Li Keqiang’s speech Zhang Dejiang Yu Zhengsheng Liu Yunshan Wang Qishan Zhang Gaoli attended
From November 27 to 28, the central poverty alleviation and development work conference was held in Beijing. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping delivered an important speech.
Xinhua News Agency reporter Yu Pengshe
People’s Daily Online Beijing, November 28th The Central Government Poverty Alleviation and Development Work Conference was held in Beijing from November 27th to 28th. General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, Chairman of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission Xi Jinping attended the meeting and delivered an important speech. He stressed that eliminating poverty, improving people’s livelihood, and gradually realizing common prosperity are the essential requirements of socialism and are an important mission of our party. Completely building a well-to-do society is our solemn commitment to the people of the country. The charge has been sounded out of poverty. We must set a goal for Yugong to move to the mountains, set goals, work hard, and resolutely win the fight against poverty, and ensure that by 2020 all poor areas and poor people will enter a comprehensive well-to-do society.
Li Keqiang, member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Premier of the State Council, addressed the meeting. Zhang Dejiang, Yu Zhengsheng, Liu Yunshan, Wang Qishan, and Zhang Gaoli, members of the Politburo Standing Committee of the CPC Central Committee, attended the meeting.
Xi Jinping emphasized in his speech that the central government’s work conference on poverty alleviation and development was the first central work conference held after the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee and reflected the great importance the party Central Committee attaches to poverty alleviation and development work. The 5th Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee set out from the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way, and made it clear that by 2020, China’s rural poverty population will be lifted out of poverty, and all poverty-stricken counties will have their caps removed to address regional overall poverty. The main task of the conference is to implement the spirit of the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, analyze the situation and tasks facing the poverty era in which the well-to-do society has entered a stage of complete success, and make arrangements for the task of poverty alleviation in the current and future period, and mobilize the whole party and the whole country. The entire social forces make concerted efforts to win the fight against poverty.
Xi Jinping pointed out that since the founding of New China, our party has led the people in continuing to declare war on poverty. After 37 years of reform and opening up, we have succeeded in developing a road of poverty alleviation with Chinese characteristics, which has enabled more than 700 million rural people to escape poverty and lay a solid foundation for building a well-to-do society. China has become the country with the largest poverty reduction population in the world, and it is also the country that has taken the lead in completing the UN Millennium Development Goals. This achievement is enough to be included in the history of the development of human society. It is also sufficient to prove to the world the superiority of the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics.
Xi Jinping stressed that we must clearly understand that the current situation of poverty alleviation in China is still severe. As of the end of last year, there were still more than 70 million rural poor people in the country. The goal of poverty alleviation during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period is to stabilise the realization that the impoverished population in rural areas will not eat or wear clothing by the year 2020. The compulsory education, basic medical care, and housing security for the rural poor will be guaranteed. At the same time, the per capita disposable income of farmers in poverty-stricken areas will be realized. The growth rate of income is higher than the national average, and the indicators of basic public service areas are close to the national average. Poverty alleviation has reached the sprint stage of hard-bones and aggressive development. We must use greater resolve, clearer ideas, more precise measures, and extraordinary efforts to achieve our goal of poverty alleviation and never fall into a poverty-stricken area. Poor people.
Xi Jinping pointed out that we must adhere to accurate poverty alleviation and accurate poverty alleviation and focus on improving the effectiveness of poverty alleviation. The key is to find the right path, build a good system and mechanism, work out precise measures, advance precision work, and see actual results on accurate landing. It is necessary to solve the problem of “supporting who” and ensure that the true poor are clarified and that the poverty population, the level of poverty, and the causes of poverty are clarified, so as to make it possible for households to make decisions and to make decisions. We must solve the problem of “who will help” and accelerate the formation of a poverty alleviation and development mechanism centrally coordinated by the provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central government) and responsible for poverty alleviation and development by the cities (prefectures) and counties so that clear division of labor, clear responsibilities, and mission-to-manpower can be achieved. , assessment in place.
Xi Jinping stressed that we must solve the “how to help” problem and implement the “five batches” project in light of the specific conditions of the impoverished areas and the poor. The first is to develop production and eliminate poverty, guide and support all those who have the ability to work on their own hands to create a better tomorrow, based on local resources, and achieve poverty alleviation on the spot. The second is that ex situ relocation removes a group of poor people. It is difficult for the poor to achieve poverty alleviation on the spot. They must be relocated in accordance with planning, annual and planned implementation to ensure that they are able to relocate, live steadily, and become rich. Thirdly, ecological compensation has lifted a certain number of poverty-stricken areas, intensified the restoration of ecological protection in poverty-stricken areas, increased transfer payments in key ecological function areas, and expanded the scope of policy implementation so that poor people with labor capacity can be converted into forest protection personnel and other ecological protection personnel on the spot. The fourth is to develop education for poverty alleviation, to cure the poor first to control the stupidity, to help the poor to support the wisdom, the state education funding must continue to tilt to poor areas, tilt to basic education, to vocational education, to help poor areas improve the conditions for running schools, rural poor families Young children, especially left-behind children, are given special care. Fifth, a group of social security enterprises are at the bottom of the list. People who have lost their ability to work wholly or in part in the poverty-stricken population are under the cover of social protection, coordinating rural poverty alleviation standards and rural minimum living security standards, and intensifying other forms of social assistance. To strengthen medical insurance and medical assistance, the new rural cooperative medical care and critical illness insurance policies should be tilted toward the poor. We must attach great importance to the efforts of the old revolutionary base areas to get rid of poverty.
Xi Jinping pointed out that precision poverty alleviation is to get rid of poverty precisely. To set a timetable and achieve an orderly exit, we must prevent delays and prevent impatience. We must set aside a buffer period and implement the policy of picking off hats for a certain period of time. To implement a rigorous assessment, acceptance should be based on the standard of cap removal. It is necessary to implement the door-to-door sales numbers so that poverty alleviation can be achieved, and poverty alleviation needs to be calculated together with the masses, and the people must be accounted for.
Xi Jinping stressed that the more they fight off poverty, the more they must strengthen and improve the party’s leadership. Party committees and governments at all levels must be confident and courageous to take responsibility, shoulder the responsibility for poverty eradication and grasp the task of poverty reduction. Leading cadres at all levels must maintain tenacious work style and hard work, and work enthusiasm to do a good job of poverty alleviation. The party committees and governments that are tasked with poverty alleviation and severe tasks must grasp poverty alleviation as the top priority during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period and the first livelihood project, and insist on taking the poverty alleviation efforts to take the overall economic and social development. A letter of responsibility for poverty alleviation must be signed at all levels and military orders must be issued. It is necessary to establish an annual poverty alleviation report and supervision system to strengthen supervision and accountability. It is necessary to regard poverty alleviation and achievement as an important basis for selecting and appointing cadres, to identify and identify cadres in the first line of poverty alleviation, and to encourage cadres at all levels to show their skills in the battlefield of poverty alleviation. We must organically integrate the rural grass-roots party organizations with poverty alleviation, and select the top leaders and strong leadership groups.
Xi Jinping pointed out that investment in poverty alleviation and development must be matched with the requirements of winning the fight against poverty. The central government’s special poverty alleviation funds and central infrastructure investment funds for poverty alleviation should reflect the need to step up poverty alleviation efforts. The central government’s general transfer payments and various special transfer payments involving the people’s livelihood should be further tilted toward poverty-stricken areas. Provincial-level finance and counterparts in poverty-stricken eastern regions should increase funding for poverty alleviation. It is necessary to increase the integration of poverty alleviation funds. We must do a good job of helping the poor in the financial sector to accelerate the pace of innovation and innovation in rural finance. It is necessary to strengthen the sun management of poverty alleviation funds, concentrate on rectification and investigation of duty crimes in the field of poverty alleviation, and severely punish the misappropriation of funds, the interception at all levels, the false reporting of false leads, and profusion of wasteful funds for poverty alleviation.
Xi Jinping stressed that poverty alleviation and prosperity must ultimately be achieved by poor people using their own hard work. There is no mountain higher than people, and there is no longer than the foot. We must attach great importance to giving full play to the pioneering spirit of the grassroots cadres and the masses, let their hearts heat up and act and rely on hard work to change poverty and backwardness. We must mobilize all social forces to participate in poverty alleviation.
Li Keqiang pointed out in his speech that winning the fight against poverty is a major task in achieving the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way. While fully affirming China’s achievements in poverty alleviation and development, we must also soberly see that the task of poverty alleviation and development is still arduous and arduous, and the remaining are hard-to-find “hard bones.” We must come up with hard measures to ensure that we will achieve the goal of poverty eradication, and we must never allow poor areas and poor people to fall behind in the process of building a well-to-do society. It is necessary to focus on enhancing the development capacity of contiguous contiguous poverty-stricken areas. Major infrastructure projects and major ecological projects such as transportation, water conservancy, electricity, and information identified in the national “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” should be tilted toward these areas, and subsidies for rural road construction should be appropriately increased. The implementation of the rural drinking water safety consolidation and upgrading project, the development and implementation of the impoverished village power power planning, and accelerating the broadband network coverage of poor villages, and gradually returning farmland to forests and grasslands on the steep slope of more than 25 degrees. Adjusting and improving the income distribution policy for resource development will benefit local and people more. We must make good use of the new type of urbanization and agricultural modernization to promote the use of radiation for poverty alleviation, and enable qualified agricultural transfer populations and their families to settle in impoverished areas. The state’s policies, funds, and projects for supporting “three rural issues” should be tilted toward impoverished areas to implement poverty-stricken villages. “One village, one product” industry promotion action. During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, about 10 million poor people will be resettled by poverty alleviation and relocation to ensure that the relocation target has a stable business and stable poverty alleviation. We must use precision assistance to promote the improvement of people’s livelihood in poverty-stricken areas, and export labor services, develop industries, strengthen training, and promote entrepreneurship to promote the employment of the working poor, so as to find a way out of poverty. Strengthen poverty alleviation through education. High school students from poor families must be exempted from tuition and miscellaneous fees, and expand targeted admission programs for poor colleges and universities in key universities. We will promote the full coverage of serious medical insurance, improve the capacity of medical services in impoverished areas, and strengthen prevention and treatment of infectious diseases and endemic diseases. Accelerate the transformation of dilapidated buildings in rural poverty areas. All or part of the impoverished population who have lost their ability to work will be included in the rural minimum guarantee.
Li Keqiang emphasized that it is necessary to take more powerful policies and measures to vigorously support poverty alleviation, increase the central government’s transfer payments to poor areas, increase the scale of special poverty relief funds, establish poverty alleviation and refinancing, and implement more favorable loans than support agriculture. Interest rates, through tax incentives, discount interest support, financial awards, and bridge loans, financing guarantees, risk compensation and other mechanisms, encourage financial institutions to innovate financial aid products and services, and guide various elements such as capital, land, human resources, technology, and management. Poverty-stricken areas have gathered and mobilized all social forces to form a powerful force for poverty alleviation.
Wang Yang, member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and leader of the State Council Leading Group for Poverty Alleviation and Development, said in a concluding speech that the entire party must conscientiously study and implement the spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech, effectively integrate ideas and actions into the decision-making and deployment of the Party Central Committee, and ensure that the poverty alleviation process Proceed in the right direction. The party and government leading cadres at all levels should work at the above rates, earnestly and practically, and form a concerted effort. Poverty-stricken areas must proceed from reality, focus on solving key problems, advance with the times and innovate in poverty alleviation methods, truly focus on the masses to get rid of poverty, make practical moves, do not engage in formalism to help the poor, and do not build image projects. We must improve the mechanism, mobilize the enthusiasm and creativity of all parties, especially the poor, and resolutely win the fight against poverty.
During the conference, the chief comrades of the party and government in the 22 provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities in the central and western regions signed the letter of responsibility for poverty alleviation to the central government. Responsible comrades from six provinces and regions including Jiangxi, Guangxi, Guizhou, Tibet, Gansu, and Xinjiang gave speeches.
Members of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, Secretary of the Central Secretariat, and state councilors attended the meeting.
Province, autonomous region, municipality directly under the Central Government, and separately listed cities, Party and government chief comrades of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, members of the Central Rural Work Leading Group, State Council Leading Group for Poverty Alleviation and Development, relevant units of the central and state organs, the National People’s Congress and relevant special committees of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, Responsible comrades, including middle management enterprises, military and armed police forces, attended the meeting.
“People’s Daily” (November 29, 2015, 01 edition)