– Speech at the 60th Anniversary of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence (June 28, 2014)
Dear President Wu Dengsheng,
Dear Vice President Ansari,
Honorable distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,
Ladies and gentlemen, friends:
Today, we have gathered here to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. This is a common event of China, India, Myanmar, and the international community. It is of great significance to the promotion of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, the promotion of friendly cooperation among peoples of all countries and the promotion of world peace and development.
Here, on behalf of the Chinese government and the Chinese people, and in my own name, I would like to extend my warm welcome to all guests and friends.
Just now, President Wu Dengsheng and Vice President Ansari delivered an important and enthusiastic speech. I spoke highly of their remarks.
Sixty years ago, in the decolonization movement that rose after the end of the Second World War, the independence and liberation of the peoples in Asia, Africa, and Latin America flourished, and new-born countries were eager to establish equal international relations. China, India and Myanmar have responded to this historical trend and jointly advocated the Five Principles of mutual respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, mutual non-aggression, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs, equality and mutual benefit, and peaceful coexistence.
On June 28 and 29, 1954, China, India, China, and Myanmar respectively issued a joint statement, confirming that these five principles will be applied in mutual relations and their respective countries’ relations with Asia and other countries in the world. This is a major initiative in the history of international relations and has made historic contributions to promoting the establishment of a fair and reasonable new type of international relations.
In response to the past, we express our deep commemoration of the leaders of the three countries and older generation who jointly advocate the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, and pay high tribute to all people of insight in the countries that have long advocated the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence.
Today, we jointly commemorate the 60th anniversary of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. This is to discuss how to better carry forward the five principles in the new situation, promote the establishment of new-type international relations, and jointly build a beautiful world of cooperation and mutual benefit.
Ladies, gentlemen and friends!
The reason why the five principles of peaceful coexistence were born in Asia is because it inherits the Asian people’s ideological tradition of advocating peace. The Chinese nation has always advocated the concepts of “harmony,” “harmony, but not harmony,” “harmony, and universality,” and “love and non-attack.” People in Asian countries such as India and Myanmar have also always advocated the values of benevolence, charity, and equality. Tagore, the great Indian poet, writes in the language of poetry: “Do you think that you can use war to gain friendship? Spring will sway away from your eyes.” The people of Burma established a peace tower to pray for world peace.
The five principles of peaceful coexistence vividly reflect the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and give these principles and principles a visible, feasible, and followable connotation. The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence contain 4 “mutual” and 1 “total” words, which represent the new expectations of Asian countries for international relations, and also reflect the international spirit of the rule of law in the unity of rights, duties and responsibilities of all countries.
In the 1950s, under the guidance of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, the wind of friendship between China and India blew through the vast lands of the two countries. When Premier Zhou Enlai visited India, he could hear the cheers of “Panchahira Jindaba” (Long live the Five Principles) and “Qinibay Ba Yi in India” (the people of India and China are brothers). China and Myanmar have properly resolved the boundary issue under the guidance of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. In 1960, the two countries signed a border treaty. This is the first border treaty signed between New China and its neighboring countries. China and Myanmar also signed the Sino-Myanmar Treaty of Friendship and Non-Aggression, which is the first peace and friendship treaty between Asian countries.
In the past 60 years, the five principles of peaceful coexistence have not only taken root in China, India, and Myanmar, but also have gone deep into people’s hearts. They have also moved toward Asia and into the world. China, India, and Myanmar have made important contributions to this end. The Chinese side believes that summing up the practice of international relations and the five principles of peaceful coexistence have great vitality. The Indian side believes that if the five principles of peaceful coexistence are recognized in the mutual relations of all countries, then there will be almost no conflict and war in the world. The Myanmar side stated that the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence are the appropriate guiding principles for all countries.
Ladies, gentlemen and friends!
Over the past 60 years, following the vicissitudes of the international situation, the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, as an open and inclusive principle of international law, have embodied the values of sovereignty, justice, democracy, and the rule of law.
– The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence have become basic norms of international relations and basic principles of international law. The five principles of peaceful coexistence embody the essential characteristics of the new type of international relations. It is a united, mutually reinforcing and inseparable unity that applies to relations among various social systems, development levels, and economies of scale. In 1955, the ten principles adopted at the Bandung Conference were the extension and development of the five principles of peaceful coexistence. The Non-Aligned Movement, which emerged in the 1960s, used the five principles as guiding principles. The relevant declarations adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1970 and 1974 have accepted the five principles of peaceful coexistence. The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence have been adopted by a series of international organizations and international documents in the world today and have been widely endorsed and observed by the international community.
– The five principles of peaceful coexistence have effectively safeguarded the rights and interests of developing countries. The essence of the five principles of peaceful coexistence is that all countries’ sovereign rights are equal and they oppose any country’s monopoly on international affairs. This has provided the developing countries with powerful ideological weapons for safeguarding national sovereignty and independence, and has become a banner of solidarity, cooperation, and self-reliance among developing countries. It has deepened the mutual understanding and trust of developing countries, promoted South-South cooperation, and promoted North-South cooperation. Relationship improvement and development.
– The five principles of peaceful coexistence have played a positive role in promoting the establishment of a more just and equitable international political and economic order. The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence abandon the law of the jungle, strengthen the anti-imperialist and anti-colonial forces, and accelerate the collapse of the colonial system. Against the backdrop of the Cold War confrontation between the East and the West, the so-called “big family”, “group politics”, and “sphere of influence” did not handle good state-to-state relations. Instead, they brought conflicts and intensified the situation. In stark contrast to this, the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence have opened up a new road for the peaceful resolution of historical issues and international disputes between nations.
Ladies, gentlemen and friends!
The world today is undergoing profound and complex changes. The trend of peace, development, cooperation, and win-win situation has become stronger. The international community is increasingly becoming the community of fate among you and me. At the same time, the unfair inequality in international relations is still outstanding. Global challenges continue to emerge. Various regional conflicts and local wars are on the rise. Many people, especially children, still live in the smoke of war. Many developing countries The people are still suffering from hunger and cold. It is still a long way to go to maintain world peace and promote common development.
Under the new circumstances, the spirit of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence is not out of date, but it is timeless; the significance of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence is not diminished, but it is timeless; the role of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence is not weakened, but It is timeless.
“The road to benefit is always good.” Just now, President Wu Dengsheng and Vice President Ansari have all talked about the idea of adhering to and promoting the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence in the new situation and promoting the building of new-type international relations and a better world. Advocate. On this issue, China, India, and Myanmar have extensive consensus. I would like to talk about a few points.
First, insist on equality of sovereignty. Sovereignty is the fundamental symbol of national independence and it is also a fundamental manifestation and reliable guarantee of national interests. Sovereignty and territorial integrity are inviolable. All countries should respect each other’s core interests and major concerns. These are the last resorts and cannot be abandoned at any time. They should not be shaken at any time.
The country, irrespective of its size, strength, and wealth, is an equal member of the international community and has the right to participate in international affairs on an equal footing. The affairs of each country should be managed by the people of all countries. We must respect the social systems and development paths independently chosen by various countries and oppose the use of illegal means to subvert the legitimate power of other countries for the sake of self-interest or self-interest.
Second, adhere to common security. Security should be universal. All countries have the right to participate in international and regional security affairs on an equal footing. They also have the responsibility of maintaining international and regional security. We must promote the concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security and respect and guarantee the security of every country. No country can be safe while other countries are insecure. Some countries are safe while others are insecure. It is even more important not to sacrifice the security of other countries for their own absolute security. We must strengthen international and regional cooperation to jointly cope with the ever-increasing number of non-traditional security threats, resolutely crack down on all forms of terrorism, and eradicate the breeding ground for terrorism.
Treating disagreements and disputes between countries must be resolved through dialogue and consultation to resolve in a peaceful manner, increase mutual trust through dialogue, resolve disputes through dialogue, promote security through dialogue, and cannot resort to force or the threat of force. The enthusiasm for the use of force is not a powerful manifestation but a manifestation of the lack of morality and ideology. Only morality and philosophy-based security are solid foundations and truly lasting security. We must promote the establishment of an open, transparent, and equal new framework for Asia-Pacific security cooperation and promote the common maintenance of regional and world peace and security by all countries.
Third, adhere to common development. The sky is big enough, the earth is big enough, and the world is big enough to accommodate the common development and prosperity of all countries. Some countries are getting richer, others are chronically poor and backward, and this situation is not sustainable. As the water goes up, the river is full of water and everyone develops to develop everyone. In seeking development for themselves, all countries should actively promote the common development of other countries so that the development results can benefit more and more people.
We must jointly safeguard and develop an open world economy, work together to promote a strong, sustainable and balanced growth of the world economy, promote trade and investment liberalization and facilitation, adhere to open regional cooperation, oppose all forms of protectionism, and oppose any kind of ostracism. Pass on the intentions and practices of the crisis.
We must promote South-South cooperation and North-South dialogue, increase the capacity of developing countries to independently develop, push developed countries to shoulder more responsibilities, work hard to close the gap between North and South, establish a more equal and balanced new type of global development partnership, and lay a solid foundation for the long-term and stable development of the world economy.
Fourth, persist in cooperation and win-win. “Combination is strong, and isolation is weak.” Cooperation and win-win should become the basic policy orientation for countries to handle international affairs. Win-win cooperation is a universally applicable principle. It applies not only to the economic field but also to politics, security, culture, and other fields.
We should combine our national interests with the common interests of all countries and work hard to expand the confluence of the common interests of all parties. We must not set up here, dismantle the Taiwanese side, and complement Taiwan and Taiwan. It is necessary to actively establish a new concept of win-win, win-win, and win-win, and abandon the old thinking that you lose and win, and that winners take all you need to eat. “Every beauty is beautiful, beauty is beautiful, the United States and the United States are in common, and the world is in harmony.”
We must adhere to the same boat, share common responsibility and responsibility, and join hands to tackle the growing global issues of climate change, energy and resource security, cyber security, and major natural disasters, and jointly protect the earth’s home on which humankind lives.
Fifth, adhere to tolerance. The diversity of civilizations is a basic feature of human society. Today’s world has a population of 7 billion, more than 200 countries and regions, more than 2,500 nationalities, and more than 5,000 languages. Different nationalities and different civilizations are diverse and varied. There is no distinction between superiority and inferiority. Only distinctive features are distinguished.
“Everything is akin to genocide without harming each other, and the roads are parallel and not contrary to each other.” We must respect the diversity of civilizations, promote exchanges and dialogue among different civilizations, live together in peace, and live in harmony. We must not be alone, and belittle other civilizations and nations. The history of mankind tells us that attempting to establish a single civilization is an unrealistic fantasy.
Everyone has his strong and weak points. We must promote exchanges and mutual recognition, pay attention to the achievements of excellent civilizations created by different countries and different nationalities, learn from each other and complement each other, and draw together a beautiful picture of human civilization.
Sixth, adhere to fairness and justice. “The road to the city is also, and the world is public.” Equity and justice are the lofty goals pursued by the peoples of the world in the field of international relations. In today’s international relations, fairness and justice are far from being realized.
We should jointly promote the democratization of international relations. The fate of the world must be shared by the people of all countries. Things in the world should be handled by governments and people of all countries. The idea of monopolizing international affairs is lagging behind the times, and actions to monopolize international affairs are certainly unsuccessful.
We should jointly promote the rule of law in international relations. Promote all parties in international relations to abide by international law and universally recognized basic principles of international relations, and use uniform and applicable rules to clarify right and wrong, promote peace, and seek development. “Factors are also the yardstick of the world.” In the international community, the law should be the common yardstick. There is no law that only applies to others and does not apply to them, and there is no law that applies only to themselves and does not apply to others. The applicable law cannot have double standards. We should jointly safeguard the authority and seriousness of international law and the international order. All countries should exercise their rights in accordance with the law, oppose the distortion of international law, and oppose the practice of infringing the legitimate rights and interests of other countries and undermining peace and stability in the name of “rule of law.”
We should jointly promote the rationalization of international relations. Adapting international forces to new changes and advancing the reform of the global governance system reflects the concerns and appeals of all parties and better safeguards the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries.
Ladies, gentlemen and friends!
China is an active advocate and firm practitioner of the five principles of peaceful coexistence. The Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence have been included in the Chinese Constitution and are the cornerstone of China’s foreign policy. China is a participant, builder and contributor to the contemporary international system.
— China will unswervingly follow the path of peaceful development. Taking the road of peaceful development is a strategic choice made by China in accordance with the development trend of the times and its own fundamental interests. The Chinese people advocating “don’t do what they do not want to do to others.” China does not agree with the “National Power Must Be Hegemonist,” and there is no gene in the bloodstream of the Chinese that lords it as a tyrant and militarists. China will unswervingly follow the path of peaceful development. This is beneficial to China, beneficial to Asia, and beneficial to the world. No force can shake China’s belief in peaceful development. China firmly safeguards its own sovereignty, security, and development interests. It also supports other countries, especially the vast number of developing countries, in safeguarding their own sovereignty, security, and development interests. China persists in its principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries and will not impose its will on others. Even if it is powerful, it will never seek hegemony. China sincerely hopes that other countries will all take the road of peaceful development. Everyone will join hands to steer this road.
– China will unswervingly develop friendly cooperation with all countries in the world on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. “Whenever we hand in, we will have to believe each other, but far we must be loyal to our words.” China adheres to the principle of pro-religion, honesty, benefit, and tolerance, deepens mutually beneficial cooperation with neighboring countries, and strives to make its own development more conducive to neighboring countries. . China insists on developing countries as the basis of foreign policy, persists in the correct concept of righteousness and profits, and will always be a reliable friend and sincere partner of developing countries. China attaches importance to the status and role of major powers, commits itself to developing all-round cooperative relations with major powers, actively develops relations with the United States for a new type of big country, develops a comprehensive strategic partnership with Russia, and develops peace, growth, reform and a civilized partnership with Europe. Everyone works together to safeguard world peace and promote common development.
— China will unswervingly pursue the open strategy of mutual benefit and win-win outcome. China is promoting the implementation of major cooperation initiatives such as the Silk Road Economic Belt, the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, the Bangladesh-China-India-Burmese Economic Corridor, and the China-ASEAN Destiny Community. China will use this as an opportunity to comprehensively advance a new round of opening to the outside world and develop an open economy. The system has brought new opportunities and space for the development of Asia and the world.
At present, the Chinese people are striving to build a well-to-do society in an all-round way and realize the Chinese dream of a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. China’s dreams are in close touch with the dreams of the peoples of all countries in the world. The Chinese people are willing to support each other and help each other in the realization of their dreams. China is willing to develop and prosper together with other countries, especially its neighboring countries.
Ladies, gentlemen and friends!
In order to recognize and encourage more people and groups to adhere to and promote the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, I would like to announce that the Chinese government has decided to establish the “Five Principles of Friendship for Peace and Coexistence” and “Five Scholarships for Peaceful Coexistence.”
There is an old Chinese saying: “A journey of a thousand miles begins with one step.” There is a saying in India: “A drop of water sinks into the river, and the ears of rice are bundled together.” The Burmese often say, “Think, you have to be a top-notch person; you must be down-to-earth.” China will continue to serve as a model for promoting the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. Together with India, Myanmar and the international community, China will promote the building of a harmonious world of lasting peace and common prosperity.
thank you all.