection agencies should intensify supervision and inspection. If there is no order or prohibition, they must not only strictly investigate and punish directly responsible persons, but also strictly investigate the responsibilities of relevant leaders.
——Speech on the 26th Collective Study of the 18th Central Political Bureau on June 26, 2015
The Party Committee (Party Group) secretary as the first responsible person, must both command and set off
Can the party’s ethical responsibility for building a clean and honest government be taken up? There are various degrees of governance everywhere in the party, which is lost in the softness of the party, and the soft phenomenon is lost. The main part of the responsibility is not implemented, and the supervision responsibility is not implemented. The party committees (party groups) at all levels must not be “throwing hands to the treasurer,” and should effectively regard building the party’s style of work and clean governance as a matter of internal responsibility and responsibility, truly shouldering burdens and planting their own “responsibility fields”. The Party Committee (Party Group) secretary, as the first responsible person, must not only command the command but also go out for the recruitment. He must personally arrange important tasks, carry out personal questions in major issues, personally coordinate important links, and supervise important cases in person. It is necessary to further improve the system, elaborate the responsibilities, and reduce the pressure at each level, and implement the responsibilities at the level. To consolidate the achievements of the main responsibility of provinces, regions, municipalities, and state agencies, we must implement responsibilities at the municipal level. To rigorously administer the party, first of all, it is strict education and strict management. Party organizations at all levels must intensify the education of ideals, beliefs, and purposes, and build up levees that are ideologically resistant to corruption and change.
We must strengthen the supervision of lower-level Party committees and lower commissions
It is necessary to strengthen the supervision of higher-level Commission for Discipline Inspection on lower-level Party Committees and Disciplinary Committees, and to report problems and clues to the lower-level Commission for Discipline Inspection to the upper-level Commission for Discipline Inspection and case investigation. They must be seriously accountable and promote the dual leadership system of the Commission for Discipline Inspection to be implemented.
Make the party supervision leave no dead ends, no gaps
We must achieve full coverage of the disciplinary inspection agencies assigned to party and state agencies at the central level so that there will be no dead ends or gaps in the party’s internal supervision. All dispatched organizations must focus on the building of party style, clean government, and anti-corruption businesses, strengthen supervision and accountability, and open their eyes and find problems. The discipline inspection team leader must be single-minded in fulfilling his supervision duties and not be in charge of other businesses. If he is all in “one piece” and mixed into a pan, how can he exercise supervision duties? Regarding issues relating to party conduct and clean government, the discovery did not reveal that it was a dereliction of duty. If it was discovered that the problem was not reported, it was not handled or it was dereliction of duty, it was necessary to investigate and punish it seriously.
Stare the number one, strict management supervision
We must strengthen supervision and management of leading cadres. Some leading cadres dare not take control and hold the “ostrich mentality” in order to offend people and lose votes. We must establish a system that is conducive to the cadres’ daring to grasp the rules and to the party committees to shoulder the main responsibility. The right must have responsibility and responsibility. The party committees at all levels must strengthen the day-to-day management of cadres, keep abreast of the ideology, work, and living conditions of the cadres they are administrating, and grasp early and grasp small ones, urging leading cadres to act according to their true nature and acting according to their roles. The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the Central Organization Department must strengthen the attention and understanding of the leaders of the city and the party and government, and urge the provincial party committee to strengthen management and supervision. The patrol work must be extended to the prefecture and county level, and they should be fixed on top leaders so that they will be subject to strict management and supervision since entering the ranks of leading cadres.
Disciplinary inspection and supervision organs should prevent “under the lights”
It is still a long-term task for the party to strictly administer strict discipline. Party organizations at all levels should consciously assume the responsibility of building a clean and honest government. Discipline inspection and supervision organs at all levels must focus on the central task of building a clean and honest government and fighting against corruption and strengthen supervision and accountability. . The new situation and tasks have set new demands on the ideological style, ability and quality, and discipline of discipline inspection and supervision of cadres. It is necessary to deepen the transfer of functions, transfer of methods, change of style of work, better fulfillment of the responsibilities entrusted by the Party Constitution, strict discipline, and strict management and supervision. It is necessary to educate and guide the majority of discipline inspection and supervision cadres to dare to take on, dare to supervise, and be bold in their responsibilities. They must firmly establish their loyalty to the party and be loyal to the disciplinary inspection and supervision business, and strive to become a loyal, clean, and responsible disciplinary inspection team. Disciplinary inspection and supervision organs should prevent “under the light” and seriously deal with outstanding issues such as seeking personal gain, collusion, and running-and-leaking, and clean up the portals so that the irons themselves need to be hardened.
——Speech at the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection on January 13, 2015
Supervision within the Party is not leaking, missing or chain
Party organizations at all levels must seriously handle the affairs according to the Party constitution. They must strictly govern the management and supervision of party organizations, the management and supervision of party members and cadres, especially leading cadres, and the management and supervision of party political life. It will be perfected in terms of measures and will be linked up in a link so as to ensure that there are no missing people, no shortages, and no links, so that existing problems can be discovered in time. Problems found can be resolved in time. Solving a problem can be inferred by analogy. . Faced with the complex internal and external environment of the new era, the strict administration of the party must combine the inheritance tradition with reforms and innovations, formulate goals, and pay close attention to the combination of implementation, classified guidance and overall coordination, typical guidance, and comprehensive improvement. Combine long-term work with long-term governance to enhance systematicness, predictability, creativity, and effectiveness.
——Speech on Investigations in Fujian on November 1 and 2, 2014
The party is very urgent in managing the party and administering the party strictly.
Looking at the issue from inspections again proved that the Party Central Committee’s judgment on the anti-corruption struggle is still grim and complicated. The Party must manage the party and strictly manage the party. We must face up to the grim situation, take strict disciplines, severely punish corruption, and resolutely implement the Party’s Party responsibility and the responsibility for supervision of the Disciplinary Committee. It is not terrible to have a problem. What is afraid is that it is insensitive to the problem. It is necessary to prescribe the right medicine and remedy the situation.
To accept the supervision of the party and the society through appropriate means for the rectification
The universality and tendency of the inspections should be promptly fed back to the party committees of the local Party committees, departments, and enterprises and institutions, supervise the implementation of the main responsibilities, grasp early, and block system loopholes. The main responsible comrades must plant their own responsibility fields; failing to grasp the construction of the party’s work style and building a clean government is a serious dereliction of duty. We must take a typical and serious accountability for the places, departments, and units that do not inspect the rectification. It is necessary to accept supervision within the party and society through appropriate means to improve the situation of reforms, increase public confidence, and increase the effectiveness of inspections.
——Speech of the Standing Politburo of the Politburo on January 23, 2014 when he heard reports on the inspections of the Central Inspection Team in the second half of 2013
Complete chain of responsibility decomposition, inspection and supervision, investigation and investigation
The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection must step up efforts to improve and strictly implement the accountability measures. We must clearly distinguish what responsibilities the party committee bears, what responsibilities the relevant departments bear, and what responsibilities the Discipline Inspection Commission should assume for each specific issue, and improve the complete chain of responsibility decomposition, inspection and supervision, and investigation and investigation. There are mistakes, and there is responsibility to ask. For those leaders who are incompetent or ill-informed and cause unhealthy tendencies to spread for a long time, or have repeatedly emerged major corruption problems without stopping, not investigating, or reporting, whether they are party committees or the Disciplinary Committee, whoever they are, they must be responsible. Responsibility.
Conduct frequent inspections and supervise and severely investigate and deal with corruption
Disciplinary committees at all levels must perform their duties of supervision. They should not only help party committees strengthen their party style, organize and coordinate anti-corruption work, but also supervise and inspect relevant departments to implement the task of punishing and preventing corruption. They often conduct inspections and supervision and severely investigate and deal with corruption. Recently, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection dispatched responsible comrades to speak with some provincial and ministerial-level leading cadres on the basis of inspections.
Strengthen the control and supervision of the operation of power and prevent corruption from the source
What is the main responsibility of the party committee? It is mainly to strengthen leadership, select and use cadres, to prevent the emergence of unhealthy practices and corruption in the selection and employment of people; to resolutely correct acts that damage the interests of the people; to strengthen the control and supervision of power, and to prevent corruption at the source; leadership and Support law enforcement agencies to investigate and punish violations of discipline and law; Party committee chief comrades must manage the team well, bring good teams, and manage themselves, be a good example of integrity. Party committees at all levels, especially the main responsible comrades, must establish a sense of serious dereliction of duty if they do not grasp the party’s work style and clean governance. They often study and often deploy, grasp leaders and leaders, and grasp concretely and specifically to cultivate their own responsibility fields.
The party committee bears the main responsibility, and the discipline inspection commission bears the responsibility of supervision
We will implement the main responsibility of the Party Committee and the supervision responsibility of the Commission for Discipline Inspection and strengthen accountability. One important aspect of the anti-corruption system and mechanism reform is to clarify responsibilities and implement responsibilities. Without accountability or accountability, even the best system will become a paper tiger or a scarecrow. The Third Plenary Session proposed to implement the responsibility system for the construction of a clean and honest government, the party committees bear the main responsibility, and the Disciplinary Committee bears the responsibility for supervision.
Party committees at all levels must consciously accept the supervision of the Commission for Discipline Inspection
Party committees at all levels must unify their thinking in the spirit of the Third Plenary Session, earnestly implement measures to reform the anti-corruption system and consciously accept the supervision of the Commission for Discipline Inspection, and support and protect the disciplinary committee in fulfilling its duties. This reform of the institutional mechanism is not only the trust of the party and the people in the discipline inspection committee at all levels, but also the heavy political responsibility of the Disciplinary Committee. Disciplinary committees at all levels must uphold the unified leadership of the party committees and give better play to the role of the party’s specialized agencies for supervision.
Must ensure the relative independence and authority of the supervision powers of the discipline inspection commissions at all levels
To strengthen the power restriction and supervision effect, we must ensure the relative independence and authority of the powers of supervision of the Disciplinary Committees at all levels. The Third Plenary Session proposed to promote the party’s dual leadership system of disciplinary inspections to be concrete, procedural, and institutionalized, to strengthen the leadership of higher discipline inspection commissions to subordinate discipline inspection commissions, and to explicitly provide for the investigation and handling of corruption cases. Nominations and inspections of deputy secretaries and disciplinary committees at the above level are mainly organized and organized. This has not only upheld the party’s leadership over anti-corruption work, but also upheld the principle of the party’s management of cadres, and also ensured the exercise of the disciplinary committee’s supervisory power, which was conducive to increasing anti-corruption work.
——Speech at the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection Committee’s Third Plenary Session on January 14, 2014
The key to managing the party strictly is to strictly manage the situation.
To manage the party, the party must first manage the cadres well; the key to managing the party strictly is to strictly punish them. Strict management of cadres must be carried out in the entire process of building the cadre ranks. We must persist in strict education, strict management, and strict supervision so that every cadre can fully understand that when cadres must pay more hard work and accept stricter restraints. Without such ideological preparation and consciousness, we should not enter the ranks of cadres. For traits and tendencies that appear on the cadres, they must “bite” their ears and pull sleeves in a timely manner to remind them and correct them early. This is to protect the cadres and not to demand them. You can’t close your eyes with one eye, and you can’t squash or protect them, preventing minor problems from turning into big problems.
Unsupervised power inevitably leads to corruption
It is necessary to strengthen the regular management and supervision of cadres and form strict constraints on cadres. Unsupervised power inevitably leads to corruption. This is an iron law. It is not easy to train cadres in organizations. They must be well managed and supervised so that they are always alert and alert. Regular comradely talks on cadres are not only inadequate but also encouragement. This is a good tradition, and attention should be paid to maintaining and developing.
——Speech at the National Organization Work Conference on June 28, 2013
The party’s discipline inspection agencies at all levels should put the party’s political discipline first
The party’s organizations at all levels should consciously assume the responsibility of implementing and maintaining political discipline and strengthen the education of party members in observing political discipline. The party’s discipline inspection agencies at all levels should put the party’s political discipline in the first place and strengthen the supervision and inspection of the implementation of political discipline.
Does the style of work really improve, and it must be based on the satisfaction of the people?
We must listen to the opinions and suggestions of the masses and consciously accept the opinions of the masses and the supervision of the society. Where the people are not satisfied, they must make timely corrections. The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the Ministry of Supervision, and disciplinary inspection agencies at all levels must intensify their inspections and supervisions, implement discipline, ask good deeds, and handle good deeds. It is necessary to grasp the power of stepping on the stone and scratching the iron mark, be good at the beginning and end, be good at doing good, and prevent corruption, let the whole party oversee the people, and let the people continue to see tangible results and changes.
We must strengthen supervision of top leaders and earnestly implement democratic centralism.
We must continue to comprehensively strengthen the construction of a system for punishing and preventing corruption, strengthen anti-corruption education, build a clean and honest government, improve the system for restricting and monitoring the operation of power, strengthen anti-corruption legislation, strengthen the construction of anti-corruption laws and regulations, and deepen the issue of corruption. And link reforms to ensure that state agencies exercise their powers in accordance with statutory authority and procedures. We must strengthen the control and supervision of the operation of power, and put power into the cage of the system to form a punishing mechanism that cannot be tampered with, an incorruptible prevention mechanism, and an infusible safeguard mechanism. Leading cadres at all levels must bear in mind that no one has absolute power outside the law. Any person exercising power must serve the people, be responsible to the people, and consciously accept supervision from the people. We must strengthen the supervision of top leaders, conscientiously implement democratic centralism, and improve an open system of administrative behaviors to ensure that leading cadres do not excel at their positions and do not abuse their power.
——On January 22, 2013, an important speech was delivered at the second session of the 18th Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
Strengthening the supervision of cadres is a protection of cadres.
Party organizations at all levels must understand that strengthening the building of the Party’s work style and building a clean government and strengthening the supervision of cadres is a concern for the cadres. The renunciation of responsibility in this regard means that the party and the people and the cadres are greatly irresponsible. It is not easy to train a leading cadre in party education. Once there is a problem in honest administration, the cultivation of the party organization for many years and all my previous efforts will be destroyed. Party organizations at all levels must take responsibility and urge education cadres to be honest and self-discipline, and they must not give up their responsibilities.
– “Strictly punishing corruption according to law, focusing on resolving outstanding problems that the masses have noticed” (January 22, 2013), Selected Works of Important Documents Since the Eighteenth National Congress (top), Central Document Press, 2014, p. 138