One year of comprehensive deepening reforms
“This year, we are keen on pushing forward reforms, leaving a lot of tough bones and introducing a series of major reforms…” In the New Year’s Eve on the eve of 2015, Xi Jinping used confident words to review the beginning of the comprehensive deepening reforms. Achievements.
Over the past year or so, reforms have accelerated their progress. In 2014, the 80 major reform tasks identified by the Central Leading Group for Deepening Reforms were basically completed. In addition, the relevant central government departments also completed 108 reform tasks, and a total of 370 reform measures were introduced… The number and frequency of reform deployments are high. The intensity of the effort is unprecedented.
Taking the initiative as a responsibility to promote the linkage between the upper and the lower;
The hoof progressed steadily, sparking an upsurge of thousands of sails.
In the first year of deep reforms, the tide of reforms began to escalate in a move that led to reforms. The reform picture was launched in a new initiative, and the overall deepening of reforms was like smashing wings and flying in the wind.
Strategy and management
— The Party Central Committee, with its firm determination and dedication, courage and wisdom of perseverance, grasped the overall situation, examined the situation, coordinated consideration and scientific implementation, and led the comprehensive and deepening of reforms.
December 30, 2014, Zhongnanhai. The “Comprehensive Report on the Comprehensive Deepening of the Reform Work in 2014” was presented to the participants attending the 8th meeting of the Central Deepening Reform Leading Group.
This report is not only an inventory of all the work since the inception of the comprehensive reform, but is also an exhausted report card.
General Secretary Xi Jinping used highly concise language to outline the progress and effectiveness of comprehensively deepening reforms.
“The reforms have formed a good situation in which the upper and lower linkages take the initiative, take actions as a hoof, and steadily implement the conditions.”
“Showing a vivid scene of full sowing and blooming.”
“Major progress and positive results have been achieved in some important areas and key areas”;
“Strongly promoted the work of stabilizing growth, restructuring, benefiting the people, and preventing risks…”
Time backtracking. More than a year ago, the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee made arrangements for comprehensively deepening reforms. The overall goal of comprehensively deepening reforms was to improve and develop the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and to advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities.
In order to achieve this overall goal, the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee put forward blueprints for comprehensively deepening reforms, including economic, political, cultural, social, ecological civilization, and party building, and involved 336 important reform initiatives.
——These reforms are not only hard bones that have been debated for many years, have large resistance to reforms, and have remained unmoved for many years, but also involve “multi-sectoral” and multi-sectoral, cross-different fields and lead the whole body.
——These reforms not only have outstanding problems facing the current economic and social development, but also aim at the concrete measures for establishing reforms. They also have the long-term development aiming at both the root causes and the system construction.
Only hardships are more courageous. Only its grinding, it was Yucheng.
“In the first year of reform, we must not let go of guns, but rather do it with real guns!” The steadfast will and determination of General Secretary Xi Jinping buzzed with the rumbling of the rumbling of the reform.
The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee ended more than a month. On December 30, 2013, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee convened a meeting and decided to establish the Central Committee headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Liu Yunshan, and Zhang Gaoli as the deputy heads of the Central Committee. Comprehensively deepen the reform leading group.
China’s top leader personally led the event and attracted high attention both at home and abroad. Public opinion believes that this reflects the importance, arduousness, and seriousness of China’s comprehensive deepening of the great cause of reform.
In the past year, under the direct leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping, the Central Committee has comprehensively deepened the reforms. The leading group has worked on the layout of the overall goals, viewed the overall situation, inspected the general trend, and pursued major events. It has always firmly grasped the correct direction, and has steered and led the overall deepening of the voyage of reform.
Strong organizational leadership to ensure the correct course of reform –
In 2014, General Secretary Xi Jinping hosted the Central Leading Group Conference on Deepening Reforms eight times. The “Eighth Review” has an iconic important reform plan. The goal, path and method of the “Eighth Theory” reform, and the implementation of the reform from the strategic and operational levels. Make specific deployments.
From emphasizing the full mobilization of the polarities of all parties to emphasizing the emphasis on implementation as the key to advancing reforms, from emphasizing reforms, we must persist in grasping specific issues, and guiding the general cadres and the masses to work together for reforms and to work together for reform; Put forward strict control over the quality of the reform plan, strictly inspecting the reforms, and stressing the use of the rule of law and the rule of law to advance reforms; encouraging the grass-roots people to actively emancipate their minds and actively exploring the interaction between the top-level design of the reform and grass-roots explorations. Work style, one-handedly review the important reform issues that are symbolic, single-handedly study and coordinate the advancement of reforms in various fields, and promote the vigorous, orderly and effective implementation of the reform in the first years of the year.
All localities and departments have also quickly established and improved the working mechanism under the leadership of the Party Committee (Party Group), leading the overall deepening of the reform work.
General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that he must do a good job in designing projects based on in-depth investigations. The reform plan must be run on problems, actively take the initiative to understand the problems, and do practical investigations, solicit opinions, and assess the key links, so as to achieve accurate results. Precision guidance.
The leading group regularly reviews major reform plans, conducts in-depth assessments of the feasibility, operability, and existing problem risks of the program, and clarifies the political bottom line and the bottom line of social stability. Major issues are brought to the meeting of the Standing Committee of the Central Political Bureau and the Politburo of the Central Committee for consideration. Major reforms are full of arguments and scientific decisions.
In the face of arduous and arduous reform tasks, the leading group adhered to a scientific approach, focused on major reforms with a structural support role, selected key issues that triggered the whole body as a breakthrough, and carried out pilot explorations on major problems to fully demonstrate The party’s determination, strength, and self-confidence in pushing forward reforms.
Clear and clear “construction drawings” lead the reform steadily –
The second round of the Central Deepening Reform Leading Group put forward the general requirements for the reform work in the round-phase phase, formulated the key points for the work in 2014, and eliminated the 80 key reform tasks to be completed in the year to be supervised and controlled. At the fourth meeting of the Leading Group, it reviewed and adopted the “Implementation Plan for the Major Reform Initiatives of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th Party Congress (2014-2020)”, which clarified the goals, paths, time nodes, and deadlines of the 336 important initiatives. The form of inspection results has drawn a complete system of large-scale construction drawings for the comprehensive deepening of reforms in the next seven years.
In August and December 2014, the leading group reviewed and approved the report on the progress of the comprehensive deepening of the reform work in the first half of the year and the summary report of the comprehensive deepening of the reform work in 2014. The experience and inadequacies were summed up in a timely manner to clarify the direction of improvement measures. The key points of the work of the leading group in 2015 and the implementation of the important measures of the Party’s 18th Fourth Plenary Session in 2015 will be put forward, and a clear deployment will be made in advance for the reform task of the new year.
Deepen the pace of reform in an all-round way, and proceed clearly and steadily under the clear label of one work node after another.
Constantly deepening the strategic layout, laying the groundwork for the reform of the rule of law –
“All major reforms must be based on law.” This important assertion made by General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly points out the dialectical unity between “reform” and “rule of law,” and has enabled the comprehensive deepening of reforms to be included in the rule of law from the beginning. .
In October 2014, the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee passed the “Decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Comprehensively Promoting Certain Major Issues of Governing the Country According to Law.”
Four days after the closing of the plenary session, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out at the sixth meeting of the Central Leading Group for the Comprehensive Deepening of Reform that the 190 reform measures that are of significance to governing the country according to law should be included in the general ledger of reform tasks, integrated deployment and integration. Implementation, one supervision.
The two plenary sessions, the two major themes, and the two decisions became the order of the overall strategy of the Party Central Committee for managing the country with Comrade Xi Jinping as the general secretary on the timeline. They formed companion articles such as the two wings of Dapeng and the two wheels of chariots. To jointly realize the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way, and jointly advance the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
Linked chain to promote the implementation of reform measures to achieve –
“Implementation plan must be in place, implementation action must be in place, supervision and inspection must be in place, reform results must be in place, propaganda and guidance must be put in place.” General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward the “five in place” clear Claim.
We must promptly sum up local reforms and promote the reforms. We must promptly greet the signs of sexual orientation, and set up the Inspectorate Bureau of the Central Reform Office to be responsible for the supervision of the reform plan. We must stress that everyone should manage, stare, push, and do everything. , To emphasize the need to assess the acceptance of the reform results, not completed or completed in place to be responsible for accountability … … the leadership team has always been grasping implementation as an important political responsibility.
From leaving room for policy in major reform programs, encouraging differentiated exploration in different regions, and advancing the experience of proven and effective, replicable, and disseminative values in a timely manner… The leading group continuously promotes the reform of top-level design and The grassroots explore organic integration.
From the point of view of how many practical problems have been solved and people’s satisfaction with problem solving as the evaluation criteria, we must keep our eyes on the implementation of pilot projects, and we must follow down the steps, respect the practice of grass-roots people, and solve outstanding problems faced by the masses in production and life. The group has always focused on making the reform’s ideas, decisions, and measures better meet the people’s demands, so that the reforms are for the masses, reforms rely on the masses, and reforms benefit the people.
In the past year, reforms and deployments have been carried out in an all-round manner, and reforms have gradually advanced in depth. One problem and one problem are solved and solved. One node and one node are solidly promoted, and one program and one program are launched in an orderly manner…. With a series of iconic, critical, and guiding reform measures taking root, some important fields and key links Hard ice is being broken, and a profound transformation is taking place in the land of China.
In the year of comprehensively deepening the reform, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the general secretary made overall plans for the overall planning, overall advancement, and key breakthroughs, setting aside a good dose of medicine to eliminate stubborn diseases. The effective implementation of the reform measures, the quickness of action, and the high efficiency allowed the people of the world to shine their eyes and bring the spirit of the whole party to the country.
The world public opinion believes that “China’s reforms have exceeded expectations in scope and intensity and have surprised both domestic and foreign countries.” “The Chinese leadership has proved to the outside world that they have the ability to make tough decisions and implement them wisely.”
More breakthroughs and advancement
——The economic system has achieved remarkable results, providing vitality and impetus for economic development under the new normal
The macroeconomic data just released by the National Bureau of Statistics shows that in 2014, the Chinese economy continued to grow steadily under the new normal. The operation was in a reasonable range. At the same time, the structure was more optimized and the driving force was more abundant. It showed good resilience and sufficient potential. Large swing space.
Under the complicated and changing international environment and the “three-phase superposition” in the domestic context, China’s economic growth shifts, and the economic system reforms have been swift. With regard to the core issue of handling the relationship between the government and the market, it is important to focus on the constraints of economic development. In the field and key links, a series of reforms are highlighted. It is this key move to comprehensively deepen reforms, which ensures that China’s economic express trains are not stalled.
Over the past year or so, the reform of the economic system has been in full swing and has been a good show.
– Reforms, sword refers to the system of defects.
The fiscal and taxation system has always played a basic, institutional, and supportive role in national governance. Although it has undergone many adjustments and improvements, it has never touched on deep-seated contradictions. Policy patching has been unable to solve fundamental problems. It is imperative that a systemic innovation and systemic reconstruction be made. On June 30, 2014, the Politburo of the Central Committee passed the “Overall Plan for Deepening the Reform of the Fiscal and Tax System,” clarifying three key tasks of improving the budget management system, deepening the reform of the taxation system, and adjusting the financial relations between the central and local governments.
In accordance with the reforms and deployment of fiscal and taxation system reforms, a series of reform measures have been introduced in terms of boosting structural adjustment, stimulating market dynamism and, in particular, speeding up the phasing out of modern service industries and strategic emerging industries. Vigorously revitalize fiscal stock funds, reform and improve the central-to-local transfer payment system, speed up the establishment of a standardized local government debt financing mechanism, and further expand the trials for the reform and increase of investment to the railway transportation industry, postal service industry, and telecommunications industry. Coal resource tax ad valorem The implementation of reforms will be implemented nationwide, improve taxation policies that promote employment and entrepreneurship, support the development of small and micro enterprises, reduce and standardize enterprise-related fees, and clear and standardize taxation and other preferential policies.
The overall plan for deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises entered the system design stage. The compensation for the heads of some central enterprises was too high, and the gap between them and ordinary employees was too great. Some of the heads of central government enterprises had suffered from problems such as the large number of reimbursement of personal expenses in the “consumption of jobs”. . In August 2014, the central government decided to adjust the unreasonable and excessively high income of the person in charge of the central management company and set upper limit standards for official vehicles, office buildings, business entertainment, domestic travel, etc., and it is strictly prohibited. The payment of public funds to the company’s responsible person shall be subject to various expenses such as consumer entertainment activities. A series of powerful reform measures were introduced, trying to block the “four winds” loopholes in state-owned enterprises from the source, with a firm attitude and decisive measures, highlighting the strong determination of the central government to eradicate stubbornness and impoverishment, and was known by the common people as a “great heart”. Act of”.
– Reform and market vitality.
The first drama of the economic system reform—the reform of the administrative examination and approval system was further advanced and unprecedented. The State Council focused on the investment and production fields, cancelled the decentralization of more than 700 items of administrative examination and approval, implemented the list of enterprises’ fees and charges, and reformed the commercial system. Implementation of the “first license according to license” and registered capital subscription registration system… from promoting the establishment of a “power list”, “responsibility list”, “negative list” and corporate services “a net” to the revision of government approved investment projects Catalogues, innovations and key areas of investment and financing mechanisms to encourage social investment, a reform initiative directly refers to the “approval”, “difficulty in approval” stubborn illness, to release a strong signal of simple administration and decentralization.
Drug prices, oil prices, gas prices, water prices, fares… Over the years, when it comes to the issue of the prices of the people’s livelihoods, the government has difficulties, companies have difficulties, and people have Tucao. Breaking down the monopoly barriers in the industry and implementing open and transparent market-based pricing have become the highlight of this round of reforms. The State Council seized a favorable time window and focused on reforms as its guideline to promote steady growth, structural adjustment, and benefiting the livelihood of the people. The prices of 26 commodities and services, including telecom services and non-public hospital medical services, were gradually released, and railway tariff regulation was relaxed and implemented. The residents’ domestic water use and gas price ladder system was used to launch pilot reforms of Xinjiang cotton, northeastern and Inner Mongolia soybean target prices… More in line with market rules, and a more sensitive pricing mechanism has gradually taken shape.
The financial reforms that have been pinned high hopes have made solid strides in liberalizing market access since last year. In accordance with the unified arrangements of the Central Party Committee, the State Council carefully grasped and gradually progressed, steadily promoted the marketization of interest rate exchange rates, expanded the range of issuance of interbank certificates of deposit, and liberalized the market access of financial institutions. The first batch of five pilot private banks were allowed to build and the deposit insurance system was built. Make substantial progress. Perfecting the delisting system of listed companies, the “Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect” was officially launched, and the marketization of capital elements has taken an important step.
– Reforms, and reserve momentum for the future.
Technology supports development and innovation leads the future. At present, the world’s new round of science and technology and industrial revolution are ready to come. All countries in the world are rushing to adjust and adapt and implement the necessary reforms. Following the trend of the times, based on China’s actual conditions, it is imperative for China’s economic development to enter a new normal, cultivate and inject new impetus, and comprehensively deepen the reform of the science and technology system.
Based on problem orientation, the central government has accelerated the pace of reform of the science and technology system: in response to the fragmentation of scientific and technological plans and the lack of focus on the orientation of scientific research projects, it has issued plans to deepen the management reforms of the central government’s financial science and technology plans (special projects, funds, etc.); Problems such as the repeated construction of facilities, decided to open the country’s major scientific research infrastructure and large-scale scientific research instruments to the society; and took measures to improve and improve the academician system in light of problems such as administrative and utilitarian problems in the selection process of the academicians; at the same time, they promoted Zhongguancun in a wider range. Pilot policy, accelerating the construction of national independent innovation demonstration zones, and selecting some central-level public institutions to carry out trials of the use, disposal, and income reform of scientific and technological achievements. The proposal for a package of technological reforms will surely promote new industries, new technologies, and new business conditions. The rise of the emerging productive forces represented by China has injected an impetus for China’s future development.
— Reforms to expand space for development.
As new industrialization and urbanization continue to advance and new changes are taking place in the development of agriculture, how to use the market mechanism to activate the potential of rural production factors, accelerate the development of modern agriculture, and increase the income of farmers through new rounds of land system reform have become new. Times proposition.
In 2014, the Party Central Committee initiated the reform of “three plots” of rural contracted land, collective construction land, and homestead. Guide the orderly transfer of farmland management rights in rural areas, stressing that farmers’ right to land contractual management should be divided into contracting rights and operating rights, and that the separation of contracting rights and management rights be implemented in parallel. Deployed rural land expropriation, collectively-operated construction land for market entry, and reform of the homestead system, and adhered to the three bottom lines of not changing the nature of public ownership of land, not breaking through the red line of arable land, and not damaging the interests of peasants, and proceeding in an orderly manner on the basis of pilots, emphasizing that crimes must not be committed. Disruptive mistakes.
As an open economic power and an active participant in the international economic system, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as general secretary, China has taken an active role and participated more in the formulation of international rules, sending out Chinese voices, presenting China’s plan, and showing China. Wisdom, integrated into the world economy with a more open attitude, and lead the direction of international cooperation.
The Party Central Committee has firmly grasped the period of strategic opportunities for profound adjustments in the international political and economic structure, established strategic objectives to promote a higher level of opening to the outside world, and successively played a combination boxing in accelerating the construction of an open and new economic system: the proposal to construct the Silk Road Economic Belt. In the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, it is proposed to establish an Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and Silk Road Fund, build a China (Shanghai) Free Trade Pilot Zone and summarize and promote pilot experiences, deepen the reform of foreign investment management methods based on the filing system, and promote trade. Investment facilitation, proposing to promote the establishment of the Asia-Pacific Free Trade Area initiative… On this basis, it proposes an overall strategy for building an open economy-based new system, and conducts top-level design of China’s opening up pattern in the future, constantly cultivating new competitive advantages.
We will comprehensively deepen the reform of the economic system, actively adjust to the new normal with the posture of reform, and lead China’s economic development into a new stage. The tide of comprehensively deepening the reform of the economic system is sweeping away all barriers that hinder development, restrain the vitality, and inhibit innovation, allowing the inflow of all sources of wealth and the ability to innovate.
Solid foundation, long-term perspective
—— The deepening of the reform of the political system and the new pace of institutionalized legal construction
Comprehensively deepening the overall goal of reform, clearly marking the era proposition of system modernization – perfecting and developing the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity.
To promote the building of socialist democracy, we must adhere to the organic unity of the party’s leadership, the people’s ownership, and the rule of law. At the first meeting of the Central Leading Group for Deepening Reform, General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly pointed out: “We must firmly grasp the correct direction of the reform. When it comes to fundamental issues such as roads, theories, and systems, we must stand firm and have a clear-cut stand before major issues and major issues. .”
The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress focuses on promoting the legislation in key areas, adopting the decision to abolish the legal provisions concerning labor re-education, the resolution on adjusting and perfecting the reproductive policy, and the decision to authorize pilot projects for the expeditious processing of criminal cases in some regions. The Constitution’s “Budget Law” was completed for the first time in 20 years. It was officially implemented as the most stringent environmental protection law in history. The National People’s Congress Standing Committee established the National Day of Remembrance in a legislative form and passed a memorial to determine the victory of the Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japan. Japan’s decision, the decision to establish a national public sacrifice festival for the victims of Nanjing massacre, the decision to establish a memorial day for the martyrs, the decision to establish a national constitution day, and the formulation of opinions on the implementation of the implementation of the statutory principles of taxation……Scientific legislation, democratic legislation The roadmap is gradually clear.
At the same time, the National People’s Congress and its standing committee have launched a series of reform measures to strengthen thematic inquiry and supervision, and to closely communicate with the masses of the people. They have continuously pushed forward the theory and practice innovation of the NPC system.
The CPPCC formulated an annual consultation plan on strengthening consultative democracy and improved the system of bi-weekly talks. The Central Party Committee formulated the opinions on strengthening the construction of socialist deliberative democracy and continued to focus on strengthening party consultations, government consultations, consultations with the CPPCC, actively conducting NPC consultations, grass-roots consultations, people-group consultations, gradually exploring social organization consultations, and promoting the establishment of procedures that are reasonable and complete. Deliberative democracy system.
Intellectual resources are the most precious resource of a country and a nation. The governance of the country must be good at concentrating wisdom in all aspects and condensing the most extensive power. The more arduous and arduous the task of reform and development, the greater the need for strong intellectual support.
The Party Central Committee has taken strategic heights of advancing scientific and democratic policy-making, advancing modernization of national governance systems and governance capabilities, and strengthening national soft power. It has taken the construction of new-type think tanks with Chinese characteristics as a major and urgent task, and has taken timely steps to strengthen China’s implementation. The opinions of the new-type think tank construction provide a roadmap for further improving the decision-making consultation system and forming a new-type think tank system with Chinese characteristics with clear positioning, distinctive characteristics, moderate scale, and reasonable layout.
Justice is the last line of defense for fairness and justice. Advancing the reform of the judicial system is a matter of deepening the reform of the political system.
In the past year, a reform measure aimed at establishing a fair and efficient authoritative judicial system has been introduced in an orderly manner:
— The Central Leading Group for Deepening Reforms in an All-round Way reviewed and adopted the “Framework Opinions on Several Issues Concerning the Pilot Project Reform of the Judicial System.” Pilot work was initiated in six provinces such as Shanghai, and substantial progress was made in the reform of the judicial system.
– The establishment of intellectual property courts in Beijing, Shanghai, and Guangdong to further strengthen the use and protection of intellectual property, stimulate social creativity, provide a strong impetus for the construction of innovative countries, and create a good legal environment for a fair and competitive socialist market economic order .
——Establish a national judicial assistance system and increase the degree of judicial disclosure; In accordance with the requirements of “Let the judges pass, the judges are responsible”, try to reform the trial right operation mechanism in 12 intermediate and basic-level courts; formulate a framework for deepening public security reforms. And so on, a number of basic and institutional measures have been introduced.
— The Supreme People’s Court set up a circuit court to carry out trials for the establishment of cross-administrative district people’s courts and people’s procuratorates to further standardize the disposal of financial assets involved in criminal proceedings. The party’s decision to deploy at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee achieved “early harvest” and achieved leadership. The group’s request to “open a new facade to stand at a high starting point”.
– The issue of “letters for petitioning and non-lettering” has become increasingly prominent. The central government has formulated “Opinions on the Handling of Letters and Calls Involving Lawsuits Related to Law” and has begun to establish systems for involving legal complaints and petitions to end the system and put lawsuits and appeals involving laws and regulations on the track of the rule of law. .
A picture of the reforms that govern the country with the system and the law is more clearly presented to the eyes of the world and the superiority of our country’s socialist political system has become more prominent.
Grasp the direction and stimulate vitality
——The reform of the cultural system has been pioneered to promote the great development and prosperity of socialist culture
Culture is the gene of a nation and it is the soul of dreams. With the rapid economic and social development, the people’s demand for cultural life has continued to increase.
The Party Central Committee attaches great importance to the reform of the cultural system. The “Implementation Plan for Deepening the Reform of the Cultural System” is one of the earliest deliberation and reform programs approved in the year of comprehensively deepening the reform. At present, 31 provinces, districts, and cities have all issued specific implementation plans in accordance with the requirements of the central government, and the reform of the cultural system is progressing steadily.
In advancing the reform of the cultural system, we must implement the overall thinking and general requirements for comprehensively deepening reforms. We must also fully consider the characteristics and special requirements of the cultural field, always uphold the direction of advanced socialist culture, and overall handle ideological attributes and commodity attributes, as well as society. The relationship between benefits and economic benefits promotes the overall prosperity of the cultural undertaking, the rapid development of the cultural industry, and the inheritance of excellent traditional culture.
Over the past year, the reform of the cultural system has been pioneering in a new starting point. It has focused on cultivating and promoting the core values of socialism, focusing on innovative institutional mechanisms, enhancing development dynamism, strengthening oriented management, prospering literary creations, and introducing more outstanding products. Masterpiece. The various reform measures were initiated in turn and carefully implemented. The 96 key annual tasks were all completed. The reforms were promoted and pushed forward in depth, leading to the improvement of the quality and efficiency of cultural development. The cultural construction presented a new atmosphere, a new look and a new pattern. The main melody is louder and more positive.
We will vigorously promote the standardization and equalization of the public cultural service system, promote the cultural and people-friendly projects in an in-depth manner, increase public cultural support for the poor and poor areas, and guide social participation. The “Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of a Modern Public Cultural Service System” was announced to the public, like a construction drawing for cultural and people’s livelihoods, proclaiming the solemn promises of the party and the government.
The central and related departments formulated 38 policy documents to rationalize the internal and external propaganda system and the press, broadcasting, film and television management system, and intensively introduced a series of cultural and economic policies involving supporting the transformation of business cultural units into enterprise restructuring and the development of cultural enterprises and promoting cultural creativity. The development of design services and related industries, accelerating the development of foreign cultural trade, and supporting the prosperity and development of the film are all positive, providing strong support for cultural reform and development.
We must adhere to the correct institutional mechanism of public opinion guidance, strengthen internal management, integrate media resources, and achieve integrated development of internal and external publicity. The “Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Convergence and Development of Traditional Media and Emerging Media” was issued and the whole media dissemination system is beginning to take shape.
The Party Central Committee set up a cyber security and informationization leading group to strengthen the management of Internet websites, Internet news, and Internet new technology applications, and the Internet public space was significantly clarified.
Deepen the reform of state-owned cultural enterprises to take new steps, explore the establishment of a modern enterprise system with cultural characteristics, and promote cultural enterprises to always put social benefits first, and achieve social and economic benefits.
We will further expand cultural opening to the outside world, coordinate cultural exchanges, cultural trade, cultural communication and the construction of foreign discourse systems, strive to speak up the stories of China and spread the sound of China.
The development and prosperity of culture cannot be separated from reform and innovation. The continued deepening of the reform of the new round of cultural system will surely cast the institutional foundation for the great rejuvenation of Chinese culture.
Improve well-being and share results
——Starting from the guarantee and improvement of people’s livelihood in the reform of social undertakings, and promoting the reform’s achievements to more widely and directly benefit the people
The people are the only state, this is Gu Bangning.
After the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the reform of social undertakings insisted on starting from safeguarding and improving people’s livelihood, and promoting the results of the reform to benefit the general public more extensively and directly.
– Pay attention to the bottom line and protect the basics, and pay attention to improving people’s well-being.
In the past year, in accordance with the unified arrangements of the Party Central Committee, the State Council has used the system to “fit needles” to supplement short boards, cover the bottom line, and protect the basics so as to ensure that the “people’s livelihood safety net” network cable is strong and the net is not broken. In order to establish a fairer and more sustainable pension insurance system, 27 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities will integrate the basic old-age insurance system for urban and rural residents, formulate the Interim Measures for the Connection of Urban and Rural Pension Insurance System, and carry out trial reforms for the pension service industry and public pension institutions. The network of social security systems such as the more woven, denser and more rigorous, strives to relieve the worries of the masses of people.
Over the past year, the Central Committee has persisted in reforms and innovations to improve people’s well-being, launched a college student entrepreneurial guidance program, introduced a policy of unemployment insurance to support stable corporate positions, improved the normal salary growth mechanism for employees, and improved the level of assistance for urban and rural poor groups such as the minimum living security and integration. Fragmented social assistance system, issued and implemented the “Interim Measures for Social Assistance,” reformed and improved the basic medical insurance system, promoted serious illness insurance for urban and rural residents across the country, improved the basic medicine system, and expanded pilots of urban public hospital reforms. Renting and low-rent housing operations were combined to launch a joint-use housing pilot project.
More stable work, more satisfied income, more reliable social security, higher level of medical and health services, and more comfortable living conditions… With a reform measure that relates to the vital interests of the broad masses of the people The warm-hearted people’s livelihood answer sheet is displayed in front of hundreds of millions of people.
– Grasping the overall planning, cutting barriers, and sharing the fruits of urbanization development.
A reform of the household registration system lasted for half a century, involving hundreds of millions of people, including education, medical care, employment, retirement, and housing.
Faced with this complex systematic project, the party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as general secretary has carefully planned and boldly shot, while simultaneously establishing a unified urban and rural household registration system, it has accelerated the integration of urban and rural pensions, urban and rural medical assistance, and urban laborers. Basic medical services such as basic medical services for the migrant workers and the equal access to education for migrant workers in cities have been promoted in order to promote the urbanization of the agricultural transfer population and broke the “agriculture” and “non-agricultural” barriers in one fell swoop.
In the past year, with a series of institutional innovations in the livelihood sector, public resources are extending to grass-roots units, covering rural areas, and sloping to disadvantaged groups. The gap between urban and rural areas, between regions, and between groups has gradually narrowed, and people’s livelihood “cake” While continuing to grow bigger, the better the points, the better.
– Facing hardships and daring to take responsibility, facing the social hot spots.
The extra points for college entrance examinations make “false cover-ups” clumped, and the “score-only theory” leads to a unified talent structure. The over-concentration of educational resources leads to “difficulties in choosing a school” and the foundation of compulsory education in impoverished areas is weak. The central government has adopted a prominent issue. Comprehensive education reform measures: deepening the reform of the examination enrollment system, launching trials for enrollment reform in the Shanghai and Zhejiang college entrance examinations, increasing the proportion of key students in rural areas in poverty-stricken areas, formulating comprehensive reform plans for Shanghai and Peking University and Tsinghua University, and advancing Xiao Xianchu’s exemption from nearby enrollment and Compulsory education school principals and teachers exchange jobs, speed up the development of modern vocational education, and develop campus football.
The students will usher in a more equitable competitive environment, a more scientific combination of test subjects, more diverse talent selection opportunities, and a broader social show stage.
The old people have the support, the sickness, the medical care, the livelihood, the learning, the labor, the income… These people’s thoughts and hopes are being written in the rugged pen of reform to build a beautiful, well-off society. Picture scroll.
Actively piloting and steadily exploring the road
——Ecological Civilization System Reform Accelerates Top-Level Design and Efforts to Build a Long-term Mechanism for Ecological Environment Protection
Ecological civilization construction is inextricably linked with economic and social development. To advance the construction of ecological civilization, it is necessary to establish a systematic and complete system of ecological civilization, but also to consider the reform of the economic system as a whole, so as to shift from “end-to-end governance” to “source control.”
More than 30 years of rapid economic development and blind development, disorderly development, and over-exploitation in some areas and regions are the main causes of the current environmental problems in our country. Inadequate reforms, incomplete systems, and unsound mechanisms are deeper institutional reasons. .
It is necessary to have Jinshan Yinshan, but also green mountains.
The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee made a clear-cut proposal to “use the system to protect the ecological environment,” and established a system of ecological civilization. According to the idea of ”strengthen the source, strictly control the process, and severely punish the consequences,” it pointed out the direction for the reform of the ecological civilization system. Determined the task.
In the past year, we have raised the standards for the collection of sewage charges, expanded the scope of the collection, increased penalties, and promoted pilot projects for the use of compensation and the use of emissions; trials have been carried out to implement environmental pollution third-party governance, to strengthen water-saving access, and to launch water rights pilot projects… … The reform of the ecological civilization system started steadily.
In the past year, from the introduction of the guidance of state-owned forestry reform and the reform of state-owned forest farms, to the promotion of the “multiple-regulation” pilot project in cities and counties, and to the proposal of establishing a pilot program for the national park system… The reform aims to build a long-term mechanism for protecting the ecological environment. Keep moving.
In the past year, haze has become the most concerned environmental issue among ordinary people. The Central Party Committee has initiated the “declaration of war to fog and fog” and “hopes and believes that through unremitting efforts, ‘APEC Blue’ can be maintained.”
A series of iron regulations and iron laws to control pollution have been issued in succession. The “2014-2015 Action Plan for Energy-saving and Emission-reducing Low-carbon Development” and the “Appraisal Measures for the Implementation of the Air Pollution Prevention Action Plan (Trial)” have been issued one after another and accelerated with hard constraints. Eliminating outdated production capacity, small coal-fired boilers and old cars, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and surrounding areas, the Yangtze River Delta, and the Pearl River Delta regions respectively established a coordination mechanism for prevention and control of atmospheric pollution, and insisted on administrative measures, economic measures, and legal means to achieve a three-pronged approach. With the efforts of total control, source control, and regional linkage, we will strive for “opening up the fog”.
On the New Year’s Day this year, the revised Environmental Protection Law was formally implemented to integrate environmental protection into the strategy of economic and social development. It clearly stipulates the establishment of a cross-administrative regional key area, the coordinated prevention and control mechanism for watershed environmental pollution and ecological damage, and implements unified planning, unified standards, and unified Monitor and implement unified prevention and control measures to make environmental protection monitoring stronger and more powerful. The overall concept and work plan for the monitoring and early warning mechanism for the resource and environment carrying capacity being established will also promote the formation of a new way for the development of a green and low carbon cycle in China.
Firmly advancing the reform of the ecological civilization system will continue to advance, and it will surely be able to gradually improve the ecological environment of our country and draw out wonderful pictures of beautiful China.
Continuing efforts to establish and reform
— The reform of the party’s construction system and the reform of the party’s disciplinary inspection system to cast a strong leadership core of the great cause
In order to overcome the obstacles and advance the waves, reform of the ship must be driven by strong and powerful engines. It is also necessary for the Chinese Communist Party, which is responsible for leading the overall deepening of reforms and comprehensively advancing the rule of law and leading the entire nation to rejuvenate the country, and must also achieve cohesion and recharge through reforms.
In the past year, the reform of the party’s construction system continued to exert its force. The reform of the party’s disciplinary inspection system has been reformed and reformed. While strengthening medicine and relieving strength, the core of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics has become even stronger.
The Party Central Committee formulated and took the lead in setting standards and taking the lead in practicing the eight provisions. In the past two years, Su Meng’s violent fists have been thrown out. Nearly 90,000 people have been investigated for violating the Central Eight Provisions, and more than 1,000 typical problems have been reported. As one of the party styles was new, the public’s heart was in full swing.
The “virtual fire” of public money consumption has receded, “the corruption on the wheels” has been reduced, and the “rules” greeted and sent to the market have been broken…. With the advancement of comprehensive deepening reforms, the efforts to improve the normalization of work styles have continued to bear fruit. The central government promulgated the party and government organs to enforce the anti-waste regulations, and introduced 19 system regulations, covering official reception, office space, conference fees, travel expenses, temporary foreign travel, foreign guests reception, bus reform, leading cadre management, leading cadres. Enterprises, such as part-time work, are constantly blocking the “four winds” loopholes at the source.
Corruption, such as cancer, erodes the body of the party.
In the past year, the party’s work style, clean government, and anti-corruption struggles have continued to deepen. The “Tiger” and the “Flies” have played together, fulfilling the CPC Central Committee’s pledge to “fight the tiger without a restricted area and fly without dead ends.”
The effectiveness of anti-corruption depends not only on the strength of punishing corruption, but also on the strength of institutional reforms.
In December 2014, the Central Government decided that the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection should dispatch a disciplinary inspection team to the seven offices of the China Office, the Central Organization Department, the Central Propaganda Department, the United Front Work Department, the National People’s Congress, the State Council, and the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.
The heavy news at the end of the year means that in the face of party discipline and law, there are no unsupervised organs and individuals, marking another major step in the reform of the party’s disciplinary inspection system.
The discipline inspection and supervision organs at all levels shall focus on supervising and observing disciplines and accountability, and shall promote the implementation of the Party’s work style and clean government’s construction of party committees’ main responsibilities and responsibility for the supervision of the Disciplinary Committee; from the establishment of a sound reporting system for lower-level discipline inspection commissions to the Commission for Discipline Inspection of the higher levels, to the reform of institutional mechanisms for investigating and managing corruption cases. Pilots; from strengthening and improving inspections, carrying out special inspections, and setting up a network to pursue international cooperation…
The sharper the anti-corruption sword and the denser institutional cage, the shock to the leading cadres who are not afraid to rot, is also moving toward the formation of a mechanism that can not be rot and does not want to rot.
To comprehensively deepen reform requires strong organizational guarantees and talent support.
Committed to the continuous improvement and innovation of the Party’s organizational system, the cadre personnel system, the grass-roots organization construction system, and the talent development system, the reform of the Party’s construction system not only focuses on the formulation of the system, but also on the implementation of the system, and the improvement of the mechanism’s imperfect efforts. The masses have responded to strong and resolute rectification so that the results of the reforms can be seen and felt.
From the party and government leading cadre selecting and appointing regulations revised and fully implemented, and strive to crack the “bill vote, only points, GDP, only age” election; to improve the performance of local administrative performance assessment, promote leading cadres to establish a correct view of achievements, build a scientific and effective, A simple and easy mechanism for selecting and employing people is effective.
From regulating part-time leadership of leading cadres to rectifying super-proportioned cadres, to conducting individual checks on relevant issues, checking and clearing “naked officials,” and then standardizing the salary levels, performance responsibilities, and operating expenses of state-owned enterprise managers, and strictly managing cadres. The tricks and real actions have allowed the people to see the hope of clear governance.
From carrying out the review of the Party’s construction work, rectifying weaknesses, scattering grass-roots party organizations, and strengthening the building of the township cadre ranks and strengthening the ranks of party members, the party’s grassroots foundation has been further consolidated, and the orientation of doing a good job of party building as the biggest political achievement has gradually taken shape.
With the reform of the party’s construction system and the reform of the party’s disciplinary inspection system, the party’s leadership system and governance methods are continuously improving, and the party’s creativity and cohesiveness are constantly improving.
Qi Qing feels more mountains and rivers, and the mind is far from knowing that the universe is wide.
From the central government to local governments, from the southeast coastal areas to the central and western regions, and from the central cities to the vast rural areas, the magnificent picture of comprehensive deepening of reforms has continued to expand in the land of Shenzhou.
In the past year, various regions have also introduced a number of effective, distinctive, and influential reforms in combination with actual conditions:
——In the economic field, Tianjin explores the approval of a seal pipe, Liaoning implements the business license, enterprise code certificate and tax registration “three certificates into one”, Shandong establishes a pre-depositing system for land acquisition, Guizhou fully implements the system of bidding and auctioning of mineral property rights, Zhejiang A unified government service network has been established in the province, Guangxi has established the Qinzhou Industrial Park in China, and Jilin has established a “boat bridge” mechanism to accelerate the local transformation of scientific and technological achievements. Xinjiang has actively promoted the construction of the core area of the Silk Road Economic Belt.
——In the field of the rule of law, Henan has fully implemented the new collegiate bench system, Yunnan has established the city, county, and township three linkage video access mechanism, Gansu promulgated regulations that support the judicial authorities to independently exercise their powers, and Jiangxi promulgated regulations for the prevention and treatment of medical disputes;
——In the field of culture, Sichuan integrates grassroots public cultural resources and promotes effective connection between public cultural supply and people’s needs. Shanghai strives to create two major media groups: newspapers and broadcasting, and promotes the dissemination and influence of mainstream public opinion. Inner Mongolia implements “digital culture” Into the yurt” project;
——In the social field, Hebei has built up a system of credit disclosure for the main body of the market, Hunan has introduced the implementation of the social insurance for urban community workers, Shaanxi has lowered the approval authority for the special fund for poverty relief to the county, and Anhui established the new teachers for primary and secondary schools “provincial examination, county management, and school With the “system”, Fujian promotes the comprehensive reform of public hospitals in Xiamen and Sanming City, and Hainan implements the first-marriage marriage certificate and the one-child birth certificate issued at the same time. Ningxia fully implements the pre-hospital post-paid care service;
– In the ecological field, Beijing has improved the coordination mechanism for prevention and control of atmospheric pollution in Jing-Jin-Ji and its neighboring regions. Heilongjiang has carried out reform of the management system for state-owned forest areas, Hubei has carried out policy-oriented forest insurance reforms, Tibet has formulated the “one-vote veto” system for environmental protection, and grasslands in Qinghai have implemented Ecological protection bonus funds are linked to protection responsibilities and effects;
——In the area of party building, Shanxi has adopted the “six-power permanent cure” as a carrier to further advance the anti-corruption struggle; Guangdong and other five provinces have carried out trial reforms in the investigation of institutional mechanisms for corruption cases; Jiangsu has explored ways to dispose of unqualified party members; Chongqing has explored solutions to grassroots Practical talents can’t lead in, can’t stay, and don’t use well.
However, the reformers have entered, but the innovators are strong, but the reform and innovation have won. Just in 2014, the comprehensive deepening of reforms in the beginning of the year marked a solid and crucial first step toward improving and developing a socialist system with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of the country’s governance system and governance capabilities. Looking forward to 2015, the year of comprehensively deepening reforms will enter a crucial year. The tasks will be more arduous, measures will be more effective, and the pace will become more stable. It will inevitably infuse a strong impetus for the realization of the “two hundred years” goal and the Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. And vitality.
(Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, January 27th, Reporters Huo Xiaoguang, Zhang Xiaosong, Yang Weihan, Hua Chunyu)
“People’s Daily” (January 28, 2015 01)