Xi Jinping: Striving for building a powerful country in science and technology in the world

Academicians, comrades, friends:

Today, we are here to hold the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the Academician Assembly of the two academies, and the Ninth National Congress of China Association for Science and Technology. The 4,000 delegates gathered together to gather together and gather a few brackish salt to discuss major national technological innovations. This is yet another science and technology event in the history of the Republic.

In January 1956, Comrade Mao Zedong and other party and state leaders and more than 1,300 leading cadres heard a report on the development of science and technology both at home and abroad in the four academic departments of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Huai Ren Tang, Zhongnanhai. The Party Central Committee issued a report to the whole party nationwide. Enter the call to “. In the following 10 years, with the joint efforts of all parties, China established a comprehensive scientific research system, an industrial technology system, a national defense science and technology system, and a local science and technology system, and achieved a series of major technologies marked by “two bullets and one star”. Achievements.

In 1978, the Party Central Committee convened a national science conference. Comrade Deng Xiaoping made an important statement that science and technology are productive forces in the General Assembly. China embraces the “spring of science”. In 1995, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council held the National Science and Technology Conference. Comrade Jiang Zemin delivered an important speech calling for vigorous implementation of the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education and forming an upsurge of implementing the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education. In 2006, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council held the National Science and Technology Conference again. Comrade Hu Jintao delivered an important speech, deployed and implemented the Outline of the National Medium and Long-Term Scientific and Technological Development Plan (2006-2020), and mobilized the entire party and society as an innovative country. And work hard. In 2012, the Party Central Committee and the State Council convened the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference to call for China’s scientific and technological circles to strive to innovate and provide powerful scientific and technological support for the building of a well-to-do society.

Today, we are holding this grand gathering here, that is to say, we must put scientific and technological innovation in a more important position in the development of a new historical starting point in our country, and sound the clarion call to build a strong country in the world of science and technology.

The goal of China’s modernization construction is to reach a higher level of a well-to-do society that benefits more than one billion people when our Party is established 100 years ago. By the time the People’s Republic of China is founded 100 years ago, it will basically realize modernization and build a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious modern socialist country. The Outline of the National Innovation Driven Development Strategy promulgated by the Party Central Committee this year clearly states that the goal of China’s scientific and technological development is to make China enter the ranks of an innovative country by 2020, and to make China enter the forefront of innovative countries by 2030 to New China. In the 100 years since its establishment, China has become a powerful country in the world.

Academician and scientific and technical workers of the two academies are the country’s wealth, the pride of the people, and the glory of the nation. Everyone has a great responsibility and a major mission. They should strive to make new and greater contributions to building an innovative country and building a world-class scientific and technological country!

Academicians, comrades and friends!

Historical experience shows that the scientific and technological revolution can always profoundly change the world’s development pattern. The scientific revolutions of the 16th and 17th centuries marked a major turning point in the growth of human knowledge. In the 18th century, there were major inventions such as steam engines, which made the first industrial revolution and opened the course of human society modernization. In the 19th century, science and technology advanced by leaps and bounds, which gave birth to the second industrial revolution of mechanized turn to electrification. In the early part of the 20th century, the birth of quantum theory and relativity formed the second scientific revolution, followed by the transformation of information science and life sciences. Major technological breakthroughs based on new scientific knowledge emerged in an endless stream, triggering aviation, electronic technology, nuclear energy, aerospace, The technology revolutions such as computers and the Internet have greatly improved the human understanding of nature, the ability to use nature, and the level of social productivity. Some countries took advantage of the rare opportunity of the scientific and technological revolution to realize the rapid increase in economic strength, scientific and technological strength, and national defense strength, and the rapid increase in overall national strength.

In the process of the development of civilization that spans more than 5,000 years, the Chinese nation has created famous scientific and technological achievements. Our ancestors formed a systematic knowledge system in the fields of agriculture, medicine, education, and mathematics, and achieved a large number of inventions and creations represented by the four major inventions. Marx said: “Gunpowder, Compass, and Typography” are three great inventions that foretold the arrival of bourgeois society. Gunpowder crushes the knight class, compass opens the world market and establishes a colony, and printing becomes Protestant. Tools, in general, have become the means of scientific recovery and have become the most powerful levers for creating the necessary prerequisites for spiritual development.”

In modern times, due to various reasons at home and abroad, China repeatedly missed the technological revolution and changed from a powerful country in the world to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal country where the people are bullying. Our nation has experienced more than a century of aggression by the great powers, wars, social unrest, and people’s displacement. The deep suffering. In the era when the country was poor and weak, how many people who embraced the idea of ​​saving the nation by science and education and saving the nation did not want to serve the country and left deep regret.

After the founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening up, we have made unremitting efforts. Our country’s scientific and technological development has achieved great achievements that attract worldwide attention. The overall capability of science and technology has continued to increase. Some important fields have ranked among the highest in the world, and some frontiers have entered the parallel and leading stages. From the accumulation of quantity to the qualitative leap, the breakthrough of the point to an important period of system capability.

Multivariate function theory, terrestrial oil theory, synthetic bovine insulin, high-temperature superconductivity, neutrino physics, Quantum anomaly Hall effect, nanotechnology, stem cell research, early tumor diagnosis markers, human genome sequencing, and other basic sciences Breakthroughs, “Two Bombs and One Star”, Super Hybrid Rice, Chinese Character Sets, High-Performance Computers, Three Gorges Project, Manned Spaceflight, Moon Exploration Project, Mobile Communication, Quantum Communication, Beidou Navigation, Manned Deep Dive, High Speed ​​Rail, Aircraft Carrier Such engineering and technological achievements have laid an important foundation for China to become a big country with world influence. On the whole, China has achieved the strategic goal of “taking a place” proposed by Comrade Deng Xiaoping in the major fields and directions of science and technology, and it is now at a crucial stage of leapfrogging development.

Now, we are closer to the goal of achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than any other time in history. We are more confident and capable of achieving this goal than at any time in history. We must seize this historic opportunity. At the same time, we must bear in mind that the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is by no means easy. While science and technology are flourishing, the nation is flourishing, and strong science and technology are strong in the country. To realize the goal of “two hundred years” and realize the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must adhere to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, face the frontiers of science and technology in the world, face the main battlefields of the economy, face the major needs of the country, and accelerate technological innovation in various fields. Master the global technological competition opportunities. This is the starting point for our proposal to build a powerful country in the world.

Academicians, comrades and friends!

Throughout the history of human development, innovation has always been an important force for the development of a country and a nation, and it has always been an important force for the advancement of human society. No innovation, no slow innovation. If we do not change, change, or change, we may fall into the strategic passive, miss the opportunity for development, and even miss an entire era. Implementing innovation-driven development strategies is an inevitable choice for responding to changes in the development environment, grasping the right to develop autonomy, and improving core competitiveness. It is an inevitable choice for speeding up the transformation of economic development methods and solving deep-seated contradictions and problems in economic development. It is better to lead our economy. The inevitable choice for the development of the new normal and the sustained and healthy development of our country’s economy.

Technology is the weapon of the country. The country depends on it. Enterprises rely on it to win. People’s lives depend on it. China must be stronger. The Chinese people must live better and must have strong science and technology. The new period, new situation, and new tasks require us to have new ideas, new designs, and new strategies in technological innovation. We must thoroughly implement the new concept of development, implement in depth the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education and the strategy of strengthening China through talented people, intensify the implementation of innovation-driven development strategies, make overall plans, strengthen organizations, and optimize the overall layout of China’s scientific and technological development.

First, we must lay a solid foundation for science and technology and rank among the world’s leading players in important scientific and technological fields. To promote the development of science and technology, we must accurately determine the direction of technological breakthroughs. Judgment will be able to seize the opportunity. “Although there is wisdom, it is better to take advantage of the situation.” Historical experience shows that those countries that seize the opportunity of the scientific and technological revolution to modernize are all countries with a solid scientific foundation; those countries that seize the opportunity of the scientific and technological revolution to become world powers are all in important scientific and technological fields. Leading countries.

In a comprehensive judgment, China has become a major scientific and technological country with significant influence, and scientific and technological innovation is increasingly supporting and leading economic and social development. At the same time, we must recognize that our country’s development is still facing a major bottleneck in science and technology compared with the goal of building a strong world of science and technology. The key areas in which the core technology is controlled by people have not fundamentally changed, the technological foundation is still weak, and the ability to innovate in science and technology, especially originality, There is a big gap.

Science and technology are global and contemporary, and the development of science and technology must have a global perspective and grasp the pulse of the times. In today’s world, a new round of scientific and technological revolution is poised to take off. Original breakthroughs in major scientific issues such as the structure of matter, the evolution of the universe, the origin of life, and the nature of consciousness are opening up new frontiers and new directions. Some major disruptive technological innovations are creating new industries. New industries, information technology, biotechnology, manufacturing technology, new material technologies, and new energy technologies have penetrated into almost all areas, spurring major group technological changes characterized by green, intelligence, and ubiquity, big data, and cloud computing. The integration of next-generation information technologies such as the mobile Internet and robots and smart manufacturing technologies is accelerating, the technological innovation chain is more dexterous, the technology updating and results transformation are faster, the industrial upgrading is accelerating, and the social production and consumption have become more automated and intelligent from industrialization. With this change, social productivity will once again greatly increase, and labor productivity will once again leap.

If we focus on technological innovation, we must not wait and see. We must not go any further. It is not time for us to wait. We must increase our sense of urgency, establish development strategies in a timely manner, and comprehensively enhance our capacity for independent innovation. Our country’s scientific and technological circles must firmly forge ahead with innovation and self-confidence, and resolutely strive for the best in the world. We must devote ourselves to originality, be bold in challenging the most advanced scientific issues, and put forward more original theories, make more original discoveries, and strive to achieve leapfrogging in important scientific and technological fields. Development, keeping up with and even leading the new direction of world science and technology development, and mastering a new round of strategic global technology competition initiative.

Second, strengthen strategic orientation and solve problems in innovation and development of science and technology. The strategic orientation of technological innovation is very important and must be accurately grasped in order to drive technological breakthroughs. At present, the country’s need for strategic technological support is more urgent than ever before. Here are some examples. Theoretically speaking, the available metallogenic space within the Earth is distributed in 10,000 meters from the surface to the underground. The world’s advanced level of exploration and mining depth has reached 2500 meters to 4,000 meters, while most of our country is less than 500 meters, and marching deep into the Earth is The strategic technological issues we must solve. Materials are the foundation of manufacturing industry. At present, there is a big gap between China’s advanced high-end materials research and development and production. The key high-end materials are far from being autonomously supplied. The vast majority of China’s important patented pharmaceuticals market is dominated by foreign companies. High-end medical equipment relies mainly on imports and becomes one of the main reasons for expensive medical services. Innovative drug development focuses on the cutting-edge new achievements and breakthroughs in life sciences and biotechnology. The development of advanced medical equipment embodies multidisciplinary integration and system integration. Brain connectivity map research is a scientific frontier that recognizes brain function and then explores the nature of consciousness. Exploration in this area not only has important scientific significance, but also has a guiding role in brain disease prevention and control and intelligent technology development. The deep sea contains treasures that are far from being recognized and developed on the earth. However, to obtain these treasures, we must master key technologies in deep seas, deep-sea exploration, and deep-sea development. Space technology has profoundly changed human cognition of the universe and provided an important impetus for the progress of human society. At the same time, there are still many unknown mysteries to be explored. It is necessary to promote the development of space science, space technology, and space applications in an all-round way. There are many such areas. The Party Central Committee has determined the long-term strategy of China’s science and technology for 2030 and decided to implement a number of major scientific and technological projects and projects. We must speed up the progress, focus on the country’s major strategic needs, focus on breaking key core technologies, and seize the strategic heights of the long-term and overall strategy. .

To become a powerful country in science and technology and to become the world’s major scientific center and innovative highland, we must have a group of world-class scientific research institutions, research universities, and innovative companies, and we can continue to present a number of major original scientific achievements. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee proposed setting up a group of national laboratories in major innovation fields. This is a strategic measure for China’s scientific and technological innovation. We must take the construction of national laboratories as a starting point, intensify national strategic scientific and technological forces, define major goals for national goals and urgent strategic needs, and take command of the strategic high ground that will lead the future development, focusing on major scientific and technological tasks and national large-scale science and technology infrastructure. Relying on the most advantageous innovation unit, we will integrate national innovation resources, establish a new operating mechanism that aims at goal orientation, performance management, collaborative research, and openness and sharing, and build a national laboratory that is a breakthrough, leading, and platform type. Such national laboratories should become strategic scientific and technological forces to overcome difficulties and lead development, and form a new pattern of collaborative innovation with complementary functions and benign interactions with other types of scientific research institutions, universities, and corporate R&D institutions.

Third, strengthen the supply of science and technology and serve the main battlefield of economic and social development. “Budgetism leads to its knowledge, and anti-criticism to practice.” Scientific research must not only pursue knowledge and truth, but also serve the economic and social development and the broad masses of the people. The vast number of scientific and technological workers should write their papers on the land of the motherland and apply scientific and technological achievements in the great cause of modernization.

After more than 30 years of reform and opening up, China’s total economic output ranks second in the world. At the same time, many areas of China’s economic development are large but not strong, big and not excellent. Under the new circumstances, the long-term reliance on resources, capital, labor, and other factors to support economic growth and scale expansion has been unsustainable. China’s development is facing a heavy task of power conversion, mode change, and structural adjustment. At present, the driving forces for the formation of low-cost resources and factor inputs in China have weakened significantly, and more and better technological innovations are needed to inject new impetus into economic development; social development faces many challenges, such as population aging, poverty eradication, and safeguarding people’s health. Need to rely on more and better scientific and technological innovation to achieve coordinated economic and social development; ecological civilization development is facing increasingly severe environmental pollution, we need to rely on more and better scientific and technological innovation to build a beautiful China with blue sky, green, and clear water; energy security, food Risk pressures such as security, cybersecurity, ecological security, biosafety, and national defense security are increasing, and more and better technological innovations need to be used to ensure national security. Therefore, technological innovation is the core. Grasping scientific and technological innovations has caught the nose that affects China’s overall development.

Promoting sustained and healthy economic and social development in China, advancing structural reforms on the supply side, and fulfilling the tasks of “three visits, one drop and one supplement,” we must make a fundamental change in the internal driving force and vitality of development, and build more to rely on innovation to drive More leading-edge development to take advantage of first-mover advantage. We must in-depth study and solve the urgently needed scientific and technological issues for economic and industrial development. We must promote the transfer of scientific and technological achievements, promote the development of industries, and promote the development of modern industrial systems, the development of strategic emerging industries, and the development of modern service industries. Products jumped to the high end of the value chain.

The uncoordinated development is a long-standing outstanding issue in China and is concentrated in the relationships among regions, urban and rural areas, economy and society, material and spiritual civilization, economic development, and national defense construction. We must base ourselves on technological innovation, release the driving force behind innovation, make innovation the basis for development, expand new space for development, create new opportunities for development, create a new engine for development, and promote the simultaneous development of new industrialization, informatization, urbanization, and modernization of agriculture. Develop overall effectiveness and achieve coordinated development at the new level of development.

Green development is an inevitable requirement for the construction of ecological civilization. It represents the direction of science and technology and industrial change and is the most promising field of development. Human development activities must respect nature, conform to nature, and protect nature. Otherwise, they will be retaliated by nature. No one can resist this rule. We must deepen our understanding of the laws of nature and conscientiously guide our actions with our understanding of the laws. We must not only study the measures for the protection and restoration of ecological restoration, but also deepen our understanding of scientific laws such as biodiversity. We must not only strengthen management and protection from policies, but must also deepen our understanding from global changes, carbon cycle mechanisms, and other aspects, and rely on technological innovation. Solve the green development problems and form a new pattern of harmonious development between man and nature.

The situation of international economic cooperation and competition is undergoing profound changes. The global economic governance system and rules are facing major adjustments. On the surface of economic globalization, commodities, capital, information, etc., are widely flowing around the world. However, the power that dominates such flows is essentially talent and technological innovation. We must strengthen our ability to lead global flows such as commodities, capital, and information, promote the formation of a new pattern of opening up to the outside world, increase our strength and ability to participate in the formulation of global economic, financial, and trade rules, and conduct international economic and technological innovation cooperation at a higher level. Participate in global governance within a broader community of interests and achieve common development.

The needs and calls of the people are the voice of the times in scientific and technological progress and innovation. With the continuous development of the economy and society, the new expectation of more than 1.3 billion people in China for a better life has been increasing. Raising the level of social development, improving people’s lives, and enhancing the quality of people’s health have placed higher demands on technological innovation. We must consider the people’s urgency and the urgency of the people’s needs, focusing on the prevention and control of major diseases, food and drug safety, and population aging, and other major livelihood issues, and greatly increase the supply of public science and technology so that people can enjoy a more livable living environment and better Medical and health services, more reliable food and medicine. We must rely on technological innovation to build a low-cost, wide-coverage, high-quality public service system. We must strengthen the supply of inclusive and public science and technology, develop low-cost disease prevention and control and telemedicine technologies, and achieve universal access to quality medical and health resources. We must develop information network technology, eliminate digital divides among different income groups and regions, and strive to achieve equalization of quality cultural and educational resources.

Fourth, deepen reform and innovation and form a dynamic technology management and operation mechanism. Innovation is a systematic project. The innovation chain, industrial chain, capital chain, and policy chain are intertwined and support each other. It is not enough to carry out reform in one or several links. It must be fully deployed and unwaveringly promoted. Technological innovation and institutional innovation should work together to make a concerted effort, and the two wheels will turn together.

Our greatest advantage is that our country’s socialist system can concentrate on doing big things. This is an important magic weapon for our success. In the past, we had made major scientific and technological breakthroughs to rely on this magic weapon. Today, we must also rely on this magic weapon to promote the leap in technological innovation, and form a new mechanism for concentrating our efforts in handling major affairs under the conditions of the socialist market economy.

We must take science and technology innovation as the core to lead the profound changes in the science and technology system and related systems. It is necessary to speed up the establishment of scientific and technological decision-making mechanisms for scientific and technological consultations to support administrative decision-making, strengthen scientific and technological decision-making consulting systems, and build high-level scientific and technological think tanks. It is necessary to speed up the institutionalization of major scientific and technological decision-making, and to solve problems such as the actual existence of heads of department leaders, and the persuasiveness of scientific and technological experts. It is necessary to improve resource allocation methods that conform to scientific and technological innovation laws, solve problems such as the simple application of administrative budgets and financial management methods to manage scientific and technological resources, and optimize support methods for basic research, strategic high-tech research, and social charity research, and strive to maximize the efficiency of scientific and technological innovation activities. . Efforts should be made to reform and innovate the methods for the use and management of scientific research funds so as to allow funds to serve people’s creative activities, but not to allow people’s creative activities to serve funds. It is necessary to reform the evaluation system for science and technology, establish a classification evaluation system guided by the quality, contribution, and performance of scientific and technological innovation, and correctly evaluate the scientific value, technological value, economic value, social value, and cultural value of scientific and technological innovation achievements.

The enterprise is an important force that closely integrates science and technology with economy. It should become the main body of technological innovation decision-making, R&D input, scientific research organization, and achievement transformation. It is necessary to formulate and implement various policies to encourage technological innovation in enterprises, strengthen the mechanism for innovation of enterprises, strengthen the support for technical innovation of small and medium-sized enterprises, promote the reform of circulation links and anti-monopoly and unfair competition, and guide enterprises to accelerate the development of research and development. It is necessary to speed up the improvement of the system for the use, disposal, and profit management of scientific and technological achievements, and give play to the decisive role of the market in the allocation of resources, so that institutions, personnel, installations, funds, and projects are all fully active and form a powerful force for promoting scientific and technological innovation. It is necessary to adjust scientific research institutions in existing industries and localities, enrich corporate R&D strength, support enterprises to build national technological innovation centers, and cultivate industry-leading companies with international influence.

Scientific research institutes and research universities are the main foundations for the development of science and technology in China, and they are also the cradle of technological innovation talents. To optimize scientific research institutes and research universities scientific research layout. Research institutes should optimize the layout of their science and technology, strengthen their disciplinary foundations, cultivate new cross-disciplinary growth points in accordance with the development trend of the world’s science and technology, and focus on strengthening research concerning commonality, public interest, and sustainable development, and increase public science and technology supply. Research universities should strengthen discipline construction and focus on basic research on free exploration. We must strengthen the cooperation between scientific research institutes and universities, so that goal-oriented research and free exploration are linked to each other and complement each other’s strengths, form a new model of teaching and research, collaborate and educate people, and lay a solid scientific and human resources foundation for China’s scientific and technological innovation.

Giving full play to the enthusiasm and initiative of all localities in the development of innovation is very important for the formation of national synergies for scientific and technological innovation. We must focus on the “One Belt and One Road” development, the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei cycle. We must respect the regional agglomeration laws of technological innovation, explore differentiated and innovative development paths in light of local conditions, and accelerate the establishment of technological innovation centers with global influence. Build several innovative cities and regional innovation centers with strong driving force.

Fifth, we must promote the spirit of innovation and cultivate a contingent of qualified personnel who meet the requirements of innovation and development. “Success is the result of success, and industry is the only one.” Science and technology are human’s great creative activities. All scientific and technological innovation activities are made by people. The key to building a strong country in science and technology in the world is to build a team of innovative talents with a large scale, reasonable structure and high quality to inspire the vitality and potential of various types of talents. It is necessary to greatly mobilize and fully respect the creative spirit of the vast number of scientific and technological personnel, motivate them to become promoters and practitioners of innovation, and make planning innovation, innovation, and innovation become conscious actions.

The scale of China’s scientific and technological contingent is the largest in the world. This is an important foundation for the generation of world-class masters of science and technology, leading talents, and top talents. The cultivation and growth of scientific and technological talents have their own laws. We must make great use of talents, love talents and talented people, and provide a good environment for the development of scientific and technological talents. We must identify talents in innovation practice, cultivate talents in innovation activities, and pool talents in innovation. , use the talents of the world, let more Maxima race Pentium. It is necessary to reform the mechanisms for cultivating, introducing, and using personnel, and strive to create a large number of strategic scientific and technological personnel capable of grasping the world’s scientific and technological trends and judging the direction of scientific and technological development, cultivating a large number of leading scientists and technicians who are good at cohesion, coordination and coordination, and cultivating a large number of innovative people. Innovative entrepreneurs and highly skilled personnel. It is necessary to improve the innovative personnel training model, strengthen the scientific spirit and creative thinking training, strengthen the integration of science and education, school-enterprise cooperation, and other models, and cultivate a large number of innovative and entrepreneurial talents who are familiar with market operations and have a technological background, and cultivate a large number of young scientists and technicians. We must create a good academic environment, promote academic morality and scientific research ethics, and create an atmosphere that encourages innovation and tolerance for failure in the entire society. We must strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights and actively implement distribution policies that are based on increasing the value of knowledge, including increasing the share of revenue sharing for the achievements of research personnel, and exploring incentives for innovative talents such as equity, options, dividends, etc., so that they can get what they need.

In the field of basic research, including some applied science and technology fields, we must respect the characteristics of scientific research inspiration, randomness, and path uncertainty, and allow scientists to think freely, make bold assumptions, and earnestly verify. Do not interfere with the research of scientists in the name of producing results, and do not use rigid systems to restrict scientists’ research activities. Many scientific researches must be long-term in perspective, and they must not be eager for quick success or instant benefit. We must lead the scientific and technological experts to have the right to work, have greater decision-making power in the technological route, have greater control over the funds, and have greater right to mobilize resources, so as to prevent rampant command and chaos. It is necessary to establish a corresponding responsibility system and accountability system, and effectively solve problems such as rampant problems and large-scale quarrels that exist at different levels. The government’s science and technology management department must pay attention to strategy, planning, policy, and service, and give full play to the advantages of national strategic science and technology forces.

Scientific and technological innovation and scientific popularization are the two wings to achieve innovation and development. It is necessary to place science popularization as equally important as technological innovation. Without universal improvement in the quality of science for all, it will be difficult to establish an ambitious army of high-quality innovation, and it will be difficult to achieve rapid transformation of scientific and technological achievements. We hope that the majority of scientists and technologists will take responsibility for improving the scientific quality of the entire people, and will make it an unshirkable responsibility to popularize scientific knowledge, promote scientific spirit, disseminate scientific ideas, and advocate scientific methods. It will promote the formation of science, science, science, and science in society as a whole. The good atmosphere has allowed the full release of innovative wisdom and the full force of innovation.

The Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering are the places where China’s scientific and technological masters gather. We must give play to the functions of the national high-end science and technology think tanks and organize a large number of academicians to focus on the overall and long-term development of scientific and technological innovation, be good at grasping the world’s general trend of scientific and technological development, and judging the new direction of the world’s scientific and technological revolution. Provide accurate, forward-looking, and timely advice for national science and technology decision-making. We must give full play to the academic leading role of the highest academic institutions, grasp the trend of world science and technology development, and sharply grasp the new direction of the scientific and technological revolution. “Tonghua Wanli Danshan Road, young Phoenix clear in Laofeng sound.” Technological innovation, your relay. It is hoped that the majority of academicians will play a leading role in science and technology, unite and lead the nation’s scientific and technological circles, especially the vast number of young scientific and technological talents, to work for the building of a powerful country with world science and technology.

All levels of organizations of the China Association for Science and Technology shall adhere to the responsibilities of serving scientific and technological workers, serving innovation-driven development, improving scientific services for the entire people, serving scientific decision-making for the party and the government, and promoting open-ended, hub-type, and platform-based CAST organizations. Building, picking up the arm, taking root, uniting and leading the majority of scientific and technological workers to actively enter the scientific and technological innovation, organize innovation and scrambling to promote the development of science and technology, promote scientific popularization and promotion, truly become the people under the leadership of the party united with the broad masses of scientific and technological workers The group becomes an important force for technological innovation.

Party committees and governments at all levels must shoulder the responsibility of leading and organizing innovation and development, be good at mobilizing all aspects of innovation, be good at mobilizing the enthusiasm of all kinds of talents, and work together to build an innovative country and build a strong country with science and technology.

Academicians, comrades and friends!

China’s modernization is an unprecedented revolution in human history. China’s modernization means that the Chinese people, who have more total population than all the developed countries, will enter the ranks of modernization. From now until the establishment of the People’s Republic of China for only 100 years, we have had only 30 years of time. Our prospects are very bright and our task is very onerous.

How much responsibility can it take to carry out much business and how much responsibility can it take to achieve great achievements? The academicians of the two academies and the broad masses of scientific and technological workers must carry forward the fine traditions of the Chinese scientific and technological circles in pursuing truth, serving the country, and benefiting the people, bravely shoulder heavy responsibilities, bravely climb the peaks, and should be the vanguards of building a strong world of science and technology.

Let us bring up more than 1.3 billion Chinese people’s sails for a better life and launch a powerful engine for technological innovation. Let this Chinese ship steadily advance toward the world’s scientific and technological power, continue to advance towards the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and make a better future for humanity. keep going! (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 31st)
 
            

The National Science and Technology Innovation Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Academies of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Association for Science and Technology Held in Beijing Xi Jinping Made an Important Speech

He stressed that in the development of a new historical starting point in China, scientific and technological innovation is placed in a more important position, and the clarion call to build a powerful country in science and technology in the world. Technology is the weapon of the country. The country depends on it. Enterprises rely on it to win. People’s lives depend on it. China wants to be stronger, Chinese people are born

On May 30th, the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the 18th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the 13th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 9th National Congress of the China Association of Science and Technology were held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping delivered an important speech.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Peng Peng

On May 30th, the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the 18th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the 13th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 9th National Congress of the China Association of Science and Technology were held in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan attended the meeting.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Pang Xinglei

Renmin Wang Beijing May 30th National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the 18th Academician Meeting of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the 13th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 9th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology were grandly held in the Great Hall of the People on the morning of the 30th. . General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the State, Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. He emphasized that while science and technology are flourishing, the country is flourishing, and strong science and technology are stronger in the country. Today, we are holding this grand gathering here, that is to say, we must put scientific and technological innovation in a more important position in the development of a new historical starting point in our country, and sound the clarion call to build a strong country in the world of science and technology. To realize the goal of “two hundred years” and realize the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must adhere to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, face the frontiers of science and technology in the world, face the main battlefields of the economy, face the major needs of the country, and accelerate technological innovation in various fields. Master the global technological competition opportunities. This is the starting point for our proposal to build a powerful country in the world.

Li Keqiang presided over. Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, and Wang Qishan attended the meeting.

At 9 o’clock in the morning, the conference began and all stood up to sing the national anthem.

In warm applause, Xi Jinping made a speech. He pointed out that the goal of China’s scientific and technological development is to make China enter the ranks of innovative countries by 2020, to make China enter the forefront of innovative countries by 2030, and to make China a global technological powerhouse 100 years after the founding of New China. The academicians of the two academies and science and technology workers are the country’s wealth, the pride of the people, and the glory of the nation. Everyone has a great responsibility and a major mission. They should strive to make new and greater contributions to building an innovative country and building a strong world of science and technology.

Xi Jinping stressed that historical experience shows that the scientific and technological revolution can always profoundly change the world’s development pattern. In the process of the development of civilization that spans more than 5,000 years, the Chinese nation has created famous scientific and technological achievements. Since the founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening up, we have made unremitting efforts. Our country’s scientific and technological development has achieved great achievements attracting worldwide attention. The overall capability of science and technology has continued to increase. Some important fields have ranked among the best in the world, and they are in a quantum leap from the accumulation to the quality. The breakthrough has been an important period for the improvement of system capabilities.

Xi Jinping pointed out that looking at the history of human development, innovation has always been an important force for the development of a country and a nation, and it has always been an important force for the advancement of human society. No innovation, no slow innovation. If we do not change, change, or change, we may fall into the strategic passive, miss the opportunity for development, and even miss an entire era. Implementing innovation-driven development strategies is an inevitable choice for responding to changes in the development environment, grasping the right to develop autonomy, and improving core competitiveness. It is an inevitable choice for speeding up the transformation of economic development methods and solving deep-seated contradictions and problems in economic development. It is better to lead our economy. The inevitable choice for the development of the new normal and the sustained and healthy development of our country’s economy. We must thoroughly implement the new concept of development, implement in depth the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education and the strategy of strengthening China through talented people, intensify the implementation of innovation-driven development strategies, make overall plans, strengthen organizations, and optimize the overall layout of China’s scientific and technological development.

Xi Jinping put forward 5 requirements. The first is to lay a solid foundation for science and technology and rank among the world’s leading players in important scientific and technological fields. To promote the development of science and technology, we must accurately determine the direction of technological breakthroughs. Judgment will be able to seize the opportunity. Science and technology are global and contemporary. Development of science and technology must have a global perspective, grasp the pulse of the times, establish a development strategy in a timely manner, strengthen innovation and self-confidence, put forward more original theories, make more original discoveries, and strive to achieve leapfrogging in important areas of science and technology. development of.

The second is to strengthen strategic orientation and solve problems in innovation and development of science and technology. At present, the country’s need for strategic technological support is more urgent than ever before. The Party Central Committee has determined the long-term strategy of China’s science and technology for 2030 and decided to implement a number of major scientific and technological projects and projects. It must focus on the country’s major strategic needs, focus on breaking key core technologies, and seize the strategic high ground of the long-term and overall strategic strategy. To become a powerful country in science and technology and to become the world’s major scientific center and innovative highland, we must have a group of world-class scientific research institutions, research universities, and innovative companies, and we can continue to present a number of major original scientific achievements.

The third is to strengthen the supply of science and technology and serve the main battlefield of economic and social development. Scientific research must not only pursue knowledge and truth, but also serve the economic and social development and the broad masses of the people. Promoting sustained and healthy economic and social development in China, advancing structural reforms on the supply side, and fulfilling the tasks of “three visits, one drop and one supplement,” we must make a fundamental change in the internal driving force and vitality of development, and build more to rely on innovation to drive More leading-edge development with the advantage of first-mover advantage will substantially increase the supply of public science and technology, allowing people to enjoy more livable living environment, better medical and health services, and more reliable food and medicine.

The fourth is to deepen reform and innovation and form a dynamic technology management and operation mechanism. Technological innovation and institutional innovation should work together to make a concerted effort, and the two wheels will turn together. Our greatest advantage is that our country’s socialist system can concentrate its efforts on doing big things, and it must form a new mechanism for concentrating power on major issues under the conditions of the socialist market economy. We must take science and technology innovation as the core to lead the profound changes in the science and technology system and related systems. It is necessary to formulate and implement various policies to encourage technological innovation in enterprises, and to strengthen support for technological innovation of SMEs. It is necessary to optimize scientific research institutes and research universities’ scientific research, build a solid foundation of disciplines, and foster the development of new cross-disciplinary disciplines. We must respect the regional agglomeration laws of technological innovation and build a number of innovative cities and regional innovation centers with strong driving forces.

Fifth, we must promote the spirit of innovation and cultivate a contingent of qualified personnel who meet the requirements of innovation and development. Science and technology are human’s great creative activities. All scientific and technological innovation activities are made by people. The key to building a strong country in science and technology in the world is to build a team of innovative talents with large scale, reasonable structure and high quality. We must use our talents to inspire talents, innovate and practice talents, cultivate talents in innovation activities, and gather talents in innovative careers. We must use talented people in the world and let more Maxima race to make strides and strive to create A large number of strategic technology talents who can grasp the world’s scientific and technological trends and judge the direction of science and technology development, cultivate a large number of leading scientists and technicians who are good at cohesion and coordination, and cultivate a large number of entrepreneurs and high-skilled talents who are innovative and innovative. We must respect the characteristics of the scientific research’s inspiration, arbitrariness, and path uncertainty, allowing scientists to think freely, make bold assumptions, and earnestly verify. It is necessary to let the leading scientific and technological experts have the right to work, have greater decision-making power on the technological route, have greater control over the funds, and have greater power to mobilize resources. The government’s science and technology management department must pay attention to strategy, planning, policy, and service, and give full play to the advantages of national strategic science and technology forces.

Xi Jinping emphasized that technological innovation and popularization of science are the two wings of innovation and development. We must place science popularization in the same important position as technological innovation, popularize scientific knowledge, promote scientific spirit, disseminate scientific ideas, advocate scientific methods, and promote the formation of society as a whole. Speaking of science, science, science, and the use of science in a good atmosphere, the innovative wisdom contained in hundreds of millions of people has been fully released and the power of innovation has flowed.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering are the gathering places of China’s scientific and technological masters. We must play a good role in the country’s high-end science and technology think tanks and organize a large number of academicians to focus on the overall and long-term development of scientific and technological innovation and provide accurate, forward-looking, and timely information for national science and technology decisions. Suggest. We must give full play to the academic leading role of the highest academic institutions, grasp the trend of world science and technology development, and sharply grasp the new direction of the scientific and technological revolution. It is hoped that the majority of academicians will play a leading role in science and technology, unite and lead the nation’s scientific and technological circles, especially the vast number of young scientific and technological talents, to work for the building of a powerful country with world science and technology.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the organizations of the China Association for Science and Technology at all levels must adhere to the responsibilities of serving scientific and technological workers, serving innovation-driven development, improving the quality of scientific services for the entire people, and serving the party and the government in scientific decision-making. Innovation, organizing and innovating to take the initiative, promoting the prosperity of science and technology, and promoting scientific popularization and promotion.

Xi Jinping finally stressed that how much responsibility can be done to accomplish a lot of business, and how much responsibility can be accomplished. The academicians of the two academies and the broad masses of scientific and technological workers must carry forward the fine traditions of the Chinese scientific and technological circles in pursuing truth, serving the country, and benefiting the people, bravely shoulder heavy responsibilities, bravely climb the peaks, and should be the vanguards of building a strong world of science and technology. Let us bring up more than 1.3 billion Chinese people’s sails for a better life and launch a powerful engine for technological innovation. Let this Chinese ship steadily advance toward the world’s scientific and technological power, continue to advance towards the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and make a better future for humanity. keep going.

In Beijing, members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Secretary of the Central Secretariat, relevant leaders and comrades of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, State Councillors, President of the Supreme People’s Court, Chief Prosecutor of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate, and relevant leaders of the CPPCC National Committee attended the meeting.

The relevant departments of the central and state organs, people’s organizations, and various departments of the Central Military Commission, the chief comrades of the Armed Police Force and representatives of the General Assembly, about 4,000 people attended the meeting.

“People’s Daily” (May 31, 2016, 01 edition)
 
            

Recalling Xi Jinping’s Great Discourse on Technological Innovation since the Eighteenth National Congress

[Study on the road] “In the development of new historical starting points in China, we will place scientific and technological innovations in a more important position and sound the clarion call to build a strong world of science and technology.” May 30, General Secretary Xi Jinping at the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the two houses The important speech delivered by the Academician Conference and the Ninth National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology pointed out that science and technology are the weapon of the country, and the country depends on it. Enterprises rely on it to win, and people’s lives depend on it. China must be stronger. The Chinese people must live better and must have strong science and technology.

Since the party’s 18th National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping placed innovation at the heart of the country’s overall development, attached great importance to technological innovation, and proposed a series of new ideas, new claims, and new requirements. The “Learning on the Road” column featured the general secretary’s important expositions on technological innovation for online reference.

The importance of innovation

· While science and technology are flourishing, the nation is flourishing, and strong science and technology are strong in the country. Today, we are holding this grand gathering here, that is to say, we must put scientific and technological innovation in a more important position in the development of a new historical starting point in our country, and sound the clarion call to build a strong country in the world of science and technology.

· Historical experience shows that the scientific and technological revolution can always profoundly change the world’s development pattern.

——On May 30, 2016, Xi Jinping attended the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the 18th Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the 13th Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 9th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology

• As the technological revolution and industrial transformation in the world are still in the ascendant, we must strengthen our sense of mission, regard innovation as the largest policy, and catch up and catch up.

– On April 26, 2016, Xi Jinping emphasized when he visited China University of Science and Technology and the Advanced Technology Institute of China University of Science and Technology in Hefei, Anhui Province.

·We must adhere to the drive of innovation, promote the integration of production, learning and research, and the transformation of technological achievements, intensify the application of innovation and innovation, and increase support for new dynamics to foster a good environment for innovation.

·To use innovation to lead the development of the first impetus, implement a number of major science and technology projects, speed up the breakthrough of core key technologies, comprehensively upgrade the economic development of science and technology content, and increase labor productivity and return on capital.

– On December 18, 2015, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the Central Economic Work Conference

· The driving force for the long-term development of the world economy comes from innovation. Summarizing historical experience, we will discover that the new energy and creativity created by the reform of institutional mechanisms and new industries and products created through technological advancement are the fundamentals for the world economy to emerge from the predicament and achieve recovery after major crises.

– On November 15, 2015, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech on the world economic situation during the first phase of the 10th Summit of the Group of Twenty Leaders.

· Innovation and development focus on solving the problem of development. China’s innovation capability is not strong, the level of scientific and technological development is generally low, and the supporting capacity of science and technology for economic and social development is insufficient. The contribution rate of science and technology to economic growth is far lower than that of developed countries. This is China’s big economy “Achilles.踵 踵.” The new round of scientific and technological revolution brings more fierce competition in science and technology. If technological innovation cannot be implemented, the impetus for development will not be realized. We will be at a disadvantage in the global economic competition. To this end, we must regard innovation as the primary driving force for development, use talent as the first resource to support development, place innovation at the center of the overall national development, and continuously promote theoretical innovation, institutional innovation, technological innovation, and cultural innovation. Innovation in all aspects, so that innovation runs through all the work of the party and the country, so that innovation has become a common practice in the community.

– On October 29, 2015, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the second plenary session of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee.

· Innovation is the source of the company’s driving force. Quality is the foundation of the company. Management is the foundation of the company’s survival. It must grasp innovation, quality, and management, and always take the initiative in the fierce market competition.

– On July 17, 2015, Xi Jinping emphasized when he visited Changchun Yidong Clutch Co., Ltd. of Jilin Northeast Industrial Group

· At present, China’s economic development presents three major characteristics: speed change, structural optimization, and power conversion. Adapting to the new normal, grasping the new normal, and leading the new normal are the great logic of China’s economic development at present and in the future. It is necessary to profoundly understand the new features and requirements of China’s economic development and focus on solving the major problems that constrain the sustained and healthy development of the economy. We must vigorously promote economic structural adjustments, place innovations in a more prominent position, continue to deepen reform and opening up, and provide a strong impetus for sustained and healthy economic development.

– From June 16 to June 18, 2015, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech in Guizhou

·Comprehensive national strength competition is innovation competition. It is necessary to further implement innovation-driven development strategies, promote scientific and technological innovation, industrial innovation, corporate innovation, market innovation, product innovation, formal innovation, and management innovation, and accelerate the formation of an economic system and development model that will lead and support innovation.

– On May 27, 2015, Xi Jinping pointed out in a speech at the main responsible comrades’ forum of the party committees of seven provinces in East China.

· Innovation is the primary driving force for development. To grasp innovation is to grasp development. To seek innovation is to seek the future. The key to adapting to and leading the new normal of China’s economic development is to rely on scientific and technological innovation to transform the development momentum.

– On March 5, 2015, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the Shanghai delegation’s 3rd meeting of the 12th National People’s Congress.

The key to innovation is to promote comprehensive innovation and rely more on industrialized innovation to nurture and form new growth points. Innovation is not a matter of publishing a paper or applying for a patent. The innovation must be implemented to create new growth points and turn innovation into a real industrial activity. At the Central Financial Leadership Group meeting, I focused on the central government’s consideration of implementing innovation-driven development strategies. Everyone should enhance their understanding of innovation-driven development, comprehensively judge the world’s scientific and technological innovation and the general trend of industrial change, set out from reality, identify breakthroughs in innovation, and strive to form new growth drivers.

– On December 9, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the Central Economic Work Conference

Throughout the history of human development, innovation has always been an important force for the advancement of a country and a nation, and it is also an important force for the advancement of the entire human society. Innovation is multifaceted, including theoretical innovation, institutional innovation, institutional innovation, and talent innovation, but the status and role of scientific and technological innovation is very important. China is a large developing country. Currently, it is vigorously advancing the transformation of economic development mode and economic restructuring. It is working hard to achieve the goal of “two hundred years” and must implement innovation-driven development strategies. This is a major strategy. It must be done as a major task in the implementation of the Party’s 18th National Congress and the 18th CPC Third Plenary Session.

– On August 18, 2014, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech at the 7th meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group

· A place and an enterprise must break through the bottleneck of development and solve deep-level contradictions and problems. The fundamental way out lies in innovation. The key lies in the strength of science and technology. It is necessary to accelerate the establishment of a technological innovation system that combines enterprise as the main body, market orientation, and the combination of production, study and research, strengthens the building of innovative talents, sets up an innovative service platform, promotes the close integration of science and technology and economy, and strives to achieve advantageous areas, common technologies, and key technologies. Major breakthroughs will promote the transformation of Chinese manufacturing to China, the transformation of China’s speed to China’s quality, and the transformation of Chinese products into Chinese brands.

– On May 9 and 10, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech in Henan

· Innovation is the soul of a nation’s progress. It is an inexhaustible motive force for a country’s prosperity and development. It is also the most profound national endowment of the Chinese nation. In the fierce international competition, only the innovators enter, but the innovators are strong, but the innovators win.

– On October 21, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the European and American Students’ Association.

· The driving force of innovation is the situation. China’s economic aggregate has leapt to the second place in the world, and social productivity, comprehensive national strength, and scientific and technological strength have reached a new height. At the same time, the unbalanced, uncoordinated, and unsustainable issues in China’s development are still outstanding, and population, resources, and environmental pressure are increasing. China’s modernization involves more than one billion people, and it is difficult to sustain the old road that is driven entirely by factors. Material resources will inevitably be used less and less, but science and technology and talents will be used more and more. Therefore, we must turn to the track of innovation-driven development and release the potential of technological innovation.

– On September 30, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech during the ninth collective study of the 18th Central Political Bureau.

The practice of rejuvenation of many companies in the old industrial base shows that whether it is a region, an industry, or a company, if we want to create advantages and turn crisis into opportunities, we must dare to use market cards, dare to use reform cards, and dare to innovate. It is necessary to seize the strategic opportunities brought about by the new round of world scientific and technological revolutions, give play to the main role of the enterprise, support and guide the innovation elements to gather in enterprises, and continuously enhance the power of innovation, innovation and innovation.

– From August 28 to 31, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized during his inspection tour in Liaoning

The

About innovation-driven development strategy

• If we do not change, change, or change, we may become strategically passive, miss opportunities for development, and even miss an entire era. Implementing innovation-driven development strategies is an inevitable choice for responding to changes in the development environment, grasping the right to develop autonomy, and improving core competitiveness. It is an inevitable choice for speeding up the transformation of economic development methods and solving deep-seated contradictions and problems in economic development. It is better to lead our economy. The inevitable choice for the development of the new normal and the sustained and healthy development of our country’s economy. We must thoroughly implement the new concept of development, implement in depth the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education and the strategy of strengthening China through talented people, intensify the implementation of innovation-driven development strategies, make overall plans, strengthen organizations, and optimize the overall layout of China’s scientific and technological development.

– On May 30, 2016, Xi Jinping attended the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the 18th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the 13th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 9th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology pointed out

· To implement innovation-driven development strategies, we must focus on building a technological innovation system that combines companies as the main body and market-oriented ones.

– On May 25, 2015, Xi Jinping pointed out when he visited high-tech enterprises and research institutes in Harbin City

· We will vigorously implement innovation-driven development strategies, put more emphasis on innovation, use the multiplier effect of innovation to stimulate economic growth, eliminate institutional barriers, and allow the market to become a decisive force in the allocation of innovation resources, allowing companies to truly Become the main body of technological innovation. The

– On November 18, 2015, Xi Jinping pointed out in the keynote speech at the APEC CEO Summit

· China is implementing an innovation-driven development strategy and advancing comprehensive innovation that centers on technological innovation. We will comprehensively strengthen international cooperation in science and technology innovation, actively participate in the global innovation network, and work together with the people of all countries in the world to meet the common challenges faced by mankind and realize the common development of all countries.

——In October 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his congratulatory letter to the Pujiang Innovation Forum on February 24th.

· Innovation-driven development is a long-term strategy and is also the focus of recent work. Party committees and governments at all levels must strengthen organization and leadership, carry forward the spirit of nailing nails, be solid, do one thing one thing, and strive to achieve results.

· Our innovation-driven development strategy is faced with two tasks: On the one hand, we must track the development direction of global science and technology, strive to catch up, strive to narrow the gap in key areas, and form a comparative advantage; on the other hand, we must persist in problem-oriented and break through China through innovation. Development bottlenecks.

· To implement innovation-driven development strategies, we must firmly grasp the “innocence” of scientific and technological innovation, earnestly create an institutional mechanism and a good environment for implementing innovation-driven development strategies, and accelerate the formation of new sources of development in China.

· The implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy put forward by the 18th CPC National Congress is to promote comprehensive innovation centered on scientific and technological innovation, adhere to the direction of demand orientation and industrialization, adhere to the dominant position of enterprises in innovation, and use the market in the allocation of resources. The decisive role and the advantages of the socialist system will enhance the contribution of scientific and technological progress to economic growth, form a new source of growth and promote sustained and healthy economic development. The whole party and the whole country must unify their thinking and effectively raise their awareness.

– On August 18, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the 7th meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group

· Implement innovation-driven development strategy is a systematic project. The scientific and technological achievements can only be combined with the needs of the country, the people’s requirements, and the market demand, and the three-step jump from scientific research, experimental development, and promotion and application can be achieved, and the true value of innovation and innovation-driven development can be realized.

Today, we are closer to the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than any other time in history. We are more confident and capable of achieving this goal than at any time in history. To achieve this goal, we must unswervingly carry out the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education and innovation-driven development strategy, and we must unswervingly follow the road of scientific and technological power.

– On June 9, 2014, Xi Jinping emphasized at the Seventeenth Academician Meeting of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the 12th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering

· China is the largest developing country in the world, and development is the key to solving all problems in China. To develop, we must give full play to the role of scientific and technological primary productive forces. We regard the innovation-driven development strategy as a major national strategy, and strive to promote engineering technology innovation, and shift from being driven by factors and driven by investment scale development to innovation-driven development.

– On June 3, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in the keynote speech at the 2014 International Engineering Technology Conference

· To implement innovation-driven development strategies, we must not “step on watermelon rinds and where to go”, and we must do a good job on top-level design and task implementation. The top-level design must have a global vision, identify the trends in world science and technology development, identify the status quo of China’s science and technology development and the path that should be taken, and consider development needs and practical capabilities, long-term goals, and recent work in an integrated manner. Put forward practical development directions, goals, and work priorities. The Ministry of Science and Technology should coordinate relevant departments to do this work and mobilize extensive participation from the scientific and technological community, industry, and society.

– On September 30, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech during the ninth collective study of the 18th Central Political Bureau.

In the face of the new situation and new challenges, we must speed up the transition from being driven by factors to being driven by innovation. We must play a role in supporting and leading science and technology innovation and promote the development of quality, efficiency, and sustainability. This is a major strategic adjustment that focuses on the overall situation and faces the future and is of great significance to China’s future development.

– On July 17, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the inspection work of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

· We have a solid material base accumulated in the past 30 years of reform and opening up, and we have a series of achievements that have been continuously formed through innovation. The implementation of innovation-driven development strategy has already established a good foundation and conditions. Therefore, we must seize and make good use of the important period of strategic opportunities for China’s development, implement innovation-driven development strategies in depth, continuously create a new situation for national innovation and development, and accelerate the transition from an economic power to an economic power.

· Over the past 30 years of reform and opening up, we have relied more on resources, capital, labor, and other factors to support rapid economic growth and scale expansion. Since the development of reform and opening up to the present day, great changes have taken place in these essential conditions, and it is necessary to continue to develop these key elements as they have in the past. There is neither the original conditions nor the unbearable resources and environment. We must speed up the transition from being driven by factors to being driven by innovation and by taking advantage of technological innovation. This is a major strategy based on the overall situation and facing the future. It is of great significance to achieving the goal of fully building a well-off society in 2021.

– On March 4, 2013, Xi Jinping’s speech at the first session of the 12th session of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and the joint discussion with the scientific and technological community members

· The implementation of innovation-driven development strategy is an inevitable requirement and strategic measure to accelerate the transformation of economic development methods and improve China’s overall national strength and international competitiveness. We must firmly grasp the key to scientific and technological innovation and cultivate the key to innovative talents, and aim at the world’s science and technology. In the frontier field, we will continue to improve our ability for independent innovation and competitiveness.

——From February 2nd to 5th, 2013, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech during investigation and inspection in Gansu

· We must vigorously implement innovation-driven development strategies, accelerate the improvement of innovation mechanisms, promote scientific and technological innovation, corporate innovation, product innovation, market innovation, and brand innovation in all directions, accelerate the conversion of scientific and technological achievements into practical productivity, and promote close integration of science and technology with economy.

– On December 7-11, 2012, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech during his inspection tour of Guangdong

The

About independent innovation

·To realize the goal of “two hundred years” and realize the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must adhere to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, face the frontiers of science and technology in the world, face the major battlefields of economy, and face the country’s major needs, and accelerate technological innovation in various fields. , to grasp the global technological competition opportunities. This is the starting point for our proposal to build a powerful country in the world.

——On May 30, 2016, Xi Jinping attended the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the 18th Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the 13th Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 9th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology

• The gap between the technological and economic strength of China and the developed countries is mainly reflected in the ability to innovate. To improve innovation capability, we must consolidate the material and technological foundation of independent innovation and accelerate the construction of an innovative basic platform led by national laboratories.

– On October 26, 2015, Xi Jinping stressed in his statement on the “Proposal for the 13th Five-Year Plan for Formulating the National Economy and Social Development” of the CPC Central Committee.

· The key to the implementation of innovation-driven development strategies is to enhance independent innovation capabilities. Facing the new trend of technological innovation and development, major countries in the world are looking for breakthroughs in technological innovation and seizing the opportunity for future economic and technological development. We must not be left behind in the big arena of technological innovation. We must catch up, rise to the chase, strive to surpass, win the initiative, win the advantage, and win the future. At this stage of development in our country, it is not only impossible to get key core technologies from others, but it is also difficult to get general high technology. Western developed countries have a tendency to die at the hands of apprentices and starve the master’s psychology. The point must be on independent innovation.

– On March 5, 2015, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech during the deliberation of the Shanghai delegation at the Third Session of the Twelfth National People’s Congress.

The key is to determine the correct follow-up and breakthrough strategy. We must follow the initiative of follow-up, meticulous selection, and undue influence in order to increase the technological cognition, strengthen the original design, and develop a unique “killer” to ensure that the enemy is not attacked by technology. For those who look for accuracy, we must plan and layout in advance, increase investment, and accelerate the pace of catch-up.

– On December 3, 2014, Xi Jinping emphasized when attending the Armed Forces Working Conference

Under the conditions of globalization, information, and network development, innovative elements are more open and fluid and cannot be closed doors for innovation. We must adhere to the combination of “introduction” and “going out” to actively integrate into the global innovation network and comprehensively improve the level of international cooperation in China’s scientific and technological innovation.

· We must comprehensively judge the general trend of technological innovation and industrial change in the world. We must pay attention not only to the problem of not leaving the team, but also to determine follow-up and breakthrough strategies based on national conditions, and follow the principle of active follow-up, careful selection, and undue influence. To clarify the main direction and breakthrough of China’s scientific and technological innovation. In the direction of sighting, we must plan ahead in terms of layout, increase investment, and strive to overcome a number of key core technologies to accelerate catch-up and even lead the way.

– On August 18, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the 7th meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group

· There is no end to technological innovation. Technology competition is like short-track speed skating. We are accelerating and people are accelerating. Finally, we must see who is faster and whose speed is more sustainable.

• Only by mastering core technologies in their own hands can they truly grasp the initiative in competition and development, and can fundamentally guarantee national economic security, national defense security, and other security. You can’t always dress up your own tomorrow with someone else’s yesterday. We can’t always count on relying on other people’s scientific and technological achievements to improve our technological level, let alone do other countries’ technological affiliations, and always follow others’ steps. We have no other choice but to take the road of independent innovation.

· To face the future and enhance independent innovation capabilities, the most important thing is to unswervingly follow the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the principle of independent innovation, focus on leapfrogging, support development, and lead the future, and accelerate the pace of building an innovative country.

– On June 9, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the Seventeenth Academician Meeting of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Twelfth Academician Assembly of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

· We must have confidence in the world’s cutting-edge level, which also stems from our road, theory, system and culture of self-confidence.

– On May 23 and 24, 2014, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech during his inspection tour of Shanghai

• The importance of information technology core technologies and information infrastructure, such as computer operating systems, is obvious. We must solve the problems that are hampered by humans in some key technologies and equipment. We must pay attention to national security and long-term development, step up efforts to formulate a strategy for the development of core technology and equipment, define a timetable, vigorously carry forward the “two bullets and one star” and the spirit of manned space flight, increase the intensity of independent innovation, and select the breakthrough point after scientific assessment. We will give strong support to policies, resources, and other aspects, focus on strengths and make joint breakthroughs in breakthroughs, so as to make progress in all aspects, and provide effective protection for ensuring information security and national security.

– On December 20, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in a proposal on a proposal by the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

· At present, a new round of scientific and technological revolutions and industrial changes are gestating and the world’s new military revolution is accelerating. We must assess the situation, seize opportunities and seize opportunities. We must seize the “bovine nose” and regard the weak links of national defense science and technology and weaponry and equipment as the main thrusts of promoting independent innovation, select breakthroughs, strengthen advance research and exploration, and strive to occupy a place in a forward-looking and strategic field.

Practice tells us that the real core technology is to spend money to buy, relying on imported weapons and equipment is unreliable, and taking the imitation way is not far away. If we want to take the initiative in the fierce international military competition, we must vigorously promote scientific and technological advancement and innovation, and greatly increase the ability of national defense science and technology independent innovation.

– On November 5, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized during his inspection of the National University of Defense Technology.

· We emphasize independent innovation, and it is absolutely not necessary to close the door to innovation. Under the background of deepening economic globalization, innovation resources are accelerating their flow around the world, and countries’ economic and technological links are becoming closer. No country can rely on its own strength to solve all innovation problems. We must deepen international exchanges and cooperation, make full use of global innovation resources, promote independent innovation at a higher starting point, and work hand in hand with the international scientific and technological community to make due contributions to meeting global common challenges.

Some people think that scientific and technological innovation is not able to hydrolyze recent thirst for economic and social development. The result is that it is important to work on science and technology in the actual work. This idea and practice must be corrected. A lot of scientific research may be tomorrow’s work, but today it does not begin to work. When it is needed, it really becomes “far water.” How can China’s science and technology catch up with the international advanced level? It is necessary to adopt an “asymmetrical” strategy, to give better play to its own advantages, and to make great efforts in key areas and areas where cards are stuck.

– On September 30, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech during the ninth collective study of the 18th Central Political Bureau.

We must always see that we are taking a path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics. This is a necessary path and we must unswervingly continue. Now that we have achieved very good results, practice has proved that we can do a great deal and is the most reliable support point for modernization.

– On August 21, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the Ministry of Science and Technology.

• A country is only economically large and it does not represent strong. We are a big country and we must have our own things in technological innovation. We must unswervingly follow the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, cultivate and attract talented people, promote close integration of science and technology and economy, and truly put innovation-driven development strategies into practice.

– From July 21st to 23rd, 2013, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech at the inspection tour in Hubei

· “Students are skeptical, small doubts are small, and doubts are big.” To innovate, we must have a strong sense of innovation. We must constantly strive to break through the casserole and dare to challenge the existing theories and dare to develop new ones. The direction is to overcome difficulties and pursue excellence.

– On July 17, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the inspection work of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

· Have a strong sense of innovation and self-confidence. We must introduce and learn from the world’s advanced scientific and technological achievements, and we must take the path that no one had before, and strive to make great achievements in independent innovation. If you always track imitation, there is no way out. We must focus on improving independent innovation capabilities, accelerating the advancement of major national science and technology projects, intensifying knowledge innovation and technological innovation, and enhancing original innovation, integrated innovation, and the ability to introduce, digest, absorb and reinnovate, and continuously obtain fundamental, strategic, and original results. .

– On July 17, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the inspection work of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

·We must adhere to the principle of independent innovation, key leapfrogging, support for development, and lead the future, plan and promote innovation in a global perspective, improve the talent development environment, strive to achieve major breakthroughs in key areas and key technologies, and form a core of industrial development as soon as possible. technology. We must speed up the strategic adjustment of the economic structure, adhere to the development of the integration of the 32 industries and improve the overall level of advanced manufacturing.

– On March 5, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the deliberation of the Shanghai delegation at the First Session of the 12th National People’s Congress.

· Increase innovation and confidence. After a long period of hard work, we have approached or reached world advanced levels in some areas. Some areas are undergoing a shift from “tracers” to “parallelists” and “leaders”, and are fully capable of achieving a greater leap forward from a new starting point. . The majority of science and technology workers in China must have this confidence and determination.

· Unswervingly take the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics. This road has advantages, and the biggest advantage is that our country’s socialist system can concentrate on carrying out major events. This is an important magic weapon for our achievements. In the past, we engaged in “two bombs and one star” relying on this magic weapon. In the future we will It is also necessary to rely on this magic weapon to advance innovation. We must combine the new conditions of the socialist market economy, give full play to our advantages, strengthen overall coordination, promote collaborative innovation, optimize the innovation environment, and form a powerful force for promoting innovation. For those who have clear directions, influence the overall situation, and see more accurate, they must resolve as soon as possible, implement major special projects and major projects, and organize social forces to promote them.

– On March 4, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the joint meeting of the Association of Scientific and Technological Circles of the First Session of the Twelfth National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

The

About the reform of science and technology system

· To promote technological innovation as the core, to lead the profound changes in the science and technology system and related systems. It is necessary to formulate and implement various policies to encourage technological innovation in enterprises, and to strengthen support for technological innovation of SMEs. It is necessary to optimize scientific research institutes and research universities’ scientific research, build a solid foundation of disciplines, and foster the development of new cross-disciplinary disciplines. We must respect the regional agglomeration laws of technological innovation and build a number of innovative cities and regional innovation centers with strong driving forces.

——On May 30, 2016, Xi Jinping attended the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the 18th Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the 13th Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 9th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology

· Grasping innovation means grasping development, and seeking innovation means seeking the future. We must lag behind if we don’t innovate, and lag behind when innovation is slow. We must stimulate the mobilization of the creative passion of the whole society, continue to exert force, and accelerate the formation of an economic system and development model that is led and supported mainly by innovation. It is necessary to actively create a policy environment and institutional environment that are conducive to innovation. The government can adopt some reasonable and differentiated incentive policies for accurate and genuine support. It is necessary to improve financial services and to clear the channels for the introduction of finance into the real economy, especially small and medium-sized enterprises and small and micro enterprises.

– On July 17, 2015, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech at the chief comrades’ forum of the provincial party committees held in Changchun.

In order to promote scientific and technological innovation, we must eliminate institutional and institutional obstacles. Nowadays, the problem of unsmooth transformation of scientific and technological achievements is a major problem. One of the crux of the problem lies in the fact that scientific research results are closed and self-circulating, and must face the main battlefield of economic and social development, deploy innovation chains around the industrial chain, and eliminate the “island phenomenon” in technological innovation. We must focus on breakthroughs in institutional and institutional obstacles that restrict the organic integration of production, education and research, highlight the decisive role of the market in the allocation of innovative resources, highlight the dominant position of enterprise innovation, promote the integration of various innovative elements of human and financial resources, and make innovation achievements more quickly become reality. productive forces. It is necessary to promote collaborative innovation, improve the support system for innovative services, strengthen the use and protection of intellectual property rights, and maintain a fair market order for competition.

– On March 5, 2015, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the Shanghai delegation’s 3rd meeting of the 12th National People’s Congress.

In general, in some localities and departments, the problem of decentralized, closed, and redundant construction of scientific and technological resources is relatively prominent. Many research facilities and instruments are repeatedly constructed and purchased. Idle and waste are serious and professional service capabilities are not high. From the perspective of improving the country’s innovation system and raising the innovation capacity of the entire society, through deepening reforms and institutional innovations, we will open up the country’s major scientific research infrastructure and large-scale scientific research instruments formed by public finance investment to the society, so that they can better serve technological innovation, Serve the community. To advance this reform, it is necessary to make detailed disclosure of relevant operational methods and strengthen overall coordination. Some of the more exploratory issues can be piloted.

– On October 27, 2014, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech at the sixth meeting of the Central Deepening Reform Leading Group.

· Our scientific and technological plans have many problems in terms of system layout, management system, operating mechanism, and overall performance. They are highlighted by the fragmentation of scientific and technological plans and the lack of focus on scientific research projects. To radically change the pattern of multiple government outposts and flood control in Kowloon, persist in the allocation of resources according to target achievements and performance appraisal, coordinate scientific and technological resources, establish an open and unified national science and technology management platform, and establish a rational overall layout, clear functional positioning, and China The characteristics of the scientific and technological planning system and management system, in order to drive the reform of other aspects of science and technology to deepen, and create a good institutional guarantee for the implementation of innovation-driven development strategy.

– On September 29, 2014, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech at the fifth meeting of the Central Deepening Reform Leading Group.

·We must promptly revise and improve relevant laws and regulations, complete the revision of the Law on the Promotion of Scientific and Technological Achievements as soon as possible, speed up the revision of laws and regulations concerning standardization law, anti-monopoly law, company law, and intellectual property protection, and study and formulate trade secret protection laws and service invention regulations. , angel investment regulations, etc.

• To comprehensively deepen reforms, we must plan and promote the integration of production, education, and research by focusing on making enterprises the main body of innovation. We must establish a sound system of property rights protection, create a good environment for equal competition, encourage enterprises to increase investment in science and technology research and development, and increase support for innovative small and micro enterprises. We need to eliminate distortions in economic leverage such as prices, interest rates, and exchange rates, strengthen risk investment mechanisms, develop capital markets, increase labor market flexibility, and create fiscal, tax, and financial systems that are conducive to innovation and development.

– On August 18, 2014, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech at the 7th meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group

• The reform of the science and technology system must be tightly focused on “hard bones” to overcome difficulties and speed up the implementation of the various tasks of the scientific and technological system reform determined by the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee. We must focus on putting scientific and technological innovation at the core of the overall development of the country and accelerate the formulation of innovation-driven development strategies. There must be a road map and timetable for major tasks.

· If science and technology innovation is likened to the new engine of our country’s development, then reform is the essential ignition system that ignites this new engine. We must adopt more effective measures to perfect the ignition system and start the new engine driven by innovation at full speed.

– On June 9, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the Seventeenth Academician Meeting of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Twelfth Academician Assembly of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

· It is necessary to increase technology to benefit people’s livelihood and promote the integration of scientific and technological innovation with people’s livelihood. We must explore the establishment of an efficient and collaborative innovation system, accelerate the pace of reform of the science and technology system, and solve the three basic problems of “who will innovate, where will the power come from,” and “how will the results be used?” Cultivate the integration of production, education, and research, and the convergence of upstream, middle, and lower reaches. , large and medium-sized SMEs coordinated a good pattern of innovation.

– On May 23 and 24, 2014, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech during his inspection tour of Shanghai

· To actively carry out research and development cooperation in major science and technology projects, support enterprises to build a number of innovative entities of industry, universities and research institutes with universities and scientific research institutes across regions to jointly create a strategic highland for innovation and development.

· The government should concentrate its efforts on grasping a few strategic, overall, and forward-looking major innovation projects. The government should do a good job in strengthening the protection of intellectual property rights and improving the taxation policies that promote enterprise innovation. It is necessary to strengthen incentives and make good use of talent so that inventors and innovators can reasonably share the benefits of innovation. It is necessary to speed up the establishment of a mechanism that mainly evaluates the achievements of technological innovation by the market, breaks the bottleneck that hinders the transformation of technological achievements, and accelerates the transformation of innovation results into real productivity.

– On December 10, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the Central Economic Work Conference

· With the continuous development of science and technology, the characteristics of multidisciplinary cross-clustering and multi-field technology integration have become increasingly prominent, and it is difficult to rely on individual efforts to achieve great results. We must strengthen the building of independent innovation teams, do a good job in the integration of scientific research resources and resources, and improve the collaborative innovation mechanism with universities, research institutes, enterprises, and governments, maximize the advantages of all parties, and promote the overall synergy of technological innovation.

– On November 5, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized during his inspection of the National University of Defense Technology.

· We already have the material and technological foundation for independent innovation. The top priority is to accelerate the pace of reform, improve the incentive mechanism, improve the policy environment, and stimulate the enthusiasm and initiative of scientific and technological innovation in both material and spiritual aspects. It is necessary to strengthen the forefront of research, strategic high-tech research and social public-welfare technology research as major infrastructure projects, enhance predictability and forward-looking, and improve the original level of innovation. We must adhere to the orientation of science and technology for economic and social development, deploy an innovation chain around the industrial chain, improve the capital chain around the innovation chain, eliminate the “island phenomenon” in technological innovation, eliminate obstacles to the transfer of scientific and technological achievements, and increase the overall effectiveness of the national innovation system. In particular, it is necessary to strengthen innovation-driven organizational integration.

– On September 30, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech during the ninth collective study of the 18th Central Political Bureau.

·Strengthen planning and key support, prioritize support for scientific and technological fields that promote transformation of economic development mode and open up new economic growth points, focus on breaking through the bottleneck problem that restricts the sustainable development of China’s economy and society, strengthen the deployment of emerging frontiers, and build a solid scientific foundation .

– On July 17, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the inspection work of the Chinese Academy of Sciences

·We must deepen the reform of the science and technology system, resolutely remove institutional barriers that impede the improvement of technological innovation capabilities, vigorously open channels for the transfer of science and technology and economic transformation, optimize the supply of science and technology policies, improve the evaluation system of science and technology, and create a favorable environment for innovation.

· Implementing innovation-driven development strategies and improving independent innovation capabilities are key links, and improving the capability for independent innovation needs to be ensured from various aspects such as institutional mechanisms.

– On March 4, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the joint meeting of the Association of Scientific and Technological Circles of the First Session of the Twelfth National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

· The real effect of innovation is survival of the fittest and breaking the old. We must focus on building a technological innovation system that focuses on companies as the mainstay, market orientation, and a combination of production, education and research. We must focus on the development of entrepreneurial talents, accelerate technological innovation, strengthen product innovation, brand innovation, industrial organization innovation, business model innovation, and enhance effective supply. To create effective demand.

– On December 15, 2012, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the Central Economic Work Conference

The

About gathering talents

• We must thoroughly implement the new development concept, in-depth implement the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education and the strategy of strengthening the country through talents, in-depth implementation of innovation-driven development strategies, make overall planning, strengthen organization, and optimize the overall layout of China’s scientific and technological development.

• We must play a leading role in the academic leadership of the highest academic institutions, grasp the trend of world science and technology development, and sharply grasp the new direction of the scientific and technological revolution. It is hoped that the majority of academicians will play a leading role in science and technology, unite and lead the nation’s scientific and technological circles, especially the vast number of young scientific and technological talents, to work for the building of a powerful country with world science and technology.

——On May 30, 2016, Xi Jinping attended the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the 18th Academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the 13th Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 9th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology

• We must intensify efforts to reform and implement the work, implement the “Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the System and Mechanism for the Development of Talents,” and accelerate the establishment of a globally competitive system of talented personnel that will be used by the best in the world. Efforts should be made to eliminate institutional and institutional obstacles, decentralize the use of human resources, loosen talents, and allow talents to innovate and create vitality. This will enable talents in all fields to achieve their goals and develop their abilities.

·To speed up the construction of a more scientific and efficient talent management system, follow the laws of the socialist market economy and the law of the growth of talents, change the functions of government talent management, ensure and implement the autonomy of employing entities, and improve a market-oriented and socialized talent management service system. So as to stimulate talent innovation and create vitality.

—— On May 6, 2016, Xi Jinping emphasized on deepening the reform of the system and mechanism for personnel development.

Party committees and governments at all levels should earnestly respect knowledge and respect talents, fully trust intellectuals, speed up the formation of institutional mechanisms conducive to the creation of intellectuals’ officers, and let the majority of intellectuals fully unleash talent and energy.

– On April 26, 2016, Xi Jinping stressed that he held an important speech at the meeting of intellectuals, labor models, and youth representatives hosted by Hefei, Anhui Province.

· We must intensify the implementation of the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education, the strategy of strengthening the country through talents, and the strategy of innovation-driven development. We must strengthen the overall quality of the workforce as a strategic task, and help employees learn new knowledge, acquire new skills, increase new skills, and expand Employees and workers have grown into talented spaces, guided the employees and workers to establish a life-long learning philosophy, and continuously improve ideological and moral qualities and scientific and cultural quality.

– On April 28, 2015, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the “May 1st” International Labor Day and the National Model Workers and Advanced Workers Conference.

“The talents are the only ones and the industry is the only one.” Talents are the foundation of innovation. Innovation-driven is essentially talent-driven. Whoever has the first-class innovation talents will have the advantage and leading power of technological innovation. The introduction of a group of talents can sometimes invigorate a company or even instigate an industry. To use the world to choose talents. Shanghai’s talent base is good, but it is necessary to implement a more active policy for the introduction of innovative talents and gather a group of leading talents who are at the forefront of the industry’s science and technology and have international perspectives and capabilities. It is necessary to establish a more flexible talent management mechanism and strengthen incentives for distribution so that scientific and technological personnel and innovative talents can receive reasonable returns, create value through scientific and technological innovation, and achieve both wealth and business gains.

– On March 5, 2015, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the Shanghai delegation’s 3rd meeting of the 12th National People’s Congress.

Since the reform and opening up, we have learned to attract investment. Nowadays, we must learn how to attract investment, attract people and attract talents, and sometimes recruit people before giving priority.

· Talent is the foundation of innovation and the core element of innovation. Innovation drive is essentially talent-driven. In order to speed up the formation of a large-scale, creative, and risk-taking team of innovative talents, we must focus on making good use of, attracting, and nurturing efforts.

– On August 18, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the 7th meeting of the Central Financial Leadership Group

· To establish a correct view of talents, nurture and practice the core values ​​of socialism, focus on improving the quality of personnel training, and promote the glory of labor, precious skills, and create a great fashion of the times, and create a good environment for everyone to become talented and everyone to display their talents. The environment strives to cultivate hundreds of millions of highly qualified workers and skilled workers.

– In June 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his instructions on accelerating the development of vocational education.

· “Coverage is very meritorious and must be treated by very people.” People are the most critical factor in technological innovation. Innovative careers call for innovative talents. Respecting talented people is a long tradition of the Chinese nation. “Shuangshi toast, this kingdom was born. Kingdom Kexue, Wei Zhouzhi; Jiji toast, Wen Wang Yining.” This is the “Book of Songs Taiga Wen Wang” in the words, is said that Zhou Wen Wang Zunxian Li Shi, talented scholars, So the country is strong. Chiaki Foundation, talent first. To achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, the more talented the better, the greater the better. China is a large country with large human resources and a large country with intellectual resources. The intellectual resources contained in the brains of more than 1.3 billion people in China are the most precious. Knowledge is power, and talent is the future. China must take the lead in the world in terms of scientific and technological innovation. We must discover talents in innovation practice, cultivate talents in innovation activities, and condense talents in innovation. We must vigorously nurture and innovate large-scale, rationally structured, and high-quality innovative scientific and technological talents. .

– On June 9, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the Seventeenth Academician Meeting of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Twelfth Academician Assembly of the Chinese Academy of Engineering.

• Firmly grasp the big move of agglomeration talents. “The talents are the only ones, and the industry is the only one.” Talent is the first resource for innovation. Without talented people, there can be no innovation advantage, scientific and technological advantage, and industrial advantage. Cultivating and bringing together talents requires a vision of talent, a courage to use talents, a magnanimity to accumulate talents, and a good way to gather talents, improve the institutional mechanisms for aggregating talents and giving play to the role of talents, and create a policy environment where people can use their talents. It is necessary to give full play to the role of the existing talents and at the same time take advantage of the talents of the four parties and choose talents for use in the world. We must strengthen the construction of innovation conditions in scientific research institutes and institutions of higher learning, improve the mechanisms for the use and protection of intellectual property rights, invigorate the vitality of scientific research personnel, and allow innovative talents of all kinds to compete.

– On May 23 and 24, 2014, Xi Jinping stressed in his speech during his inspection tour of Shanghai

· The Chinese nation has always had a fine tradition of love. Now, we need to widen our road to success and expand our talents at all times in history. We must adopt a more open talent policy, attract talents not only from regions, do not seek all development talents, and employ talented people without special attention; while cultivating domestic innovative talents, we must be more proactive in introducing foreign talents, especially high-level talents, and enthusiasm. Foreign experts and talents are welcome to participate in China’s modernization in various ways. We must actively create a good atmosphere for respecting, caring for, and supporting foreign talents in innovation and entrepreneurship. We must give them full confidence and use them freely to allow all kinds of talents to find their own way, and let Gaoxian display its strengths.

– On May 22, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech with foreign experts.

The key to selecting talents for use in the world is to uphold the party’s principle of managing talents, follow the rules of the socialist market economy and the law for the growth of talents, and strive to break the ideological concepts that constrain the development of talents, promote the reform of institutional mechanisms and policy innovation, and inspire all types of talents With the creation of vitality, the whole society is eager to learn, talented, respected, and talented, creating a vivacious situation in which everyone can become talented and everyone can do their best.

– On May 13, 2014, Xi Jinping pointed out in the “Report of the Central People’s Government Work Coordination Group on the Situation of the Work in 2013”.

• While we are engaged in modernization and preparations for military struggle, there are problems in funding and equipment, but the core issue is talent. Countries without money can gradually increase their investment. Without equipment, they can step up development. However, there is no money or equipment and no talent. At present, the composition of the military’s technology is increasingly complex and the knowledge-intensive degree is continuously increasing. What is at stake is the integrated joint operations. Science and technology have had an increasingly profound influence on the form of war and methods of warfare. There is no high scientific and technological quality and military skills. Even weapons and equipment cannot operate, let alone fight and win.

– On November 5, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized during his inspection of the National University of Defense Technology.

· Rejuvenating the country through science and education has become China’s basic national policy. We will uphold the philosophy that science and technology are primary productive forces and that talent is the primary source of resources, be inclusive, learn from international advanced experience, advance education reforms, improve the quality of education, cultivate more qualified personnel, and at the same time play a role for all types of talents. Show talent to provide a broader world.

– On October 23, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech when meeting with overseas members of the Advisory Committee of the School of Economics and Management of Tsinghua University

· “To the people in the world are talents.” Talent is an important indicator of a nation’s overall national strength. Without a large contingent of highly qualified personnel, the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way and the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will be difficult to achieve smoothly.

In today’s world, the competition for comprehensive national strength has become increasingly fierce. A new round of scientific and technological revolutions and industrial changes are gestating and rising, and the energy for change in breakthroughs is constantly accumulating. The overall national strength competition is talent competition in the final analysis. The characteristics and role of human resources as the first resource for economic and social development are more obvious. Talent competition has become the core of comprehensive national strength competition. Who can cultivate and attract more talented people, who will be able to take advantage of the competition.

– On October 21, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the European and American Students’ Association.

· Talent resources are the first resource and the most active and most active factor in innovation activities. To make innovations in science and technology, it is necessary to build an innovative talent team with large scale, reasonable structure, and high quality. In China, on the one hand, there are a large number of scientific and technological talents. On the other hand, they face the outstanding contradictions of the lack of talented people. In particular, there are serious shortages of leading talents in major scientific research projects, major projects, and key disciplines. The key to solving this contradiction is to reform and improve the talent development mechanism.

– On September 30, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech during the ninth collective study of the 18th Central Political Bureau.

·Talent work is very important. The combination of science and education and the country’s rejuvenation, and the combination of production, learning and research are closely related to education. The science and technology education needs to work well in the division of labor, and at the same time it must continuously improve and innovate a series of policies for personnel training, use, and management. Some people plan to do a good job.

– On August 21, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the Ministry of Science and Technology.

“The plan for a year is nowhere near the bottom of the tree; the ten-year plan is nowhere more than a tree; the lifelong plan is not as good as it is.” To create a good atmosphere for innovation, encouragement, and tolerance for failure in the entire society, and play a role for talented people. To display their talents to provide a broader world, so that they can use their talents to make the best use of their talents.

· We must build an innovative country. To contribute to the development of the world’s scientific and technological undertakings, we must have a strategic scientific and technological force that can fight hard, fight big and win, and must have a group of world-class scientific research institutions. We hope that you will use the backbone to lead and demonstrate the leading role, and give full play to the advantages of integrating scientific research institutes, departments, and educational institutions, stick to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, and take the lead in building an international technology field that is influential, attractive, and competitive. First-class scientific research institutions.

– On July 17, 2013, Xi Jinping pointed out in his speech at the inspection work of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

· We must establish a strong sense of human resources, find talented people who are thirsty, find talents that are treasured, recruit talented people, and use talents to the best of their ability.

– On June 28, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the National Organization Work Conference

·Strengthen the construction of scientific and technological personnel. To promote independent innovation, talent is the key. Without a strong talent team as the backing, independent innovation is the passive water, without the wood. It is necessary to recruit talents, develop and utilize two kinds of international and domestic talent resources, and improve the talent introduction policy system. I once said that we must adhere to the principle of using the principle and introducing it on an as-needed basis, focusing on the introduction of strategic talents capable of breaking key technologies, developing high-tech industries, stimulating emerging disciplines, and leading talents for innovation and entrepreneurship. We must let go and use talented people and create a good atmosphere in the whole society that encourages bold innovation, bold innovation, and inclusive innovation. We must not only attach importance to success, but must also tolerate failure, and provide a broader world for talents to display their talents and talents, allowing them to do their best. Make the best use of it and use it. It is necessary to improve the mechanism for promoting the emergence of talented people, improve the talent discovery mechanism, select talents in a uniform manner, and cultivate a large team of innovative young talents with innovative dynamism. We must encourage talented people to inherit the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation, “Let worry and worry, and enjoy the world afterwards.” Combine personal ideals with the realization of Chinese dreams, work together in a down-to-earth manner, and work diligently to dedicate their wisdom and strength to realizing China. Dream of great struggle.

– On March 4, 2013, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech at the meeting of the Association of Scientific and Technological Circles of the 12th session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

·Comprehensive national strength competition in the final analysis is a competition for talent. Which country has the advantage of talents, which country will finally have the advantage in strength. The potential of foreign countries to look at China is to look at this. With so many people in China, education has gone up. In the future, talent will emerge like a blowout. This is the most competitive. To take the road of innovation and development, we must first attach importance to aggregating innovative talents. We must give full play to the role of existing talents, open the door at the same time, recruit the talents of the four parties, recruit international talents, and use the talents of the world. Party committees and governments at all levels must actively explore the institutional mechanisms that gather talented people and give play to the role of talented people, improve related policies, further create a policy environment in which people can use their talents, and give full play to the subjective initiative of excellent talents.

– On December 7-11, 2012, Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech during his inspection tour of Guangdong
 
            

Xi Jinping and Egyptian President Seth Send a Congratulatory Message to Celebrate the 60th Anniversary of the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between China and Egypt

Li Keqiang exchanges messages with Egyptian Prime Minister Ismail

President Xi Jinping recently exchanged congratulatory messages with Egyptian President Sercsi to celebrate the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

Xi Jinping said in his message that 60 years ago, the two great nations of China and Egypt formally established diplomatic relations. In the past 60 years, with the joint efforts of both sides, the two countries have conducted extensive exchanges and cooperation in the political, economic, trade, and humanities fields and achieved fruitful results. China-Egypt relations have become a model for China’s relations with Arab countries, China and African countries and South-South relations. Looking ahead, we are full of confidence in the bright future of China-Egypt relations. I would like to join hands with you to deepen the comprehensive strategic partnership between the two countries so as to benefit the two countries and peoples.

In the congratulatory telegraphy, Cecil stated that the two countries have cooperated closely in the political, economic and cultural fields and maintained a high level of coordination on regional and international issues of common concern. We regard the Sino-Egyptian relations as the most important in the Egyptian-Egyptian friendship. The most prominent part. The promotion of the Egyptian-Chinese cooperative relationship to the level of comprehensive strategic partnership fully demonstrates that the leaders and people of the two countries are determined to continuously improve the level of cooperation, enhance people’s well-being, and further realize the people’s expectations for stability and development. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 30)

Chinese Premier Li Keqiang exchanged messages of congratulation with Egyptian Prime Minister Ismail and celebrated the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.

Li Keqiang said in his message that since the establishment of diplomatic ties 60 years ago, China and Egypt have always supported each other, respected and trusted each other, and the traditional friendship has endured. China-Egypt relations have become a model for China’s relations with Arab countries, China and African countries and South-South relations. In recent years, Sino-Egyptian relations have maintained a momentum of rapid development. The two countries have established a comprehensive strategic partnership and the breadth and depth of cooperation in various fields has continued to expand. China is ready to make joint efforts with Egypt to continuously enhance the traditional friendship between the two countries and deepen mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields so as to benefit the two countries and their peoples.

Ismail said in his message that Egypt and China have a long history of cooperation in various fields. I sincerely hope that the profound friendly relations between the two countries can be further strengthened and the two governments can continue to cooperate closely to benefit the people of Egypt and China. I wish China is prosperous and prosperous and the people are happy and well-being. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 30)

“People’s Daily” (May 31, 2016, version 02)
 
            

Xi Jinping wrote back to encourage future generations of Da Chendao old pioneers

Inherit and carry forward the reclaiming spirit of Dachen Island

On the day of the Children’s Day of the “1 June” coming soon, Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, president of the country, and chairman of the Central Military Commission, wrote back to 12 pupils from the Dachang Island old pioneers’ team in Jiaojiang District, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province. I wish them happy holidays. I wish the children of the whole country a happy holiday.

In his letter, Xi Jinping said that after reading your letter, I remembered my visit to Dachen Island 10 years ago and I remembered the conversation with your grandparents. 60 years ago, your grandparents moved away from home and boarded Dachen Island to start a pioneering enterprise. With youth and sweat, they cultivated a pioneering spirit of hard work, hard work, selfless dedication, and pioneering and innovation. As you said, they are the most respectable people.

Xi Jinping pointed out that in your letter, you said that you are the offspring of the old pioneers. I am very pleased to remember the grandfather and grandmother’s spirit of struggle and to study hard and defy character. When we grow up, we serve the motherland and the people. I hope that you will learn from grandparents, love the party, love the motherland, love the people, and strive to grow into a new generation of builders who are knowledgeable, worthy, and capable, and ready to contribute to the Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Dachen Island is located in the southeastern waters of Taizhou Bay in central Zhejiang. In 1956, 467 young volunteers from Zhejiang Province went to Dachen Island to participate in the construction of wasteland. On August 29, 2006, Xi Jinping, then secretary of the Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee, visited the island of Chendao and visited the old pioneers on the island. On April 27, 2010, Xi Jinping, then a member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo of the CPC Central Committee and the vice chairman of the country, wrote back to the DaChandao old pioneers. Recently, 12 primary school students in Jiaojiang District, Taizhou City wrote a letter to Xi Jinping in the name of the descendants of the Dachen Island remnants. He expressed his determination to inherit the spirit of Dachen Island’s reclamation, love learning, love labor, and love the motherland. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 31st)
 
            

Xi Jinping congratulates Duterte on his election as president of the Philippines

President Xi Jinping sent a telegram to Duterte on the 30th to congratulate him on his election as president of the Republic of the Philippines.

Xi Jinping said in his message that the friendly exchanges between China and the Philippines have a long history and the two peoples have a profound traditional friendship. A friendly, stable, and healthy development of China-Philippines relations is in the fundamental interest of the two countries and their peoples. Maintaining and deepening China-Philippine good neighborly friendship and mutually beneficial cooperation is the common responsibility of the leaders of the two countries. It is hoped that both sides will work together to promote the return of Sino-Philippine relations to a healthy development track.

Xi Jinping hopes that under the leadership of Duterte, the Filipino people will make new achievements on the road to national development and development. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 30)

“People’s Daily” (May 31, 2016, version 02)
 
            

General Secretary Xi Jinping’s letter to the descendants of Da Chendao old pioneers, 12 pupils from Jiaojiang District, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province

General Secretary Xi Jinping’s letter to the descendants of Da Chendao old pioneers, 12 pupils from Jiaojiang District, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province

Zhang Yiyi and other children:

How are you! After reading your letters, I remembered my visit to Dachen Island 10 years ago and I remembered the conversation with your grandparents. 60 years ago, your grandparents moved away from home and boarded Dachen Island to start a pioneering enterprise. With youth and sweat, they cultivated a pioneering spirit of hard work, hard work, selfless dedication, and pioneering and innovation. As you said, they are the most respectable people. Please say hello to your grandparents and villagers on my behalf.

In your letter, you said that you are the offspring of the old pioneers. I am very pleased to keep in mind the grandfather and grandmother’s spirit of struggle, to study hard, to learn from the character, and to serve the motherland and the people when they grow up. I hope that you will learn from grandparents, love the party, love the motherland, love the people, and strive to grow into a new generation of builders who are knowledgeable, worthy, and capable, and ready to contribute to the Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

“61” International Children’s Day is coming. I wish you a happy holiday and wish the children of the country a happy holiday. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 31st)
 
            

Xi Jinping Holds Talks with Togolese President Foley

The two sides agreed to jointly promote China-Tajikistan relations to a new level

On May 30, President Xi Jinping held talks with Togolese President Faure at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing. Before the talks, Xi Jinping held a welcoming ceremony for Forre in the square outside the East Gate of the Great Hall of the People.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Rao Aimin

People’s Daily Beijing May 30 (Reporter Li Weihong) President Xi Jinping held talks with Togolese President Faure in the Great Hall of the People on the 30th. The two heads of state agreed to promote the implementation of the Johannesburg Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation as an opportunity to promote bilateral relations. Another new level will bring more benefits to the peoples of the two countries.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the China-Thorland friendship has been created and nurtured by the President’s father Eyadema and several generations of leaders of New China. Since the establishment of diplomatic ties 44 years ago, the two countries have supported each other in the development process of their respective countries. China-Tunisia relations have become a model of sincere friendship, equality, mutual trust and mutual benefit between the large and small countries. At present, the multi-development strategy is in line with the strong economic complementarity and broad prospects for cooperation. We are willing to work together with many parties to promote the traditional friendship between China and China and to better serve the people of both countries.

Xi Jinping stressed that China and Cuba should strengthen mutual political trust, maintain the momentum of high-level exchanges, and strengthen friendly exchanges between the government, political parties, legislative bodies, and local governments. The two sides should play a role in consultation and coordination mechanisms such as politics, economy and trade, strengthen policy communication and planning guidance for bilateral cooperation, and promote the in-depth development of cooperation in various fields. China is willing to encourage Chinese enterprises and financial institutions to support the construction of Togo infrastructure projects in various forms and support multi-party establishment of an independent and sustainable industrial system. The Chinese side is willing to rely on China’s aided agricultural technology demonstration center to conduct mutually beneficial cooperation with various parties in fields such as grain cultivation, agricultural and fishery production, and product processing. It will help improve the agricultural added value and farmers’ income. The Chinese side is willing to strengthen cooperation with various parties in the areas of security such as piracy in the Gulf of Guinea and transnational organized crime, and help strengthen the building of national defense and stability. China is willing to strengthen exchanges and cooperation in various fields such as culture, education, tourism, youth, women, media, think tanks, etc., and consolidate the friendly sentiments and social foundations of the two countries. The two sides can also strengthen strategic cooperation on major international and regional issues such as peace and security in Africa and the 2030 sustainable development agenda, jointly safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries and promote the democratization of international relations.

Xi Jinping pointed out that China and Africa have always been a shared community of fate. The development of solidarity and cooperation with African countries has always been the cornerstone of China’s foreign policy. At present, China-Africa cooperation faces new opportunities. China will uphold the concept of true sincerity and the correct view of righteousness and profit, fully implement the results of the Johannesburg Summit of the China-Africa Cooperation Forum, combine the realization of its own development with the help of African development, and achieve win-win cooperation and common development.

Forre said that the friendship between China and China is long-standing and time-honored. Since the establishment of diplomatic ties 44 years ago, the two countries have achieved fruitful results in their mutually beneficial cooperation, and they thank the Chinese government and people for their long-standing support and help. Many parties are willing to strengthen cooperation in various fields with China and hope that China will continue to support Togo in improving people’s livelihood, developing agriculture, infrastructure construction, economic development in Lingang, peace and security. More Chinese enterprises are welcome to increase investment in Togo and participate in Togo’s economic and social development. Many parties will provide a good policy and legal environment for this purpose. Togo spoke highly of China’s important role in international affairs and appreciated China’s “One Belt and One Road” initiative. China is willing to work together with China to actively implement the results of the Johannesburg Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation. Togo resolutely pursues the one-China policy and believes that China is the most sincere friend of Togo and Africa.

After the talks, the heads of state of the two countries jointly witnessed the signing of bilateral cooperation documents in the fields of diplomacy, economy and technology, and infrastructure construction.

Before the talks, Xi Jinping held a welcoming ceremony for Foley at the square outside the East Gate of the Great Hall of the People. Shen Yueyue, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, State Councilor Yang Jiechi and Vice Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference Liu Xiaofeng attended the meeting.

“People’s Daily” (May 31, 2016, version 02)
 
            

The National Science and Technology Innovation Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Academies of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Association for Science and Technology Held in Beijing Xi Jinping Made an Important Speech

The National Science and Technology Innovation Conference The Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences The 9th National Congress of the Chinese Association for Science and Technology was held in Beijing

Xi Jinping made an important speech and stressed that in the development of a new historical starting point in China, science and technology innovation is placed in a more important position, sounding the clarion call to build a powerful world of science and technology. Technology is the weapon of the country. The country depends on it. Enterprises rely on it to win. People’s lives depend on it. China must be stronger. The Chinese people must live better and must have strong science and technology. The new period, new situation, and new tasks require us to have new ideas, new designs, and new strategies in technological innovation. To realize the goal of “two hundred years” and to realize the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must adhere to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, accelerate technological innovation in various fields, and grasp the opportunities for global technological competition. This is the starting point for our proposal to build a powerful country in the world.

Li Keqiang Hosts Zhang Dejiang Yu Zhengsheng Liu Yunshan Wang Yushan Present

The National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the 18th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the 13th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, and the 9th National Congress of the China Association for Science and Technology were grandly held in the Great Hall of the People on the morning of the 30th. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the State, Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. He emphasized that while science and technology are flourishing, the country is flourishing, and strong science and technology are stronger in the country. Today, we are holding this grand gathering here, that is to say, we must put scientific and technological innovation in a more important position in the development of a new historical starting point in our country, and sound the clarion call to build a strong country in the world of science and technology. To realize the goal of “two hundred years” and realize the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must adhere to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, face the frontiers of science and technology in the world, face the main battlefields of the economy, face the major needs of the country, and accelerate technological innovation in various fields. Master the global technological competition opportunities. This is the starting point for our proposal to build a powerful country in the world.

Li Keqiang presided over. Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, and Wang Qishan attended the meeting.

At 9 o’clock in the morning, the conference began and all stood up to sing the national anthem.

In warm applause, Xi Jinping made a speech. He pointed out that the goal of China’s scientific and technological development is to make China enter the ranks of innovative countries by 2020, to make China enter the forefront of innovative countries by 2030, and to make China a global technological powerhouse 100 years after the founding of New China. The academicians of the two academies and science and technology workers are the country’s wealth, the pride of the people, and the glory of the nation. Everyone has a great responsibility and a major mission. They should strive to make new and greater contributions to building an innovative country and building a strong world of science and technology.

Xi Jinping stressed that historical experience shows that the scientific and technological revolution can always profoundly change the world’s development pattern. In the process of the development of civilization that spans more than 5,000 years, the Chinese nation has created famous scientific and technological achievements. Since the founding of New China, especially since the reform and opening up, we have made unremitting efforts. Our country’s scientific and technological development has achieved great achievements attracting worldwide attention. The overall capability of science and technology has continued to increase. Some important fields have ranked among the best in the world, and they are in a quantum leap from the accumulation to the quality. The breakthrough has been an important period for the improvement of system capabilities.

Xi Jinping pointed out that looking at the history of human development, innovation has always been an important force for the development of a country and a nation, and it has always been an important force for the advancement of human society. No innovation, no slow innovation. If we do not change, change, or change, we may fall into the strategic passive, miss the opportunity for development, and even miss an entire era. Implementing innovation-driven development strategies is an inevitable choice for responding to changes in the development environment, grasping the right to develop autonomy, and improving core competitiveness. It is an inevitable choice for speeding up the transformation of economic development methods and solving deep-seated contradictions and problems in economic development. It is better to lead our economy. The inevitable choice for the development of the new normal and the sustained and healthy development of our country’s economy. We must thoroughly implement the new concept of development, implement in depth the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education and the strategy of strengthening China through talented people, intensify the implementation of innovation-driven development strategies, make overall plans, strengthen organizations, and optimize the overall layout of China’s scientific and technological development.

Xi Jinping put forward 5 requirements. The first is to lay a solid foundation for science and technology and rank among the world’s leading players in important scientific and technological fields. To promote the development of science and technology, we must accurately determine the direction of technological breakthroughs. Judgment will be able to seize the opportunity. Science and technology are global and contemporary. Development of science and technology must have a global perspective, grasp the pulse of the times, establish a development strategy in a timely manner, strengthen innovation and self-confidence, put forward more original theories, make more original discoveries, and strive to achieve leapfrogging in important areas of science and technology. development of.

The second is to strengthen strategic orientation and solve problems in innovation and development of science and technology. At present, the country’s need for strategic technological support is more urgent than ever before. The Party Central Committee has determined the long-term strategy of China’s science and technology for 2030 and decided to implement a number of major scientific and technological projects and projects. It must focus on the country’s major strategic needs, focus on breaking key core technologies, and seize the strategic high ground of the long-term and overall strategic strategy. To become a powerful country in science and technology and to become the world’s major scientific center and innovative highland, we must have a group of world-class scientific research institutions, research universities, and innovative companies, and we can continue to present a number of major original scientific achievements.

The third is to strengthen the supply of science and technology and serve the main battlefield of economic and social development. Scientific research must not only pursue knowledge and truth, but also serve the economic and social development and the broad masses of the people. Promoting sustained and healthy economic and social development in China, advancing structural reforms on the supply side, and fulfilling the tasks of “three visits, one drop and one supplement,” we must make a fundamental change in the internal driving force and vitality of development, and build more to rely on innovation to drive More leading-edge development with the advantage of first-mover advantage will substantially increase the supply of public science and technology, allowing people to enjoy more livable living environment, better medical and health services, and more reliable food and medicine.

The fourth is to deepen reform and innovation and form a dynamic technology management and operation mechanism. Technological innovation and institutional innovation should work together to make a concerted effort, and the two wheels will turn together. Our greatest advantage is that our country’s socialist system can concentrate its efforts on doing big things, and it must form a new mechanism for concentrating power on major issues under the conditions of the socialist market economy. We must take science and technology innovation as the core to lead the profound changes in the science and technology system and related systems. It is necessary to formulate and implement various policies to encourage technological innovation in enterprises, and to strengthen support for technological innovation of SMEs. It is necessary to optimize scientific research institutes and research universities’ scientific research, build a solid foundation of disciplines, and foster the development of new cross-disciplinary disciplines. We must respect the regional agglomeration laws of technological innovation and build a number of innovative cities and regional innovation centers with strong driving forces.

Fifth, we must promote the spirit of innovation and cultivate a contingent of qualified personnel who meet the requirements of innovation and development. Science and technology are human’s great creative activities. All scientific and technological innovation activities are made by people. The key to building a strong country in science and technology in the world is to build a team of innovative talents with large scale, reasonable structure and high quality. We must use our talents to inspire talents, innovate and practice talents, cultivate talents in innovation activities, and gather talents in innovative careers. We must use talented people in the world and let more Maxima race to make strides and strive to create A large number of strategic technology talents who can grasp the world’s scientific and technological trends and judge the direction of science and technology development, cultivate a large number of leading scientists and technicians who are good at cohesion and coordination, and cultivate a large number of entrepreneurs and high-skilled talents who are innovative and innovative. We must respect the characteristics of the scientific research’s inspiration, arbitrariness, and path uncertainty, allowing scientists to think freely, make bold assumptions, and earnestly verify. It is necessary to let the leading scientific and technological experts have the right to work, have greater decision-making power on the technological route, have greater control over the funds, and have greater power to mobilize resources. The government’s science and technology management department must pay attention to strategy, planning, policy, and service, and give full play to the advantages of national strategic science and technology forces.

Xi Jinping stressed that scientific and technological innovation and scientific popularization are the two wings to achieve the development of scientific and technological innovation. It is necessary to place scientific popularization in the same important position as scientific and technological innovation, popularize scientific knowledge, promote scientific spirit, disseminate scientific ideas, advocate scientific methods, and promote the entire society. Form a good atmosphere that stresses science, loves science, studies science, and uses science, so that the innovative wisdom contained in the middle of hundreds of millions of people is fully released and full of innovation power emerges.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering are the gathering places of China’s scientific and technological masters. We must play a good role in the country’s high-end science and technology think tanks and organize a large number of academicians to focus on the overall and long-term development of scientific and technological innovation and provide accurate, forward-looking, and timely information for national science and technology decisions. Suggest. We must give full play to the academic leading role of the highest academic institutions, grasp the trend of world science and technology development, and sharply grasp the new direction of the scientific and technological revolution. It is hoped that the majority of academicians will play a leading role in science and technology, unite and lead the nation’s scientific and technological circles, especially the vast number of young scientific and technological talents, to work for the building of a powerful country with world science and technology.

Xi Jinping pointed out that the organizations of the China Association for Science and Technology at all levels must adhere to the responsibilities of serving scientific and technological workers, serving innovation-driven development, improving the quality of scientific services for the entire people, and serving the party and the government in scientific decision-making. Innovation, organizing and innovating to take the initiative, promoting the prosperity of science and technology, and promoting scientific popularization and promotion.

Xi Jinping finally stressed that how much responsibility can be done to accomplish a lot of business, and how much responsibility can be accomplished. The academicians of the two academies and the broad masses of scientific and technological workers must carry forward the fine traditions of the Chinese scientific and technological circles in pursuing truth, serving the country, and benefiting the people, bravely shoulder heavy responsibilities, bravely climb the peaks, and should be the vanguards of building a strong world of science and technology. Let us bring up more than 1.3 billion Chinese people’s sails for a better life and launch a powerful engine for technological innovation. Let this Chinese ship steadily advance toward the world’s scientific and technological power, continue to advance towards the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and make a better future for humanity. keep going.

In Beijing, members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Secretary of the Central Secretariat, relevant leaders and comrades of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, State Councillors, President of the Supreme People’s Court, Chief Prosecutor of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate, and relevant leaders of the CPPCC National Committee attended the meeting.

The relevant departments of the central and state organs, people’s organizations, and various departments of the Central Military Commission, the chief comrades of the Armed Police Force and representatives of the General Assembly, about 4,000 people attended the meeting. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 30)
 
            

Xi Jinping congratulates Duterte on his election as president of the Philippines

President Xi Jinping sent a telegram to Duterte on the 30th to congratulate him on his election as president of the Republic of the Philippines.

Xi Jinping said in his message that the friendly exchanges between China and the Philippines have a long history and the two peoples have a profound traditional friendship. A friendly, stable, and healthy development of China-Philippines relations is in the fundamental interest of the two countries and their peoples. Maintaining and deepening China-Philippine good neighborly friendship and mutually beneficial cooperation is the common responsibility of the leaders of the two countries. It is hoped that both sides will work together to promote the return of Sino-Philippine relations to a healthy development track.

Xi Jinping hopes that under the leadership of Duterte, the Filipino people will make new achievements on the road to national development and development. (Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 30)