(November 17, 2012)
The report of the 18th CPC National Congress outlines the grand blueprint for building a well-off society in an all-round way under the new historical conditions, accelerating socialist modernization, and winning new victories in socialism with Chinese characteristics. It is our party’s unity and leadership to the people of all ethnic groups in the country along the Chinese characteristics. The political manifesto and the action plan for the continued advancement of the road of communism and the struggle to build a well-off society in an all-round way have pointed out the direction for the work of our central leadership. The Central Committee has issued a circular on conscientiously studying, propagating and implementing the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the CPC. Party committees at all levels must follow the notice requirements to intensify study and propaganda in implementing the spirit of the 18th Party Congress.
The 18th National Party Congress emphasized that we must hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics and emphasize that socialism with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental achievement of the party and the people for more than 90 years of struggle, creation, and accumulation. We must cherish it, persist in it, and constantly develop it, and call on the whole party to explore unremittingly. We must grasp the laws of socialism with Chinese characteristics, keep the party’s vitality forever, keep the country’s development momentum, and strive to open up a broader perspective of the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics. It can be said that upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics is a main thread running through the report of the 18th CPC National Congress. We must firmly seize this main line and regard persisting in and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics as the focal point, focus, and endeavor of studying and implementing the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the CPC. Only in this way can the Party’s spirit of the 18th National Congress be learned more. Deepen and understand more thoroughly and implement it more consciously.
Why do I want to emphasize this? This is because the long-term practice of the party and the country has fully proved that only socialism can save China, and only socialism with Chinese characteristics can develop China. Only by holding high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics can we unite and lead the entire party and people of all nationalities. When the Communist Party of China is established 100 years ago, it will build a well-off society in an all-round way and build a prosperous, strong, democratic, civilized and harmonious modern socialist country 100 years after the founding of New China. To win a happier and better future for the Chinese people and the Chinese nation.
In the spirit of persisting in and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, studying, propagating and implementing the spirit of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, I realized that we should grasp the following aspects from the combination of theory and practice.
First, a profound understanding of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a fundamental achievement of the long-term practice of the party and the people. Socialism with Chinese characteristics was initiated in the new period of reform and opening up. It is also based on the long-term struggle of our party. It is the collective leadership of our party’s generations of central leadership that has led the entire party and people throughout the country through painstaking efforts and various costs. Relay exploration made. Our Party closely relied on the people, fundamentally changed the future prospects of the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, and irreversibly ended the tragic fate of China’s domestic and foreign troubles, poverty and poverty, and irreversibly opened up the Chinese nation’s continuous development and growth. The history of marching towards a great rejuvenation has enabled the Chinese nation with more than 5,000 years of civilization history to stand with a brand-new posture in the world’s national forest.
We must always bear in mind the historic contributions of the party’s three generations of central leadership and the Party Central Committee with Comrade Hu Jintao as general secretary for socialism with Chinese characteristics. The party’s first generation of central collective leadership with Comrade Mao Zedong as the core provided valuable experience, theoretical preparations, and material foundations for the creation of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The second-generation central leadership of the Party, with Comrade Deng Xiaoping as the core, has successfully created socialism with Chinese characteristics. The third-generation central collective leadership with Comrade Jiang Zemin as the core has successfully pushed socialism with Chinese characteristics into the 21st century. In the new stage of the new century, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Hu Jintao as the General Secretary successfully upheld and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics at a new historical starting point. It can be seen that socialism with Chinese characteristics bears the ideals and explorations of several generations of Chinese communists, cherishes the long-cherished wishes and expectations of countless people with lofty ideals, and embodies the struggle and sacrifice of hundreds of millions of people. This is an inevitable choice for China’s social development since modern times. It is the only way to develop China and stabilize China.
Practice has fully proved that socialism with Chinese characteristics is the banner of the unity of the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese people, the banner of forging ahead, and the banner of victory. In order to fully build a well-to-do society, accelerate socialist modernization, and achieve the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must always hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics and unswervingly adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The fundamental reason why the Party’s 18th Congress called for the party’s firm determination, self-confidence, and self-confidence in the road to socialism with Chinese characteristics is here.
Second, deep understanding of socialism with Chinese characteristics is composed of a trio of roads, theoretical systems, and systems. The 18th CPC National Congress clarified the scientific connotation of the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the socialism system with Chinese characteristics, and their interrelation, emphasizing that the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the way to achieve it, and the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics It is a guide to action. The socialist system with Chinese characteristics is the fundamental guarantee. The three are unified in the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics. This is the most distinctive feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
This summary tells us that socialism with Chinese characteristics is closely integrated with practice, theory, and system. It not only promotes successful practice as a theory, but also guides new practice with correct theory. It also raises the level of effective policies and policies in practice. For the party and the national system. Therefore, socialism with Chinese characteristics is special on its roads, theoretical systems, and systems. It is particularly on the basis of its realization approaches, guidelines for action, and basic guarantees for internal guarantees. In particular, it is particularly necessary for these three to unite in socialism with Chinese characteristics. Great practice. In contemporary China, to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics is to truly uphold socialism.
The road of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the only way to realize the socialist modernization of our country and is the only way to create a better life for the people. The path of socialism with Chinese characteristics not only adheres to economic construction as the center, but also comprehensively promotes economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction, ecological civilization construction, and other aspects of construction; it adheres to the four basic principles and insists on reform and opening up; It will continue to liberate and develop social productive forces, and gradually realize the common prosperity of all people and promote the all-round development of people.
The theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the latest result of the sinicization of Marxism, including Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thinking of the ‘Three Represents,’ and the scientific outlook on development. It is the relationship of adherence, development, inheritance and innovation with Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought. Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought must not be lost. If they are lost, they will lose their roots. At the same time, we must focus on the actual issues of China’s reform, opening up, and modernization, and on what we are doing. We should focus on the application of Marxist theory, focus on theoretical considerations of practical issues, and focus on new practices and new ones. development of. In contemporary China, to adhere to the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics is to truly uphold Marxism.
The socialism system with Chinese characteristics adheres to the organic combination of the basic political system and the basic political system with the basic economic system and various systems and mechanisms, and insists on organically combining the democratic system at the national level with the grassroots democratic system, and insists on the leadership of the party. The organic integration of the people as the masters of the country and the rule of law, in line with China’s national conditions, embodies the characteristics and advantages of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and is the fundamental institutional guarantee for China’s development and progress.
It should be noted that the socialist system with Chinese characteristics is distinctive and efficient, but it is not yet perfect and mature. The socialist cause with Chinese characteristics continues to develop, and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics also needs constant improvement. Comrade Deng Xiaoping pointed out in an important interview with the South in 1992: “I am afraid that in another 30 years, we will form a more mature and more formalized system in all aspects.” The Party’s 18th Congress emphasized the need to put the system in place. The construction is in a prominent position, giving full play to the superiority of China’s socialist political system. We must adhere to the theoretical innovation on the basis of practice to promote institutional innovation, adhere to and improve the existing system, and proceed from actual conditions, formulate some new systems in a timely manner, and establish a systematic system that is complete, scientific, and effective, and that can effectively improve the system in all aspects. Mature is more stereotyped, providing more effective institutional guarantees for winning new socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Third, profoundly understand the overall basis, overall layout, and overall tasks of building socialism with Chinese characteristics. The party’s 18th National Congress emphasized that building socialism with Chinese characteristics is based on the primary stage of socialism, the general layout is a five-in-one, and the overall task is to achieve socialist modernization and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. This “three total” summaries, high-level housing construction, and outstanding outlines are concise and concise. Deeply understanding and grasping this new generalization will help us to profoundly understand and grasp the true meaning and essence of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
The general basis is emphasized because the primary stage of socialism is the largest national condition and the greatest reality of contemporary China. In any case, we must firmly grasp this greatest national condition. We must firmly adhere to this greatest reality in advancing any aspect of reform and development. Not only must we always base ourselves on the primary stage in economic construction, but we must always keep in mind the primary stage in political construction, cultural construction, social construction, and ecological civilization construction. We must not only base ourselves on the primary stage when the economic aggregate is low, but also the total economic output. It is still necessary to bear in mind the initial stage after the increase; not only should the primary stage be established when planning for long-term development, but the primary stage should also be kept in mind in daily work. The basic line of the party in the primary stage of socialism is the lifeline of the party and the country. In practice, we must unswervingly adhere to “one center and two basic points.” We must not deviate from “one center” nor neglect the “two basic points,” and must practice the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics and firm communism. The lofty ideals are united and resolutely resist the various erroneous claims of abandoning socialism and conscientiously correct the misconceptions and policy measures of the transcendental stage. Only in this way can we truly achieve neither the arrogance nor the self-esteem, and the real triumph of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
The general layout is emphasized because socialism with Chinese characteristics is all-round development of socialism. We must firmly grasp the primary task for the party to govern and rejuvenate the country, always represent the development requirements of China’s advanced productive forces, persist in taking economic construction as the center, and coordinate the promotion of political construction, cultural construction, social construction, and ecological development on the basis of continuous economic development. Civilization construction and other aspects of construction. With the continuous deepening of China’s economic and social development, the status and role of ecological civilization construction has become increasingly prominent. The 18th CPC National Congress incorporated the construction of ecological civilization into the overall layout of the socialist cause with Chinese characteristics, making the strategic position of ecological civilization construction more explicit and facilitating the integration of ecological civilization construction into all aspects of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, and social construction. process. This is an important result of our party’s continuous deepening of practice and understanding of the law of socialist construction. In accordance with this general layout, we must promote the coordination of all aspects of modernization and promote the coordination of production relations with productivity, superstructure, and economic infrastructure.
The general mission is emphasized because our party has shouldered the historic mission of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation since its establishment. When our party leads the people in carrying out revolutionary construction reforms, it means to make the Chinese people richer, the country to thrive, and to rejuvenate the great Chinese nation. In accordance with the “three-step” strategic deployment of modernization, building a prosperous, democratic, civilized and harmonious modern socialist country is the goal of our party and country in the primary stage of socialism. The solemn mission of our party, the fundamental purpose of reform and opening up, and our country’s goal of struggle are all focused on this general task and attributed to this general task. We must firmly hold on to this general task and continue to work for generations.
In different historical periods, our party always put forward inspirational goals in accordance with the wishes of the people and the needs of the development of the cause, and united and lead the people to fight for them. The Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China has enriched and improved the goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way in accordance with the new changes in the domestic and international situation, conforming to the new development of our country’s economy and society and the new expectations of the broad masses of the people. It has proposed a more clear policy orientation and is more focused on development issues. Better meet the new demands of the people’s wishes. These objectives are required to be in line with the party’s 16th National Congress’s goal of building a well-off society in an all-round way and the new requirements set by the party’s 17th National Congress to achieve the goals of building a well-to-do society in an all-round way. They are also consistent with the overall layout of the socialist cause with Chinese characteristics. The entire Party and the nation must work together with one heart and one mind and work hard, be innovative and enterprising, and work together to achieve the goal of building a well-to-do society in an all-round way and comprehensively deepening reform and opening up.
Fourth, profoundly understand the basic requirements for winning a new victory in socialism with Chinese characteristics. The 18th CPC National Congress proposed the basic requirements that must be firmly grasped in order to seize new socialism with Chinese characteristics under new historical conditions. These basic requirements are based on the party’s basic theory, basic line, basic program, and basic experience. They profoundly sum up the socialist construction in China over the past 60 years, especially the practice of socialist construction with Chinese characteristics, and are the most essential things. They reflect the law of the communist party. The things of the law of socialist construction and the laws of the development of human society show that our party has reached a new level in understanding the laws of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
The basic requirements put forward by the party’s 18th National Congress have further answered the basic question of how we can seize new socialism with Chinese characteristics on the new historical journey. The socialism with Chinese characteristics is the cause of hundreds of millions of people. Therefore, we must give full play to the people’s ownership and better ensure that the people are the masters of the country. The liberation and development of social productive forces is the fundamental task of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, we must persist in taking economic construction as the center and scientific development as the theme to achieve a people-oriented, all-round, coordinated, and sustainable scientific development. Reform and opening up is the only way to uphold and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, we must always implement the spirit of reform and innovation in all aspects of governance and governance, and constantly push forward the self-improvement and development of our socialist system. Fairness and justice are the inherent requirements of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, on the basis of common efforts of all people and economic and social development, we must intensify the building of a system that plays a major role in ensuring social fairness and justice, and gradually establish a social equity guarantee system. Common prosperity is the fundamental principle of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, we must make development achievements more fair to the entire people and steadily move toward common prosperity. Social harmony is an essential attribute of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, all forces that can be united must be united to maximize the harmony factor, increase the vitality of the society’s creation, ensure that the people live in peace and contentment, the society is stable and orderly, and the country is long-term stability. Peaceful development is an inevitable choice for socialism with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, we must adhere to open development, cooperation, and win-win development, expand the convergence of interests with all parties, and promote the building of a harmonious world of lasting peace and common prosperity. The Communist Party of China is the leading core of the socialist cause with Chinese characteristics. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen and improve the party’s leadership and give full play to the party’s overall role in coordinating the leadership of all parties.
The basic requirements put forward by the party’s 18th National Congress are a positive response to the current outstanding problems in China’s economic and social development, the difficulties in reform and the difficulties faced in changing the mode of economic development, and the hot issues that the cadres and the masses are generally concerned about. We will enter the correct guidelines for the complete completion of a well-off society in a decisive phase of reform, development, stability, internal affairs, diplomacy and national defense, and the governance of the country. These basic requirements not only involve productivity and production relations, but also involve economic foundations and superstructure. They involve both the great cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the great new project of party building. They also involve the overall planning of domestic and international affairs. The plan and deployment of all the work of the 18th Party Congress follow and embody these basic requirements. Grasping these basic requirements will enable us to better cohere our forces, overcome difficulties, continue to promote scientific development, promote social harmony, continue to improve people’s lives, increase people’s well-being, and fulfill the glorious and arduous task entrusted by the times.
Fifth, profoundly understand that the party has always been the strong leadership of the socialist cause with Chinese characteristics. The party’s 18th Congress emphasized that our party shoulders the important task of uniting and leading the people to build a well-to-do society, promote socialist modernization, and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The party is strong and the party maintains flesh-and-blood ties with the people. The country is prosperous and stable, and the people are happy and well-being. The development of the situation, the development of the business, and the expectations of the people all require that we comprehensively promote the great new project of party building in a spirit of reform and innovation and comprehensively improve the scientific level of party building. Rule the country must first rule the party, the party must be strict governance. To this end, the 18th Party Congress put forward the general requirements and tasks for comprehensively improving the scientific level of the Party’s construction under the new situation. The whole party must profoundly study and understand it and implement it one by one.
The general requirements for party building proposed by the party’s 18th National Congress are not only focused on inheriting and carrying forward the fundamental point of maintaining and developing the advanced nature of Marxist political parties in our party for more than 90 years, but are also focused on responding to and responding to the world situation under the new situation. New changes in national conditions and national conditions have been proposed. Over the past few years, we have comprehensively promoted the great new project of party building. The party’s ability to govern has been newly improved, the party’s advanced nature and purity have been maintained and developed, and the party’s leadership has been strengthened and improved. At the same time, compared with the developments and changes at home and abroad, compared with the party’s historical mission, the party’s leadership and governance levels, the state of the party’s organization, and the quality, ability, and style of party members’ cadres are still quite different. In particular, strengthening and improving party building under the new situation is facing “four major tests” and “four kinds of dangers”. It is more arduous and urgent than ever to implement the party’s task of managing the party and strictly administering the party. The whole party must strengthen its sense of urgency and responsibility, firmly grasp the general requirements for party building, continuously improve the party’s leadership and governance, and increase its ability to resist corruption, resist degeneration, and resist risks, so that our party will be in a historical process of profound changes in the world situation. Always at the forefront of the times, it has always been the backbone of the people throughout the country in dealing with various risks and trials at home and abroad. It has always been a strong leadership core in the historical process of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Firmly striving for ideals and convictions and sticking to the communist spiritual pursuits are always the foundation for the communists to settle down. The belief in Marxism and the belief in socialism and communism are the political souls of the communists and are the spiritual pillars of the communists who have withstood any test. Imageically speaking, ideals and beliefs are the “calcium” of the communists’ spirituality. There is no ideal conviction, the ideals and beliefs are not firm, and the spirit will be “deficient in calcium,” and it will result in “cartilage.” In real life, some party members and cadres have problems like this, in the final analysis, they are confused and lost their faith. In accordance with the party’s plan for the 18th National Congress, the entire party must study and practice the theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, especially the concept of scientific development. We must emphasize party spirit, conduct of good conduct, and exemplary behaviors. We must strive to achieve the common ideal of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
To maintain a close relationship between the party and the masses, to maintain relations with the masses, and to keep in touch with the masses of the people is always the foundation of our party’s invincible position. For a political party and a political power, its future and destiny will ultimately depend on the people’s sentiment. If we break away from the masses and lose people’s support and support, we will eventually lose out. We must adapt to the new requirements and new features of the mass work under the new situation, do a good job of organizing the masses, publicizing the masses, educating the masses, serving the masses, and humbly learning from the masses, sincerely accepting supervision from the masses, always rooting in the people, benefiting the people, and always maintaining the party. Flesh-and-blood relations with the masses of the people are always linked with the people’s hearts and minds, breathe, and fate. It is necessary to draw wisdom and strength from the great practice of the people, to do a good job of observing the public’s will, solving the people’s worries, and benefiting people’s livelihood, and correcting acts that harm the interests of the people. The party’s 18th National Congress proposed to carry out in depth the Party’s practice of mass education in the party’s mass line as the main content of realizing clean and honest business. The Central Committee will deploy this activity. Party committees at all levels must effectively implement the plan, focus on solving the outstanding problems that the people have reflected, and ensure that the activities are effective.
Anti-corruption, building a clean and honest political system, and maintaining the body’s physical health have always been a distinct political position that our party has consistently adhered to. The construction of party style and clean government is a major political issue that the broad masses of cadres and people have always paid attention to. “The object must be rotted first, and then the insects are born.” In recent years, due to the long-term accumulation of contradictions in some countries, people’s grievances, social turbulence, and political collapse have caused corruption and corruption to be a very important cause. A large number of facts tell us that the issue of corruption has become increasingly fierce, and it will eventually lead to the death of the party! We must wake up! The cases of serious violations of laws and disciplines committed in our party in recent years have been very harsh and political influence has been extremely bad and it is shocking. Party committees at all levels must take a clear-cut stand against corruption, prevent and cure corruption more scientifically and effectively, and ensure that the cadres are clean, the government is clean, the politics are clear, and the communists are clean and honest. Leading cadres at all levels, especially senior cadres, should conscientiously abide by the principles of honest and honest government. They must be strict with self-discipline. They must also strengthen education and restraint of relatives and staff around them. They must never use their power to seek personal gain and never allow privilege. All violations of party discipline and state laws must be severely punished and must not be lent.
The party’s 18th National Congress emphasized that the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics is a long-term and arduous historical task. We must prepare for the great struggle with many new historical features. The comrades of the whole party must work with firmer convictions and more tenacious efforts, unwaveringly adhering to and advancing with the times to develop socialism with Chinese characteristics, and constantly enrich the practical characteristics, theoretical characteristics, national characteristics, and time characteristics of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must unite and lead the people of all nationalities in the country, work hard to achieve the goals and objectives of building a well-off society in an all-round way, and continue to fulfill the three historical tasks of advancing modernization, accomplishing the reunification of the motherland, safeguarding world peace, and promoting common development. This is the historical responsibility of our generation of communists. We must pay full wisdom and strength for it.
(This is the speech of the General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee Xi Jinping during the first collective learning of the 18th CPC Central Political Bureau.)