On February 3rd, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee and Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Communist Party of China Xi Jinping cited the construction of the main canal project of the first-phase water supply project to inspect the construction of the project. Xinhua News Agency reporter Lan Hongguang
Spring Festival, the day of family reunion. In the No. 7 tunnel that was currently not linked to the first phase of the water supply project, the builders gave up the opportunity to go home, stuck to their jobs, and tried their best to overcome the “throat project” that constrained the flow of water through the main canal. .
With such enthusiasm, the builders said that they could not forget the great suspicion of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s visit to Gansu during his previous visit to Gansu.
“For so many years, this year is the happiest year of the year.” During the Spring Festival, Yuangudui Village, Tianjiahe Town, Wuyuan County, in the depths of the mountains played the community fire in advance and sang Yangge. The villagers all said, “Who would have thought that years ago General Secretary Xi could come to our remote countryside and give us a New Year’s Eve in advance. Even the family’s many years of good things are what he gave us.”
No, there are 447 households in the village, each with 2 bags of noodles, 2 barrels of oil, 20 pounds of pork, 1 bed of quilts, 4 pairs of couplets, 3 pounds of fruit candy, 3 pounds of big plate melon seeds, and school bags for each student doll. There are one stationery box and one dictionary. This is the New Year’s cargo that General Secretary Xi gave to the villagers.
It’s not just these new year’s goods that folks feel.
On February 3, the twelfth lunar month, three lunar years.
In the morning, Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee and Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Chinese Communist Party, came to Wuyuan County, a state-level poverty-stricken county in Dingxi City, which is a contiguous destitute area in Liupan Mountain. Here, he examined the Gansu people’s dream project that has been looking forward to for more than half a century—leading the water supply project site, and entering the original greenhouse of potato species. It went deep into the homes of difficult families in remote mountain villages to visit and comfort the villagers. Send New Year blessings to snakes.
The time has passed more than 10 days. The cadres and masses whom Xi Jinping had contacted during the investigation in Wuyuan County are still happily recalling the exciting scene.
“The people’s livelihood is the most important thing for the flood control. We must let the people drink clean and sweet Weihe River water at an early date.”
“Water shortage drought is a major problem that has constrained economic and social development in Gansu and improved people’s lives. General Secretary Xi was able to visit the construction site on the first line. This fully shows that he is very concerned about this.” It was a long time ago. On the occasion of the meeting with General Secretary Xi Jinping on February 3, the Director of the Provincial Water Resources Department, Kang Guofan, had a last word to say.
Water, the source of life.
However, the dry area in central Gansu Province, represented by Dingxi City, lacks the water of life. Without water, here is “bitter bitterness in the world.”
In order to fundamentally solve the problem of water shortages and improve the appearance of drought and water shortages and harsh natural conditions, as early as the 1950s, Gansu Province proposed the idea of diverting river water to the central region. In 1958, the construction of the Lugu Project was started. However, at the time, the economic foundation of our province was weak and the level of technology was low. As a result, the Luan River Engineering project was suspended across the board in 1961.
Half-century longing, half-century hard work. Under the efforts of successive Gansu Provincial Committee and Provincial Government, on November 22, 2006, the construction of the first phase of the first phase of water supply that took half a century to kick off construction began. After the completion of the first phase of the project, it will solve the problem of domestic water consumption of 1.56 million people in 54 towns and townships in 6 counties, namely, Anding, Daixi, Wuyuan, Lincang, Langzhong and Huining in Dingxi, Lanzhou and Baiyin.
As the largest water conservancy project in the history of water conservancy construction in Gansu Province since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the first phase of the water supply project in the first phase of the project was complicated because of the large number of mountains involved and the complex topography. The project required the construction of a large number of tunnels, erection of a large number of aqueducts, and complex technology. Only 18 main tunnels will be tunneled. The total length is more than 96 kilometers, accounting for 84% of the total length of the main trunk.
What is the progress of the project?
At 9:40 in the morning on February 3, Xi Jinping made a special trip to the branch of the Manba River at the entrance of No. 6 tunnel of the main channel of the Luer water supply project in the Shangwan Township of Weiyuan County, where he inspected the construction of the project.
Kang Guofan took out a map of the layout of the water supply project, laid it on the table, and reported to General Secretary Xi. While listening carefully, Xi Jinping carefully examined the overall layout of the project and asked in detail about the status of the first and second phases of the project.
When he learned that 18 tunnels in the first phase of the project have been connected to 17 tunnels, and tunnels 1 to 6 have water flow conditions, Xi Jinping is very happy. He said: “Let’s go into the hole and see it.”
Among the tunnels leading from the main channel, No. 6 tunnel has the third longest length of 15.142 kilometers. Moreover, the geological conditions are complex and they cross the Wuyuan and Linfen counties. After the project started construction on December 1, 2006, it encountered many geological disasters such as tunnel collapse, surrounding rock deformation, and water inundation. In the face of complex geological disasters and various engineering construction problems, the Provincial Water Resources Department and the Provincial Leading Construction Bureau led the participants in the struggle. The tunnel was completed on December 27, 2011 and the lining was completed in mid-October last year.
The Lugu Project was not the first time that it had encountered a leader’s inspection. This time it is obviously not the same. “The general secretary made a concise ride and took a ride on two minibuses.” Kang Guoxuan told reporters that in order to implement the eight provisions of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee in improving work style, there was no intention on the site to hang banners that were often seen when greeting the leaders in the past. The slogans did not display flags or flowers.
Everything is as original as possible. However, on the table where the helmet must be worn before being placed into the hole, Kang Guolu still “tentatively” placed 3 small bottles of water. “Each bottle is marked with five or six indicators of pH, ammonia, nitrogen, and E. coli, and it just wants the general secretary to learn directly about the water quality here.” Kang Guozhen told reporters.
Xi Jinping picked up the bottle with interest and carefully examined it and listened to the introduction.
The water on the left side of the bottle comes from the water cellar of a local farmer in Wuyuan County. The water looks a bit whitish, not only turbid, but also a lot of E. coli.
The middle one, which looks very clear, is a spring collected from the mountains of Wuyuan County. Kang Guoxi recalled that when he heard that “this water is brackish water and contains high levels of bacteria,” Xi’s secretary said, “Our hometown is groundwater, it is also brackish water, and it has a high fluoride content, and eating teeth will change. Huang, who came, opened his mouth and knew that he was a man of his hometown.”
The bottle on the right looks almost the same as the water in the middle. However, it comes from the Jiudianxia Reservoir area on the Weihe River and is the national first-class city source water. All the indicators are in line with national standards. The
After walking more than 100 meters from the branch entrance, General Secretary Xi Jinping stopped before a special trolley tool for lining. He was very concerned to ask, “There are so many underground tunnels in the Luan River Project. During construction, what kind of safety accidents have occurred?”
Kang Guoxuan noticed that when he heard him answer that “one is not,” Secretary Xi’s face showed a gratifying smile.
Immediately afterwards, General Secretary Xi asked, “What is the current difficulty in the project?”
Kang Kangxi replied: “The remaining 600-odd meters of tunnel No. 7 in the main canal have encountered complex geological conditions such as water inrush and sand rushing. This is a world-class construction problem and has seriously affected the goal of attracting water to the project. Currently, it is adopting the freezing method. construction.”
“The Luan River Project is a livelihood project that benefits the arid and poor areas in central Gansu. After the project is completed, it can solve the long-term difficulty of drinking water for one-sixth of Gansu’s population. The construction of the project is of great significance.’ Although it may seem that the total canal can only be achieved through the entire trunk, it must not be underestimated. We must carefully study the construction plan, but it is not difficult, when I was working in Shanghai, the Huangpu River’s cross-river tunnel. Difficulties have passed. There should be no big problems here.” Before leaving, General Secretary Xi Jinping and his comrades accompanying him said: “The people’s livelihood is the first priority and the flood control is a priority. We must respect science, prudent decision-making, and meticulous construction to benefit this Gansu Province. The dream project and livelihood projects of the millions of people have been doing a good job so that ordinary people can drink sweet and clean Weihe River at an early date.”
Pointing to the mountains along the Manba River, Secretary General Xi also said with earnest attention: “Most of Gansu Province is arid land. It is impossible to build a commodity grain base on the Luan River project. The key is to use water resources to solve the problem. The problem of good domestic water consumption. In the absence of water in the north, we must earnestly study water-saving irrigation techniques, and must not engage in flood irrigation, and use limited water resources where it is most needed.”
“Now, the second phase of the project has already been reported to the national level. The entire project should pay attention to the scientific nature, consider the engineering benefits and value, and scientifically demonstrate that it is in accordance with the procedures for approval and strictly control the project investment budget.”
The original 10-minute inspection was extended to nearly half an hour. He listened to the speech of General Secretary Xi, and Kang Kangxi was filled with emotion. He said: “After listening to the general secretary, I felt that my responsibility on the shoulders was very heavy. With the party’s and the country’s attention and with everyone’s determination, we must respect science, refine the plan, and carefully construct it, and we must try again. We will accelerate the construction progress of the remaining projects of the first phase of water supply, strive to build them early and bring benefits into play, and at the same time, carry out the feasibility study of the project simultaneously in the approval of the second phase of the project proposal, and speed up the preparation of special reports for the project as soon as possible. Approved to create conditions to submit a satisfactory answer to the people of Ebara.”
“Everyone must attach importance to basic work at the grass-roots level” – General Secretary Xi Jinping came to Gansu, Gansu
Let everyone live better – General Secretary Xi Jinping came to Gansu II
Take More Steps in Technological Innovation——General Secretary Xi Jinping Came to Gansu III
“I hope you will work harder to make greater contribution to the development of the potato industry.”
“I did not expect to come here with General Secretary Xi Jinping.” At 10:18 on February 3, Li Xiaomei, chairman of the potato cooperative professional cooperative in Tianyuanze of Wuyuan County, felt that there was still something wrong with him, and he saw the intelligence of the general secretary in the cooperative. In front of the multi-span greenhouses, he got out of the car and shook hands with the waiting comrades.
“I didn’t know beforehand that the general secretary was coming. I only heard that the leader came from above. It was in the province or somewhere. I really don’t know.” 37-year-old Li Xiaomei told reporters, “So when I see it is general secretary?” I was very surprised.”
Li Xiaomei in a wheelchair feels particularly nervous. What she did not expect was that General Secretary Xie bent down and reached out and shook hands with her. “At that moment, I felt that he was so kind, so easy-going, and the tight nerves relaxed again.”
When she was relaxed, but when she introduced the situation of the cooperative to the general secretary, Li Xiaomei felt that she had spoken for one minute. Her words were still not fluent and her voice was shaking.
In a hurry, Li Xiaomei said boldly: “I’m sorry, General Secretary. I’m a little nervous.” When she saw General Secretary Xi Jinping smiling, she felt relaxed.
The complex and harsh landforms and climatic conditions have caused many areas in Gansu Province to “never see grain every year”. However, they have given birth to the diversity of biology and have the advantage of developing characteristic agriculture. In accordance with the laws of nature, Gansu potato has become one of the characteristic agricultural industries in the country. Dingxi City, the main producing area, has created a “Chinese potato capital”. About one-third of the per capita net income of local farmers comes from the potato industry.
Relying on the unique geographical advantages of the local area, in recent years, Wuyuan County has created the “first county of China’s potato elite varieties” and has pushed forward the development of potato seed potato industry, forming a development pattern of potato seed potato industry integrating planting, scientific research and sales. . Gansu Tiandi Agricultural Science and Technology Co., Ltd. is the leading company in potato seed potato industry in Wuyuan County that has grown up in this background of industrial development.
Although a car accident occurred in October 2008, Li Xiaomei still clenched his teeth and ran over. Moreover, she also relied on her own company to establish the Tianyuanze Potato Variety Specialized Cooperative in Wuyuan County to increase farmers’ income. With the support of the relevant parties, the 23,000 square meters solar greenhouse that she built today has become the largest intelligent multi-span greenhouse in the country dedicated to the production of original potato species.
“Cooperatives connect farmers, this form is very good.” Xi Jinping nodded and then asked: “How many households are your cooperatives connected to? Doesn’t all the members have stakes?”
Li Xiaomei replied: “There are 620 peasant households, some of which are shares and some are other forms.”
The general secretary also asked: “Is there any quail subsidies in the province?”
“In 2012, 1.4 million yuan was subsidized for potato varieties,” said Li Xiaomei.
Subsequently, Xi Xi and his party entered the greenhouse production area. When he saw Xi Xie squat down next to Du Honghui, deputy general manager of the company, and approached the original species of the potato at close range, Li Xiaomei felt that “the general secretary was like a company’s skilled worker” and “also personally dug potatoes from the ground. The original species.”
“General Secretary Xi is good, we have met again.” Before the intelligent multi-span greenhouse of Tian Yuanze’s Potato Seed Cooperative, when holding the hand of General Secretary Xi Jinping, Wang Yihang could not help but say.
As the director of the Institute of Potato Research of the Gansu Academy of Agricultural Sciences and a counselor of the provincial government, Professor Wang Yihang was eagerly referred to by many people in the province as “Wang Yangxuan” and “Wang Science”. He has always been rooted in the province of Huichuan Town, Wuyuan County. In the Potato Experimental Field of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences, a number of new potato varieties, such as “Yaoshu 3” and “Xunshu 6”, were developed from potato breeding, which became a “golden egg” for many poor people in Gansu.
“Excited. Although I did not expect to be General Secretary Xi Jinping, but when I saw him, I felt very kind, like an old friend met.” Wang Yihang, still immersed in joy, excitedly recalled the first two to reporters. The time when I saw Xi Jinping.
In 2009, Xi Jinping visited Gansu. At the symposium convened by the provincial party committee, Wang Yihang made a speech as a representative of grassroots researchers and briefed Xi Jinping on the development of the potato industry in Gansu Province and put forward related recommendations.
In August last year, at the invitation of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, as the only expert representative of Gansu Province, Wang Yihang took part in the summer vacations of national experts in Beidaihe. On the second day after arriving in Beidaihe, Xi Jinping personally met the outstanding experts who attended the vacation and the representatives of the front-line talents. When they heard the conversation, when they heard Wang Yihang talking about the potato industry in Gansu, Xi Jinping said, “The development of the Gansu potato industry has solved the problem of poverty alleviation for Gansu farmers.” When recalling this, Wang Yihang said, “It was very Happy, feel encouraged!”
“As a grassroots scientific researcher, I really did not expect that this time I will see General Secretary Xi again. I feel really warm in my heart. This time, I cultivated from the potato bottle seedlings to the original species, original species, first class species, etc. On the other hand, he introduced the production process of potato seed potato to him,” Wang Yihang told reporters.
“The potato industry in Gansu is developing very well. The potato is a good thing, also called the potato, which is produced by people from the origin of South America to the world and produces good food. The potato is rich in nutrients and contains many nutrients such as vitamins and proteins. In particular, vitamin C is rich in vitamin C content of a potato to top 3 apples.” Wang Yihang recalled that from the smart multi-span greenhouse production area to the exit of the exit, General Secretary Xi specifically stopped and “internal “I said.
General Secretary Xi told them, “In European and American countries, many restaurants, fast food restaurants, potato chips, mashed potatoes and other foods are made of potatoes, and it is common for people to eat. In northern China’s rural areas, it is also common to grow edible artichokes. I remember that I had a team in Shaanxi At that time, life was more difficult at the time, and there was a lot of artichokes in the meal, and eating too much was not too much.”
General Secretary Xi also recalled that when he was working in Fujian, he led the team to the Haiyuan and Guyuan areas in Ningxia. After running six counties, he confirmed that he supported the local potato industry and helped the local potato production and processing. All the potato starch produced by processing and processing was sold to Fujian and played an important role in supporting Ningxia.
Speaking of this, General Secretary Xi expressed with deep feelings, “You need to make further efforts to make Gansu’s potato industry more effective and deeper and bigger and stronger. The more poor the potato is planted, the more it must be developed from the perspective of poverty alleviation and development. To develop potatoes, more support is needed.Of course, we must also consider the issue of good potato production.The way out of the potato is very important, we must first consider how to do a good job, and sales cannot be a big problem.The first is to clear and expand the sales channels of fresh potatoes. It is necessary to increase processing capacity and increase local transformation efforts. I hope you will work harder to make greater contributions to the development of the potato industry. The Spring Festival is coming and we will pay a New Year’s greeting to you.”
He also deliberately told Wang Yihang: “I’ll give you a New Year’s greeting and we’ll pass you to the province’s scientific research workers.”
“What the general secretary said was simple and professional, and it all talked about my heart.” Wang Yihang said eagerly. “I’m still in my 60s, but I’m going to press the general secretary and continue to work hard for the potato industry in Gansu. We have made new contributions to the support of science and technology, and as I reported to the General Secretary, in the field of potato breeding, new breeds suitable for market development and welcomed by the farmers should be selected, and further research should be conducted on detoxification and breeding. Reduce the cost of breeding and make farmers buy the virus-free seed potatoes cheaper.”
“Let’s work hard together to make our life more brisk.”
The adobe house with cracks on the wall, the shabby farmhouse, and the home of the 80-year-old party member, Ma Gang, are not uncommon in the Yuangudui Village, Tianjiahe Town, Wuyuan County.
At 11 o’clock on the morning of February 3, still wearing a tunic that hadn’t been put on for five or six years, wearing a cotton cap that had been worn for the past thirteen years, Ma Gang met with Xi Jinping at the entrance of the courtyard under the help of his grandson Ma Hailong. General secretary.
“Ma Lao, how old are you? I’ll give you a prayer for the coming years.” As soon as they met, General Secretary Xi Jinping took Ma Gang’s hand and said kindly.
“It’s 80 years old. General secretary, you come to see me, it’s my greatest happiness.” Magang didn’t know how to say it.
When he entered the yard of Ma Gang’s home and looked around the low and old houses, General Secretary Xi asked intently: “How long has your house been built and how long?”
“The East House was built in 1962 and the North House was built in 1963.” Magang said.
On October 1, 1958, Ma Gang joined the party at the construction site where the project was initiated. After returning to the village in 1961, he served as a brigade secretary for a full 15 years. In 1976, he was again selected by the then commune to worry about starting a social enterprise. After the reform and opening up, enterprises could not do it. In 1984, Ma Gang returned home to farm.
Yuangudui Village, which is 2,440 meters above sea level, is a poor village. The villagers live in two mountainous areas. Because the weather is cold and humid, there can only be 300 kilos of wheat in one mu of land. Over the years, although the villagers also tried to plant potatoes, canola and Chinese angelica, they could not draw any money from the ground. In 2012, there were 1917 people in the village, and the per capita income was only 1,446 yuan.
In addition to the high prices of Chinese angelica in 1997, the villager’s income from the United States and the United States, Liu Haidong, who had planted 4 acres of Chinese angelica, clearly remembers that income in other years was similar to last year. Last year, when it hit with continuous rain, the wheat and medicinal materials in the village were soaked up. A pound of angelica can only sell 3 yuan, and an acre of income is 600 yuan.
The days themselves were too tight. In 1999, his wife died again. Before this, Ma Huirong, the second son who lived with him, also divorced.
In addition to the grandson Ma Hailong, this family has only 3 men left. The eastern house used as a kitchen was quickly abandoned. Now the hob has collapsed and the roof is covered with spider webs.
In order to support their families, after 2000, Ma Huirong rented land to others and went to work at the construction site in Xi’an, Shaanxi Province. Can work hard for a year, not to mention that most of his money is for children to go to school, but also old construction workers are owed wages. When listening to a young partner in the field and called “his family came”, Ma Huirong borrowed 450 yuan from a friend and returned home on February 6.
When he enters Ma Gang, he faces the south-facing house. The walls are dark and the “value” furniture is the 4 cupboards made in the 1970s. After looking at the circle, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed to a water tank at the entrance of the back room and asked Ma Hailong: “How did you eat the water?”
“It’s a spring,” Ma Hailong said. What he never expected was that the general secretary went on to say, “I’ll try it.”
Taking a spoonful of water picked up by Ma Hailong from the tank, Xi Jinping took a sip directly from the water scoop and asked, “This water tastes good, isn’t it hard?”
“Hard to it.” Ma Hailong said.
For a long time, villagers in Yuangudui Village had to eat water and they depended on a mountain spring in the southwest corner of the village. Village Party Secretary Liu Haidong told reporters that this water is clear and can be deficient in iodine. People in the village are mostly suffering from diseases such as Kashin-kyu. After 2005, some people began to drill wells. However, there are still 102 people who rely on this eye spring to live.
In the back room where Ma Gang and his grandson lived, the bandits accounted for most of the houses. On February 7th, when the reporter visited this interview, the quilt cover was still brought back from Xinjiang by his son-in-law five years ago. The bed sheets of the shop were also 5 years ago when New Year’s Eve Ma Huirong spent more than 20 yuan from the neighboring Huichuan town. bought. Without women, Ma Huirong said that these things could not be washed several times a year.
On the surrounding walls, because of the old soil, in the year before 2004, the Ma Gang family had a thick layer of newspapers, which was a simple “decoration”.
“The general secretary entered the house and sat on the cocoon without being too clean. It was very moving with me,” said Magang.
The food is not enough to eat, there is no guarantee of minimum guarantee, there is no guarantee of medical treatment, whether the child has studied, and whether the new year has been prepared. After receiving a positive reply from Ma Gang, the general secretary is very pleased.
When he got up and saw the old man’s face on the chopping board, Xi Jinping picked up his face and smiled with the old man and said, “I look at your face and my craft is not as good as mine. If I’m embarrassed, definitely better than you. Well, the cut noodles you have is not very regular.” One of the words, provoked everybody to laugh.
Knowing that the general secretary went to see the old party members in the village, the villagers followed him to the home of Ma Gang and surrounded General Secretary Xi Jinping. Everyone applauded to the General Secretary for New Year. Taking advantage of the warm sunshine in winter, the general secretary talked with the villagers in the courtyard and asked about the village’s agricultural production, everyone’s life, and the situation of going out to work during the past few years. He also spoke with the villagers about the New Year’s custom.
Xi Jinping said: “Today is the 23rd lunar month of the lunar calendar. It is a young year. I came to see you. Now there is a big gap between the development of the eastern, central and western regions. You are still more difficult here. Have you been young? I look at your village. There was no past-year atmosphere. We had a small year in northern Shaanxi. The main purpose was to grind our oysters into noodles and make them in the shape of tigers, rabbits, etc. We also colored the flowers and colored them.
Wang Huanping, director of the Upper Beach Club of Yuangudui Village, replied: “We have had a great year.”
The general secretary asked: “What do you eat for the New Year 30?”
“Eat long noodles and dumplings.” After listening to Wang Huanping’s answer, the general secretary encouraged everyone to say, “I was living in northern Shaanxi more than 40 years ago and my life was very bitter. I’d like to say, ‘Fat Zheng Yue, Thin February, Half alive, March and April’ After the end of the year, the mother-in-law went out and asked for food to leave the food for the men who were strong at home. Now that the conditions have improved, poverty has basically been overcome, and food and clothing have been solved. Some of them have already been well-off.
Xi Jinping asked with great concern about the farming situation in the village. Xi Jinping said that in the future, the development of our village should still be focused on broadening the channels for increasing income, and the high income of aquaculture is also stable, but we must pay attention to solving the problems of training, epidemic prevention, and marketing. Young and strong people can work outside, train for a period of time, learn a technology, so that the salary is a little higher, the earning money is a little more, and life will be more generous. Before leaving the house, Xi Jinping asked about the education situation in Murakami and told everyone that “the child is the pillar of the country and it must be cultivated.”
Nearly noon at 12 o’clock in the afternoon, he stepped out of Ma Gang’s home, and the villagers who heard the news gathered around the playground of Xia Kudap Village Xiatan Elementary School. They all clamored to shake hands with the general secretary and say goodbye. Xi Jinping said with deep feelings to everyone: “The party and government attach great importance to poverty alleviation and development work and will certainly give more support and help to the villagers. The villagers must carry forward the spirit of self-reliance and self-reliance and find the right path for development and work hard. Let’s work together. , to make life more prosperous and to change the face of poverty as soon as possible!”
The cordial care, great encouragement, listened to everyone’s warm heart. Although “very regrettable”, he did not see the general secretary in his own home, but Ma Huirong still made up his mind. “I am not young, and the elderly need to take care of it. After the New Year has recovered some of the debts, I will not go out to work.” According to the general secretary, engage in farming at home and do a good job, and strive to get rich early.”